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消防员的小房子

Firefighter's Earthship Inspired Off-Grid Urban Tiny House

随着参与”小屋运动”的人群不断壮大 对房屋
As the tiny-house movement continues to grow people are getting more and more creative
的设计创意不断升级
with the designs of their homes.
今天我们来到位于阿尔伯塔的埃德蒙顿市
Today we’ve traveled to Edmonton in Alberta to
与一位消防员见面 他对自己小屋
meet a firefighter who has really taken the design
的设计更上了一层楼
of his tiny house to the next level
嗨 史蒂夫 嗨 最近可好兄弟?
Hey Steve, hey, how’s it going mate?
还不错 你呢?
-Good man, how are you?
我很好 谢谢
– Good, thank you
很高兴认识你 真的 还要谢谢你让我
Pleasure to meet you you bet and awesome
目睹到这个漂亮的小屋 太赞了
to see this great-looking tiny house here Thanks
坐落在城区里的它看上去尤其有趣
It looks especially interesting being here in this very
-难道不是吗?-当然是的
Urban sitting doesn’t yeah for sure can you
你能给我讲讲你到底是怎么
tell me a little bit about how you actually
搬到这个地方的?
came to be here in this spot?
这片地和这所房子都是我的
I own this house, I own this property and I-,
我想我一开始在网上看到极简
I guess originally I started seeing tiny houses
小屋时就觉得天啊!
on the internet, and I thought oh man,
这很酷而且
that’s pretty cool and
在我开始建造它之前 我选了一个
Before I started building I picked a spot where
我心怡的地方
I knew I wanted it to be so I
所以我将它设计成正好合适的大小
designed it to fit here exactly so Yeah,
是的 我其实很乐意把它
yeah, I actually like to say
看成一个有节能建筑元素的小屋
that this is an earthship inspired tiny house
我只是觉得小屋的设计很精妙
I just think it’s such a smart design their ship design
所以我想在我的小屋里尽可能的
So I wanted to try and incorporate as many of those principles
多利用那些原理 几年前
in this and it was a couple years ago
好像是2014年吧 我辞职了
I think was 2014 I took a year off work
然后接下来的一年都在旅游
and I traveled for that whole year and
我住在一个露营车里
in that year I lived in a
之后我还一路
camper van that I ended up
开着那辆车到了巴拿马
driving all the way down to Panama and
当我旅行的时候我做了很多志愿工作
When I was traveling I did a lot of volunteer
包括建造不同的小屋和飞船还有社区房屋项目
on different tiny house bills airship builds different community building projects
我非常享受那种
And I really liked the vibe of that
一群人聚在一起为了
of getting a whole bunch of people together all
同一个目标而努力的氛围
working together for a common goal
于是我想试着将那种氛围融入
And so I wanted to try and somehow incorporate that vibe
到这个建造中 我和本加兰特
into this build and I worked with Ben Garrett out in
在温哥华一起合作 他帮我组织了
Vancouver who helped me organize a
一个周末作坊 在那里我们大约有
weekend workshop where a bunch people came and
二十个人在一个四天连休
We had about 20 people working
的周末里专注于这个项目
on this project over a four-day weekend
我真的想把那种活力注入这房子里
And I really wanted to get that energy into this house
那这间房子和小屋
And so what’s the relationship between the house
有什么样的关联呢?为什么你决定
and the tiny house why did you decide to
搬出你的家 住进一个
move out of your home and into a?
-小屋里?-对于我来说
Tiny house for me.
从经济方面考虑小屋更加合理
It was how the economics of it makes sense to me
我把大房子租了出去然后
So I rent the big house out and
房客们来付按揭 我住在
the tenants pay the mortgage so by me
后院的一个小房子里
staying in the small house in the backyard
现在我马上就过上了一种没有债务的生活
I’m living a mortgage free lifestyle right now immediately well
我还在回本的过程中
I’m still collecting equity in that house
所以这么做是有道理的
so that makes sense to me
处在这种情况下也求之不得
And that’s a good situation to be
这间小房子到底多大呢?
in so how large is this tiny house actually?
建筑面积是10英尺乘17英尺
So the footprint of it is 10
套内面积是140平方英尺
by 17 and my interior square footage is 140 square feet
这是个相当小的房子
So it’s a pretty small tiny house
但我觉得它给人的感觉比
But I think it feels bigger
-实际要更大-当你在设计这小屋时
than it is and when you were designing this tiny house.
你有什么想法吗?
What did you have in mind?
你想在这个空间里创造些什么呢?
What did you want to accomplish in this space?
我知道它得大小合适
