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马丘比丘-VR探索印加古城被废弃的城市 – 译学馆
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马丘比丘-VR探索印加古城被废弃的城市

Exploring Machu Picchu | The Abandoned City of the Inca

马丘比丘VR电影拍摄幕后
欢迎回到哇嘎兄弟VR视频
Welcome back to Vagabrothers in VR.
我是马尔科 这是马丘比丘——印加文明失落的城市的360度全景视频
I’m Marko and this is a 360 tour of Machu Picchu- the lost city of the Incas,
这座城市建于15世纪 被遗忘了将近500年 直到……
built in the 15th century and forgotten for 500 years until…
直到被我——海勒姆·宾厄姆发现
until it was discovered by me, Hiram Bingham,
我是名美国冒险家 历史学家 世界著名的探险家
an American adventurer, historian and world famous explorer.
好的 经过重重考验
All right. Well after many hoops being jumped through,
我们成功地到达了马丘比丘
we have made it up to Machu Picchu.
得到了拍摄许可证 一切应当都准备好了
Got the permit. Everything’s supposedly good to go.
我在扮演海勒姆·宾厄姆
I’m getting into character as Hiram Bingham.
海勒姆·宾厄姆是探险家 美国探险家和
It’s probably Hiram Bingham was the explorer, American explorer, and
历史学家 他在一百多年前发现了这个地方
historian who found this place 100 plus years ago and
一百多年前他发现这个地方时
It must have been really challenging for him when he
对他来说一定是非常艰难
discovered this place 100 years ago,
但是对于100年后的我们 在这里拍摄也是同样的艰难
but it’s equally challenging for us 100 years later to film in it.
但是我们会尽力的
But we’re doing our best
要把马丘比丘360度全景带给大家 我们也非常兴奋
and we’re excited to bring Machu Picchu to you all in 360 degrees and
我们尽量找到没有上百万人的地方
do our best to kind of find places where there’s not a million-plus people.
估计这里每天得有8000游客
Supposedly, they have eight thousand visitors a day,
这是一目了然的
which is pretty easy to to see
因为在那边 在雾那边已有好多人了
because just over there, beyond all the mist, is a lot of people.
所以我们尽量早早到达
So we got here as early as we could.
早上4:00我们来排队时 队伍已经很壮观了
We were in line at 4:00 in the morning and there was already a giant line to get up here.
如果你有兴趣亲眼见到马丘比丘
But if you are interested in seeing Machu Picchu for yourself,
我们带给大家一个“先行指南”
we are going to be doing a before -you- go guide
在这里我们分享给你一些旅行建议
where we share all of our tips and
指出一些问题
point some things out,
以免大家再犯我们犯过的同样错误
so you guys don’t have to make the mistakes that we did.
我们开始拍摄吧
But let’s get filming.
想知道我们是如何拍摄最VR视频的小伙伴注意了
So for all of you wondering how we were making these VR videos,
我们使用的是这种全景相机 GoPro Odyssey
we were using the GoPro Odyssey.
这是GoPro和Google的合作产品
It’s a collaboration between GoPro and Google
有16个GoPro相机
that basically has a 16 GoPro camera
这些相机连接在一起拍出单一片段以制作VR影片
that stitches together into a single clip to make a virtual reality film.
这是目前市场上最好的相机
It’s the best camera on the market at the moment,
会带给我们一种真实的沉浸式体验
and it’s going to give us a really immersive experience.
我们选择马丘比丘作为拍摄地点是因为
The reason we chose Machu Picchu as a VR site is because
A:有许多人对这里感兴趣
A: a lot of people are interested in it and
B:VR会带给你
B: VR has the ability to transport you to
身临其境的感觉
places to make you feel like you’re there.
这地点很不错
The situation here is perfect.
许多景色距离适中
You have a lot of things that are at a good distance.
在VR中看起来非常清晰
They’ll be perfect for looking at in VR.
影片上映后 一定要观看哟
Make sure you see the film once it goes live
