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即时地理-克罗地亚

Geography Now! Croatia

This episode is brought to you by Live.me.
本视频由Live.me为您呈现
Yes, Game of Thrones was filmed here.
没错 这是《权力的游戏》拍摄地
[“Geography Now” opening jingle]
[《即时地理》片头曲]
It’s time to learn geography now!
学习地理的时间到啦!
Hey everyone, I’m your host Barby.
大家好 我是主持人Barby
We are back in Europe,
我们现在回到欧洲
and today we are going to discuss 101 dalmatian islands.
今天 我们要聊的是101座达尔玛西亚岛屿
Actually, it’s more like 580, but first,
其实 更接近580座 但首先
The flag of Croatia is a little bit more fun
克罗地亚国旗比大多数国旗
and jubilant than most flags
更有意思 也更喜庆
because it has the iconic checker pattern in the center.
国旗中心有其标志性的棋盘格图案
First of all, the flag is a horizontal tricolour
首先 国旗是由泛斯拉夫颜色的
that utilizes the Pan-Slavic colors
红 白 蓝三色
of red,white and blue in equally sized stripes.
以等条宽构成的水平三色组成
The blue stands for freedom and hope,
蓝色代表自由与希望
the white stands for peace and unity,
白色代表和平与团结
and the red stands for the revolution and sacrifices.
红色则代表革命与奉献
In the middle is the coat of arms
国旗中心是一个盾徽
with the iconic šahovnica,
带有šahovnica图标
or the checkerboard shield pattern with red and white squares,
或者说是红白相间的棋盘格盾形图案
sometimes referred to as the’chequy’.
有时也被称为“chequy”
Some will say that this is because long ago,
有人会说 这是因为很久以前
they were, like, two Croatias;
曾有两个克罗地亚
one was called red Croatia, one was called white Croatia,
红克罗地亚与白克罗地亚
with little evidence supporting that theory.
但这种理论没有太多证据支持
There are five shields on top of the’chequy’ that form a crown above the šahonvica,
盾徽上方由五个小盾组成了一个王冠
each one representing the historical regions of Croatia.
每一枚都代表着克罗地亚的历史上的领地
The first one is for Croatia Proper
第一枚代表克罗地亚本土
with a crescent and a six point star,
画有新月和六芒星
Dubrovnik with two red stripes
深蓝色盾上有两道红色条纹
on a dark blue shield,
代表杜布罗夫尼克
Dalamtia with three crowned leopard heads,
三只头戴皇冠的豹头 代表达尔马提亚
Istria with a golden goat with red horns,
红角金山羊 代表伊斯特利亚
because, hey why not,
因为 嘿 有何不可
and finally, Slavonia with a six pointed star,
最后 一颗六芒星
two silver stripes,
两条白条纹
and a pine marten running on a red field
以及条纹间 红底上奔跑的松貂
between the silver stripes.
代表斯洛文尼亚
Yeah, for such a small country,
对于这么小的国家
those five regions have had an impact on historical operating.
这五个地区影响了其历史变迁
Let’s discuss more about that in:
我们再来详细聊聊:
Political geography
政治地理学
First off, before we jump in,
首先 在这之前
you might hear a lot of other countries,
你也许听过许多其他国家
specifically in the Slavic world,
尤其是在斯拉夫世界
using the word ‘Hrvatska’ referring to this country
称其为‘Hrvatska’
instead of Croatia.
而非“克罗地亚”
To a lesser extent, It’s kind of like that whole thing with Germany.
简单来说 就像其他国家称呼德国一样
Germany: Wir sind Deutschland.
我们是德意志联邦共和国
America: Oh, you mean Germany?
噢 你是说德国吗?
France: Allemagne? Sweden: Tyskland?
法国:德国? 瑞典:德国?
Poland: Niemcy?
德国?
Finland: Saksa? Germany: NEIN!
芬兰:德国? 德国:不是!
