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如何让背景不同的学生们都能参与小组合作 – 译学馆
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如何让背景不同的学生们都能参与小组合作

Getting All Students to Participate

团队合作是怎样使背景不同的学生一起学习的
How does group work enable all students to learn regardless of background
我们意识到走进教室学生都对自己的身份有定位
– We recognize thatstudents walk in the door of this classroom with
issues of status behind them.
他们可以意识到自己是否适合做研究
That they recognizethemselves as being a science person
通过小组讨论合作
or a non-science person and that it’s through student discourse
他们也会摒弃一些对自己或同龄人的错误认知
and group work that theywill start to dispel those beliefs about not only
themselves but about their peers.
当我们考虑到科学教育所要达到的公平公正的目标时
As we think about our equitygoal around science education,
这正是它的核心所在
that is central to it.
我们确实是在教孩子们
– We do go through aprocess of teaching kids
如何进行小组合作
what it is to actually work in group.
我们让孩子们理解一些基本的行为准则
We get the kids to understand some of the basic behavior norms
基本都是关于小组角色以及组内分工的
about group roles and group work in general.
我们讲了整整一个单元关于合作的课程
We start with a unit that’sall about group work.
小组合作的行为准则
注意其他小组成员的需要
帮助其他人
接受别人的意见并做出调整
贡献自己的一份力
刚一开始 学生们就会从中学到一些经验
– Students get that experiencefor sure at the beginning
但我们强烈建议 当问题出现时
but we really recommend that teachers
老师们要回到课堂中
come back to it when issues arise.
因此 我们可能只是让课程完全停下来几次
So there are times where they can just, maybe just completely stop the lesson
然后再回来构建一些技巧
and then it might go back to some of the skill builders
然后说 让我们再试一次
and say let’s do this one again.
我们也同样建议老师们 看着他们完成这些任务
We also really advise teachersand I see them doing it
在这期间 只需要提醒学生
all the time, just reminding the students
他们的在小组合作中的角色是什么?
what is their role?
扮演这一角色要承担什么工作?
What does it mean to play that role?
-作为一个小组的汇报员 记录员
– As a group remember reporters, recorders
你不仅仅要记录数据
not only are you recording the information and making sure
还要确保你拿到你们小组讨论问题的具体数据
and making sure that you should have this specific information that your group talked about,
因为我要把你们的讨论结果写在黑板上
cause I’m gonna put them up on the board.
每个组员都有自己的分工
Each group member has a role.
他们必须真正投入小组合作中去
They have to actually participatein order for the group
努力达到小组想要达到的目标
to achieve whatever it isthey’re trying to achieve.
我的工作就是记录汇报员
– My job is the recorder-reporter.
所以我的任务就是必须记下我们所有的笔记
So with that job I have to write down all our notes
和所有的步骤
and all our step-by-step stuff.
我的工作是协调员
– My job is the harmonizer.
如果小组的成员快要因为一个项目争吵起来了
If they’re like arguing over a project,
我就会说 你们不需要争吵
I’ll say well you don’t need to argue.
我们只需要弄明白谁能做好那个工作 或者换一下小组分工
It’s just that we have to figure out who can do which one or we can change roles.
我是促进者 我必须确保每个人都有任务
– I am facilitator and I’m supposed to keep everybody on task.
我是材料管理人员
– I’m a materials manager.
所以通常来说 我的工作就是
-So basically what I do,
如果我们要制作一张海报 我就得找来制作海报的纸 以及其它需要的材料
-if we’re making a poster I get the poster paper and the materials.
他们都明白自己在小组合作中扮演着不同的角色
They understand that they all have a role to play.
我认为其中最大的一部分就是他们对自己的团队负责
And that I think is the biggest part of it and that they takeagency over their group.
小组合作促使所有的学生公平参与进去
Group work promotes more equitable participation by all students .
对于我们来说 最重要的工作就是帮助学生解决教室内发生的公平问题
– [Holthuis] It is absolutely critical for us to help address issues of equity in the classroom.
如果我英语讲得不好 我可能就会有其他
If I don’t speak Englishwell I might have some other
很多很强的技巧可以运用
tremendous skill thatis gonna come into play.
这些课程是给那些
The curriculum provides students who might
可能一直以来学习都不怎么好的学生
traditionally not havesucceeded well in school
提供更多的课本上学不到的知识
a lot of ins into the content.
每个学生
– [Ryan] Each of thosestudents is bringing
当他们在尝试解决科学问题时
an aspect of smarts intothe problem that they’re
都会展现出自己在应对问题时聪明的那一面
trying to solve around science.
当一个小组合作的很好
– When a group is working well together,
他们会忙于讨论 互相交流
it sort of just hums with thediscussion, the interactions.
(讨论中的同学们)
(students talking)
是一整年 还是就一天
– The whole year or like one day?
看到学生正在通过小组合作建立彼此
– [Holthuis] And see studentsbuilding off each other.
不只是互相讨论
Not just talking at each other.
但这里有些事正在发生
But there’s something happening where the,
有时候整体要比各个部分大得多
some of the whole is muchbigger than the parts.
这都只是为了保证
– And it’s only through making sure that
小组合作是有成效的 是有用的 也是值得尊敬的
that group work is productive,is useful, is respectful
而且这不仅是一个人做到的
and is targeted at learningnot only for themselves
而且是作为一个团体 所有人一起做到的
but as a community that we will get there.
我想说的是
– [Allen-Sanchez] One of thethings that I like to say
我们的规则里有一条是
as a part of one of our norms,
如果有一个人没有完成任务 那么我们所有人都没有完成任务
if one person is not done, no one’s done.

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视频概述

如何让背景不同的学生们都参与到小组活动并有所收获

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翻译译者

Jerry不爱吃鱼

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审核员 RN

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8KgewbfWQS8

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