I knew it had to fit here
所以它只能是现在这么大
so it could only be this big and I
然后我想让它尽可能的小
wanted to make it as small as possible that
却始终让我在里面感到舒适
I still felt comfortable in it and
我当时还觉得我把它建得太小
I actually thought I was making it too
里面的设计却不小
small and I was designing it well not too small
但我觉得这是尽可能小
But I thought this is this is as small
的同时我又能装进
as it could be and I could still get
舒适生活必需品的大小
everything that I need to be comfortable
而现在我住了一年之后
But now having lived here for a year.
我这里还有一些
I actually there’s stuff in here
不需要的东西 而且我发现
I don’t need and I found that
我这还有多余的空间
I don’t I have more than enough
对于我一个人来说
room here and for one person for me
我在这个空间里十分自在
I’m completely comfortable in this space.
你接入了本地的能源供应网吗?
Are you connected to the grid here?
我想要多点选择的余地
I wanted it to have options with it
所以这是种混合的存在
so it’s a bit of a hybrid where I’m
我把它设计成能源自治式的
set up to be off grid but currently I’m
但目前我把大房子的服务取消了
Taking all the services off the house that I pay
它现在就是非自治式的了
for so it’s grid tied right now
我的想法是将来
But my idea is that in the future.
我有了一个移动式的
I have like a nice little cabin
小屋后 我可以搬到一块我还没
That’s transportable that I can move to a some land
买下的地皮上 让它变成自治式的
that I haven’t purchased yet and can be off-grid well
我很乐意看看你把
I’d love to have a look
-里面打造成什么样了-没问题
inside and say what you’ve done sure let’s take a look come on
来看一下吧 来吧
This is a
很酷的房子啊
Seriously cool tiny house man.
里面的设计真棒
Good job on the design in this one nice Yeah,
地板不一般啊 能告诉我你对
the floor is so unusual can you tell me
这块地面做了什么改造吗?
about what you’ve done here? Yeah,
当然 地面是两英寸厚的
sure So it’s actually a two inch thick
深色砖 设计的初衷是
Brick with a dark color and the idea
能在小屋里实现一个地暖
behind it was to get some thermal mats in the tiny house
这些地砖像拼图一样
So this brick is just like laid
互锁着被放置在地上
on the floor interlocking like a puzzle
如果我想把小屋搬到其他
So it can come out if and when
地方我可以随时拆掉这些
I want to move the tiny house and
这个本意是想从中
the idea was that I could get some
获得被动式太阳能和供暖
Passive solar gain and some heat gain from this thermal mass
它差不多是一个设计原则吧
so it was a bit of a design principle
是我整个设计中
that was an experiment
一个试验性的东西
that I wanted to try and in this design and
-起作用了吗?-某些东西在现实和理想中
Has it worked some things work better in theory than in reality?
存在差距 这就属于那一类
and this is one of them after being here for a bit
我在这里度过了一个春夏秋冬
of all four seasons in this full-time so one year and
过冬时它就单纯是一块
Going through a winter it actually just was
冰冷的地面 而且不易打扫
a cold floor and hard to keep clean
所以我想把它们拆了
so I’m actually think I’m gon na
然后铺上硬木
move that out and put some nice hardwood in
它是一个失败了的试验
but it was an experiment that I tried and
毕竟不是事事都能成功的
Didn’t quite work out not everything does
不过尝试过也不错了
But yeah awesome that you tried it
这是一个很好的点子
because it was actually a really good idea and in theory I can
我完全能理解你为什么
Totally see why you would have
会认为它可行 在埃德蒙顿
thought that would have worked yeah here in Edmonton
气温会有很低的时候 所以在这房子里
It does get really cold so heating is a huge priority
供暖是要优先考虑的 对吧
in this house right yeah
是的 说真的我在最冷时 零下四十度吧
Definitely actually I was super cozy in here even minus 40
待在这里也很舒适
like in the coldest weather
所以供暖并不是一大难题
So heating wasn’t my main issue.
我这儿有三个热源
I have three sources of heat here
一个丙烷烤火炉 一个电热烤火炉
I have a propane furnace heater, and I have an electric patio heater,
还有一个烧柴的火炉
and I also have a wood stove
我有三个可以选择
So I have sort of three options and with
所以完全没有问题
the three I’m pretty covered so yeah,
有这些热源在确实不错
definitely nice to have all of those off Yeah,
-嗯 当然了 -现在呢
yeah for sure so right now.
我们在你的客厅
We are in your living room.