First off, Croatia is located on the western part
首先 克罗地亚地处南欧
of the Balkan Peninsula in southern Europe,
巴尔干半岛的西部
bordered by Slovenia, Hungary, Serbia,
与斯洛文尼亚 匈牙利 塞尔维亚接壤
hugging Bosnia and Herzegovina,
环绕着波黑
giving them a small coast on the town of Neum,
仅在内乌姆镇给波黑留了个小海岸
and just barely have a ten mile
克罗地亚与黑山共和国的边界
or sixteen kilometre wide border with Montenegro,
仅有10英里 也即16千米宽
at the southernmost tip of the country on the Adriatic Sea.
边界位于亚得里亚海的最南端
The country is divided into 20 counties
克罗地亚分为20个省
and the country’s capital is Zagreb.
首都为萨格勒布
Fun side note, the small Bosnian-Herzegovinan port of Neum
趣味边注:内乌姆镇的波黑小港口
splits the country’s Dalmatian coast,
把其达尔马提亚海岸一分为二
technically creating an exclave for the Dubrovnik-Neretva area.
技术上为杜布罗夫尼克区创造出一片飞地
They were thinking of building a bridge on the Pelješac peninsula,
他们曾想在佩列沙茨半岛上建一座桥
so the entire country would be navigable by road,
这样公路可以连通全国
but plans were canceled in 2012.
但该计划于2012年被取消了
Speaking of which, historically,
说到这个 历史上
Croatia was divided into four general regions;
克罗地亚被分成了4个区域
you’ll probably hear a lot about these
如果你去克罗地亚
if you go to Croatia.
就会听到很多相关说法
They are: Croatia Proper, Istira,
它们是:克罗地亚本土 伊斯特里亚
Slavonia and Dalmatia.
斯拉沃尼亚和达尔马提亚
Speaking of which, Dalmatian dogs are said to have origins in Dalmatia,
说到这里 大麦町狗据说起源于达尔马提亚
hence ‘Dalmatian’.
因此被称为大麦町
Ok, no more rabbit trails.
不说题外话了
We really need to get back on topic.
我们得回到正题上来了
Now, of course, because of its complicated past,
当然 因为克罗地亚复杂的历史
that we really don’t have a lot of time to discuss,
我们没有那么多时间来讨论它
Croatia has quite a few land and sea disputes,
克罗地亚有不少领土及领海纠纷
as well as enclaves and exclaves,
以及飞地争端
but I’m just gonna list some of the most notable ones:
但我只列一些最主要的:
the bay of Piran, the Dragonja river, the Sveta Gera,
皮兰湾 德拉戈尼亚河 斯韦塔格杰拉
all that mess on the Mura and Drava rivers,
那些在穆拉和德拉瓦河上的烂摊子
then we get to Serbia,
接着说说塞尔维亚
and it looks like earphones that were just pulled out of your pocket.
这看着就像你刚从口袋里掏出来的耳机线
The funny thing is nobody really pays much attention to these places,
好笑的是 没有人多重视这些地方
which is why when outsiders do,
这就是为什么 当外人重视时
funny things happen.
搞笑的事情就发生了
Back in 2015, a Czech guy came in,
回到2015年 一个捷克人来到这里
and self proclaimed his own micronation called Liberland,
在多瑙河上一个可能无人占领的岛上
on the supposedly unclaimed island in the Danube.
自称建立了一个叫做自由邦的微型国家
He was totally arrested.
他就这样被逮捕了
But he wasn’t the only one.
但不止他一人
Two other guys tried unsuccessfully to attempt the same thing
还有两个人在离岛上尝试了同样的事
on separate islands and failed.
也失败了
The country has over a thousand islands on the Adriatic coast,
克罗地亚在亚得里亚海岸有千余座岛屿
even though only about 50 of them are inhabited –
尽管只有约50座有人居住
the largest ones being Cres and Krk –
最大的要属茨雷斯和克尔克岛
which even though Croatia ranks around 125 in country land mass,
尽管克罗地亚国土面积只排在约125位
it’s all the way up to spot twenty in coastline length.
在海岸线长度上却能直逼前20名
That’s more than Sweden and South Africa combined.
比瑞典和南非海岸线加起来还要长
In your face, Mongolia!
打你的脸 蒙古!
By the way – homework assignment,
顺便布置个作业
see if you can find this heart-shaped island off of Croatia’s coast.
