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Photoshop中4个常用的图层混合模式 – 译学馆
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Photoshop中4个常用的图层混合模式

Four Popular Blend Modes to Use When Compositing Images

欢迎来到《321Photoshop》
Welcome to three 321 Photoshop.
我是朱莉安•考斯特
I’m Julian cost.
使用图层面板的“混合”模式
Applying the blend modes using the “Layers” panel
让你能够控制一个图层中的图像
allows you to control how the pixels on one layer affect
影响或混合于其下面的图层的方式
or blend with any layers below.
我认为最有用的四个
The floor that I find most useful when compositing
分别是“正片叠底” “滤色”
are “Multiply”, “Screen”,
“叠加”和“柔光”
“Overlay” and “Soft Light”.
在此例中 要想把图画和其下的材质相混合
In this example to combine the drawing with the texture underneath,
我会把混合模式设为“正片叠底”
I’ll set the blend mode to “Multiply”.
“正片叠底”是将上下图层叠加
Multiply…Multiply is the top layer with the layers underneath
往往会导致色彩变得更暗
and the resulting color will always be darker
混合过程对白色部分无效 因此其将消失
and white which has no effect when multiplied will disappear.
在下个示例中
In this next example,
我想保留这幅日蚀照片中的白色部分
I want to keep the lighter values in the Eclipse photo,
移除黑暗的天空
but remove the dark sky.
“滤色”模式能够将
The “Screen” mode is going to divide
上下图层混合
the top layer with the layers underneath
而之后的色彩则会变得更亮
and the resulting color will always be lighter
相应黑色部分在“滤色”时不被作用就会消失
and black which has no effect when screened will disappear.
另一使用“滤色”模式的情景就是
Another reason to use the “Screen” blend mode
添加边框时
is when adding edges.
保留白色边缘
The white edge remains,
而其他部分变亮
and the other values become lighter,
黑色因没有受到作用 而会消失掉
and again black which has no effect will disappear.
最后“叠加”和“柔光”
Finally both “Overlay” and “Soft Light”
将为我的图像增加对比度
are going to add contrast to my image.
这里为了把这个材质
Here in order to combine this texture
混合到下方的图层
with the underlying layers.
我需要选用“叠加”混合模式
I’ll choose the “Overlay” blend mode.
“叠加”会把图中灰度大于50%的部分变得更亮
“Overlay” will lighten when using values brighter than 50% gray
而把灰度小于50%的部分
and it will darken when using values
压得更暗
darker than 50% gray.
但在此示例中“叠加”效果过于硬了
But in this case “Overlay” is a bit too harsh,
因此我切换至“柔光”模式
so I’ll switch to the “Soft Light” blend mode.
如果觉得这样强度太低
If I feel that this is too subtle,
我可以回到“叠加”模式
I can return to “Overlay”,
并可随时降低图层的“不透明度”
and I can always decrease the “Opacity” of the layer.

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视频概述

介绍了PS中常用的四种图层混合模式

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-kikuX6HeF4

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