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打印触手可及的一切 – 译学馆
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打印触手可及的一切

Everything Printed in the Palm Of Your Hand

The technology to extrude plastic in order to form
上个世纪80年代中后期
a physical representation of a 3D model
挤压塑料以形成3D模型的
has been around since the mid to late 80s.
物理表示技术就已经出现了
The early 90s were probably less than
在90年代早期 世界上大概只有
1000 3D printers in the world.
不到1000台3D打印机
Now there is approaching
而现在 3D打印机的数量
hundreds of thousands if not a million.
即使没有一百万 也有几十万
We are building the printers
我们正在制造的打印机
that are enabling the innovators of tomorrow.
可以为将来的的创新者创造条件
Anything in my apartment, I first look at it
不管公寓里有什么 我第一眼看到它
and I’m like
就会去想
” Can I print this?”
“我能打印这个吗?”
I’m really excited about that next plateau.
我对该技术下一阶段的发展感到激动
近在咫尺
打印一切
So MakerBot, in 2008, was the first to condense
2008年 MakerBot是第一家
and sort of reduce the cost and simplify
压缩并降低了一些成本
this crazy lab gear
且把这个令人疯狂的实验设备
into now, a desktop tool.
简化成现在这种桌面工具的公司
You could get a thousand dollar machine
你可以花1000美元买一台机器
bring it home put it together and 3D print something,
把它带回家 组装起来然后打印点三维的东西
and that was the absolute bleeding edge of
这绝对是这种规模下
access of sophistication at that scale.
最前沿的技术
We definitely started more in, like,
我们当然是从业余爱好者的
the hobbyist maker movement
创客运动起步的
and then as we, sort of, matured as a company
随着我们成熟得像一个公司
we realized that a lot of the people actually bought or printers
我们意识到 很多实际购买或打印的人
were sort of professional users
都是专业用户
as well as educators.
和教育工作者
That being said though
话虽如此
a lot of those people were also makers.
很多人也是创客
Those machines that our parent company was selling
我们母公司出售的那些机器
were anywhere between half a million and a million dollars.
价值在50万到100万美元之间
To get the Cupcake CNC
在任何地方 以1000美元到2000美元
for anywhere between $1000 and $ 2000 is a steal.
买到Cupcake CNC 都是小菜一碟
That massive shrinking in cost
成本的大幅下降
is what opened up access
以我们从未见过的方式
in ways that we hadn’t seen before.
打开了市场的大门
The hardware has become
硬件变得
a lot more polished and easy to use.
更加精致和易于使用
Now there’s a little sensor inside of it.
现在它里面有一个小传感器
They’re a lot faster, they all have, like,
它们运行得更快
Wi-Fi which is cool.
它们都有无线网 这很酷
This is probably one the most futuristic things
这可能是我做过的
I’ve done:
最未来主义的事情之一
I was on a plane and I had Wi-Fi
我坐在飞机上 连着无线网
and I was like,” Oh I want to print that thing
心想“啊 我想为我的任天堂游戏机
for my Nintendo switch”,
打印那个东西”
so I printed it from an airplane
所以我在飞机上控制打印机
and then I sent it to work and then I was watching it
然后发送信号让它工作
print out while the it was like flying across the ocean.
在飞机穿越海洋时看着它打印出产品
I was like,”This is, this is pretty cool.”
我就在想 这也太酷了吧
People were talking about everybody being able to
大家在讨论每个人都可以
access a 3D printer and
使用3D打印机
almost to the point of having it
它几乎和微波炉
be as commonplace as a microwave.
一样普及
We missed on the microwave,
我们错过了微波炉
however,it’s becoming almost as commonplace
然而 它现在变得
as a chalkboard in schools.
像学校的黑板一样常见
I only had access to a 3D printing
我到大学的时候
in my college degrees.
才接触到3D打印机
Here at MakerBot,
而在MakerBot
we are enabling students to have access to
我们能让学生从幼儿园开始
those printers from the kindergarten years.
就使用这些打印机
It’s just unbelievable.
真是难以置信
I’ve been working with printers for about ten years
我和打印机打交道已经有十年了
and imagine a kid that starts playing with a 3D printer
想象一下 一个小孩从小学
from you know elementary school
就开始玩3D打印机
just thinking about what they could do,
想想他们能做什么
it’s uh,it’s really humbling in a way.
某种程度上 这真的让人觉得惭愧
