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与衣服有关的那些单词

ENGLISH VOCABULARY

今天我将要教你们
Today I ’ m going to teach you
我们在英文中所有用来表示服装的词汇
all the words we use in English for clothing.
欢迎来到词汇构建视频
Welcome to this vocabulary builder video.
我们将会浏览许多与服装有关的单词
We’re going to go over lots of articles
这样你们就能增加你们的英语词汇量
of clothing so you can increase your English vocabulary.
我们也会讲到这些单词的发音
We’ll also talk about the pronunciation
这样你们就能在与他人交谈中自信地使用它们
of the words so you can feel confident using them in conversation.
第一个单词是:有衣领扣的衬衫
The first word is: Button down
首先 我将穿上一件有衣领扣的衬衫
First of all, I’m wearing a button down.
我们用这个单词来称呼这样一件从衣领至底部
Thisis what we call a shirt like this with buttons
带有纽扣的衬衫 有时候它有一个口袋
down the front and a collar. Sometimes ithas a pocket. Wow,
我选的第一个单词就很有难度
I chose a hard first word!
大部分美国人在念“纽扣”这个单词时在t处就停下了
Most Americanswill pronounce ‘button’ with a stop T.
这是因为T弱读成N
This is because of the sound pattern T-schwa-N.
大部分美国人停顿在T,读But, n, button
Most Americans make that a Stop T. But, n, button.
抬起舌头发T音,but,
Put your tongue up to the T, but,
阻断空气, 然后发出N的音
stop the air, and then make the N sound.
纽扣
Button.
有衣领扣的衬衫
Button down.
我有一个视频是复习
I have a video that goes
T弱读成N的组合,有个单词“mountain”
over the T-schwa-N combination and the word’mountain’.
点击此处
Click
或在下方的视频简介中 纽扣
here or in the description below. Button.
有衣领扣的衬衫
Button down.
和我一起试试
Try this with me.
纽扣
Button.
有衣领扣的衬衫
Button down.
首先 我将穿上一件有衣领扣的衬衫
First of all, I’m wearing a button down.
我们用这个单词来称呼这样一件从衣领至底部
Thisis what we call a shirt like this with buttons
带有纽扣的衬衫 有时候它有一个口袋
down the front and a collar.
有时候 它有一个口袋
Sometimes ithas a pocket.
它也可以用来称呼一条礼服
This can also be called a dress
衬衫
shirt.
礼服衬衫
Dress shirt. Okay,
这儿很有趣的是
what ’ s interesting here is
你可以念出“S”的音
that you can say the’S’ dress shirt.
或者你可以略过它
Or you can drop it,
把两个单词连起来 发出“SH”的音:dresh-shirt Dresh-shirt 你完全可以
connect the two words and just say theSH: dresh-shirt. Dresh-shirt. You can definitely
这么念 这个发音也很标准
do that and it will still sound normal.
礼服衬衫
Dresh-shirt.
和我一起试试
Try that with me.
礼服衬衫
Dresh-shirt.
这里也有一点
This is also
需要注意因为这里出现了两个“R”
a ittle tricky because it has two R ’ s,
它们可能会对发音造成一点挑战
and those can be a challenge.
如果这对你来说有一点难度
If they’re hard
试着拉长“R”的音:drrrrrrrrrrrressshirrrrrrrt
for you, practice holding out the R: drrrrrrrrrrrressshirrrrrrrt.
shirrrrrrrt
shirrrrrrrt.
注意在第二个单词这里
Notice in the second
没有元音,R充当元音,sh-rrrr-t
word there is no vowel, it’s the R vowel,sh—rrrr—t.
衬衫
Shirt.
衬衫
Shirt.
礼服衬衫
Dress shirt.
礼服衬衫 现在和我一起大声地读出这个单词:礼服衬衫
Dress shirt. Say that with me now out loud:dress shirt.
这件衣服也可以被称为“礼服衬衫”
This can also be called’dress shirt’
首先 让我们从最外层的衣服开始
First of all, let’s start with the first layer.
现在我可不打算向你们展示我的内衣因为
Now I’m not gonna show you my underwear coz’
这太奇怪了 但是我们确实有内衣这个单词 内衣
that would just be weird. But we have underwear.. Underwear.
这个单词中同样出现了两个“R”再一遍
Another tricky one with two R’sin it. Again,
拉长“R”的发音
hold out the R’s to practice:
underrrrrr wear. 确保你的下颌要下垂
underrrrrr wear. Make sure you have jaw drop
因为在第二个R前面的EH元音是一致的,weaaaaaaar
for that EH vowel before the second R consonant. Weaaaaaar.
Weaaaaaar.Underwear.Underwear.
Weaaaaaar. Underwear. Underwear.
和我一起念:underwear
Say it with me: underwear.
但我们有内衣这个单词
But we have underwear.
另一个用来表示内衣的名词:女士内裤 有些人不喜欢使用这个单词
Another term for this:panties, some people hate that term Panties.
天啊
Oh boy.
这个单词
This word.
实际上我不会用它 我更常用“underwear”
I don’t actuallyuse it, I use ‘underwear’.
它的发音上
Something to
有地方是要我们去注意的
note about the pronunciation:
我们不常省略掉“N”后面“T”这个字母的发音
It ’ s not uncommon to drop the T after an N sound.
所以你可以
So you can
在念这个单词时发出T的音 “panties”
either pronounce this word with a True T,panties.
