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来自秋天的绘画灵感 – 译学馆
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来自秋天的绘画灵感

Fall Inspired Painting Ideas // Get Hyped for Autumn!

马珂:大家好 欢迎回到我的频道
– [Mako] Hey guys, welcome back to my channel.
秋天即将来临
Since fall is just around the corner,
受这个舒适的季节启发 我想介绍三种灵感
I wanted to show you guys three painting ideas inspired
大家可以进行再创作这三种灵感
by this cozy season that you can recreate.
我把画纸做成小巧的宝丽来照片的形状
I made them in the shape of cute Polaroids
因为你们说很喜欢这个想法
because you guys said you really like this idea
当然你们也可以随意选择自己喜欢的尺寸
but you can of course choose any size you like.
第一个灵感是这个可爱多彩的枫叶宝丽来照片
The first idea is this cute and colorful Polaroid picture of maple leaves.
你要做的第一件事是描出枫叶的形状
The first thing you want to do is sketch out the shape of a maple leaf.
要确保只是轻轻地描
Make sure you just lightly sketch it out
不然稍后这些线会被看见
or otherwise the lines could be visible later.
在这个教程里 我用的是热压水彩纸
For this tutorial, I want to use Hot Press Watercolor Paper
因为这种纸很适合画插图
becauseit’s great for illustrations
也适于刻画小细节
and if you want to create small details.
现在我们从背景开始
Now let’s begin with the background first.
在枫叶周围涂抹一点水
Distribute a little bit of water all around the leaf
然后逐一添加黄色和红色颜料
and then start adding yellow and red color paint one-by-one,
让这两种颜色相互混合 画出不同的美丽阴影
making them blend into each other to create different, beautiful shades.
不必十分精确
You don’t have to be super precise,
目前只要给背景添加不同的彩色纹理就可以了
you just need a different colored texture in the background for now.
继续在顶部一点一点添加颜色
Keep adding more and more paint on top to
以增加色彩鲜艳度 然后把它晾干
make the colors really vibrant and let everything dry.
现在我们可以在各处添加一些阴影
From here we can build depth in the painting
来加强画面的纵深感
by creating a few darker areas here and there.
在这一步 我混合了一点
For this step, I mix a little bit of
棕色和红色的水彩颜料
brown with red colored watercolor paint
让红色稍稍变暗变暖
to make the red slightly darker and warmer.
我不用黑色 因为我想保留红色的色调
I wouldn’t use black because we still want to keep this red hue.
往偏暗的阴影里添一些明亮的黄色
Mix a darker shade with a bright yellow color
这样可以让每处阴影各不相同
so you have different shades everywhere.
等你做完这些 画纸也晾干之后
Once you’re done with that and the paint has dried,
你就可以添加细节了
it’s time to add some details.
在背景上画几片树叶
To create several leaves in the background,
我们可以使用反绘法
we can now use the negative painting technique
不久之前我展示给你们看过
that I showed you guys not so long ago.
基本做法是 不在叶子上涂色
Basically, instead of coloring the leaf,
而是画出它的轮廓
you want to outline it
用颜料给其余部分上色
and fill out the rest around it with paint.
在这里 我也在各处增加了一些叶子的纹理
Here, I also added a few leaf veins here and there.
你不必画得特别准确
You don’t have to be super precise with it.
只要让它们隐约可见即可
We just want them to slightly be visible.
我还用之前调好用来画阴影的颜色
I also outline a few more leaves in the background
在背景上多描了些树叶的轮廓
using the same darker shade that I mixed together earlier.
为了让叶子看起来更逼真
To make the leaves look more realistic,
你也可以添一点儿黄色和绿色颜料
you can also add a little bit of yellow and green colored paint
去捕捉秋天里叶子的不同形态
to really capture the different states of the leaf during the fall season.
多加强些阴影效果 以创造更多纵深感
Intensify the darker shades more and more to create even more depth.
等背景干透
And once the background has dried,
我们就可以继续画前面的枫叶
we can move on to the front maple leaf.
在这里我会用明黄色
Here I’m going to use a really bright yellow color
涂满整片叶子
and add it to the whole leaf.
接下来 开始在接近叶子边缘的区域
