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“反馈”的几种类型你都了解吗?

Essential Business English Vocabulary for giving ‘Feedback’ – Change Basic English to Advanced

大家好 我是Emmelda 感谢观阅视频
Hey, my name is Emmelda, thanks for stoppingby.
很多人做完一份工作后
You know a lot of people once you’ve done
就会有人
a job, a lot
走到你面前告诉你哪地方做对了
of people will come up to you and tell you what you did right and what you
以及哪些地方不对 我说的对吗
did wrong, am I correct to say that?
对的 但是在今天的课程里我不是要告诉你
Yes butin today’s lesson I’m not going to tell you
怎样去描述它
how to say it,
而是去探讨所有与那种行为相关的名词
I’m going to talk about all the nouns related to that activity.
那种行为
What’s
被称作什么呢
that activity called?
当他人做完一项工作后
The activity of giving your opinion to someone
给出你的观点
after they have done
那种行为被叫做反馈
the job. That activity is called giving afeedback. Okay,
反馈的其它表达或者名字
the other word or other names
是评论或者批评
for feedback is review or critic. Okay,
所以人们会在一些行动做完之后
sopeople give feedback or they give review or
给出他们的反馈或者评价甚至是批评
critic when some action has been done.
比方说 一个演员刚刚拍完一部电影
Forexample, maybe an actor has done a movie
而且他演得很好
and he’s done really well,
所以影评家就会给出相应的评价
so his critics will give a critique or a review of the movie, right.
现在我们要学习一些新的
Now we are going to learn new words
和反馈意思相同的词汇
about the same word of feedback.
让我们看第一个词 批评
Let’s take a look at the first one criticize,
事先说明 我要从较负面的词的开始
spoiler alert I’m gonna start from being very
到完全正面意思的词 以及略微虚情假意的词
negative to extremely positive until it becomesfake.
从消极到积极 所以
Okay so negative to positive, so I’m
我以 批评 开头
gonna start with criticize.
什么是批评
What is criticize?
当有人批评你 不管是“criticizing”
When somebody criticize, criticizing you
还是“criticize”
or criticizes you,
这意味着他仅仅说出了消极的方面
it means he’s bringing out only and only negative aspects okay.
所以批评的意思是
So criticize means talking
谈论那些错误的消极的
about all the negative factors or all the negative things that have
所有因素和事情 懂了吗
gone wrong, negative okay.
接下来是愤世嫉俗的 什么样的人是愤世嫉俗的呢
Cynic,who are cynic?
一句话概括
Cynic are by the waypeople okay.
愤世嫉俗的就是那种总是怀疑
Cynic are people who always feel
身边的人都是不诚实的人
that everybody else around them is insincere. Okay,
比如说 你提着一个很重的包
for example maybe you’re carrying a
然后有个好心人过来帮助你
heavy bag and there’s a guy who helps you but your friend says,
但是你的朋友却说
hey that guy just wants
他只是想加你的微信 所以才来帮助你
your number, you know that’s why he’s helpingyou.
这样就可以说你的朋友很多疑
Now your friend is being a cynic because
她总认为一切的善事都会有不可告人的目的
she’s trying to see some dark meaning even out of a good action.
所以他们被称作愤世嫉俗的或者怀疑者
So they’re called cynic.
好 我们现在来说一下第三种类型的人
Okay moving on to a third type of people,
和上面的一样 第三个词是描述人的 可以说是一类人
again this is a people, this is a type of people.
第三类人呢
We move to a third type of people.
你有没有发现
Have you noticed you’ve done something or
当你做完或者正在做一件事的时候
you’re doing something and there’s always
身旁的人会说
someone next to you who would say you know,
你本来可以做得更好或者这样做会好一点
you could have done this better or you could do this better?
他们会一直
They always, always keep giving
给你提一些
you advice on how things could have been
事后诸葛亮式的建议
done or how they would have done it. Okay,
这类人
they
被叫作 指手画脚的人
are called backseat drivers.
现在这个短语已经被认可
Now this phrase has actually come
或者成为一种约定俗成的概念
up or was adopted by the
就是当你开车的时候
concept where you’re driving a car and someone sitting
车上另外的人会说
behind you would always say you may
向左开
want to go left, you may want,
踩油门 看着车
you may want to you know speed up your car, watch out for
注意避让大卡车
the driver, watch out for the truck,
别和前面的车追尾
watch out for the car in the head of you.
他们只是
They just
不停地告诉你 你这样做才是对的
keep talking continuously telling you whatyou can do right.
所以他们被叫作指手画脚的人
They’re called backseat drivers,
为什么这样说呢
why?
因为他们只是旁观者 没有参与到行动中
Because they are not the ones who are doing the action,
只是一味地告诉你
they are just telling
你需要做什么 这很让人恼火
you what to do and it’s very irritating
兄弟 要不你开 要不然别指挥我
like dude either you drive or just let me drive peacefully.
要不然你来做
