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伽利略的中指 – 译学馆
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伽利略的中指

Galileo's Middle Finger | 100 Wonders | Atlas Obscura

在意大利的佛罗伦萨科学博物馆的历史上
in history of Science Museum in Florence Italy
安放着我们现代的一节中指
is the middle finger of our modern age
我非常幸运的参观过这个博物馆
I’ve been lucky enough to actually go to this museum
博物馆非常令人惊叹
and it is incredible and in there
在浑天仪 天然磁石和古老的望远镜中间
among the armillary spheres and and the lodestones and the antique telescopes
有一根真正的人类中指
there is a literal piece of humanity a middle finger
它就像一个被保存在小神龛中的圣物
and it is kept in a little shrine like a saintly relic
但这并不是圣人的中指
but this is not a piece of a saint
它是教会的敌人之一
it is a piece of an enemy of the church
也是异教徒的一部分
it is part of a heretic
这就是伽利略的中指
this is Galileo’s middle finger
伽利略的骨骼经过了一段时间
it took a while for Galileo’s skeleton to age into
才变成一种值得收藏的东西 就像一瓶好酒
something worth collecting sort of like a like a fine wine
因此直到他死后95年 也就是1737年
so it wasn’t until 1737 or 95 years after he died
才有一位名叫Anton Francesco Gory 的人决定
that one Anton Francesco gory went and decided that
他需要收集伽利略的一部分骨骼
he needed to collect a few pieces of Galileo Galilei
这也不是没有先例
now this wasn’t without a precedent
在天主教中保存敬重的人是一项长久的传统
there was a long tradition of preserving venerated individuals in Catholicism
如果非要说有一点点不同
if this was a little different
那就是Anton Francesco Gori不是宗教信徒
Anton Francesco Gori was not a religious fanatic
他是一名伽利略的狂热粉丝
he was a Galileo groupie
他折断了自己的三根手指
what he did is he snapped off three fingers
和我们将稍后提到的其它东西
and a few other bits which we’ll get into later
他拿着他的大拇指 食指和中指
he took his thumb his index finger and his middle finger
这是你食指吗
is it this your index finger
他告诉科学遗迹处这就是伽利略
he was taking scientific relics these were the fingers that Galileo used
调整望远镜时的手指
when he adjusted his telescope he was
他实际上是在创造第一个科学圣物
in essence creating the first scientific Saint
伽利略被认为大部分时间都在与宗教相对抗
often times Galileo is portrayed as being versus the church
正如你们所知的 这是伽利略
it was Galileo in the church in this
和教堂之间的互相较量
you know pit match against each other
这比那些更加复杂
it was a little more complicated than that
伽利略想要写一本关于日心说的书
Galileo wanted to write a book on heliocentrism
也即地球绕着太阳转
his theory that the earth did in fact revolve around the Sun
而不是以其他的方式
and not the other way around
教廷实际上说了好的 可以
and the church actually said okay that’s fine
但是你必须代表辩论的两方
but just you got to represent both sides of the argument
因此伽利略就开始了
so Galileo did this
但这位代表宗教支持地心说的人
but the guy who represented the church in its geocentric position
做的工作非常差
did such a terrible job that
以至于他的书一出版人们大都认为
when the book was published people basically thought
他愚弄了罗马教皇
the Galileo had punked the Pope
在这之后罗马教皇已经是偏执多疑
after this the Pope who is already paranoid and worried about
担心看起来很软弱 于是把伽利略软禁了
looking weak came down and sentenced Galileo to house arrest
基本上他余生都被软禁了
basically for the remainder of his life but
但这不意味着伽利略完全放弃过他的信仰
it doesn’t mean that Galileo ever truly abandoned his faith ultimately
无论伽利略的中指是否指向天空
whether Galileo’s middle finger is pointed up at the heavens
在那里他看见了美丽的数学和物理之神
where he saw the beauty of God in math and physics
又或者是指向打击他科学观点的宗教
or out to the church who condemned him for his scientific views
这应该让各位去决定
is really for the viewer to decide
他的拇指和其它手指也被拿走了
is his thumb and other finger were also taken and
2009年它们才在拍卖台上发现
they actually weren’t discovered until 2009 when they were seen
某人把它们放在一起
in an auction block and someone put it together was like
就像是我认为这就是消失的两根手指
I feel like these are the other two fingers
现在它们又像牙齿一样
that have been missing so they have been reunited
又在一起了
as has a tooth
如果你想在意大利参观伽利略的尸体
and if you are on a Galileo corpse tour of Italy
你应该去帕多瓦大学
you should go to the University of Padua
因为他们得到了他的脊椎
because they’ve got his vertebrae

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作者讲述保存在神龛中的伽利略中指的故事

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=hC2yvfiOC7c

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