看你能不能在克罗地亚海岸找到这个心形岛屿
Zagreb may be the capital,
萨格勒布也许是首都
but people come here to see
但人们来这儿看的都是
Pula, Zadar, Split and Dubrovnik.
普拉 扎达尔 斯普利特和杜布罗夫尼克
The Croatian coast is acclaimed by many to be, by far,
目前为止 克罗地亚海岸被许多人称赞为
one of the most captivating places in the entire world to visit,
世界上最有魅力的观光地点之一
especially to witness the sunset.
尤其是观赏日落
Oh yeah, and Zadar has a strange thing called a”Sea Organ”
扎达尔有一个被称为海风琴的奇特景观
that looks and sounds like this:
它是这样的:
[Sea Organ]
[海风琴声]
Ok, let’s talk about plants and animals and stuff now, shall we?
现在来说说植物和动物之类的吧 怎么样?
Physical Geography
自然地理学
OK, so Croatia may be primarily known for its coast,
克罗地亚也许主要是因它的海岸而出名
however, that doesn’t mean that there aren’t any notable features inland.
然而 这并不意味着其内陆没有显著特色
Althgough a lot of the land outside of urban centers is used for farming,
尽管许多市中心外的土地被用于耕种
Croatia still retains some world-renowned nature zones and national parks.
克罗地亚仍保留着一些世界著名的自然区与国家公园
First of all, the country is kind of split along the Dinaric Alps
首先 克罗地亚沿着西北地区对角
that meander diagonally across the northwest regions,
蜿蜒的狄那里克阿尔卑斯山脉被分割开
all the way to the south along the border of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
一直延伸到南部的波黑边境
Division kinda encapsulates the inner flatter areas
山脉像是把内部平原地区封住了
that slope down into the Pannonian Basin,
如多瑙河等 所有河流
where all the rivers, like the mighty Danube flow.
都沿地势向下流入潘诺尼亚盆地
Because of this division, Croatia experiences quite a contrast in climate,
因这一分割 克罗地亚的气候有极大差异
even though the country takes up a small area.
尽管国家只占了很小的一片地域
Zagreb can be completely different
萨格勒布与杜布罗夫尼克的气候
from Dubrovnik at any given time.
在任何时候都截然不同
About half of the entire country is made up of karst topography,
大约整个国家的一半都由喀斯特地貌组成
which is basically another word for:
换句话说就是:
“dissolved, cave-y, limestone-y ground,
溶洞和石灰岩
that erodes into fascinating shapes
被侵蚀而形成迷人的形状
and providing a network of sub-“.
并形成一个地下网络
Basically, cave-y area.
基本上 就是多洞穴地区
Just like we said in Bulgaria,
就像在保加利亚那集说的
Croatia is loaded with caves.
克罗地亚尽是洞穴
It’s not that hard to find them,
它们并不难找
and many of them are absolutely breathtaking.
并且其中很多景色都令人惊叹
Caves like the Blue Grotto on the Biševo island,
像比舍沃岛上的蓝洞
and the incredibly deep Vesebit caves,
和奇深无比的韦斯比特洞穴
that go down nearly 1,400 metres.
能深入地下近1400米
Pfff, ah, that’s cute.
噗 啊 那太可爱了
The one place that everyone in Croatia will probably boast over
一个所有克罗地亚人都会夸赞的地方
would be the famous Plitvice National Park
就是著名的普利特维采湖群国家公园
which contains the Plitvice waterfalls and lakes,
公园包含了普利特维采瀑布与湖泊
which is where the coolest music duo on the planet,
在这里 进行了地球上最酷的二重奏
Steven Hauser and Luka Šaulić,
史蒂文·豪泽和卢卡·沙力克
filmed their Mumford and Sons cover video.
拍摄了他们翻奏蒙福之子乐队的视频
I can’t believe I missed you guys, like a month ago,
我不敢相信我错过了你们在一个月前
when you came into my town and did a concert,
来我的小镇开的演唱会
Arghhh! Sorry, I love 2 Cellos.
啊!对不起 我爱死提琴双杰了
They are a great band. What? I can like music.