或者也可以不发这个“T”的音
Or with no T at all.
“pannies”
‘pannies’.
和我一起念:panties,“pannies”
Say those with me: panties, ‘pannies’.
另外一个术语:女士三角裤,有些人讨厌这个说法.内衣
Another term for this: panties, some peoplehate that term. Undergarments,
那不是
that’s not
正常来说 内衣
as common.. Undergarments.
有可能你会在一句标语中看到这个词 就像
You may see this word on a sign, like,
穿着你的内衣
“ Keep your undergarments on
当你在试穿泳衣的时候 但其实我们很少这样说
while trying on swimwear”, but we reallydon’t say it.
我们不常这样表达
We don’t use it very much.
它的发音很难 我们先不去管它、内衣
It’s tough to pronounce, so let’s just notworry about it. Undergarments,
是不普遍的表达
that’s not as common.
女人穿的胸罩
Womenwear a bra.
完整的单词是“brassiere” 但是
The full word is brassiere but
几乎没有人会说内衣的全称
almost no one says that. bra,
brassiere
brassiere.
我们通常用元音来读这个单词
We usually use the word ‘bra’, with theAH vowel.
Bra
Bra.
但是在“brassiere”里
But in the word, brassiere,
没有AH元音
we don’t have the AH vowel.
第一个音节是弱读,bra- bra- Brassiere
It’s the schwain the first syllable, bra-, bra-. Brassiere.
Bra
Bra.
跟我一起读,Brassiere,bra
Say those with me. Brassiere, bra.
Women wear a bra
Women wear a bra.
完整的单词是“brassiere”,但是几乎没人会这么说
The full word is brassierebut almost no one says that.
男性会穿平角裤
And then men can wear boxers.. Boxers.
你知道吗
Did you know
X没有发音在美式英语里
that there ’ s no X sound in American English?
字母X或者是
The letter X is either
是发KS音,像“EXTRA”
the KS sounds together, like in EXTRA,
或者是发“GZ”音,像“EXACTLY”
KS or the GZ sounds together, like in EXACTLY.
GZ
GZ.
在“boxers”里,发的是KS音
In boxers, it’s the KS sounds.
Boxers,boxers
Boxers. Boxers.
和我一起说,“Boxers”
Say that with me. Boxers.
男性可以穿平角裤或者三角裤, “Briefs”
And then men can wear boxers or briefs. Briefs.
这里有两个元音
We have two vowel letters here,
但是发音只发一个E的元音
but they ’ re just making one vowel sound, the
元音E 简短的读 如果R让你觉得为难 记住坚持到发声出来 brrrrrrriefs Briefs
E vowel. Briefs. If R gives you problems ina cluster, remember to hold it out: brrrrrriefs. Briefs.
跟着我读,briefs
Try it with me, briefs.
briefs
Briefs.
Socks, socks
Socks. socks.
这里的字母“O”发“AH”音,就像在“FATHER”里元音一样
Letter O here making the AH as in FATHERvowel.
So
So-.
下巴使劲往下拉
Lots of jaw drop.
socks
Socks.
大声说出来,socks,socks
Say it out loud: socks. Socks.
你可以有一些为了跑步的运动袜
You can have just little athletic socks for running,
你可以有搭配裙子穿的袜子
you can have dress socks to wear
搭配你的西装更漂亮的
with your suit or more dressy outfit.
你可以有穿靴子的袜子或者过膝长袜
Youcan have boot socks or knee high socks that
可以在你穿靴子的时候显露你的美腿
you should wear with a boot that came up yourleg
裙袜 靴袜 过膝长袜
Dress socks, boot socks, knee-high socks.
注意到Dress最后一个S是如何让你
Notice how the S at the end of dress leads
直接到Socks的S 中间没有停顿
you right into the S of socks, with no break.
裙袜
Dress socks.
裙袜
Dress socks.
然而 你不用
And no, you don’t
一定要去再发音S长一点
have to try to make it an extra long S,
就发一个S的音
just one S sound.
跟我读下 裙袜
Try that with me, dress socks.
靴袜 T 在这里不发音
Boot socks, the T here is a Stop T
因为下一个单词辅音开头字母。
because the next word begins with a consonant.
boot等于stop
Boot—stop
the air等于boot。socks
the air—boot—socks.
靴袜
Boot socks.
现在试下
Try thatnow.
靴袜
Boot socks.
过膝长袜 这里有三个单词
Knee-high socks. We have three words here,
但是它们要连读。
but they should all flow together.
我们不
We don’t
拆开来读 过膝长袜
want separation. Knee-high socks.
这就像一个单词有三个音节
It’s likeone word with three syllables.
过膝长袜
Knee-high socks.
过膝长袜
Knee-high socks.
注意K不发音
Notice the K is silent.
过膝长袜
Knee-high socks.
跟我试读一下。
Try that with me.
过膝长袜
Knee-high socks.
你可以穿裙袜来搭配你的套装或者其他更漂亮的套装
you can have dress socks to wear with your suit or more dressy outfit.
你穿靴袜
You can have boot
或者过膝长袜 的时候你会
socks or knee high socks that you would wear
搭配过膝的靴子来穿
with a boot that came up your leg.
