Hey everybody, so once again just like the last episode,
大家好 又见面了 像上集提到的那样
I was stupid
and I booked the wrong day at the YouTube space,
so this episode was filmed in my house.
The audio quality is not gonna be as good,
the black backdrop is totally visible.
But hey, we got some good information in this episode.
Oh and you can get one of these shirts:
The blood of those who fight for the freedom Geographynow.com.
Anyway, enjoy the episode.
Imagine a person who speaks Russian, is Orthodox, eats borscht
想象一下有这样一个人 他讲俄语 信东正教 喝罗宋汤
and lives in a state that is slowly trying to
introduce market enterprise in a partial state-run system.
Chances are, you’re a Russian right?
At least in Moldova.
It’s time to learn Geography… NOW!!!
Hi, everyone! I’m your host Barb’s.
If you don’t include microstates,
Moldova is the European country with the least amount of visitors.
And even then, Monaco, a microstate gets like three times more visitors.
This episode is gonna be very fun.
Because if you know me,
I love diving into the obscure under-represented regions of the planet
that need publicity boosts!
So be honored, because today,
you’re about to enter the”Bob Saget of Europe”.
Most people in the world probably won’t be able to
tell you where Moldova is on the map.
If you can, congratulations, you’re probably Moldovan.
如果你知道 那恭喜 你可能就是个摩尔多瓦人
First of all, The country is landlocked, located in Eastern Europe,
bordered by Romania to the west
and Ukraine to the north, east and south.
北面 东面 南面毗邻乌克兰
Yes, Ukraine, even took this one mile wide quarter
on the Lower Dniester National Park
cutting off the closest access they COULD HAVE HAD to the Black Sea.
The country is divided into 32 districts,
with the capital and largest city, Chișinău,
located in the south center of the country.
In addition, they have three municipality cities:
Chișinău itself being one, along with Bălți and Bender
as well as two strange autonomous territorial units:
Gagauzia and Transnistria, we’ll talk more about these later.
The country has only one main International airport: Chișinău International
Otherwise, smaller, uncertified, or partially certified airports
smaller, uncertified, or partially certified airports
Now after Chișinău, if you consider Transnistria part of Moldova,
then the city of Tiraspol, their capital,
would be the second largest one.
Otherwise, Bălți would be next.
And speaking of which – let’s just get it over with:
What exactly are those two strange autonomous guys: Transnistria and Gagauzia?
Well in the simplest way I can put it:
Both of these places are
a little more Russian influence from the rest of Moldova
as if Moldova wasn’t already Russian influence enough
to begin with but we’ll talk about that later.
Gagauzia is kind of like a more truly autonomous state
in the fact that the people are culturally distinct
with a Turkic Orthodox Christian background.
They speak their own language, Gagauz.
Its split into four separate enclaves made up of
these localities that have over 50% Gagauz populations
including this small two-mile wide plot of farmland next to Carbalia.
Even though they politically disagree with Moldova,
as in they’ve threatened that if Moldova tries to join the EU,
they would opt out for independence and side with Russia.
Regardless, they are actually pretty chilled.
You can visit and easily take pictures.
See if you can get to one of those
“Welcome to Gagauzia” signs on the road.
Transnistria on the other hand is a little more tricky.
They actually have declared independence in 1992,
which has led to military conflict in the 90s.
After a ceasefire was established, they set up rules.
But today it lies in a frozen conflict zone status.
Today they have their own government military police,
现在他们有自己的政府 军队 警察
postal system, currency, vehicle registration.
You even have to show your passport before crossing the border.
And with about a third of the population being Russian.
It’s no surprise that they side with Russia
and have Russian “peacekeepers” to maintain the border security.
Yeah, I know, insert your opinion in the comments below.
You can find lots of Soviet style symbols in their streets.
In fact, they’re the only state in the world
that still uses the former USSR hammer and sickle in their flag.
Russia: Whoa, we started that and even we don’t have that anymore.
俄罗斯人： 哇 是我们开始用这标志的 但我们都已经不再用了
Transnistria: Yeah, I’m just such a fan of your early work, you know!
Some notable spots of interest might include places like:
The Stephan the great statue
He’s like the hero of the nation.
The sites of Old Orhei So many monasteries like these
So many monasteries like these,
the national museum of history of moldova,
the national museum of ethnography,
the State Circus in Chișinău,
little prince statue,
and probably the most iconic landmark
the underground wine city of my last amici.
the Guinness world record largest wine collection in the world
with over 120 kilometers of tunnels and corridors.
Yeah they love wine.
Let’s talk more about resources and such in:
Now if you don’t know anything about Moldova’s land.
One thing you definitely should know is: WINE.
Most houses in the countryside and even some of the cities have wine cellars.