我们拍的第一个镜头是这里的梯田
The first shot we’re doing is at these terraces right here.
这个地方人不多
This is kind of an uncrowded spot,
但的确展示出
but it does kind of show the
印加工程方面的天赋
genius of Inca engineering,
这些梯田的作用不仅仅充当挡土墙
which was to make these terraces that function not just as a retaining wall
防止土地滑塌
to basically stop this place from sliding away,
还是一个排水系统 因为这里雨量很大
but also as a drainage system because it rains a ton here and
梯田让雨水直接渗透到地下
allows the water to seep down right back into the earth
而不是汇聚成河把下面的东西都冲走
rather than creating rivers that would wash away everything below it.
还可以用来种粮食
But it was also was used to grow food.
显然 曾经住在这里的1000人的粮食都来源于它
Apparently it could feed up to a thousand people who lived here at one point.
后面的这个美丽的建筑是警卫队小屋
This beautiful building back here is the Guard Hut.
我们不知道是否有警卫住在这里
We don’t know if guards live there,
但的确是个好名字
but it’s a good name for it.
大家都想要在Instagram贴上酷炫的照片
We all know you guys want the awesome Instagram picture.
这里就是你能拍到美照的地方
This is where you get it.
这里被称为警卫室
This is called the Guardian’s Hut,
是看门人的小屋
the caretaker’s hut,
这里可以看到梯田全貌和下面的城市
and it’s got a view of all the terraces and the city below.
当然要在不被雾气或者说神秘的死亡气息笼罩的时候
That is when it’s not covered in mist or mysterious death
或者没有数以千计人拥挤的时候
or crowded with tons of people.
这里一直有很多人
Well it’s always crowded with tons of people,
但是薄雾偶尔有
but sometimes it’s not covered in mist.
我们刚才在看门人的小屋进行了第一次拍摄
We were just filming the first take at the caretaker’s hut,
这是最难避开游客拍摄的地点
which is the hardest place to get without people
正当我们定好最佳点拍摄时
and right when we’ve nailed the perfect take,
有个家伙靠过来
this guy comes up and he’s
不断地叫我们“小伙子” “小伙子 小伙子……要看我们的拍摄许可证
just like chicos, chicos, chicos asking to see our film permit.
我们当然有许可证 可是拍摄被他毁了
Of course we had them, but the shot was ruined.
有点滑稽 不管怎样 我们继续
Just kind of funny. All right, anyway, here we go.
一天下来 我们穿过这座城市
So the day is progressing and we’re making our way through the city.
现在我们的位置是当年的采石场
We’re at what used to be the old quarry
当时人们在这里采石头建造城市
where they got the stones to build the city.
亚历克斯整天都处在角色之中
Alex is remaining in character all day.
亚历克斯是什么鬼 伙计?
Who the hell’s Alex, man?
我是海勒姆·宾厄姆
My name is Hiram Bingham.
对 建城的石头很可能来自这个采石场
Yeah, the stones were most likely taken from this quarry
在这里人们将石头切成厚板 然后拖到工地
where they were cut into slabs, hauled into place,
然后进行切磨 直到他们彼此严丝合缝
and then chipped away till they fit together just right.
好的 360度全景拍摄仍然在继续
All right so the 360 shoot continues.
已经拍了计划的一半了
We’ve done about half of the takes that we need to take, and
我们就是要避开雨 躲过人群
we’re really just kind of working around the rain and the crowds.
早上这里的人很多
There’s tons of people here in the morning.
下午就冷清了
In the afternoon it chills out.
我们在等待人群过去
So we’re kind of just waiting for the crowds to pass,
等着乌云过去 下雨时
waiting for the clouds to pass, and while it’s raining
我们就呆在这个很酷的棚子里
we’re kind of in this cool hut.
这样的棚子重建的不多
There’s only a few of them that have been reconstructed like this
因为联合国教科文组织要求他们保持这个地方的原貌
because Unesco requires that they maintain the area as it was.