这是汗衫 通常
This is an undershirt and it’s a common thing
男的都会在穿正装的时候穿它打底 汗衫
for men to wear an under a dress shirt undershirt.
under这部分是来源于
It ’ s the ‘ under ’ part
穿在里面的 shirt这部分是来源于
from ‘ underwear ’ and the ‘ shirt ’ part from
正装衬衫 记住 R在shirt里面是元音Sh rr t shirt undershirt
‘dress shirt’! Remember, the R is thevowel in ‘shirt’: sh—rr—t. Shirt. Undershirt.
跟我一起读 undershirt
Say that with me, undershirt.
这是汗衫 通常
This is an undershirt and it’s a common thing
男的都会在穿正装的时候穿它打底
for men to wear an under a dress shirt.
你最基本的T恤
Your basic T-shirt. T-shirt.
只要你明白shirt 这个非常简单
Once you’ve got ‘shirt’ down,this one’s pretty easy.
T恤
T-shirt.
跟我
Say that
读下 T恤
with me. T-shirt.
你基本的T恤
Your basic T-shirt.
长袖的 T恤当然也有长袖的
Long sleeve T–shirt of course has long sleeves.
长袖T恤 这里的long sleeved D是不发音的
long-sleeved T-shirt. You don’t have topronounce the D in ‘long-sleeved’.

It
夹在两个辅音中间
comes between two other consonants,
这种情况有时候我们就T 跟D 都不发音
and sometimes we drop T ’ s and D ’ s when that happens.
长袖T恤
Long-sleeved t-shirt. Long-sleeved T-shirt.
跟我一起读
Say that with me.
长袖T恤
Long-sleeved T-shirt.
长袖T恤当然有长长的袖子
Long sleeve T–shirt of course has long sleeves.
你知道我想起来忘了什么了吗
You know what I realized I forgot?
T恤的领线
The neckline with a T-shirt.
形状就像这样的
When it’s shaped like this,
我们叫做V领T恤
we call it a V-neck T-shirt.
V领的
V-neck.
跟我一起读 Vneck
Say that with me. V-neck.
这是一件背心
This is a tank top.
背心 这里的K不发音
Tank top. We don’t fully pronounce the Khere.
Kk
Kk.
我们就稍作停顿
We just do a quick stop of air like
停顿一下Tank top Tank top Tank 里面的元音是
we do with the Stop T. Tank top. Tank top.Tank top. And that vowel in tank: It’s the
元音后面跟着的是ng的声音
A vowel followed by an NG sound.
NG发音可以改变元音
That NG sound reallychanges the vowel.
结尾音听起来更像
Its ends up sounding much more like the
Ay 双元音 tay tank
AY diphthong, tay-, tank.
背心
Tanktop.
跟我试读一下
Try that with me.
背心 这是一件背心
Tank top. This is a tank top.
然后你也可以穿一个完全没有带子的衬衫
Then you could also have a shirt that didn’t have any straps.
然后就是这里会紧一点
It is just tight here and
直接到下面 这个就叫做无肩带的衬衫
came down. That would be called a straplessshirt. Strapless.
它的单词里面有less
It has the word ‘ less ’ in it,
但是我们不那样读
but we don ’ t pronounce it like that.
我们
We
读liss 快速的 不重读的 strapless 大声跟我一起读
pronounce it ‘liss’. Quickly. It’s unstressed.Strapless. Say it out loud with me: strapless.
如果是无肩带的是紧紧的一路下来这样的
If it ’ s strapless and it ’ s tight all the way down,
我们叫做抹胸
then we call it a tube top.
抹胸
Tube top.
B是要发音的
Don ’ t release the B,
嘴闭上
just close the lips, tub — top,
然后张开嘴直接读T
then open right into the T sound.
tube top
Tube top.
跟我一起读
Try that with me, tube top.
这是一件很好的舒服的运动衫
This is a nice old comfy sweatshirt.
制作它的材质本轻薄所以真的很舒服
So it’smade out of this thick material, really cozy.
这一件是套头的 它们是不用
This one has a hood. They don’t have to. Sweatshirt.
你不必
You don ’ t need to
完全读出这两个T 的发音
fully pronounce either one of those T ’ s.
你可以都停顿一下
You can make them both Stops.
运动衫
Sweat shirt.
运动衫
Sweat shirt.
突然的停顿一下让我们知道是有T的 运动衫
abrupt stopsgive us the idea that it’s a T. sweatshirt.
跟我一起来读
Say that with me. Sweatshirt.
这是一件很好穿的旧运动衫
This is a nice old comfy sweatshirt.
他的材质轻薄真的很舒适
So it’smade out of this thick material, really cozy.
这件是套头的运动衫
This one has a hood.
它们是不用
They don’t have to.
还有其实他跟连帽衫不是一种类型
Andthis is not quite the same thing as a hoodie.
一件连帽衫是有帽子的然后有个拉链在前面
A hoodie has a hood and then it zips up the front.
所以这是大卫的连帽衫,连帽衫
So this is David’s big ol’ hoodie. hoodie.
注意这里有两个O
Careful the double O here is
不是OO元音,就像证明这个单词里面的OO
not the OO vowel, like in proof, oo,
这里的UH
it ’ s the UH
像Book里面的元音一样
vowel like in ‘book’.
Uh
UH.
Uh不是Oo
UH not OO. Hoo-,
Hoo 连帽衫
Hoo- hoodie.
hoodie
Hoodie.
跟我读下
Say that with me.
连帽衫
Hoodie.
一件连帽衫是有帽子的然后有个拉链在前面
A hoodie has a hood and then it zips up the front.