他们组合棒极了 怎么?我可以喜欢音乐啊
Croatia also has that small Đurđevački desert
克罗地亚也有杜得瓦基小型沙漠
and a wide range of wildlife,
和多种野生动物
such as bats, otters, elk, boar, martens, wolves
像是蝙蝠 水獭 麋鹿 野猪 貂 狼
and that incredibly rare Eurasian Lynx,
还能找到极其罕见的欧亚混血猞猁
the largest land cat in Europe that can be found here as well.
欧洲最大的陆地猫科动物
The coast, though, once again, takes the center stage
当提到克罗地亚的焦点时刻
when it comes to Croatia’s spotlight moment.
海岸又一次的占据了C位
Because of its islands and coasts,
因为岛屿和海岸
Croatia has had a huge boost in tourism in the past two decades;
过去二十年里 克罗地亚旅游业有着飞速发展
an industry that outsiders didn’t exactly have access
该产业对外人来说 在很长一段时间内
to prior for the longest time,
都无法望其项背
and the reason why will be discussed in:
至于原因 一会再来说
DEMOGRAPHICS
人口统计数据
Croatia has a really, really long history on
克罗地亚有着一段很长 很长的
who it is and how it got to where it is now,
关于它是谁 及如何坐落于此的历史
and I’m just gonna summarise it in like eight seconds.
我就只用八秒左右概括一下
Roman Empire. Kingdom. Subordinate.
罗马帝国 独立王国 匈牙利属国
Empire State. Wars with Turkey. Yugoslavia one.
帝国之州 与土耳其交战 南斯拉夫王国
Nazi puppet. Yugoslavia two. Civil war.
纳粹走狗 重回南斯拉夫王国 内战
And finally, European Union member.
最终 成为欧盟一员
See, that wasn’t so hard! [punch]
看 没那么难嘛 [吃我一拳]
You forgot the Illyrians!
你忘了伊利里亚人
First of all, the country is about 4.5 million people,
首先 克罗地亚大约有450万人
and is actually one of the 30 or so countries experiencing a population decline.
它还是经历人口下降的三十多个国家之一
The country is made up almost entirely of ethnic Croats around 91 %,
国家几乎全由91%的克罗地亚人种组成
Serbs makeup about 5 %,
塞尔维亚人占5%
and the rest is a slew of other people groups,
剩下就是由其他人种组成
mostly Slavic but toss in a few Italians, Jews,
大部分是斯拉夫人 还有些意大利和犹太人
and why not some Chinese,
当然还有些中国人
and hey, you got Croatia.
嘿 你有克罗地亚国籍了
Now like mentioned in the Bosnia and Herzegovina episode,
正如我们在波黑那集提到的
pretty much everybody in the Slavic Balkan nations can understand each other,
几乎所有斯拉夫 巴尔干人都能听懂彼此的语言
especially these four countries.
特别是这四个国家的人
The only difference is that these two write in the Cyrillic alphabet
唯一区别是 这两个国家用西里尔字母表书写
and these two in the Latin alphabet.
而这两个国家用拉丁字母表
It’s a little more difficult for these four countries
对这四个国家来说
to understand the remaining Balkan states,
理解其余巴尔干诸国的文字要更困难一点
like Slovenes, and Bulgarians, and Macedonians.
如斯洛文尼亚 保加利亚 和马其顿文字
Uhh, I mean the Former Yugoslav Republic…
嗯 我的意思是前南斯拉夫共和国
just call them Macedonians.
就称它为马其顿吧
[Greece, Macedonia (FYROM), and Bulgaria arguing]
[希腊 马其顿共和国和保加利亚争吵中]
[Singapore sniggering]
[新加坡偷笑中]
Croatia: Hey guys, can we get back to my episode?
嗨 大家 可以回到我这集吗?
SHUT UP CROATIA!
闭嘴 克罗地亚!
Nonetheless, the funny thing is pretty much all Slavs,
然而 有趣的是 几乎所有斯拉夫人
whether they’re from Russia, Poland, or the Czech Republic,
不管他们来自俄罗斯 波兰 还是捷克共和国
which by the way, just changed its English name to Czechia,
顺便一提 只是把它的英文名改为Czechia
or the Balkan Slavs
或是来自巴尔干的斯拉夫人
can all pretty much hold a basic simple conversation with each other
他们都能很好的与对方进行简单对话
and get by, if they speak really slow and articulate well.