Either you do this,
要不然你来帮我做 不做的话就闭嘴
either you finish my work or let me just finish it peacefully.
这就是指手画脚的人
They’re called backseat drivers.
他们会做什么呢
What do backseatdrivers do?
他们会不停地唠叨
They nag okay you would have used
这个词在电影中出现得很频繁
even seen this term quite often in movies.
很多人都会有一个老姑妈
You know you have an old aunt and she constantly
她总是来回地不停叨叨 我不喜欢那个 你不能做这个
rumbles nag-nag-nag-nag. I don’t like that you don’t do it,
不停地唠叨
she’s nagging okay but that’s
这就是指手画脚的人经常做的事
what usually backseat drivers do.
这些令人不开心的人或者方面就暂时告一段落
Then moving on from such negative people or negative aspects,
接下来讲一些舒缓人心的东西
I’m going to give you something nice,
例如 有用的
being constructive.
我不是讨论建筑或者机器
Now I’m not talkingabout buildings or machines.
我要讲的是
I’m talking
一些有建设性意义的反馈
about constructive feedback.
你的老板和上司打算给你一点建设性的反馈
Your managersor your supervisors aim to give you a constructive feedback.
他们会怎么做呢
What do they do?
当他们给你反馈的时候
When they’re givingyou a feedback, when they’re telling you how
当他们评价你去年夏天的表现的时候
you performed last summer,
他们首先会表扬你
they will bring out all the good things first you know.
第一件事
The first thing they’re gonna do is,
就是告诉你的闪光点在哪
they’ll talk about all that was good.
你的陈述不错
You did a great presentation
或者项目准备得很充分
or you know you prepared the project really
然后再逐步地一点一点地
well and slowly and steadily they’ll start
说出你的不足
bringing the negative aspects.
介绍不错 但是
You did a great presentation but
我认为
I think you don’t look at
你没有和你的听众进行眼神交流
the people whom you’re doing the presentationsfor. Okay,
你只是在单纯地讲
you start, you talk about, you
眼神飘忽 一会看看墙
look every everywhere else, you’re looking at the wall,
一会看看地板
you ’ re looking at the floor
至始至终没有和听众互动
but you’re not maintaining eye contact.
讲到这 他实际想表达的是 虽然你表现不错
Herehe’s telling you that you’ve done a good job
但是还有很大的空间去进步 提升
but you have room for improvement.
所以这样就可以说是一个有用的反馈
So that’sa constructive feedback.
这并不是针对你
It’s not personal,
当其他人给你反馈的时候会尽量避免针对个人的评论
people when giving constructive feedback willavoid making personal remarks, constructive
他们大多是提供给你有用的反馈
feedback.
接下来学习一个程度更好一点的词 称赞或者赞扬
Moving on to a better one praise or compliment,
它的意思是某人告诉你
that means someone is telling you, hey you
“嘿 你做得很棒”
did a good job,
“嘿 那一枪打得帅呆了” “嘿 你的裙子太好看了”
hey that shot was awesome or hey your dress looks nice.
他们在表扬你
They are praising
换句话说 他们给予你赞美和称赞
you or they ’ re giving you praise or they’re giving you a compliment.
其它词呢
What else?
我们还能找到哪些词
What other
来提供反馈呢
words we can use?
有时候人们会用到 恭喜 这个词
Sometimes people use theword congratulate okay.
他们会说
They’ll say you did
干得漂亮
a good job.
恭喜你
I congratulate you for that.
那就是另一种表示赞美的方式 最后呢
That’sanother way of giving praise okay. Lastly,
哦不对 不是最后一个
I ’ ll not say lastly but the
下一个与表扬差不多的词是 感激
next word which is very similar to praise is appreciate.
什么是感激呢
What is appreciate?
词典上面的解释是 感激的意思是
According to the dictionary,appreciate or to appreciate means to recognize
能认识到某事或某人的全部价值
the full worth of something or somebody okay.
所以当你认识到某事或某人的全部价值时
So when you recognize the full worth of something
说明你感激他们
or somebody, you appreciate.
所以你有可能会说
So you will have this sentence like,
我认为他没意识到我为他做的事
I don’t think so he appreciates
这表示他不知道
my gesture that means he does not know
我究竟做了什么以及他并不领情
what exactly I did and he does not like it.
就好比
Probably
在他哭的时候
I give him a tissue
我递给他一张纸巾但是他并不领情
while he was crying but he does not appreciate it.
他觉得这很尴尬
He found it very awkward.
这就是 感激 一词
So that is called appreciate.
注意一下 有很多人 尤其在澳大利亚
Wordof caution, a lot of people, especially in Australia,
会用这个词来替代“谢谢你”
use this word to replace thankyou.
举个例子 在餐厅吃饭
For example, maybe you’re in a restaurant
服务员看见客人进来之后
and there’s a waiter, you’re at a restaurant,
会拿给客人一杯水
there is a waiter you know she gives you a
这时候你就会听见人们说“appreciate it”
glass of water and you will hear people saying appreciate it okay,
人们说“appreciate it”
appreciate it.
这就代表着
They mean
谢谢你 懂了吗 你可以用这个词
thank you. Okay so that’s the word you can use,
来替代“谢谢你”