所以这是大卫的连帽衫,连帽衫
So this is David’s big ol’ hoodie.
这是一件无袖的T恤
This would be a sleeveless shirt.
然后这个不是背心这个也没有袖子的
So it’snot a tank top but it doesn’t have sleeves.
无袖衬衫 就像strapless的第二个音节一样不重读liss
sleeveless shirt. Just like ‘strapless’,the second syllable is unstressed, “liss”,
而且要快速的读过去
and should be said quickly.
无袖的
Sleeveless.
跟我一起读
Sayit with me.
无袖的
Sleeveless.
这是一件无袖衬衫
This would be a sleeveless shirt.
然后这个不是背心这个也没有袖子的
So it’snot a tank top but it doesn’t have sleeves.
连衣裙
Dress. Dress.
有趣的是
The thing that ’ s interesting
DR这个可以听起来像JR
about the DR cluster is that it can sound like JR,
对就是这样
and that’s right.
所以可以是DD连衣裙或者JJ
So it can be DD, dress,or JJ, dress.
如果你对R不确定
If you’re not sure about your R,
读出来
hold it out.
连衣裙
Drrrrrress. Dress,
连衣裙
dress.
我是像J这样读的。
I’m making it with a J sound, I think that’s
我觉得这样读法比较普遍
more common. Dress.
跟我一起读
Say it with me.
连衣裙
Dress.
连衣裙
Dress.
这是一件连体。
This is a jumper.
我觉得这有很多不同的类型
I think there are a couple
但这件就只是单件的
of different terms for it but basically it’s
它是上下没有分开的
one piece. It’s not separate top
也不是一件裙子
and bottom but it’s also not a dress.
像裤子一样
It’s like pants
或者短裤
or shorts.
工作服或一体衣
Jumper or one-piece.
我也有听过人家叫这个叫连体衣
I’ve also seen this calleda’romper’.
巧妙的是Er 结尾的发音。
The trick with –er ending sounds
发出R的声音但是不要读太快
is to make an R sound but make it really quickly
因为他不是一个重读音节
since it ’ s an unstressed syllable. Jumper,
Er er
-er, -er.
jumper
Jumper.
romper er
Romper er, -er.
romper
Romper.
跟我读一下
Try those with me.
Jumper
Jumper.
Romper
Romper.
这是连体裤。
This is a jumper.
我觉得这有很多不同的类型
I think there are a couple
但这件就只是单件的
of different terms for it but basically it’s
它是上下没有分开的
one piece. It’s not separate top
也不是一件裙子
and bottom but it’s also not a dress.
它就像裤子
It’s like pants
或者短裤
or shorts.
一体的
One piece. Right from the N to
从N到P没有停顿的。
the P with no break, we don
我们不需要这样起伏的读法
’ t want this to be choppy. Onnnnnnepiece.
One piece
One–piece.
跟我读一下
Try that withme.
One piece
one-piece.
但是基本上他是一体的。
but basically it’s one piece.
这是毛衣 毛衣
This is a sweater. Sweater.
这里有个T
we have a Flap T here
因为T在两个元音之间。
because the T comes between two vowels.
所以不是sweater
So it’s not sweater,
尽管有T但是读sweater DDD 闪音
with a True T, but sweater, D D D, flap,
这是个闪音T
with a Flap T.
跟我读 Sweater
Try that with me. Sweater.
这是一件毛衣
This is a sweater.
这也是一件毛衣但你也可以喊它围巾
And this is also a sweater but you would probably call it a wrap.
它属于毛衣里
It’s one of these things which
你只能敞开
you put on and it doesn’t close up
但你也可以像围巾一样缠绕它
in the front but you kinda wrap it like that Wrap.
W在WR组合里不发音
The W in the WR cluster is silent.
只需要发R音
Justbegin with an R sound.
围巾
Wrap.
围巾
wrap.
大声的跟我读
Say it
围巾
out loud with me. Wrap.
这也是一件毛衣但你可以叫它围巾
And this is also a sweater but you would probably call it a wrap.
它属于毛衣里
It’s one of these things which
你只能敞开
you put on and it doesn’t close up
但是你也可以像围巾一样缠绕它
in the front but you kinda wrap it like that
牛仔裤
Jeans. Jeans.
你们跟我一样喜欢牛仔裤吗?
Do you love them as much as I do? Jeans,
里面有元音ee 例如jee和jeans
with the EE vowel, jee, jeans.
听一下复数怎么读
Hear the plural
复数结尾是z的读音 但是我们要把它弱化
is a Z sound, but it’s light, it’sweak.
不要读太重了
Don’t give it much energy. Jeans.
牛仔裤
Jeans.
这些牛仔裤跟其他的牛仔裤是不一样的
Now these jeans are a little different.
它们是孕妇的裤子
Theyare maternity.
所以maternity是指
So maternity refers to anything
专门给孕妇制作的裤子
that is specially made for pregnant women.
这些是我以前留下的 Maternity
These are leftover from my Stoney days. Maternity.
第一个T是实T 就是我们要读出来的T
First T is a True T,
第二T是虚的T 为什么呢
second T is a Flap T. Why?
他们都在元音中间
They both come between vowels. Yes,
但是只要T有重音标志
but a T is always a True T
他就是实T maternity
if it starts a stressed syllable. Maternity,
maternity
maternity.
跟我一起读 maternity
Say that with me. Maternity.
