Translator: Jaime OchoaReviewer: Capa Girl Hey!
我是雅克布·巴奈特（Jacob Barnett） 你们感到兴奋了吗？
I’m Jacob Barnett,are you guys excited?
I am here to tell you
why you guys should forget everything you know,
right now! So,
first thing you guys need to know:
suppose you guys areall doing your homework. OK,
you know, it’s something you have to do; and,
you’re doing great on your homework,
you are getting great grades,fabulous prizes, such as you know,
Benjamins and all this great stuff.
I’m here to tell youthat you’re doing it all wrong!
That’s right, I did just say that,
you’re doing it all wrong!
In order to succeed you have to look
at everything with your own unique perspective. OK,
what does that mean?
That means that, when you think,
you must think in your own creative way,
not accepting everythingthat’s already out there.
By the way,
the people I’m showing you
in the background are my little brothers Ethan and Wesley,
one of them is a chemist and the other one is a meteorologist. So,
your perspective might bethe only way you can see
art or historyor music, or whatever. So,
let me show you one of the ways
in which I can see math.
that’s 32 and the rotations represent: addition,
减 乘 除
subtraction,division, multiplication, etc.
My main reason of coming out here
is to do some quantum mechanics, OK? So,
today, what we’re gonna do is,
we’re gon na do the Schrödinger equation,
split it into time independent components,
and we’re gonna solve it for
the boundary conditions of a lattice and a particle in the box. So,
let’s get to work! So,
I have some lecture notes,
which I’d like you guys to pass out.
I’m gonna split them into two rows. So,
if I can have some people come up and get these? No,
等下 在你上来前 我想先让你知道
Before you come up here I need to let you know
about something very quickly. OK,
just stay there.I’m kidding!
I didn’t –(Applause)
I did not come here to frighten you all with quantum mechanics —
not yet. So,
let’s think about something simpler.
How many of you herehave heard about circles? OK,
why are circles important?
They are the shape of cookies.
They are the shape ofskateboard wheels,
and most importantly,
they’re the shape of the thing that turns on your X-box 360.
what do we knowfrom school about circles?
We know Pi r2,we know they’re round.
Do we know anything else?
let me tell you something cool you can do with circles.
It’s called Johnson’s Theorem.
It’s not really a theorem, it’s just,
you know, a way mathematicians can think of stuff. So,
what Johnson said was, “You take three circles,
you overlap them in a way
so that there’s six blue lines” —
where I call each of the circles blue;
so there’s six lines coming in one point.
The other three points are in a circle
of the same size;
this isn’t just Pi r2,This is something new.
So because Johnson didn’t just think: “Oh,
it’s gotta be Pi r2 and round,that’s it,”
he created math.
And he did it in his ownunique perspective way. So,
now I know not all
of you are necessarily mathematically gifted,
let’s move on to somemore interesting stuff.
By now you might have heard about Isaac Newton in your High School career.
你们可能是学习棱镜的时候 听说他的 或者他做过的其他东西
You might have heard about him from prisms or whatever he might have done. So,
in 1665, Isaac Newtonwas at the University of Cambridge. Now,
for those of you whoreally know your history,
at that time Cambridgehad closed due to the plague. So,
Isaac Newton,he didn’t have a way to learn.
He had to stop learning,and he was probably,
hiding in a dormitory withhis cat running from the plague. Now,
while he was doing
this he decided he had to stop learning,
but he didn’t wantto stop thinking. OK?
So, because of that he was thinking
about this problem in astrophysics.
And specifically I thinkhe wanted to calculate
the motion of the Moonaround the Earth,
so I sort of revamped that problem into the case
of Mercury around the Sun. So,
What he did was,
in order to solve this problem he created calculus,
Newton’s three laws,the universal law of gravitation,
the reflecting telescopeto check his work, and optics,
and all this crazy stuff in that two years that he had stopped learning. So,
I guess that was really good for us,
because at that timeNewton had to stop learning;
but when he stopped learning he started thinking and he created science. And,
OK, that’s just great,
we now have a theory of physics! So,
He could have probably been some top scholar, he
could have had a 4.0 GPA, he could have
been on the dean’s list, he could have
had his professors proud; but he wouldn’t have
created anything if he didn’t stop learning.
Newton needed to start thinking,
and think of things out of hisown unique perspective,
in order to create his theory. So,
now let me formally introduce myself
because I did not do that at the beginning of the talk. So,
about 11 years ago I was diagnosed with this thing called autism.
that it seemed I wasn’t thinking at all.
