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弗里斯兰岛是一座假岛 – 译学馆
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弗里斯兰岛是一座假岛

Frisland, the Fake Isles.

In 1580, John Dee adviser to Queen Elizabeth
1580年 伊丽莎白女王的顾问约翰·迪
claimed the island of Frisland for the English Crown.
宣布弗里斯兰岛属于英国王室
The island would be a splendid addition for the crown in the Atlantic,
这座岛过去是大西洋王冠位置的华丽点缀
but there is just one problem
但有一个问题
Frisland doesn’t exist.
弗里斯兰岛并不存在
《独白》
The story of this mysterious island begins in 1558
这座神秘岛屿的故事要从1558年说起
when Nicolò Zeno announced to the world
尼科洛·芝诺向世人宣告
he had unearthed, in a store room in his family home in Venice,
他在威尼斯住宅的储藏室中发现了
a map and accompanying letters dating from around the year 1400
约始于1400年地图和的附随信件
his discovering described
他的发现描述了
a long voyage made by the his ancestors in the 1390s.
他的祖先在14世纪90年代的一次远航
On this voyage,
在这次航行中
he claimed that his ancestors, Nicolò (the elder) and Antonio,had discovered
他声称他的祖先尼科洛和安东尼奥发现了
an island south of Iceland that they named Frisland,
冰岛南方的一个岛屿并命之为弗里斯兰岛
not to be confused with Friesland, the province (and islands) in the Netherlands
不要与荷兰的弗里斯兰省(及岛屿)混淆
that has the adorable hearts, I mean water lilies,on its flag.
它的旗帜上有可爱的心 我是说睡莲
Anyway, on what would become known as the Zeno Map,
不管怎么说 在所谓的芝诺地图上
Frisland, is seen as a rectangular island,
弗里斯兰 位于冰岛南部 挪威西部
dotted with Italian-sounding place names,
及埃斯特奥蒂兰的东部
located south of Iceland, west of Norway,
是一个长方形海岛
and east of a place called Estotiland.
岛屿上地名多为意大利语
It was a great legacy for his family and for Venice;
芝诺地图是他的家族和威尼斯的宝贵遗产
not only for Frisland but also for Estotiland.
不仅因为地图上有弗里斯兰还因为有埃斯特奥蒂兰
Which was perhaps an even more impressive discovery;
这也许是一个更加令人印象深刻的发现
it was after all, the New World,
埃斯特奥蒂兰毕竟是美洲
being discovered a century before Columbus had claimed that prize.
美洲的发现比哥伦布发现新大陆早一个世纪
In its day this was generally believed to be a true account,
在那个时代这被普遍认为是一个真实记录
In its day this was generally believed to be a true account,
在那个时代这被普遍认为是一个真实记录
and another version of the map was published by fellow a few years later.
且另一版本的地图在几年后出版了
So given the common knowledge status of the island around this time,
根据这段时间岛的已知情况
it’s possibly understandable
这是可以理解的
that the English navigator, explorer, and privateer,
英国航海家 探险家 私掠船船长
Martin Frobisher
马丁·弗罗比舍
mistook Greenland for Frisland
在大西洋航行中
during his transatlantic voyages
寻找西北的道路时
as he looked for the Northwest Passage.
把格陵兰误认为弗里斯兰
Granted he also returned to England
但他在第二次航行中
with 200 tons of “gold ore” on his second voyage,
把两百吨“金矿”带回了英国
and 1,350 tons on his third,
第三次航行中 他又带回了1350吨
which after years of smelting turned out to be iron pyrite,
结果经多年熔炼无价值的黄铁矿
worthless fool’s gold.
被误当为黄金
So the accuracy of his observation skills were perhaps a little suspect.
因此他的观测准确性似乎有些令人质疑
Regardless, Dee claimed the island for his queen,
尽管如此 迪仍宣布了这座岛屿属于女王
and Frisland would be placed on virtually
并且弗里斯兰被囊括在
all maps of the North Atlantic for a century.
所有北大西洋的地图上一个世纪
Even world renowned cartographer Gerardus Mercator,
举世闻名的制图师杰拉德斯·墨卡托
the one who gave us the ever loved Mercator projection,
甚至给我们提供了广为喜爱的墨卡托投影
included the island in his 1569 world map.
也将这个岛囊括在1569年的世界地图中
But Zeno’s story of course was a forgery,
但结合其他十六世纪航海者的真实航程
concocted based of the real voyages of other 16th-century navigators.
芝诺的故事肯定是假的
But as a work of self-promotion it was also a masterpiece,
不过作为自我提升的作品 这也是个杰作
it cemented the Zeno name in history for over five centuries,
芝诺的故事使其名字流传在历史上超过五个世纪
it cemented the Zeno name in history for over five centuries,
芝诺的故事使其名字流传在历史上超过五个世纪
by offering its reader
给读者提供了
a pleasing tale of rich, untouched lands waiting for colonisation.
一个富饶的未知岛屿等待殖民的有趣故事
This video was made possible with the support of great people on Patreon,
此视频的成功制作要感谢Patreon上人们的支持
who got to see this video early!!
他们可以提前观看此视频
The theme tune is by Richard Jones.
主题曲来自理查德·琼斯
And whether by sharing subscribing or just watching.
无论是分享订阅还是观看
Thanks to everyone who supports the channel.
感谢支持这个频道的每个人

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视频概述

本视频介绍了一个与荷兰弗里斯兰省同名的岛屿,它错误地存在于北大西洋地图上几个世纪,它的提出者也因此被历史记录了下来

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收集自网络

翻译译者

Charlie.

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=319kdFZVmLI

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