未登录,请登录后再发表信息
最新评论 (0)
播放视频

有必要接种流感疫苗吗?

Flu Shot | Should I Get A Flu Shot | Are There Any Flu Shot Side Effects

Flu can be very unpleasant
流感可能会非常让人不舒服
but if you’re otherwise fit and healthy
但如果你还算身体健康
it usually lasts about a week or two
流感通常只会持续一到两周
but if you are in a risk group
但如果你属于易感人群
it can make you more at risk of potentially serious complications of flu
你患严重流感并发症的风险可能会更高
and nobody wants that
没人想要这个结果
in this week’s video
通过观看这周的视频
I’m going to make you a flu vaccine pro
我将会帮你成为一个流感疫苗的专家
now you may be wondering
现在你可能在想
who is in the at-risk group
流感易感人群都有谁
well it’s quite a big list
其实包括很多人
which includes over 65s pregnant women people
比如65岁以上的人 孕妇
people live in residential homes people with learning disabilities
住养老院的老人 患有学习障碍的人
and certain medical conditions
和一些患有特定疾病的人
like asthma COPD diabetes and many more
如哮喘 慢性阻塞性肺病 糖尿病等等
I will leave a full list in the description below
我将在下面的说明中附上完整的列表
now if you a loved one a family member
如果你自己 你爱的人 你的家人
anyone you know is in the at-risk group
或任何你认识的人属于易感人群
it’s recommended that you have the flu vaccine every single year to protect yourself
建议大家每一年都接种流感疫苗来保护自己
now you may be thinking to yourself with Abraham
现在你可能和Abraham一样在思考
protect me from what what do I need protecting from
保护我什么?我需要预防什么?
well I’m going to tell you because if you are in the at-risk group
让我来告诉你 如果你属于易感人群
and you get flu
你得流感之后
you’re certainly a much higher risk of developing serious complications
患严重并发症的风险无疑更高
one of which for example is pneumonia a lung infection
比如说 肺炎 一种肺部感染
and in the UK on average
在英国平均每年
flu kills about 8,000 people per year
有大约8000人死于流感
now if you’re watching this video
如果你正在看这个视频
and you live in the UK
而且你正住在英国
well the good news is that
那么好消息是
the NHS flu vaccine is available every year
易感人群现在每年可以免费接种
free of charge for anyone who is in the at-risk group
由英国国民健康保险制度所提供的疫苗
and you can get this vaccine at your local pharmacy at your surgery
在当地的药店或诊所即可免费获得此疫苗
all of this is provided free of charge by the NHS
所有这一切都由英国国民健康保险制度免费提供
so you now know the background
所以现在你知道了疫苗接种的背景
you know the complications of flu
知道了流感并发症
and you also know the importance of getting the flu vaccine
也知道了接种流感疫苗的重要性
but what about the flu vaccine itself
但是关于疫苗自身呢?
because I’m sure you’ve got lots of questions about it
我确信你有很多疑问等待解答
and I know just the person to speak to
而我知道该去问谁
I’ve decided to get some help from a good friend of mine
我决定去求助一个好友
which you’ll most likely know from a popular TV show
你很有可能在一个有名的电视节目中见过他
called GPs behind closed doors
《门后的医生们》
his name is Dr. Amir Khan
他就是Amir Khan医生
and I’ve come to his surgery to find out more
我去了他的诊疗室 想了解更多
I’ve come with questions the viewers want answers
我是带着观众们的问题来的
so let’s just dive in
所以我们就开门见山吧
so if question what how effective is the flu vaccine
第一个问题是 这个流感疫苗有多有效?
the flu vaccine works better in some years than in others
流感疫苗在某些年份比其他年份的效果要更好
the problem is the virus keeps changing
因为流感病毒是在不停变化的
so it’s difficult to predict
所以非常难以预测
last year in the UK
去年在英国
the vaccine prevented 60% of cases of flu
该疫苗降低了六成
in adults aged over 65
65岁以上人群患流感的风险
yes so last year there was actually two types of flu vaccines
是的 所以去年实际上有两种流感疫苗
and for those aged over 65
为65岁以上的人
they were offered the trivalent flu vaccine with an adjuvant
提供了带有佐剂的三价流感疫苗
and those under 64 who were in the at-risk group
为64岁以下的易感人群
offered a quadrivalent flu vaccine
提供了四价流感疫苗
and the results are pretty good so far
到目前为止效果还不错
that’s correct adjuvants helped lengthen and strengthen