现在这些牛仔裤跟往常的牛仔裤是有所不同的
Now these jeans are a little different.
它们是maternity
Theyare maternity.
所以 maternity是指
So maternity refers to anything
特别给孕妇制作的裤子
that is specially made for pregnant women.
这些是我以前留下的
These are leftover from my Stoney days.
宽松长运动裤
Sweatpants. Sweatpants.
就像运动衫
Just like ‘ sweatshirt ’,
sweat里面的t 需要停顿
the T in ‘ sweat ’ is a Stop T because the next
因为接下来的音是辅音
sound is a consonant.
长运动裤
Sweat-pants.
长运动裤
Sweatpants.
跟我一起读,sweatpants
Say that with me. Sweatpants.
长运动裤
Sweatpants.
短裤
Shorts.
所以这些可以被称为跑步短裤、运动裤和足球短裤
So these could be called running shorts, athleticshorts, soccer shorts.
不论你用他们干嘛
Whatever you use them for.
健身服饰 短裤
Workout clothes.. Shorts.
各种各样的短裤
All kinds of shorts.
shorts里的元音是AW 就跟law这个单词一样
The vowel in‘shorts’ is the AW as in LAW vowel.
但是
But
当这个元音跟r一起的时候,就有所不同了
when this vowel is followed by R, it’s prettydifferent.
嘴唇会更圆润
The lips round more and the tongue
然后舌头会回拉更多 O
pulls back a little more. O,
OR代替AW O
OR instead ofAW, oooor. O,
Or Shorts
OR. Shooooorts,
短裤
shorts.
短裤
Shorts.
跟我一起读 短裤
Say it with me. Shorts.
我也说过 健身服
I also said “workout clothes”.
clothes 里面有th的发音
The word‘clothes’ has a voiced TH, clothes.
但是
But
你知道吗
you know what?
不用管他
Drop it!
美国人通常读这个单词时 都不发th的音
Americans almost alwaysdrop the TH in this word, clothes.
所以现在
So now
它听起来就像是 close
it sounds just like this word, close.

Yes.
这两个单词听起来是一样的
They will sound the same.
这没什么关系
That’s okay.
跟我一起读 Clothes
Say it with me. Clothes.
所以这些可以被称为跑步短裤、运动短裤、足球短裤
So these could be called running shorts, athleticshorts, soccer shorts.
无论你用他们干什么
Whatever you use them for.
健身服 裤子
Workout clothes.. Pants.
你也可以叫他们正装裤 pants
You can also call them dress pants.. Pants.
正装裤
dress pants.
在这里 Aa元音紧跟着n的辅音
We have the AA vowel followedby the N consonant.
所有鼻辅音改变了
All nasal consonants change
这个A的元音
the A vowel.
比起A原本的音 更像是aa-e
Rather than A it’s aa-e, aa-e.
N这个发音之前 我们可以把舌头可以放松下来
The tongue relaxes in the back before the N.
paaa paaa pants
Paaa, paaa, pants.
长裤
Pants.
长裤
Pants.
跟我一起读一下 pants
Trythat with me. Pants.
长裤
Pants.
你也可以叫它们 正装裤
You can also call them dress pants.
这些是卡其裤
These are khakis.. Khakis.
这里的H是不发音的
The H is silent.
卡其裤
Kaa-kis.
跟我一起读
Say it withme.
khakis
Khakis.
这些是卡其裤
These are khakis
这些是男士泳裤
These are swim trunks
你也可以称它们为泳装
for men You could also call them just a swim suit.
泳裤 这里的tr组合可以发成chr的音
Swim trunks. The TR cluster can be pronouncedCHR.
这是一样的
That’s common.
所以你可以说t trunks
So you can say t, trunks,
或者发ch chruncks
or you can say ch, chruncks.
泳裤
Swim trunks.
游泳
Swim.
记住swim 是Ih的元音
Note this is the IH vowel, swim, not
不是ee的元音
the EE vowel sweem. Ih,
Ih
ih.
再放松点
More relaxed.
泳裤
Swim trunks.
跟我一起读 泳裤
Say that with me, swim trunks.
泳装
Swim suit. If an ending T like this is
在结尾的t读起来都特别好听
at the end of your thought group, it sounds nice
T是要马上停顿下来的 swim suit
to make that a Stop T. Swim suit.
泳装
Swim suit.
试着跟我一起来
Try that with me.
泳装
Swim suit.
你也可以
You could also
说 bathing suit
say bathing suit.
这个单词更难读 因为他有th的音
This word is tricky becauseit has a TH sound.
这个th的音是浊音
This TH sound is voiced
就是用你的舌尖放在你上下两排的牙齿上
and just the very tip of your tongue comes through the teeth.
泳装
Bathing suit.
泳装 跟我一起读一下
Bathing suit. Try that with me. Bathing suit.
这些是
These are swim trunks for men.
你可以说 它是一件泳衣
You could alsocall it just a swimsuit.
那女人呢 就有连体衣了
For women we have one-piece.
这是连体衣
This is a one-piece suit.
它是没有肩带的
It’sstrapless
连体的和无肩带的
one-piece and strapless.
我们都已经把这些过了一遍 one-piece
We already went overthese. One-piece,
当我们谈起套头外衣和抹胸的衣服
when we were talking about
当我们谈起衬衫
jumper and strapless, when we were talkingabout shirts.
我们还可以来谈论下比基尼
And then you can also have bikini.