Next, start adding a little bit of red colored paint
添加一点儿红色
to the areas that are close to the edge of the leaf.
加了红色颜料之后
Add a little bit of red colored paint and then blend it in
再加点儿水 和黄色混合一下
with a little bit of water and yellow color paint
但是留出画面中间的部分
but leave out the middle part as here
因为要添加另一种颜色
add another color later.
你不必让这些颜色
You don’t have to make the transition between the colors
过渡得十分平滑 因为枫叶的表面
really smoothly because maple leaf doesn’t
其实本就不是那么平滑
really have a smooth surface.
现在你也可以在中间加点儿绿色颜料
Now you can also add a little bit of green colored paint
并沿着叶脉混合
to the center and blend it out along the veins.
再次提醒 你不必把这些颜色过渡得十分平滑
Again, you don’t have to make the colors super even,
所以 随意在各处加一些
so feel free to add a little bit of
黄色 红色和绿色
yellow, red and green here and there
稍加混合以制造纹理
and slightly blend them together to create texture.
我还做了一件事 那就是在添加颜色到叶子顶部
What I also did was when I added more paint on top of
让色彩更加生动的时候
the leaf to make the colors more vibrant,
我在叶子边缘和新的层次之间
I kept a little bit of space in between the very edge
留了一点儿间隙
and the new layer of paint.
我感觉这样会使画面更有趣
I felt like this made the painting look more interesting
也能增加纵深感
and added even more depth to it.
画纹理的时候 我用了稍暗的红色
For the veins, I used a slightly darker shade of red
要非常小心地 轻轻地涂到纸上
and applied it really carefully and thinly to the paper.
你不需要让它们太显眼
You don’t really want them to be super obvious.
如果到目前为止你对这些叶子还算满意
Once you’re happy with the leaves so far,
你可以先晾一下 回到背景上来
you can let it dry and go back to the background
用反绘法增加更多暗部
to add even more darker areas following the negative painting technique.
我喜欢水彩画是因为它能让人感到放松
What I like about watercolors is that it’s really relaxing
因为你通常在图层上创作
because you usually work in layers,
你得小心谨慎 慢慢地画
so you build up your painting slowly and carefully.
你可以看到整个艺术作品
And you can really see how the whole art piece
是怎样缓慢而稳当地被创作出来的
comes together slowly but surely.
所以 别忘了它是要花上好些时间的
So don’t forget that it takes time.
我总是这么说 但我们仍然会经常忘记
I think I say that all the time but it’s something we usually forget
这就是为什么我们
and that’s why we can get discouraged
在完成一幅画之前会感到气馁
before we actually finish the painting.
然后给叶子加上更多的细节
So add more and more details to the leaf
时不时晾干
and let it dry from time to time.
直到你觉得满意了 就可以撕开胶带
And once you’re happy, we can remove the tape.
如果颜料渗透到了胶带下面
Now if the paint has leaked under the tape,
你可以用魔术海绵来擦拭
you can use a magic sponge
人们经常用它来拭去污渍
that is usually used for cleaning stains
但是如果画纸不够厚
but it can damage your paper a little bit
有可能会被擦坏 所以一定要很小心
if it’s not thick enough, so be really careful.
你也可以用白色钢笔
But what you can use instead is a white pen
或者白色丙烯颜料来代替 轻轻地盖住多余的部分
or white acrylic paint and just carefully cover it up.
现在我们让它晾一会儿
Let’s leave the painting for now
在回头来刻画更多细节之前 先画下一幅
and move onto the next painting before we add even more details.
下一个灵感当然是画——南瓜
Next idea is to paint, of course, pumpkins
因为南瓜是秋天的象征呀 不是吗?
because pumpkins are basically the symbol fall, isn’t it?
再来一次 随便你在哪个位置
Here again, lightly sketch out the pumpkins
轻轻地勾勒出南瓜的轮廓
wherever you want them to be.
当然 如果你觉得画得有困难的话
And of course, you can use any reference picture
可以借助参考图
if you have difficulties with that.
画好了南瓜 我们又要在图层上捣腾了
Now to create the pumpkins, we need to work in layers again.
第一层是漂亮的暖黄色
And the first layer is going to be a nice warm yellow color.
这里我加了一点红色 到明黄色里