It’s kind of like what saunas are to Finland. Finland:
Huh. great analogy. Yeah, I get it.
芬兰：嗯哼 好比喻 懂了
First of all Moldova’s land is mostly situated between
the two longest rivers of the country.
The Prut which makes up the entire western border with Romania
and the Dniester with Ukraine
but then was Transnistria a series of arbitrary lines
through flat farm fields goals passed the river. Hence,
where the name Transnistria comes from,”Across the Dniester”.
The country is made up of small short forested hills cut
by numerous creeks and rivers.
The tallest point being only 430 meters high, Bălănești hill
海拔最高点在 Balanesti山丘 仅有430米
and all of which are part of the Moldovan plateau
which extends into the larger Carpathian mountain chain.
The largest natural lakes would be
either the Manta and the Beleu,
located right on the border with Romania.
And right at the very southernmost tip of Moldova,
they have a small 200 metre coast
with the Danube and their only shipping port with access at Giurgiulești
which is essentially the only indirect point
of access they have to the Black Sea which is kind of important.
All right, animation is done. So you know what that means?
好的 动画到此结束 所以你的明白？
This is the time for my triple shot of espresso break.
Noah takes over as co-host in this segment
so I don’t end up losing my voice before this episode is over.
But the man, I think you have a problem.
Don’t care, take it away!
About half the country is arable and chances are no matter where you travel,
you will find a vineyard.
As mentioned before, Moldova takes wine very seriously.
And for a nation as far as they are on the world stage,
it’s amazing they’ve ranked 12th in wine production.
They even have a holiday to celebrate it.
Their lush landscape is home and various animal species like
Brown bears European hares Minxes Great egrets White storks
比如棕熊 欧洲兔 白鹳 白鹭
And the national animal: the Oryx
You can even find it on their coat of arms.
Just north of the capital,
you can find one of the largest gypsum caves in the world
那里有特色美食Mamaliga Sarmale Placinte
You’ll notice everything kind of has a Slavic twist to it.
Lots of sour cream added to soups. Borscht,
as well as pickled vegetables. Economy-wise,
things really changed up after independence from the Soviet Union.
Paid policy changed and for a while,
they had a huge inflation rate after switching currencies.
Today they are classified as the poorest country
in Europe in terms of GDP per capita,
and to address if they had to switch up a few things.
One thing they did was they greatly lose
the foreign investment barriers to pretty much anything
as long as it didn’t go against the interest of national security in order.
Also purchasing agriculture in forested lands are forbidden.
Even so, not much changed and it’s partially because
it kind of went like this.
All right, independence!
Ready to take on the world! Sweet.
So what are you gonna do now?
You’re gonna open up a market economy? Moldova:
I mean, you know, I’m still gonna lie
我是说 你知道的 我还得接着编
kind of haven’t really regulate wages and prices and add a few legal restrictions.
But yes! Privatization and whatnot. Okay.
In that case, when are you going to announce this globally?
好吧 既然这样 你们打算什么时候全球公开宣布呢？
Ehh, we’ll get to that later. First I need some wine. Yep,
呃 这个早晚的事嘛 我得先喝两杯
Moldova kind of lacks in the PR department for now.
Otherwise there is a slow but steady overall growth,
but it’s always kind of hindered by domestic problems
looked like a great time to discuss more of that in.
Thank You, Noah! Follow him on Instagram.
Now it really does kind of seem like in order to understand Moldova,
you kind of have to understand Romania first because it’s so important.
But alas, these videos are done alphabetically. So sorry.
但是 唉 这些视频是按字母顺序拍的 很抱歉
I shouldn’t name myself “Lomania”.
Someone said Lo mein?
Getting off topic.
Anyway including the disputed autonomous regions
of gagauzian Transnistria Moldova,
Moldova has about 3.3 million people and has seen a decline
since the peak at 3.7 in 1992.
The country is made up of about three-quarters that identify
as Moldovan and 7 % Romanian,
but in all honestly, they’re pretty much the same people.
After that, there is a noticeable Ukrainian minority at about 6.6%,
Gagauz at about 4.6 %,
and the rest are mostly Russian, Bulgarians, Romani and other groups.
其余大部分是俄罗斯人 保加利亚人 罗马尼亚人和其他群体
They use the Moldova leu as their currency.
They use the type C plug outlet and they drive
on the right side of the road.
Now what exactly is a Moldovian?
Well in the shortest simplest way I can put it:
Unless you talk to want to one of the incredibly nationalistic ones that will start a debate.
They’re basically Romanians.
They speak pretty much the exact same language
except the Moldovan might use a few Russian slang words here and there
but essentially they’re pretty much just speaking the same thing.