它是两件式的
That’s two-piece.
哈哈 在我的视频里你是不可能找到比基尼的
You will never catch me in one of these in one of my videos. Bikini,
2件式 在bikini这个单词中 我们有三个字母i 但是第一个是非中读音节的元音
2-piece. In bikini, we have threeletter I’s, but the first one is a schwa: Buh Bikini.
跟我一起读 bikini
Say that with me, bikini.
两件式
Two-piece.
two跟着辅音t还有元音u
Two with the T consonant and the U vowel.
来 我们把舌头放松 然后摆出这u的位置
Let your lips be more relaxed and then round into the position U. Twoo.
发这个N的时候 是非常圆润的
The movement of
也是非常放松的声音
the rounding N is a very nice relaxed sound rather
发tu-tu音的时候舌头是发力的 紧张的
than tu-tu where your lips are tight
在整个过程中
in the position the whole time.
先放松再嘴巴放圆
Relaxed thenround.
Two
Two.
两件式
Two-piece.
你可以穿比基尼
And then you can also have bikini.
这是两件式
That’stwo-piece.
你是不可能在我的视频里
You will never catch me in one
找到比基尼的
of these in one of my videos.
当我在沙滩上
When I’m at the beach,
我也很喜欢去穿这个
I also like to wear one of these.
这是防晒衣
It’s called a rash guard and
它是一件衬衫
it’s a shirt made out of bathing suit
它由防晒的冲浪服材料制作而成
that can protect you from the sun.
冲浪服 记得发出r的音
Rash guard. Remember to hold out the R ’ s
如果他们对你来说很难
if they ’ re tricky for you.
Rrrrrash guarrrrd
Rrrrrrrrash guarrrrrrrrrrrd.
guard 里面的ar跟car
‘ Guard ’ is like ‘ car ’
还有far 里面是一样的
or ‘ far ’: you need to
在读这个音的时候 你需要放松你的下巴
drop the jaw for the vowel, and
让你的舌头抵着前方
leave the tongue tip forward,
再把它向上拉回来 才能发出漂亮的r音
then pull it back and up for the R. Gaah-r. Guard.
大声读它
Say
rash guard
it out loud: rash guard.
当我在沙滩上的时候
When I’m at the beach,
我更倾向于穿这个
I also like to wear one of these.
它叫作防晒衣
It’s called a rash guard and
它是一件由防晒冲浪服材料制作而成的衬衫
it’s a shirt made out of bathing suit material that can protect you from the sun.
这是一件西装
This is a suit.
这是一件西装夹克或西装大衣和裤子
So it’s a jacket or suit coatand pants.
记住这个结尾的T将会是一个塞音T:
remeber this ending T will be a Stop T:
suit pants, suit jacket, suit coat
suit pants, suit jacket, suit coat.
跟我说:suit pants, suit jacket, suit coat
Say those out loud with me. suit pants, suit jacket, suit coat.
如果你对于塞音T之间的区别感到困惑 就仅仅把T发出来
If you’re confused about the difference between Stop T and just leaving the T out
我为你制作了一个视频
I’ve made a radio for you
有一处区别
There is a difference.
请指出
Please check it out.
或者点击这里
Either click here or on
在屏幕下方
in the description below.
我忘记展示David’s的一条领带了。这是一条领带
I forgot to show one of David’s ties.This is a tie
精确的T 双元音AI
True T, AI diphthong.
Tie, Tie
Tie. Tie.
和我一起说:Tie
Say that with me. Tie.
这是一套西服
This is a suit.
所以里面有一件夹克或叫西服外套和一条西裤
So it’s a jacket or suit coatand pants.
有时它也被叫做
Now there’s also something called
通勤夹克
a blazer and it’s cut
它的剪裁有点像正装夹克 但它更休闲
like a suit jacket but it’s a little bit more casual and it’s not
它不用配套穿
part of a set.
人人都能穿套装或通勤夹克
Both men and women can wear
女士穿西服套装时可以搭配
suits or blazers and women suits can come
西裤或者短裙 (跟读)Blazer
with pants or skirts. Blazer.
字母A发双元音AY的音双元音意味着要发两个音:下巴下坠
The letter A makes the AY diphthong.Diphthong means two positions: jaw drop, then
然后舌头向上颚处拱起 (跟读)AY
tongue arching toward the roof of the mouth. AY,
ay
ay.
bla~
bla~
blazer
blazer
跟我读:blazer
say that out with me: blazer
有时它也叫做通勤夹克
Now there’s also something called a blazer
它的剪裁很像正装外套
and it’s cut like a suit jacket but it’s a
但它更休闲而且无需配套穿着
little bit more casual and it’s not part of a set.
有时女性需要穿着正式
And when women are getting more dressy,
她们会穿上长筒丝袜或者连裤袜
sometimes they wear hose or panty hose.
长筒袜或连裤袜
Hose or panty hose.
‘panty’ 当与‘hose’搭配时 基本都有一个轻读T发音
‘panty’,when said with ‘hose’, pretty much always has a dropped T.
Panty hose.‘Hose’里有个双元音发OH 。两个发音动作:下巴下沉
Panty hose. ‘Hose’ has theOH diphthong. Two positions: jaw drop, then
嘴唇变圆 (跟读)Oh,oh,hose
lip rounding. Oh, oh, hose.
跟我读
Say that with me.
Hose
Hose.
Panty hose
Panty hose.