基本上我是这样的状态 比如：“噢 看这里有光的反射
Basically I’d be like,”Oh, look here’sthis reflection of that light,
所以那上面有亮光 噢 这是我的影子
so there’s light up here,but, oh, there’s my shadow,
so there’s a light back there” and I looked
over and it’s over there.
because of that, you know,
people thought I would never learn
because it just looked I was just staring into the opening;
it looked likeI wasn’t doing anything at all. So,
people told me I wouldnever learn, I’d never think,
不会思考不会讲话 不会系鞋带 也就是说——好吧
I’d never talk, I’d nevertie my shoes, which — OK,
they might have hada point, you know,
You know, but however,at that age,
I went to the Barnes and Noble,
and I got a textbook,
and from the data that was in that textbook I derived Kepler’s laws.
When I wasn’t supposed to belearning or thinking at all. So,
basically from the otherpeople’s point of view
it wasn’t really looking too good, I wasn’t fingerpainting,
or doing story time,
or any of the other stuff the 2-3-4 year olds would do; but,
you know,what they did was, because I —
they took me to special Ed.,
which is extremely special in the fact that it didn’t educate me.
during that timeI had to stop learning
because I didn’t have away to learn, you know,
I was just in special Ed.
So what they would do is — So,
I wasn’t able to learnanything at all. However,
at that age I startedthinking about things
and sort of the wayof all of these shadows,
and I think that’s why I like astrophysics,
and physics, and math today;
because I had to stop learning,
I believe that’s why I do what I do today. OK,
so let me continueabout gravity.
It’s a very exciting topic for those of us who are in physics.
So let me continue. Now,
what happened was,
about a couple of centuries later,
the physicists had enough experimentaltechnology to test Newton’s orbit. Now,
Newton predicted thatthe orbit of Mercury was an oval,
or as scientists like to say”an ellipse.” However,
“椭圆形”然而 当我们用望远镜看的时候 我们看到的是这样的
when we pointed ourtelescopes out, we saw that thing.
For those of you who are scientists you
know that’s extremely exaggerated, but —
但是—— 这看上去不太对劲 牛顿的猜测并不正确
This was not looking good,Newton had failed.
One of the greatest physicists, of all minds,
had failed, he failed!
（笑声）所以 我们需要另外的人 就像牛顿那样
we needed someone else,just like Newton had done,
to forget everything they knew!
And you know, recreate this.
That man’s name was Albert Einstein.
Albert Einstein, what he would– he was also —
he was stopped in his tracks, he was not doing very well.
He was Jewishand it was pre-Nazi Germany, so,
he was not able to get a position at the local university.
He had to work at a patent office; which,
OK, that’s not theoretical physics,
and we’re talking about Einstein here. So,
what happened was, Einstein,
he had all this time to think all of a sudden.
He had to stop learning,
but he had all this time to think;
然后 他所做的事情是 他热衷于尝试不同的思考 热衷于去思考
he liked to have these thought experiments and liked to think
about all these different things.
So what Einstein thought was, OK,
he pictured himself on a trampoline
with a couple of friends,
which — they are actually —
a failure of my sentence there,
and the fact that physicists that’s usually a couple more than they have.
Albert Einstein was probably on a trampoline
with one of his friends,
and you know, they were probably playing some,
I don ’ t know, tennis or something. So,
however, you know,they are physicists,
they don ’ t have very good hand to eye coordination,
so they probably didn’t, you know, catch
the tennis ball, and it went rolling around them;
and Einstein looked at this and said,
“Without friction, this is gravity!”
他意识到 “这里只有重力作用 ”
He realized,”This is just gravity.” So,
afterwards,he predicted the motion
which is gonna end uplike that crazy thing;
but that crazy thing is exactlythat other crazy thing. So,
Einstein had solved the problem
just by thinking about it in hisown unique perspective,
in his own unique way.
He stopped learning,and he started thinking, and he started creating.
So now let me get backon the story, you know,
I wasn’t really looking too good,
so I just kind of brush it over there. So,
about three years ago, I — OK,
there was a calculus class I wanted to sit
in the back of, so,
in order to sit in the back of this,
I am going to learn:algebra, trigonometry,
all this other middle school stuff, all the high school math,
and first year undergrad calculus in two weeks,
so I could sit in theback of this class.
I was ten.
好了—— 所以 也在那个时候 我证明了自己的学习能力
Okay — So, also at that time, proving this,
I got accepted into the University;
and yet again I was still ten. So,
OK, then I had to go toan entrance interview,
you know, that’s what you gotta do,its a university. So,
I had to go to this entrance interview,
and because of parking, I had all these coins, and,
you know, I dropped them all over the guy
‘s office; making him think I had no common sense and
he pretty much held me back for a semester. So,
I also had to stoplearning at that time. OK,
what did I do?
Did I stop learning and just, you know,
start playing video games and stuff?
I started thinking about shapes!
And I was thinking about thisspecific problem in astrophysics
that I was really interested in at that time,
which I still kind of am. Now,
what I did was, over the next two weeks
在接下来的两个星期里 我开始思考形状 我开始思考这个问题 过了一段时间后
I started thinking about these shapes, I started thinking about this problem,
and after a while I had solved it. So,
I have solved this problem in astrophysics,
which basically is similar to, you know, what
‘s happening with Einstein and Newton right now.