所以只有几个像这样的地方
So therefore there’s only a few spots like this,
但是遮风挡雨还不错
but they make good rain shelters.
你们觉得怎么样?
How are you guys holding up?
小伙伴们?
Crew?
不错 非常好 漫长的一天
Good. Very good. Good long day,
不断地上上下下
lots up and down.
我觉得到目前为止 我们大概走了五 六英里
I think we’ve probably walked around five or six miles
因为你们确实走了一圈了
so far because you can only really do a circuit.
因为我们要避开人和雨进行拍摄
As we’ve shot around the people, the crowds and the rain,
到现在我们走了两圈儿了
we’ve had to do two circuits so far.
但这是确实是个好地方
But it’s a really nice place to be, you know and
能来这儿我觉得很幸运
I feel lucky to be here,
尤其是再次回到我在1911年发现的这个地方
especially being back in this place that I discovered in 1911
106年之后又故地重游 真是太棒了
106 years later..pretty crazy stuff.
我们现在的地方被称为“印加王宫”
We’re now in what’s known as a Casa del Inca.
这是当时皇帝来到马丘比丘时的
This is basically the royal residence of the emperor
皇家驻地
for when he came to Machu Picchu.
马丘比丘大约一半的土地是农田 就是你看到梯田的这些地方
About half of Machu Picchu is agricultural where you see all the terraces;
另一半是居住区
the other half is residential.
你可以看到 这里的石头建筑是让人难以置信的
If you can see here, the stonework here is incredible.
大多数石板重达三吨
A lot of these slabs are up to three tons in weight
彼此非常贴合
and are perfectly fitted together.
房间很棒 因为那里有个卫生间
This room is cool because there’s actually a bathroom right there,
你还能看到当时皇帝来
and you can see where the bed would have been
放床睡觉的地方
when the emperor would have stayed here.
我们后面是栓日石
So behind us is the Hitching Post of the Sun.
其实它就是日晷 只不过不是算日子的 而是算年份的
Essentially it’s a sundial except it measures the year instead of the day.
这是个令人震惊的地方
Pretty incredible spot.
这画面真的是
Really puts into perspective just how in tuned
印加文化的元素和印加的天空的和谐统一
with the elements and the sky the Inca were.
给人印象最深的是
What’s most impressive
这是在秘鲁现存的唯一一处印加文化遗迹
about it is it’s the only one that exists in Peru.
西班牙人通过清除印加宗教的方式毁掉了这里
The Spanish destroyed all of them in a way to wipe out the Inca religion,
而代之以天主教
replace it with Catholicism.
所以它的存在是极其罕见 非常特殊的
So the fact that this exists is extremely rare and very special.
我们身后是马丘比丘的中央广场
So out behind us is the central plaza of Machu Picchu.
非常棒 因为这是神庙
It’s really cool because this is a very sacred temple.
这是三窗神庙
It’s the Temple with the Three Windows.
那边是居住区
Over there is kind of the residential area.
当时人们都住在那里
That’s where all the people lived.
经常有美洲鸵在这里闲逛
Usually they have llamas roaming around here and one of my favorite things
我最喜欢马丘比丘的事情之一是
about Machu Picchu is that they don’t actually employ
他们没有专门的园艺师 美洲鸵就是他们的园艺师
landscapers they just employ llama- scapers,
美洲驼四处巡游
and the llamas cruise around and nibble
啃着地上的草 让周围一切看起来那么干净
on the grass and keep everything looking clean.
它要动了 伙计 它在动 哦 它要跳了
It’s going, dude. It’s going, oh. It’s going to jump.
哦 它过来了 它过来了
Oh, here it comes. Here it comes.
拍它 把它拍下来 给它照下来
Get her. Get her. Get her.
很多人早早的醒来 来到这里
So a lot people wake up super early to get here,
但是你看 现在是下午2:30
but as you can see it’s about 2:30 right now,
人群已经不见了
and the crowds have emptied out.
下午的拍摄工作比较容易完成
The afternoon is easier to pull off
因为你必须起得很早
because you have to wake up early,