当女性需要穿着正式时
And when women are getting more dressy,
通常她们会穿上长筒袜或连裤袜
sometimes they wear hose or panty hose.
现在我们用些Stoney的衣服
Now we’ll use some of Stoney’s clothes.
这叫背带裤
These are overalls.
信不信由你,我自己没有背带裤
Believe it or not, I don’t own any overalls
所以我不得不借用Stoney的来说明什么是背带裤
so I have to use Stoney’s as an example of what are overalls.
(跟读)Overalls.有两个比较难发的音:双元音Oh
Overalls.Two tricky sounds: the OH diphthong.
确保你的下巴下沉唇形圆滑。Oh
Make sure you have jaw drop and lip rounding. Oh,
Overalls
Overalls.
还有一个模糊音L在结尾处
And the Dark L at the end.
Alls
Alls.
不是‘all’,‘alls’这种舌尖上翘
Not ‘all’, ‘alls’ with the tongue tip moving up.
准确来说舌尖是始终保持在底部的
Actually,the tongue tip shouldstay down the whole time.
over uhl uhl uhl
Over uhl, uhl uhl.
是由舌后部略向后压低以发出这种模糊音
It’s the back of the tongue that presses down and back a little bit to make that dark sound.
Overalls.uhls uhls.
Overalls. uhls uhls.
跟我读 Overalls
Say it with me. Overalls.
这叫背带裤
These are overalls.
信不信由你 我自己没有背带裤 所以我不得不用Stoney的
Believe it or not, I don’t own any overalls so I have to use Stoney’s
来说明什么是背带裤
as an example of what are overalls.
这种连体衣是种婴儿服饰 在它的裆下有个暗扣
A onesie is a piece of baby’s clothing where it snaps at the bottom.
这样你可以解开扣子快速换好尿不湿
So you unsnap it to change the diaper quickly
把它们连起来是为了阻止衣服跑偏
but its attach there to keep the shirt from riding up.
因为只要你和小宝宝相处过
Because if you’ve ever spent any time with a baby,
你就会知道如果他们穿着一般的T恤
You know if they’re in just a shirt
宝宝最后会把它缠住自己的脖子或者胳肢窝
It ends up around their neck or armpits.
这叫连体衣
So this is a onesie.
Onesie.拼写时有个S 但它发的是Z的音
Onesie.Spelled with an S, but pronounced with a Z sound.
Onesie
Onesie.
跟我读 Onesie
Say that with me. Onesie.
这是一件连体衣
So this is a onesie.
Stoney有条超可爱的牛仔裤
Stoney has the cutest little pair of jeanshorts.
牛仔裤。要注意,而不要说成‘jeans shorts’哦
jean shorts. So here, rather than saying ‘ jeans shorts ’,
弱读‘jeans’里S的发音
you drop the S in ‘ jeans ’.
就成了‘jean shorts’
It’s just ‘jean shorts’.
跟我读
Say that with me.
Jean shortsStoney 有条超可爱的牛仔裤
Jean shorts. Stoney has the cutest little pair of jean shorts.
Stoney有条牛仔裤上还带着裤背带
Stoney has a pair of jeans that came with suspenders.
背带是安在裤子上用来提裤子的
So these things that you can put on pants to help them stay up are called suspenders.
裤背带一个三音节的单词里重音通常落在中间那个音节上
Suspenders.A three-syllable word with stress on the middle syllable.
尽量让第一个和第三个音节的音短一些:sus-,-ders
Make the first and third syllables as short as you can: sus-, -ders.
Suspenders.Suspenders
Suspenders. Suspenders.
跟我一起来 Suspenders
Try that with me. Suspenders.
Stoney有条牛仔裤上还带着裤背带
Stoney has a pair of jeansthat came with suspenders.
背带是安在裤子上用来提裤子的
So these things that you can put on pants to help them stay up are called suspenders.
Stoney 有件背心
So Stoney has a vest.
背心分两种
Vest can be 2 different things.
一种,像这样子
First of all, they can be like this,
比较休闲 这样就能多穿一层来保暖
something that’s casual that’s meant as another layer to add warmth.
另外 你也可以有件
But,you can also have
正式点的可以作为男士正装外套的一部分
a dressy one that would be part of a dress outfit for men
如果它和西裤、衣服外套整套搭配
and if it came with pants and a jacket as a set
这3件衣服被叫做西服三件套
then those 3 things would be calleda 3 piece suit.
所以衣服三件套里必备一件背心
So a 3 piece suit is a suit that includes a vest.
Vest.有些语系里会把V和W的发音混用
Vest.Some language groups mix up V and W.
而这个V字母必须要发V的音
This letter should definitely be pronounced with a V.
下唇抵上排牙 Vvv Vvv
Bottom lip to top teeth.Vvv Vvv.
不要让唇形变圆 ww 这个发的是W的音
No lip rounding, ww. That’s a W sound.
Vvv.Vest跟我读 Vest
Vvv.Vest. Say that with me. Vest.
这是男士正装的一部分
that would be part of a dress outfit for men and
如果把它和裤子、夹克作为一套
if it came with a pants and a jacket as
这三件就可以作为正装三件套
a set then those 3 things would be called a 3-piece suit.
所以一套三件套的正装
So a 3-piece suit a suit that
包括一件背心
includes a vest.
三件套正装,三!emmm……
3-piece suit. Three. Ok,
这个词真棘手
this word is tricky.
