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每日语法:代词和性别

Everyday Grammar: Pronouns and Gender

这里是每日语法
This is Everyday Grammar
我是Kaveh
I’m Kaveh
我是Lucija
And I’m Lucija
今天我们来谈一下代词用法的演变
Today we are going to talk about some changes in pronoun usage.
嘿Lucija 你可能不相信我今天早上碰到什么事了
Hey Lucija, you won’t believe what happened to me this morning.
你还好吧?
Are you OK?
当然 我很好 别瞎扯 看看我发现了什么
Of course I’m OK, silly. Look what I’ve found.
有个人把“他的”钱包落在火车上了
Someone left ‘his’ wallet on the train.
但是没有名字 所以我不知道应该还给谁
But there’s no ID so I don’t know who to return it to.
Kaveh 你怎么知道钱包的主人是“他”
Well Kaveh, how do you know if the owner is a ‘he’?
它可能属于一个女人
It could belong to a woman.
好吧 有人把“他的”或者“她的”钱包落在火车上了
OK fine. Someone left ‘his’ or ‘her’ wallet on the train.
有时你不知道谈论的是男人还是女人
Well, sometimes you don’t know if you’re talking about a man or a woman.
在用代词时可能会有一些迷茫
This can cause some confusion with pronouns.
在过去 我们会用“他”来表示所有人
In the past, we used ‘he’ for all people.
每个人都有“他的”意见
Everyone has ‘his’ own opinion.
但是仅用“他的”就把女人排除在外
But just using his excludes women.
所以从1970年代开始 人们开始用“他的”或者“她的”
So starting in the 1970s, people started using ‘his’ or ‘her’.
每个人都有“他的”或者“她的”意见
Everyone has his or her own opinion.
如今 更多人会用“他们的”来指代男人和女人
These days, more people are using ‘their’ to refer to men and women.
每个人都有“他们的”意见
Everyone has ‘their’ own opinion.
等等 你不能说每个人都有他们的…!
Wait, wait, wait. You can’t say everyone has their….!
每个人是单数 而“他们的”是复数
Everyone is singular and ‘their’ is plural.
对 但是语法也一直在变化
You’re right. But grammar is always changing.
如今很多的出版物都把“他们的” “他们” “他们(宾格)”作为单数代词来使用
These days a lot of publications are using ‘their’, ‘they’and ‘them’ as singular pronouns.
所以可以说:“每个人有他们的…”
So it’s OK to say “Everyone has their…”
当然 也要看情况 但这个用法现在越来越普遍了
Well, it depends. It is certainly becoming more popular.
但是当涉及到改变语法规则 每个人有“他的”…“她的”或“他们的”意见
But when it comes to changing grammar rules, everyone has ‘his’…’her’…or ‘their’ own opinions.
以上就是每日语法
And that’s everyday grammar.

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视频概述

本视频是关于代词的演变过程以及如今人们是如何使用代词的

听录译者

【MR】睁着眼

翻译译者

【MR】睁着眼

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8Vd5uNiVVpM

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