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要想考试拿高分,这个备考技巧总结不能错过

Exam Prep: How to Prepare and Ace Your Next Test

Before you start studying, make sure you’ve got everything you need.
开始学习前 准备好需要的东西
On your table should be class notes, the syllabus,
准备好课堂笔记 讲义摘要
required books, teachers slides, the tools you need,
课本 课件 要用的工具
and ideally examples of previous exams
以及往年的典型例题
so you know the structure and how it’ll be graded.
从中了解课程结构和知识点分布
In your fridge there should be superfoods:
冰箱里要备好超级食品
almonds, fruits, veggies and yogurt should do the job.
杏仁 水果 素食 酸奶都可以
Even if your brain’s weight is only around 2 % of your body weight,
虽然大脑的重量只占身体总重约2%
it uses up around 20% of its energy.
但要会消耗20%的能量
To avoid procrastination,
为避免拖延症
shut down all distractions and tell your friends not to disturb.
要排除干扰 让朋友也别来打扰
Ideally you should start studying weeks before,
考试前的几周开始学习是最理想的
but let’s assume that you have just 7 days
不过 我们假设你只有7天
and 3 hours a day.
一天学3个小时
On day 1, your aim is to get context,
第一天的目标是了解课程概述
to see the big picture.
从总体上了解
This is important, because context acts like a memory network,
这很重要 因为概述是记忆网络
to which you can attach all details.
你要不断把细节添进去
First you make connections and then later remember things easier.
先把知识点关联起来 记起来会更容易
To get there fast, read the class syllabus,
想要快速记忆 就读一读课程大纲
skim through text-books and review all the materials
通篇浏览教材 再回忆所有内容
without going into details.
不用纠结于细节
If you’re studying roman history,
如果你正在学习罗马史
watch an epic movie about Caesar in the evening.
那就晚上看一部关于凯撒的史诗电影
If its physics, go visit a science museum
如果在学习物理 那就去参观科学馆
and try to understand whats going on.
并设法弄明白其中的原理
Once you see the big picture, chunk it up and make a plan.
大体了解后 便可系统归类并制定计划
If there are 10 chapters to learn and 5 days to do that,
如果要在5天内学10章内容
cover 2 chapters each day.
需每天学习2章
Day 2.
第二天
Now it’s cramming time and you have to learn 2 chapters.
需要死记硬背两章的内容
To study effectively, make handwritten notes in your own language.
想要提高效率 可以用自己的语言记笔记
Even better, try to explain it
想要更高效 可以试着
in your own simple words out loud
用自己的话解释这些内容
to check your understanding.
可以检测自己是否真正掌握了
Every 30-45 minutes or so, take a short 5-10 minute break.
学习30-45分钟左右就休息5-10分钟
That will maximize your retention and keep creativity up.
这可以扩大你的记忆量 提高创造力
Also keep snacking on nuts and fruits
坚持吃坚果和水果
to boost your brain’s energy.
可以补充大脑能量
Finish your session with an instant self-test
及时自测 检查自己的学习情况
to check your understanding.
然后结束该阶段学习
Such quick tests can improve retention by up to 30%.
快速测试可以提高30%的记忆力
Day 3 to 6.
第三天到第六天
Start by reviewing your own summaries
开始复习自己的总结
and the material from the previous days.
和在之前看的教材
Look at your instant self-test
注意自测题中
and check what you got right and what you got wrong.
哪些做对了 哪些做错了
Where there are gaps, fill them.
找到漏洞 就及时补上
As you have 3 hours,
学习的3个小时中
spend 1 hour on that review and 2 hours learning the next chapters of the material.
花1小时复习 花2小时学习下一章内容
Like the days before: start reading,
和之前一样:先读
take notes, summarize in your own words
再记笔记 用自己的话总结
and then finish with a self-test.
最后自测
Day 7. Again,
第七天 同样
start by reviewing yesterday’s work.
先复习前一天的内容
Then spend the remaining time reviewing everything one more time:
剩余的时间把所有内容复习一遍
all 10 chapters.
10章都复习
To check your understanding,
可以使用课程大纲
you can use the table of contents,