you can replace thank you with appreciate.
下面来学习一个略微夸赞过度的词“奉承”
Moving on to a little sweeter is flatter,
它的意思是 当你夸赞一个人的时候
flatter means when you praise someone when
你表达得很夸张
you exaggerate while you’re praising someone.
“哇 你的穿衣搭配太赞了”
Oh your dress is looking so nice or you’re
“哇 女神你好漂亮” “我的天 你的颜值太逆天了”
looking like a princess, oh my god your face is so flawless.
但是你知道这有点
You know that you know it’s
有点稍微过头了 这就表明他们在奉承你
getting a little too much that means the person is flattering you okay.
这其实是在阿谀奉承
It’s actually exaggerating okay.
奉承就带有虚假的意思
Flatter or flattering means to exaggerateor exaggerating.
所以下次你觉得
So next time when people
某些人出奇地对你好 夸赞你
are being extremely nice to you,
或许只是因为他们想让你请客或者找你借点钱
maybe because they want some ice cream or some money from you,
这时候他们会说
they’ll say,
“哇 你长得太好看太帅了 所以你能帮我办点事吗”
oh my god you ’ re looking so good can you do this for me?
很无语
Ah!
对不对
Right
看来我猜对了 所以你可以说
got you? So you can say please
别奉承我或者别再拍我马屁了
don’t flatter me or please don’t butter me up. Okay,
这就说到了另外一个短语 拍马屁
another word is butter me up.
不好意思写错了!
Oh! Sorry!
别再拍我的马屁了 意思是
please don’t butter me up that means please
不要奉承我 懂了吗
don’t flatter me, okay
但是仍有一些只说好听的话的人
but there are some people who just try to bring only and only positive.
记住 只“反馈”坏的一面是错的
Remember people if you just bring only negative it is wrong,
因为那会很伤人 同样地
it is very harmful. Similarly,
如果你仅仅
if you’re just bringing out
说一些好听的 那么就叫做绘制一个美好的愿景
only positive now that is called to paint a rosy picture.
那就代表着他们向你展示的
That means they’re bringing out only
仅仅是那些你喜欢听到或看到的美好的事物
that is good or that is nice to hear or to see.
举个例子
For example,
有个老人去世了 随后他遇到一个天使
let’s say there’s an old man who died okay and he meets an angel and
老人问:“你要把我带去哪啊”
he says hey where are you taking me?
然后这个天使说
And thisangel says, oh!
“哦 我要带你去一个
I’m taking you to a place
既温馨又舒适的地方
which is warm and it’s nice and you will have a lot
在那里你会有自己的隐私以及得到充分的锻炼“
of privacy and you’ll exercise a lot.
“听起来不错 你快带我去吧” 你才后来发生了什么
So he’s like okay sounds nice okay sureand guess what?
那个天使把那位老人
That angel took that old man
投向了地狱 不要惊讶
to hell. Yes,
为什么会这样呢 因为天使绘制的地狱的“美好”误导了老人
why because that angel painted a rosy picture of hell.
我不是说那些原本很美好的事
I don’t mean flowers,
我的意思是 那些听上去特别完美的事情
I mean only the nice, nice things and it may be,
极有可能是夸大其辞的
it will be exaggerated to the extent,
这样就有点虚假
it becomes fake.
地狱怎么可能是一个好地方呢
Can hell be a nice place?
当然不是 对不对 还有很多企业
Of course, not right, a lot of corporates
在招人的时候通常会这样做
are hiring officers to do that.
当他们想要拉拢你进到他们公司时
When theyask you to come and join their company, they’ll
他们会说得天花乱坠 “你应该加入我们”
paint a rosy picture, oh you should join us,
“我们公司是最棒的” ”我们员工的额外福利很好“
our company is the best you know we have perks.
“薪水可观” “在这里你的自由度很高”
We have a high salary, you can do whateveryou want.
“工作时间没有严格的要求”
You can you can leave whenever you want.
他们只是在给你灌甜汤
They’re painting a rosy picture
当你真的进入他们公司之后就会意识到
but when you enter the office you realize all
那些诱人的条件 或许是真的
of them, whatever they said might be
但是工作的确是很累很累
true but it’s actually a very taxing job.
你要知道
You know
为什么你可以随时离开 因为你离开的时候已经很晚了
you can leave whenever you want why because you can never leave,
你不可能一天完成
you can never finish
老板交给你的工作 所以这就叫绘制美好愿景
the job in a day. So that’s painting a rosypicture. Okay,
好了 我们会经常在英语中
so these are the words and phrases
使用这些短语和词汇
that we use quite often in English when you are
去给别人的工作以反馈
trying to give an opinion to someone aboutthat job.
我希望你学到了一些新知识
I hope you learn something new and
还有我希望你会喜欢这堂课
I hope you found it interesting.
下节课我们会学习另外的内容 祝大家学得开心
I will beback with another lesson until then have fun,
保持健康 美丽 再见各位
stay healthy, be beautiful, see ya.

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视频概述

这堂课的内容是学习给别人反馈时 不同的态度及做法的具体表达

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

lemoneee

审核员

审核员YX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cl96otaMtng

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