这有一个不发音的TH,舌尖
You have an unvoiced TH, and the tongue tip
一定要顶到牙齿
must come through the teeth, th,
然后到R的时候舌尖回来并往外
thr, hr then the R where your tip comes back and up a little
一点点
bit thrr hrr.

Thrr three.
三件
Three-piece.
三件套正装
Three-piecesuit.
跟着我读
Try that with me.
三件套正装,三件套正装包含一件背心
Three-piece suit. So a 3-piece suit a suit that includes a vest.
接下来我们谈谈外套,外套
Let’s talk outerwear. Outerwear.
这里有一个颤音T
We have a Flap T here
因为T在两个元音中间
because the T comes between two vowels.
当我在这些规则中说元音的时候
When I say vowels
我是包括了元音和双元音
in these rules, I mean vowels or diphthongs.
因为这里开头的音是OW,双元音
Because the beginning sound is the OW diphthong.
Ow 外套,穿
Ow Outerwear. Wear.
棘手的发音组合
Tricky sound combination.
EH的时候下巴向下直到R
Jaw drop for EH before your R. Wear.
weh-r
weh-r,
穿外套
wear Outerwear. Outerwear.
跟我一起读
Say that that withme.
外套
Outerwear.
接下来我们一起来聊下外套
Let’s talk outerwear.
这是羽绒服
This is a down coat.
它适合冬天 非常的笨重 但也非常温暖
It’s a heavy, reallywarm winter coat.
羽绒服
down coat. I ’ ve noticed something
我已经说过很多不同的英文组合
that several different language groups to this combination
Ow+N 大家把它们分开读 是因为这样能使ow这个双元音更鼻音
OW + N. They drop the N and make the OW dipthong sound nasaly.
例如这个 down
It sort of sounds like this. Down.
在这个双元音里 是没有鼻音的
There is no nasal quality to this diphthong.
现在我们把它们分开来看下
Let’s break it up.
Dow-nn
Dow-nn.
Dow-nn
Dow-nn.
Dow-nn Down
Dow-nn. Down.
Down Down 跟我一起读下
Down. Down. Try that with me. Down.‘Coat’ with the OH diphthong: jaw drop
然后嘴唇放圆
then lip rounding.
羽绒服
Down coat.
羽绒服
Down coat.
来跟我一起试着读一下
Trythat with me.
羽绒服
Down coat.
这是一件羽绒服
This is a down coat.
这是一件很厚很温暖的羽绒服
It’s a heavy, reallywarm winter coat.
这件夹克更加轻便一些
This jacket is a little more lightweight so
所以你可以在春天和秋天穿
you’ll probably wear it in the fall or spring
但是你可以仍然把它叫做夹克
But you could still just call it a jacket.
轻量级羽绒服,注意这三个T都是结尾的T
Lightweight jacket. Notice all three of theseT’s can be Stop T’s: they’re either
它们都跟着一个辅音,或者在一组单词的最后
followed by a consonant, or at the end of a though group.
轻便—重量—夹克
Light-weight-jacket.
轻质羽绒服,跟我一起读,轻质羽绒服
Lightweight jacket. Try that with me. Lightweight jacket.
这件夹克更加轻便
This jacket is a little more lightweight so
你可以在秋天和春天穿
you’ll probably wear it in the fall or spring .
但是你仍然可以加它夹克
But you could still just call it a jacket.
这有点不同
This is something a little bit different,
一点奇怪,一点复古
a little bit strange, a little old—fashioned.
我从我的嫂子那里得到的
I got this from my sister-in-law.
所以这件没有袖子
So thisdoesn’t really have arms.
这只是个斗篷,斗篷
It’s just a poncho. Poncho.
对于这里的O有两种不同的发音
We have two different pronunciationsfor the letter O here.
第一个是
The first one is the
AH的发音就像father里的元音
AH as in FATHER vowel. Po-,
pon—
pon-.
第二个是双元音OH
The secondis the OH diphthong.
oh,cho,斗篷
Oh cho. Poncho.
请跟着我读,斗篷
Try that with me. Poncho.
我从我的嫂子那里得到这件衣服
I got this from my sister-in-law.
这一件没有袖子
So thisdoesn’t really have arms.
它只是件斗篷
It’s just a poncho.
皮毛大衣
Fur coat.
皮毛大衣
Fur coat. Fur can be tricky
因为这里有一个元音R
because it has the R vowel in it.
不要下沉你的下巴
Don’t drop your jaw or
试着发出一些元音的声音
try to make some sort of vowel sound
在R之前,有两个音
before the R. It ’ s just two sounds,
f 和r, Fur,fur
f and r. Fur, fur
Fur coat,和我一起说,fur coat
Fur coat. Try that with me. Fur coat.
Fur coat
Fur coat.
有很多衣服
That’s a lot of clothes.
我是不是忘了一些事?
Did I forget anything?
写在下面的意见里,如果还有
Put it in the comments below and if there’s
其他的您想要我做成视频的词汇
another vocabulary set of words that you would like me to do a video on,
也请写在
also please put
下面的意见里
it on the comments below.
就是这些, 非常感谢使用“Rachel’s English”
That’s it, and thanks so much for usingRachel’s English.

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译制信息
视频概述

小姐姐搬出了自己衣橱里的衣服,形象生动而具体的介绍了一些关于衣服的单词

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Crush

审核员

审核员YX

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fcfmmqXaxoo

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Unit 2