检测学习情况
which is like a very short summary of the entire book.
大纲是课本的精减版
If you have time left,
如果还有剩余时间
write an essay to summarize all the materials into one big chunk
就写篇文章总结一下所有知识
or do a full test-exam.
或者整体测试一下
In the evening, pack your bag
晚上 收拾书包
and everything you need for the exam day.
准备好考试用品
Then go to bed early.
早点睡觉
Good sleep before the test can increase your performance by 30%
考前的良好睡眠能提高30%的效率
– dreams are essential in remembering.
做梦对记忆非常关键
Exam Day. Get up on time,
考试当天 按时起床
so you don’t start the day already completely stressed out.
就不会一整天都压力过大
Begin your day by eating a good breakfast
享受一顿精致的早餐
to give your brain the energy to run for the next hours.
在接下来的几个小时为大脑提供能量
Research suggests high-carb, high-fiber,
研究建议吃高糖高纤维
slow-digesting foods like oats or brown rice.
难消化食品如燕麦和糙米
Then leave home on time
准时出门
so you arrive at the exam room on time without being in a rush.
按时赶去考场 不必匆匆忙忙的
Stress mixes up your hormones and should be avoided.
压力会扰乱荷尔蒙 应尽量避免
Once you sit in the test,
开始考试后
skim over all questions so you get an idea of what’s on it.
先浏览所有问题 对试卷内容有大致印象
Then try to see how each question relates to each other.
再看看各个问题之间的联系
When you realize how each question
知道每一个问题
connects to the next or to the big picture,
和下一个问题或知识体系的关联
you will have a higher recall and find betters answers.
就会很快回忆起来并找到答案
If you are afraid you might run out of time,
如果担心时间不够
do some quick math to figure out how
可以快速计算一下
much time you have for each question.
做一道题要多长时间
Then start.
然后开始作答
Carefully read the question.
仔细阅读问题
You get more points for answering a question poorly
比起最后答的很完美但却跑了题
than writing the perfect answer that’s off topic.
答案少而精反而可以得更多分
If a question is too hard,
如果题太难
skip it first and go straight for the easy ones.
可以跳过 先做简单题
While collecting points for easy questions,
在拿简单题分时
our brain can subconsciously work on the harder questions
大脑会下意识地思考难题
and an answer might pop up.
答案可能会突然冒出来
If you get too stressed,
如果感觉压力太大
take a short break and a couple of long deep breaths.
稍作休息 深呼吸
This gets your brain back into thinking mode.
这样做能让大脑恢复思考状态
If you’re doing a multiple choice question
如果遇到多选题项
and you are not sure, go with your first guess.
答案又不能确定 就相信直觉
Usually, your first instinct is right.
通常直觉是对的
If you have NO idea at all
就算不知道答案
but there is no punishment for being wrong,
答错也不扣分
then just guess anything quickly.
可以快速猜测答案
In the end, if you still have time left,
最后 如果还有时间
use it to review your answers or correct your spelling.
可以检查答案和拼写
For more tips, watch our other sprouts videos.
想要了解更多技巧 欢迎收看我们的其他视频。
If we missed something,
如果我们有遗漏的地方
post it in the comments below so we can learn from you.
欢迎留言指正 以便我们改进
If you have an exam soon, don’t stress.
如果你马上面临考试 不要紧张
Even if you would fail it,
即便挂科了
it’s probably not the end of the world.
也不是世界末日
As Jack Ma said:
正如马云所说
“ I flunked my exam for university two times
“我高考挂了两次之后
before I was accepted by what was considered my city’s worst university.
才考上我们市里最差的大学”
Today he’s China’s biggest success story.
如今他是中国最成功的企业家
Good luck!
祝你好运

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视频概述

你需要做充足的准备才能轻松应对考试最关键的两个阶段:考试前与考试中。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

tu3535

审核员

审核员 HZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6oyKH5WVE3U

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