They’re in 7000 schools
7000所学校都有3D打印机
and then they’re also in, like,
世界上一些公司
the Lockheed Martin’s of the world.
比如洛克希德·马丁也有
Anyone who knows Minecraft basically knows
了解《我的世界》的人
how to 3D model and their, like,
基本上都知道如何建立三维模型
brains are just wired that way.
就好像他们脑海里就是这样建模的
They can, like, export models from Minecraft
他们可以从《我的世界》中导出模型
they print that right away.
然后马上打印出来
So it’s super cool it’s sort of like
这非常酷 有点像
Promethean technology
普罗米修斯的技术
that anyone can get what they want out of it.
任何人都可以从中得到他们想要的东西
What we’re really excited about on
在硬件方面 我们真正感兴趣的
the hardware side is the experimental extruder.
是实验性挤压机
Since these printers have a magnet
由于这些打印机上有一块磁铁
on them anyone can make any tool head for it.
任何人都可以为它制作任何工具头
Basically it’s hackable the plans are online.
打印头可更换 在网上就能找到
You could print different material from anyone.
你可以与其他人打印不同的材料
We’ve seen tattoo printers hacked.
我们看到过纹身打印机
We’ve seen bio printers hacked.
也看到了生物打印机
I mean a lot of what our printers are used for
我的意思是 我们的打印机
in the medical field is pre-visualization.
在医学领域经常用来做预可视化
It’s the same logic of what happens
这个就好比
if I had an idea in my hands
如果我有一个想法在我手中
versus if I had an idea
等于如果我有一个想法
in a flat screen in a 2D representation.
在平面屏幕上的二维表示
For example, this doctor was creating these tumors
例如 这个医生在扫描后
after being scanned.
打印出了这些肿瘤
Printing the tumor before trying to extract it
在切除肿瘤前先打印出模型
gives him such a better idea of
他就能更好地了解到
what he’s going to be facing once he’s in there.
他进入手术后将会面对什么
This is one of our most successful prints.
这是我们最成功的作品之一
It’s called the E-nable Hand.
它叫E-nable Hand
It’s a prosthetic hand for a kid.
这是给孩子的假手
Kids grow really fast.
孩子们长得真的很快
They need to have a replacement of these items
他们需要经常
fairly constantly
更换这些物品
because they are growing.
因为他们在不断生长
By having a 3D printer execute on these,
通过使用3D打印机执行这些操作
you can have that item be customized
你可以每次都以
every single time at a cost affordable price.
能负担起的价格定制该项目
If you wanted to create something like this
如果你想用传统的方法
in a traditional method
制造假手
like injection molding
比如注射成型
you’re talking about several tenths of thousands
那你就需要几千美金
of dollars worth of molds.
来制作模具
If you’d 3D print it,
如果你用三维打印机
it’s probably not even five dollars worth of material.
它的材料可能5美元都不到
As you see the object in your hands
当你看到手中的东西
and you’re able to to interact with it
你能和它互动
you get so much more information
你会得到更多的信息
than just by thinking about the problem
而不仅仅是思考问题
and ultimately better serve the kids
最终更好地为孩子们服务
that are going to be benefiting.
让他们从中受益
The industry is growing substantially.
这个行业正在大幅增长
We’re growing.
我们在成长
Everyone’s growing.
每个人都在成长
The prices are coming down,
打印机的价格在下降
the accessibility is going up.
普及程度越来越高
The tools are becoming easier use.
这些工具越来越容易使用
So I just see it permeating every facet of life.
我看到它渗透到生活的方方面面
If I can empower 100 designers
如果我能让100名设计师
who are trying to make an impact for the better
在他们的世界和社区中
in their worlds and in their communities,
做出更好的影响
that for me, it’s a big goal.
对我来说 是一个伟大的目标
So that everybody can have that opportunity of
这样每个人都能有这样的机会
you know you have a problem versus solution for it.
知道一个问题以及它的解决方案
There’s a way to find a solution for it.
也就是知道这个问题可以被解决
《未来主义》

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视频概述

本视频介绍了3D打印机的发展历程,从稀少到普及,甚至现在能满足人们各方面的需求

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

阿丁

审核员

审核员 EY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KbqR1lYGOVY

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