For those who don’t know, the Romanian
language is actually a Latin based Romance language
related to French, Italian and Spanish.
It is the easternmost Romance language in Europe.
I’ve heard stories from Latin Americans and Romanians meeting each other.
They’re kind of like”Hmm, I kind of understand a bit of what you’re saying.”
Where they differ though would be politics and history.
This is kind of what separated them.
Very similar to what happens at the Koreas, remember those episode.
My mom was in one of them.
Essentially even though they were part of the Warsaw Pact,
Romania never became a Soviet republic whereas Moldova did
and then they kind of became somewhat Russia-fied. Eventually,
Eventually Romania leaned more towards capitalistic interests
and eventually joined the EU.
Moldova never did.
So basically, what you have are two siblings that
were brought up in different schools and taught very different
lessons from the two drastically different faculties. Today,
most Moldovans are bilingual with Russian
and you can still see hints of the Soviet past and influence.
But like it’s 50 times stronger in Transnistria.
They are like turbo-Russia fans!
One way you can see the influence for example would be the fact that
over 90 % of the nation, to varying degrees of devotion,
identify as being part of the Orthodox Church. Nonetheless,
they still held on pretty well to their roots.
They have a plethora of traditional Moldovan folk arts and music.
Ancient ballads like these.
They have a holiday in July where everyone just kind
of puts on a culture show.
Moldovan ceramics and weaving culture has always been a trademark of the country’s identity.
Keep in mind They also have a noticeable Gypsy or Roma community especially
in the town of Soroca.
They even have a”King of gypsies” this guy,
he acts more of like a communal facilitator
rather than an actual ruler.
It’s interesting though,
because no matter how hard the Slavic culture has tried to permeate through their populace,
they just could not let go with their passionate Latin roots.
Moldovans have always kind of had like a little bit of a humor aside.
They don’t mope around and let life or struggle get to them.
They love it when anybody notices them and
when they do they don’t hesitate to put on the show
especially when it comes to Eurovision Wow
They celebrate harvest festivals, a car-free day,
a huge music festival in March.
Anyway we go on and on but we got to discuss the history.
In the quickest way I can put it:
The Trypillia culture The Dracians The Romans Bulgars, Hungarians and other tribes invade
特里波耶 Dracian 罗马
Mongols came by Turks come in Stephen the Great,
the hero of the nation wins 44 battles
They end up becoming an Ottoman vassal state
Russia comes in and annex what they called Bessarabia
After WWI, Romania came in they unified
After WWII, the Soviet Union came back in
They become a Soviet republic Moldova becomes very Russianised
until 1991 independence The Dniester war with Transnistria Scandals,
They can’t figure out who they want as a president for like three years,
And here we are today.
Now I ask some of you guys,
the Moldovan Geograpeeps to give me a list of
some of the most famous Moldovan people
in your opinion and here’s some that you mentioned O-ZONE,
The guy who made that Numa Numa song
O-ZONE 这个人创作了Numa Numa这首歌
the Epic sax guy,
Epic sax guy
Ion and Doina,
and Horst Köhler.
They said he kind of”counts”.
Cool people and even cooler ties to the rest of the world
which brings us to:
Yeah Europe’s most obscure nation,
Moldova has always kind of wanted to break out and show the world what they’re made of.
摩多尔瓦人一直有点 想去打破这种情况 相世界展示他们自己
First of all They get along with many of the other former Soviet states,
especially the Caucasus ones like Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia.
Although business isn’t that strong between them,
they still love to share stories whenever they visit each other.
Ukraine is probably the closest one though
as they are a major trade and import partner.
Many Ukrainians live in Moldova and they’ve been key players in their history.
Now since independence, Moldova has always kind of been
in between a tug of war match between Russia and the EU.
Recently Moldova has expressed a great desire to
join the EU and follow the footsteps of their brothers, Romania
and preference have been waning towards their former Empire rulers accepting Transnistria and Gagauzia.
And whenever Moldova becomes a little too European,
Russia tugs harder at these two areas which kind
of keeps Moldova in a slight limbo state diplomatically.
In terms of their best friends though,
almost every single Moldovan I talked to has said the same country:
Romania It’s not even a friendship. It’s literally a family.
罗马尼亚 他们不仅是朋友 更像是一家人
These two countries understand each other better than anyone else
and despite the small differences, they are one blood.
Many people have family in each country.
They share the same language, stories food, and weird Eastern Latino culture.
他们共享相同的语言 故事 食物和奇特的东方拉丁文化
In conclusion, Moldova is like a heavily Slavic influenced Orthodox Latino
with two strange breakaway children.
But when it gets a little too much for them to handle,
they just sit down and sip the wine.
下一期是 摩纳哥 敬请期待
Hey everybody, so once again just like the last episode,