如果非常缓慢地说话且发音清晰的话
It would be like if a Jamaican guy
就像是一个牙买加人
tried to speak to a Singlish-speaking guy.
试着和一个说新加坡式英语的人交谈
Behind the statue, the coffee shop with a boom boom.
雕像后面 有个”隆隆“的咖啡店
No, I say it’s on the right side of the statue.
不 我说了 它在雕像的右边
The statue, I’m gonna look behind… look at the right, man!
雕像 我要看后面 还是右边 老兄
How do I know what you said?
我怎么知道你说的是什么啊?
Why you said behind.
你为什么说后面啊?
Alamak, no lah!
我的妈呀 不是啦!
You know this is right, this is left…
你知道 这是右边 这是左边
Very SIMPLE Wha…
这么简单的东西啊
4 minutes later
四分钟后
Okay, the right.
好 右边
Okay.All you had to say is the right, not behind.
好了 你只需要说右边 不是后面
– Clear now… – Ya lah clear already lah.
-现在清楚了… -早就清楚啦
Alamak…Give you simple instruction also donno (don’t know)
我的妈呀 给你这么简单的指示你还不知道
– You are clear now? – Ok lah win already lah.
-你现在清楚了吗? -好啦 你赢啦
Guys, that was Kevin and Leid. Give them a round of applause.
朋友们 这是凯文和雷德 给他们点掌声
Another quick way you can tell the Slavic Balkan states apart
另一个让你快速分辨斯拉夫
is the denomination.
和巴尔诸国的方法是教派
Croats and Slovenes are predominantly Catholic,
克罗地亚和斯洛文尼亚人主要是天主教徒
while Serbs and Montenegrins are typically Orthodox.
而塞尔维亚和黑山人是代表性的东正教徒
Croatians love water polo
克罗地亚人热爱水球
and don’t even get started on the whole Nikola Tesla thing.
但是千万别提尼古拉·特斯拉这回事儿
Serbia: He was a Serb.
他是塞尔维亚人!
Croatia: But he was born here.
但他是在这里出生的!
Serbia: But he was a Serb!
但他是塞尔维亚人!
Croatia: But he was born here!
但他是在这里出生的!
[Serbia and Croatia fighting]
[塞尔维亚和克罗地亚开打了]
Essentially, Croatia went from the fall
基本上 克罗地亚随着
of Yugoslavia and socialism in the nineties,
九十年代的南斯拉夫 社会主义
and the civil war in the mid-nineties,
还有九十年代中期的内战而逐渐衰落
to being labeled as the top travel destination by Lonely Planet
在两千······我想大概2005年
in two thousand…something. I think it was like 2005?
克罗地亚被孤独星球评为顶级旅游目的地
Brandon: Dude, pause, seriously.
布兰登:哥们 停一下 认真的
We gotta check our sources. You’re making us look bad.
我们得查一下消息来源 你让我们很难堪
Barby: Shut up, Brandon! I’m doing my best.
巴比:闭嘴!布兰登 我已经尽力了
Let’s talk about Croatia’s friends.
再来说说克罗地亚的朋友们
Friendzone
朋友圈
In order to understand Croatia’s friends,
为了了解克罗地亚的朋友们
you’d gonna have to look at two things: business and religion.
你需要看两件事情:商业和宗教
First of all, their neighbors.
首先 他们的邻居们
When it comes to Serbia and Croatia, it’s kind of like:
当说到塞尔维亚和克罗地亚 就会像这样
[Serbia and Croatia arguing]
[塞尔维亚和克罗地亚争吵中]
[Arguing again]
[再次争吵中]
Croatia and Serbia have a lot of historical beef,
两国之间有许多历史上的不合
but they hate to kind of admit
但他们有些讨厌承认这点
that they secretly are kind of, a little bit,
他们偷偷地 有那么一点点
totally attracted and hot for each other.
完全被彼此吸引
Business and diplomacy is still very big between these two,
贸易和外交在两国之间仍然很频繁
and ultimately they still cooperate pretty well.