Yeah.
这是我现在的客厅和卧室
This is my living room slash bedroom at the moment
现在处于一个客厅的状态
It’s in living room mode but
这是我的床
This is my bed
当我不睡觉时就充当沙发
that acts like a couch when I’m not sleeping on it
它下面有滑轮
The whole thing’s on wheels so it
把它拖出到这边来
just slides out into this whole area and
当我没睡觉时
when I’m not in ready to sleep
可以把它收进去 就像沙发一样了 也有更多空间
We just put it in it’s like coaching You got more space and that really is a huge
屋顶也是 由于高屋顶整个
Benefit as well because this whole house does
房子都感觉十分宽敞
feel really spacious having all of this head height here Yeah,
对 我觉得这么高就会让人
I think it being like really tall like that
感觉更大一些 大多数踏入这个
helps make it feel bigger like almost everybody that steps
房子的人立马就说它比实际宽敞
in immediately says how it feels bigger than it actually is and
我觉得主要还是
I think that a big part
因为房子里没有阁楼的原因
of that is not having the loft in it
看上去你有很多储存空间啊
And it looks like you’ve got a lot of storage here
我看这上面有很多筐子
I see lots of baskets up there and additional storage
床下也有更多的储存空间
underneath the bit as well. Yeah,
如果你移动这个床垫
so if you move the mattress
它就像一个棺材一样会打开
It’s like a coffin and it opens up
里面有储物空间
and there’s storage under there, and I
这下面还有几个篮子
‘ve also got a couple of baskets
另外还有一个能收纳的茶几
Down here and a coffee table that pulls out like this,
这样整个床
and then the whole bed
差不多就覆盖在桌子上面
just kind of rolls on to it and the baskets
为了不挡路我把它们放在高处
I decided to put them up high and out of the way and
当床处于被拉出来的状态
When the bed is pulled out,
我在早上穿衣洗漱时
and I’m getting ready in the morning
我所处的高度正好
I’m at like just the right height to
便于我拿取衣服
kind of get in and out of them and
这差不多就是我的衣橱了
that’s sort of my closet really what else
我想想还有其他的隐藏储存空间没
Do I have for kind of hidden storage?
这一小块是放鞋的地方
I have a little shoe space here
这已经不是一小块了
You know that’s not a
这是一大块放鞋的地方
little shoe space that’s a lot of shoes
也许吧 这块地方在
Yeah I guess so that that was kind
我建造的过程中自然而然出现了
of an opportunity that just presented itself when I was building the place
厨房下面也是同样的道理
Underneath the kitchen as well.
厨房下面有储水箱
I have water tank storage so
当这个小屋变成自治式时
if and when I go off grid
这就是隐藏资源的地方
That’s where that’s hidden away is underneath there,
也接通了本地的供应网
and I’ll have some services under there as well
我们能看看
Can we take a look
-这个厨房吗-当然 我们过去吧
in the kitchen yeah you bet let’s pop up here
能把这么多空间
It’s actually a real luxury to be able
用来种植物真是一件非常
to dedicate so much of the kitchen storage space
奢侈的事情不是吗
to the plants isn’t it yeah?
我的初衷是种一些做菜
the idea was that I would grow herbs and things
能用到的香草香料但
that I would use in the kitchen but
现实是由于我浇水少且没有种花草
In reality due to lack of watering and my lack
的天赋 那些植物都蔫了
of a green thumb that all kind of died, so yeah
我还是养着一些
I said I still just have
绿植 因为看着舒服
Green stuff there because I like the look and feel
有绿植在家里能为
of green stuff in the house
整个空间带来生机 我就是这么想的
It definitely brings life into this yeah, that’s what I think yeah. Yeah,
-我喜欢这样-那厨房是什么情况?
I like that yeah, and so what about the kitchen?
-这有些什么东西?-必需品吧
What are you heaven here pretty basic stuff
我用丙烯做饭 它在这儿
I cook off propane and that’s here
我其实还有
I do actually have
一个微波炉和电烤箱
Like a microwave and a toaster oven and
他们接入地面
then they’re plugged in right there through the floor
在背后有自己的供电
And they have their own power
这是我的标准迷你冰箱
in the back and It’s my little mini fridge just a bar size fridge
它只够一个人用
but for one guy and being
小型有助于保持干净整洁
small it keeps me clean and organized and I
我其实更喜欢小型的冰箱 大冰箱
actually prefer a smaller fridge like the bigger fridges
最后总是会多出些过期调料
They end up just being full of expired condiments,
所以小型的让我只取所需
so this keeps me keeps me honest
我喜欢这样
I like it,
在表面储存后面你还有一块更大的储存区域
and then you’ve got a larger storage space which is here behind the shallow storage