I am not going to tellyou the exact problem
due to the fact that I havenot published it, yet.
When my paper gets published,you may figure out about it;
for those who read scientific papers.
I thought about all these problemsand you know,
I only has a 500 cheapthing of paper from Officemax;
and since I was thinking about these multidimensional things,
it filled them up really quickly. So,
then I moved on to white boards
because I was out of paper.
But the white board,it also filled up pretty quickly,
so then I moved onto my parents’ windows.
After that I got chased down
by all this Windex and stuff and,
my equations would get erased by these horrible Windex creators but, so,
because of that,
after about a month or so, my parents realized
I was not going out to the park, I
was just drawing these weird shapes on the windows.
And basically I wastrying to disprove myself,
you know, I didn ’ t want to end up like Newton;
I did not want to, you know, be
proven a hundred years down the road, disproved. So,
what I did was,I was going on the windows,
I was trying to disprovemyself, but to no avail.
After that, my parents, you know,
they figured I should be on the park,
so they called some guy up at Princeton,
and they told him to disprovewhat I was doing.
Unfortunately that wasn’t the case,
and he said I was on the right track;
Then because I had to stop learning,
I started thinking and I solved the problem.
After that I decided to createa calculus video
for other people who wanted tostill do calculus;
the three others out there, and,
so that way they could also learn. OK,
so, I made this calculus video,
people noticed that I was 12 and I was doing a calculus video.
After that, the first people thatnoticed was the Indianapolis Star,
and they put me on the frontpage of some newspaper
and as you can seefrom this picture,
I was eating a sandwich,it was really yummy. So,
After that, my calculusvideo, it went viral.
At the time of this photo it had some two million views. So,
first of all a calculus video going viral,
who would have ever thought?
after that it got translatedinto whatever this language is.
Is there anybody who can tellme what language this is?
我看不懂 （观众）中文 好吧
I can’t read it.(Audience) Chinese OK,
it’s Chinese,OK, good to know.
then after that,
I had some guy from Fox TV call me up,
于是我得以在他的窗子上演算 他叫格林·贝克 （译注：
and I was able to draw on his windows,
and he was Glen Beck.
The thing special about that experience was
that the windows were huge,
23 floors above the ground,and overlooked the Chrysler Building,
so that was a fun experience.
Then after that I started having some really
strange visitors show up to my house.
I had Morley Safer show up, and he’s from CBS Sixty Minutes. Now,
of you who can really see this picture very well,
you may notice that I amwearing the same sandals.
let’s sort of recapwhat we’ve done.
爱因斯坦 约翰 牛顿以及每个我所提到的人
Have Einstein, and Johnson, and Newton, and everyoneI talked about,
are they really geniuses?
Is that really what hasmade them so special?
Is that really why theydid all their work?
Absolutely not! They, no!
That’s not why!(Laughter) OK,
（笑声）那么 事实上 他们所做的是
so, what happened was,all they did was,
they made the transition from learning, to thinking; to creating,
which by now the media hastranslated into, you know, genius. Now,
I’m pretty sure theyhad relatively high IQs; but,
as some of you may know,
there are lots of people
out there with high IQs who don’t create this sort of thing,
they usually just end up memorizing a couple hundred thousand digits of Pi. So,
first of all, my question to them is:
why not memorize a different number? Like,
就像 比如说 我衣服上印的这个希腊字母那么
I mean,I am wearing Phi right now. So,
in conclusion, I am not supposed
to be here at all, you know,
I was told that I wouldn’t talk.
There’s probably some therapist watchingthis who’s freaking out right now.
(Laughter) (Cheers)(Applause) OK,
I am not supposed to be talking,
I am not supposed to be learning;
but because I made that transition
from learning to thinking, to creating,
I am here today;
and I am talking to some four hundred
to eight hundred people in New York.
what would I want you guys to get out of this speech?
What I want you guys to do is,
for the next 24 hours,
I know you guys may have school or what not,
even though it’s a Saturday;
for the next 24 hoursdon’t learn anything!
You are not allowed to learn anything for the next 24 hours.
what I’d like you to do is,
I’d like you to go into some field,
I mean, you all have some passion,
I don’t know about it,
I’ve been talking toyou for 11 minutes.
I have no idea what youguys are interested in. But,
you guys have somepassion and all out there
and you all know what it is. So,
I want you to think about that field
instead of learning in that field;
and instead of being a student of that field,
be the field!
无论是音乐 建筑 还是科学 或者其他的
Whether it’s music or architecture, or science or whatever;
and I want you to think about that field and,
who knows,maybe you can create something.
Thank you very much.I’m Jacob Barnett.