Here I mix a little bit of red into the bright yellow color paint
这样图画就比较接近于橘色
so it slightly turns into a more orange color.
接下来 开始把颜料涂到整个图画上
Next, begin by distributing the paint all over the paper
但要先把南瓜的茎干留空
but leaving out the stems of each pumpkin
然后晾干
and then let everything dry.
如果你等得不耐烦
If you’re impatient, you can also use a hairdryer
也可以用吹风机 这样会干得更快
to make the drying process a lot faster.
现在用同样的颜色来画阴影部分
Now you want to use a slightly darker shade of the same color
细致地把它涂到南瓜的边缘
and carefully apply it all around the edges of the pumpkin.
然后 沿着南瓜的形状和弧度
Afterwards, blend the paint following the shape and the curves
把颜色混合进去
of the pumpkin to blend it in.
你只需要一层一层地
You basically just want to build up
突出南瓜的色彩强度和阴影
the intensity and the shadows of the pumpkin layer by layer,
同时让一些地方保持明亮 就像有光反射一样
while keeping a few areas bright as light reflections.
从这里开始 重复此步骤
From here, repeat the steps.
用更深的阴影去描画弧度
Outline the curves with an even darker shade
向中心融合这些色彩
and blend the paint toward the center,
让南瓜的中间部分保持稍微明亮
keeping the middle part of the pumpkin slightly brighter.
但我还用了一些细线条
But I also cross the lighter areas
划过亮部来做出纹理
with a few thin lines to create texture.
但不要太过 否则到处都成一个颜色了
Just don’t overdo it or you will only have one color everywhere.
如你所见
As you can see now,
我们渐渐用同一种颜色画出了不同的阴影
we slowly have a few different shades of the same color.
弯弧的中间部分明亮一些
The middle part of the curve is lighter
上部和下部稍暗一些
and the lower and the upper part of the pumpkin is darker.
但这取决于你用的参考图
But it all depends on the reference picture you use
以及光源的位置
and where the light source is.
画好阴影之后
Once you reach the shade of the shadows,
你就可以开始在南瓜底部和靠近南瓜的位置
you can start working on building in the very dark shadows underneath
沿着曲线画最深的阴影了
and next to the pumpkins by following the curves
用跟刚才上色一样的方法就可以
the same way as we did in the previous steps.
最后 我还在顶部涂上光滑的红色颜料
In the end, I also added a red glaze on top of a few areas
让阴影微微泛红 但这一步可以省略
to make the shade slightly more red but this is optional.
现在终于可以画绿色的茎干了
And now it’s finally time to add the green stems.
在这里我用了鲜亮的绿色
Here I used a bright shade of green
又在顶部加了一些阴影
and added a few details on top using a darker shade.
添加更多的细节
Add more and more details until you’re happy with
直到你对色彩强度和颜色的过渡感到满意为止
the intensity and the transition of the colors.
我还用一个干净湿润的刷子和一块薄拭纸
What I also did was I lifted some of the paint
把颜料晕染开
with a clean, damp brush and a tissue paper.
这个方法还可以让颜料混合得更均匀
It’s also a great way to blend the colors even more
让一些地方过渡得更自然平滑
to create a really smooth transition in a few areas
这一步也是可选的
but it’s really optional.
我只是提供一些建议 你可以去试试
Just giving you some ideas you can test out.
等到刻画好了所有细节
Once you’ve added all the details
你对成果也满意了
and you’re happy with the result,
就可以撕开胶带了
you can remove the tape
如果胶带不容易撕下来
If you have difficulties removing the tape
就像我现在这样
as I have it here,
吹风机又可以派上用场了
you can simply use a hairdryer again
它可以稍微融化胶带下面的粘性物质
to slightly melt the sticky part underneath
这样很容易就可以把它撕开了
and it will work a lot better.
在最后一步 我用白色钢笔
As the last step, I added a few additional light reflections
加了一点波浪形的反光
with a white pen in a wavy motion,
仍然顺着弯曲的弧度画 这样整幅画就完成了
still following the curvy shape and the painting was finished.
如果你想画更简单点的
But if you want to paint something that is a bit easier,
但还是与秋天有关
but still fall inspired,
不如试试这幅抽象的森林景色
how about this rather abstract forest