Yeah
这有一个小的储存间和
So I have a small closet here and
一些架子 我就放了些文件和
some shelves and stuff so I have some files and a few
一些挂起来的体恤 还有
Hanging up shirts that I keep here uniforms
工作装也在这 这些必须
from work as well very important
要被洗干净且压缩
I’ve got to keep those pressed and clean
你可是个消防员啊是吧
right so you’re a firefighter aren’t you
对的 这是我的主业
I am yeah, that’s main gig
你的工作是否在一定程度上
Yeah was there any relationship between your job,
对你决定住在一个
and why you decided to live in
小屋里产生了影响呢
a tiny house a little bit, yeah
我从小就开始旅行了
I’ve traveled my whole life
在路上我总是靠着
And I’ve always lived
一个背包来维持生活 并享受去不同地方
out of a backpack and enjoyed going places and doing that kind of thing
后来我恰好在埃德蒙顿得到了
then I got this awesome job that happened to be here
这份很棒的工作
in the City of Edmonton and
这工作多少让我在这里扎根了
It kind of rooted me here a bit,
但我不想放弃这种极简主义的生活方式
right But I wanted to keep that minimalistic lifestyle going
所以我需要找到一种能够
So I needed to find some way to make
平衡这两件事的方法 当我想到
the two things work together and when I thought
小屋这个点子时
of a tiny house that made it
我觉得它很适合我
Fit for me great
这份工作需要我花很多时间待在城市里
because I have to spend so much time in the city here for my work
同时我也有很多空闲时间
but I also get a lot of time
能去旅行 现在我的
off and I can still travel and now I have the
经济条件更好 身体状态也允许
Finances and I’m able to do it
但我需要住在这里才行
But I needed it to work in this location
这就是两件事磨合的过程
so that’s how those two things kind of fit together
这是一个问问题的不错的契机
this is actually a really cool opportunity
从一个消防员的角度去设计一个
for me to ask when you are designing a tiny house from the perspective of a
小屋时 你有没有采取什么措施
Firefighter mm-hmm is there anything that you’ve done
让你的小屋更安全
in this home to make your home more safe Yeah,
有的 安全确实是一个方面
so I that obviously is a concern
而且一些人在建造小屋时
And I think some people are building tiny
并没有好的消防安全意识
houses and don’t have a good understanding of fire safety
这个小屋是按照标准的
so this has been built to the spec
房屋消防准则来建造的
of a regular home building code, and I have
到处都是出路窗
egress windows all over the place
屋里有灭火器
I have fire extinguisher yeah
还有一个烟雾检测器
And I also have a smoke detector and
一个二氧化碳检测器
a co2 detector and make sure that those are there in there
所以
so I’m
标准房屋的所有必须
Covered on all the same things that there would
消防设备我这里都有
be in a normal sized house just on a
只是我这儿小一点 在你身后
smaller one and then behind you here
这是厕所吗 这马桶看上去
Is the bathroom yeah, that is a very?
-不普通-是的 这个实际上
unusual looking toilet yeah, so that’s Actually,
叫做焚化马桶
it’s called an incinolet.
焚化马桶的作用就是燃烧粪便
It’s an incinerating toilet, so it basically burns your poop
原理跟自动清洁烤箱一样
It works like a self-cleaning oven you go
粪便先是通过一个小型过滤装置 然后落入仓内
into a small filter it drops into a chamber power vents
抽风机把它抽出去 以这种
It’s the outside and just takes care
方式处理很干净 无噪音
of it that way and it’s clean.
而且没有异味 非常有效
It’s quiet It doesn’t stink it works pretty good
在选择这个装置是你考虑了些什么
And what was your thinking behind choosing that particular unit yeah a lot
很多小屋选择了堆肥马桶
of tiny houses choose to go with a composting toilet
那实际上要便宜一些
Which is actually a lot cheaper?
这个是比较贵的装置
It was a pretty expensive unit
我发现对于比较保守的人
and I just found with less open-minded people
用堆肥马桶会感觉体面一点
There’s a bit of a stigma with using composting toilets,
这个选择与我自身体验关系不大
so what wasn’t even so much about me
但我已经是住在我家后院的小屋里了
But I’m already living in a shed in my back yard
我想如果我能解决好
I thought okay if I can have a good answer
我的排泻物的问题
to how I’m managing my waste that that’s gon na
这对我是有好处的
Do good for me.
你只是不想做得太过了对吧
You know you just didn’t want to get any weirder. Yeah,
是的 我觉得我已经算是在挑战极限了
exactly, I think I’m pushing the weird envelope as it is
这还有大个的淋浴间
And then a great sized shower there as well Yeah,
是的
it’s it’s
-这就是一个标准大小的淋浴-水是用丙烷加热的吗
like a full-sized stand-up shower and are you hitting your water here with propane yeah?
是的 我的热水是即时丙烷加热的
My water is on demand propane heater,
其实一开始我有另一个丙烷加热器
and actually I found I had a different propane heater at first
不过那个使用要求较多 而且
I found it really finicky, and it didn’t quite.