最终他们依旧合作得很愉快
I was told that typically they even give each other
有人给我说 他们甚至在欧洲电视网上
a lot of points in Eurovision or something like that,
给对方投了很多票 或者类似的
and that just proves it.
那足以证明这点
Eurovision proves everything.
欧洲电视网证明了一切
Slovenia was, like, a good friend
斯洛文尼亚就像是一个好朋友
that still held a few grudges,
一个仍心存些许怨恨的好朋友
since Slovenia was the first to join the EU,
因为斯洛文尼亚是首个加入欧盟的国家
and they originally vouched for Croatia
它本来担保克罗地亚加入欧盟
but then they were like,
但之后又说
“Wait, before you get in,
“等等 在你加入之前
we gotta settle some disputes,
我们得解决一些争端
otherwise I’m blocking you.”.
否则我就不让你进入欧盟”
And they did, and then it got messy
然后他们解决起来 之后导致了混乱
and then it got fixed. The end.
但又重归于好了 全剧终
By default, Croatia has an affinity for Catholic-dominated countries
默认情况下 克罗地亚与信仰天主教的国家
like Italy, Spain and Ireland,
如意大利 西班牙和爱尔兰关系密切
especially the Irish,
特别是爱尔兰
since they kinda empathise with the whole struggle with the UK,
因为它有些同情爱尔兰与英国之间的纠纷
and they are totally fangirls of the Vatican.
并且他们都是梵蒂冈的狂热粉丝
When it comes to their best friends, however,
然而 说到他们的好朋友时
they would probably say Germany and Poland.
克罗地亚可能会说是德国和波兰
Germany is a really close friend
德国真的是个非常亲近的朋友
since they are kind of seen as, like, the promised land,
因为德国被看作是福地
after so many Croatians moved in
许多克罗地亚人搬到德国后
and made fortunes there.
在那赚的盆满钵满
Germans also love visiting and doing business.
德国人也喜欢旅游和做生意
Without a doubt though,
毫无疑问
Croatians love it when the Polish stop by.
波兰人来拜访时 克罗地亚人心花怒放
They are like the best friend who lives far away,
他们像是最好的朋友 却住的很远
but Skypes every week
但是每周都会视频通话
and sees them twice a year.
并且每年都会见上两次
On top of that, Pope John Paul the Second was from Poland,
除此之外 教皇约翰·保罗二世来自波兰
who liked Croatia so much
他太喜欢克罗地亚了
that he visited three times.
已经拜访过三次了
In conclusion, Croatia is kinda like the surfer cousin of the Slavic countries.
总之 克罗地亚就像是斯拉夫国家的冲浪表哥
After all the drama subsided,
在所有戏剧平息之后
he opened up a hotel and a tiki bar on the beach,
他开了家酒店 并在沙滩上开了家异域风情酒吧
got a tan and was all like,
做了个日光浴 然后讲
“What’s up, world? Come take a vacation (Vacatia) in Croatia.”
“你好吗 世界?来克罗地亚度个假吧”
Stay tuned.
别换台
Cuba is coming up next!
下一个就是古巴啦!
Hey Geograpeeps!
嘿 各位地理粉!
So Geography NOW just got its second sponsor!
《即刻地理》刚刚得到了第二份赞助
Download the live.me app if you like to livestream with me,
如果你喜欢我的直播 就去下载Live.me的APP
I’m trying to go on as much as I possibly can.
我会以最快的速度跟进我的作品
Also, feel free to help us out on Patreon;
并且 希望你们能在众筹网上慷慨解囊
you get some cool, behind-the-scenes Geography NOW
你会得到一些《即刻地理》超酷的幕后信息
information and stuff like that.
以及这一类的东西
Feel free to subscribe to this channel
欢迎点击这个方框
by just clicking on this box,
订阅我们的频道
and thanks so much for all the support guys,
谢谢大家的支持
so help out on either live.me, Patreon,
在Live.me或众筹网站上帮助我们
or just subscribe to this channel.
或是订阅我们的频道
Thanks a lot guys, have a good one!
谢谢大家 祝您过得愉快

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译制信息
视频概述

克罗地亚,一个神奇的欧洲国家。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Raina

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ok5LmqoromI

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