它捕捉了秋天里各种不同的颜色
and tree scenery capturing all the different colors
是秋天树林景色的大舞台
and stage of the trees during the fall season.
首先用蓝色和黄色的水洗颜料
Begin by applying a wash of blue and yellow colored watercolor paint
铺染成我们等会儿要画的天空和森林
for the sky and the forest that we are going to paint later
然后晾干
and then let everything dry.
接下来 用画笔沾上墨绿色 棕色 或者黑色颜料
Next, load up your brush with dark green, brown, or black color paint
然后开始轻涂在画纸上
and start dabbing it on to paper creating
沿着地平线制造随机的点和线条
random dots and lines along the horizon.
在这里 我用了很细的笔让这些点尽可能小一些
Here, I use a very thin brush to make the dots as small as possible.
接下来就该画远处山坡上的绿色松树了
These are going to be the green pine trees far away that go up the hill.
你也可以给天空加上些小点
You can also add a few additional dots to the sky
像我现在这样
as I do it here
如果你想画出山峰的影像 可以在右边轻涂些小点
on the right side if you want to create a mountain later.
我还稍微地混了点颜料涂进天空里
I also lightly blended out the paint into the sky
让树林带上一点雾蒙蒙的感觉
to make the area of the forest a little bit foggy
当然你也可以不必这样做
but this is optional.
重复以上步骤 但这一次用黄色 红色
Repeat the steps but this time, add dots using yellow, red,
和绿色在图画下方添加小点
and green to the lower part of the painting
让树木呈现不同的颜色
to create trees in different colors.
在不同区域添加更多颜色
Add more and more paint to the different areas
以提高颜色强度
to intensify the colors and
通过使用不同颜色阴影的方法来制造纵深感
to create depth by creating a variety of different shades of color
以此来描绘秋天
to represent the fall season.
天空看起来白了点儿
And since the sky was a little bit too pale,
我在顶部加了一层蓝色颜料
I added another layer of blue colored paint on top.
你也可以像我这样多画一些松树
You can also add additional pine trees like I did here,
当然这也是凭你的喜好而定
but this is optional.
我还在一些地方用深棕色加了些阴影
I also added a few more shadows using the darker brown color
可以制造更强的纵深感
to a few areas to create even more depth
让整幅画看起来更有趣
and to make the painting look more interesting.
超简单的方法 但看起来超级酷
Super simple way but it still looks super cool.
这就是三幅画最终呈现的样子
And this is how the three paintings look in the end.
如果你愿意的话
If you want,
你也可以往图上添加一些白色的细节
you can also add a few white details to the painting.
这里我用白色钢笔加了一些白色线条
Here I used a white pen and a few white lines
在枫叶上来制造光线反射的效果
to a few maple leaves to create light reflections
在第三幅图的背景里也加了一些来增加亮区
and to the third painting to add a few bright areas
并在小山丘上点缀一点雪
and snow to my small mountain in the background.
在评论里留言 让我知道你最喜欢哪一幅
Let me know in the comments what was your favorite painting
别忘了跟我分享你的作品哦
and don’t forget to share your artwork with me
加上标签#lookmako# 这样你的作品就有机会出现在视频中
with the #lookmako# so I can feature you in one of my videos.
希望你能喜欢这个视频并且希望能对你有所帮助
I really hope you enjoy this video and found it helpful.
如果你喜欢这个视频 请给我点个赞
If you did, be sure to give this video a thumb up
来支持这个频道吧
to support this channel
如果你是新人
and if you’re new here,
别忘了订阅 开启动态提醒
don’t forget to subscribe and to click on the bell to get notified
这样每周六我上传新视频时你就能收到通知了
when I upload a new video every Saturday.
感谢你们的观看
Thank you so much for watching guys.
祝大家过得愉快 下次见
Have a wonderful day and I will see you soon.
再见喽!
Bye!

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视频概述

视频介绍了取材于秋天的三种不同的绘画灵感——枫叶、南瓜和森林。让我们在水彩的世界里感受秋天吧!

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

張張張

审核员

审核员YZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dF0HsUFgzeM

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