而现在这里已经没人了
and there’s no one here.
所以 下午能完成的事 为什么要起那么早呢?
So why wake up when you could just have it all yourself in the afternoon?
好的 我们现在在神圣广场
Okay, so we’re now in the Sacred Plaza.
这里你不仅能看到栓日石 主神庙
This is where you find the Temple of the Three Windows as well
还能看到三窗神庙
as the Hitching Post of the Sun, and the Temple Mayor, the main temple.
三窗神庙之所以得名
The Temple of Three Windows is named
是因为三个窗户框住了后面的山脉
because these three windows frame the mountains behind them,
根据印加神话
and according to Incan myth,
这些山脉是神的孩子降临的地方
those mountains are where the children of the gods came down to earth.
你能看到在我身后
Behind me you can see one
有些地方的基石不那么好了
of the areas where the foundation was not that great,
石块实际上已经不再平衡了
and the rocks have actually slid off balance.
但是这真的是整个建筑群中
But that’s really one that only places
唯一一处坍塌的地方
in the entire complex where that’s happened.
这也展示了这些建筑物制作是多么的精良
It just goes to show how well-made these buildings were.
让秘鲁各地受到严重破坏的地震对这些建筑都没有影响
These buildings have survived earthquakes that have destroyed other parts of Peru.
就是像这样的庙宇会让人想到
It’s temples like this that kind of fuel the idea
这里很可能是最初进行宗教仪式的地方
that this could have been primarily a religious place
因为修在这么高的地方
because it does have such obvious connotations
明显符合印加的宗教——靠近太阳神
with the Inca religion being close to the sun god
靠近众神
and close to the gods in general at this high elevation.
要了解更多信息 请观看完整的马丘比丘VR视频
这是我们要拍的VR视频的最后一个场景了 也是最后一段路程
So this is the final walk through of the final scene in our VR film.
我们要回顾一下脚本
We’re going to go over the lines and kind of just
设计好我们需要的空间场景
work out the space where we want to be.
虚拟现实视频真的是不同于常规电影的拍摄
Virtual Reality is totally different than regular film making.
身体所站的位置是非常重要的
So body positioning is super important.
我们还使用了立体声
We can also use stereoscopic sound
这样我的影像和声音就来自同一个方向
so you can hear us and know to look in one direction.
这样我们这里有美丽的远景
In this case we have this beautiful vista right here
背景有美洲鸵在漫步
we got some Llamas walking in the background.
亚历克斯和我将从不同的方向走进画面
Alex and I are going to walk in from different directions
叙述我们各自的台词来结束拍摄
say our lines and finish this film
你们一定要
but you’re going to have to watch
观看完整VR视频 来检验它的拍摄效果
the whole VR film to see how it turns out!
感谢观看本视频
Thank you for watching the video.
如果你喜欢 给我们点赞 并分享给你的朋友们
If you enjoyed it give it a thumbs up, share it with your friends
请订阅《哇嘎兄弟》
Subscribe to Vagabrothers.
打开通知 敬请期待
Turn on notifications and stay tuned for the VR film
本周晚些时候上线的VR视频!
coming out later this week!
更不用说整个哇嘎系列视频了 如果你还没看 就去大饱眼福吧
Not to mention the entire vlog series Go back and binge it if you haven’t already.
同时要保持好奇 不断探索 我们会在路上相遇的
In the mean time stay curious Keep exploring and we will see you on the road
印加之路 再见!
The Inca road. Peace!
哇嘎兄弟 保持好奇 不断探索 请订阅

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视频概述

马丘比丘—秘鲁唯一印加文化遗迹。哇嘎兄弟在本视频里告诉你拍摄此地VR视频的台前幕后

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收集自网络

翻译译者

greenhoodie

审核员

审核员T

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_TQn1A1szqM

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