It.
的体验并不是很好
Just didn’t work that well,
所以我买了个更高端更贵的
so I got a much more higher-end expensive
即时丙烷热水器
Propane on-demand hot-water heater,
比之前的贵了四倍但是很值 它能完美运作
which was about five times the price worth every penny it works amazing
好太多了 给我省去了好多麻烦
It is so much better And it’s made my life so much easier
所以这也算一个吃一堑涨一智的事吧
So another sort of learning thing that I went through
那么你已经在这里住了一年左右了
so you’ve been living in this space now for about a year
总体来说怎么样
How’s everything working out for you uh? yeah,
目前来看挺不错的
it’s been pretty good like I said,
经济上带来的好处很棒
I mean the financials of it has just been awesome and
我能问下这个小屋的花费吗
Can I ask about the cost of this design?
-建造这个空间的实际花销是多少?-我安排了一个专业
What did this space actually cost to build I made an arrangement to work
建造师为我建造
with a professional builder where I?
在这期间我可以像第二承包工一样加入建造中
Would then be subcontracted back to work on this project
所以我的贡献还挺多的
so I had a really heavy hand in it
不过我得到了很多帮助
But I had a lot
这个安排花费了
of help and the arrangement I made was for
我三万块钱
$30,000 was the arrangement I made
除了这个花销以外
but then on there was expenses
我还提供了拖车 门窗还有劳动力
on top of that so I provided the trailer the windows the doors and extra labor and
当我返回埃德蒙顿时
Finishing things when I came back
还进行了最后收尾
to Edmonton and all said and done
完成时差不多花了五万
Into it I’m about 50 grand.
对于这种级别的小屋来说
That’s actually a really good price point for this level
价格是相当不错了 对吧
of finish in a home isn’t it yeah?
对 我觉得这个价位的高端
I think at that price point it’s kind of at
小屋在我靠出租大房子
The high end of what makes sense
来回本的情况下是合理的
for me to get my money back from the rental of the house
如果我在这里住上四年
So if I were to live in this for about four years or
房子就相当于没花钱
so it’s basically free for me absolutely well Steve
史蒂夫 我觉得你设计的
I think you’ve done a really good job
小屋非常不错
with the design of this home.
你真的加入了很多聪明的设计
You’ve definitely added a lot of really clever features
谢谢你给我展示了这里
Thank you so much for showing me this place.

Yeah.
谢谢你来参观 感谢
Thanks for coming take a look appreciate it
这是一个设计巧妙的小屋
This is a very cleverly designed
里面充斥着节省空间的妙招
tiny house filled with creative space-saving solutions like Steve
跟史蒂夫一样 我也喜欢
I’m also a really big fan of
节能建筑 而它的精髓之一就是
Earthship design and part of Earthship designer’s
创新 不畏惧尝试新事物
innovation not being afraid to try something different
史蒂夫在建造时尝试
Steve has attempted things in this tiny house that
了一些我从没见过的东西
I have never seen tried before things like this
比如这块被动式太阳能收集石地板
stone floor for passive solar gain and
为此 我对于他建造的
To that end I have a huge amount
小屋有了极大的尊重
of respect for what he’s accomplished here

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视频概述

设计精妙的极简节能小屋

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

galaxiex

审核员

审核员YX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8iJicC_69q8

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