对 佐剂可以延长和加强
your immune response to a vaccine
你对于疫苗的免疫反应
and they shown to make vaccines more effective in older adults
这使得疫苗对老年人更有效
that’s fantastic
那太棒了
and this helps lead me on to my next question
这也引出了我的下一个问题
which is all about ingredients
是关于疫苗成分的
what’s in these vaccines are they harmful at all
疫苗里都有什么 有有害成分吗
well vaccines contain tiny quantities of substances
疫苗含有各种微量物质
which are found naturally in the body
都是天然存在于人体之中的
for example many vaccines contain salts such as sodium and potassium
例如 很多疫苗都含有盐 比如说钠和钾
which help regulate the acidity of a vaccine
这有助于调节疫苗的酸度
other ingredients help preserve and stabilize the vaccine
其他的成分使得疫苗易于保存 保持稳定
whilst improving your immune response to it
同时也能增强你对于疫苗的免疫反应
so to summarize
所以我们总结一下
are the ingredients harmful for our body no
这些成分有害吗? 不
are the ingredients normal for our body yes
这些成分对我们身体合适吗? 是的
which they’ve notes my next question
这又引出了我的下一个问题
how safe is the flu vaccine
流感疫苗有多安全
well just like everything in life
就像我们人生中的各种事情
the flu vaccines do carry some risks
它的确有一些风险
but most of these risks are fairly minor
但大多数风险都相当小
such as swelling or redness at the injection site mild fevers
比如注射部位肿胀或发红 轻度发烧
nothing serious
没有什么严重的
severe reactions to the vaccines are rare
对该疫苗的严重不良反应非常少见
I think in general very few people are unable to get flu vaccine
大体上来说 我认为很少有人无法接种流感疫苗
however it is worth mentioning
但有必要提一下
that if you do have an egg allergy
如果你对鸡蛋过敏
it’s worth letting your healthcare professional know
有必要告知相关的医务人员
just so that they can give you a suitable vaccine
这样他们能够给你提供合适的疫苗
I think it might also be useful
我觉得在说明里给出更多
to put more information in the description about this
关于这个的信息也会很有用
yes that’s a great idea
是的 这是个好主意
vaccines are currently the best defence that we have against flu
现阶段我们对抗流感最好的预防手段就是疫苗
which is why public health England the medical community
这也是为什么英国公共卫生和医学界
all agree that if you are eligible to get the free NHS vaccine
都认为如果你符合接种免费疫苗的条件
then please get vaccinated
那么请务必去接种
now you can get vaccinated at your local pharmacy or your local GP surgery
你可以在你当地药店或诊所进行疫苗的接种
and I guess you are now a flu vaccine pro
我猜你现在也是一名流感疫苗专家了
so welcome to the club
恭喜你加入了专家大家庭
you now know all about flu
你现在知道了关于流感一切
it’s complications who’s at risk
并发症有哪些 哪些人属于易感人群
and all about the flu vaccine too
还有关于流感疫苗的一切
so spread your knowledge
所以快和你的朋友
tell your friends tell your family tell your loved ones tell everyone
你的家人 你的爱人 所有人分享这些知识吧
always remember that you’re awesome and I will see you next week
请记住你是最棒的 我们下周再见
i don’t if you can hear it
我不知道你们能不能听到
but there’s an alarm going off right now and it’s not stopped
警报响了 而且一直没停
oh it just stopped (laughing)
噢 它停了 [笑声]
(whispering) i feel like we are revising for an exam
[低声] 我感觉我们正在复习考试
i know it feels like it (laughing)
我知道很像 [笑声]
we don’t want to distract each other
我们不想打扰到对方
we are like whispering (laughing)
所以我们在很小声地说话 [笑声]
you maybe thinking to yourself but what do we need protecting from
你可能正在想 我们需要预防什么
well I’m going to tell you what you need protecting from
我会告诉你你需要预防什么
you need protecting from the flu
你需要预防流感
hey guys thanks for watching this week’s video
嘿 感谢大家观看本周的视频
make sure to click that like follow or subscribe button now
记得现在就点击喜欢 关注 或者订阅
to stay up to date with new weekly videos.
来及时观看我们每周更新的视频

发表评论

译制信息
视频概述

流感并发症有哪些?流感疫苗安全吗?每个人都需要接种吗?医师亚伯拉罕来告诉你

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Raven

审核员

审核员SF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=otdwlI7AWW4

相关推荐
烫伤