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发音:辅音 R [ɹ]

English Sounds - R [ɹ] Consonant - How to make the R [ɹ] Consonant

在这集美音发音训练视频中
In this American English pronunciation video,
我们将要学习如何发出辅音“R”
we’re going to learn how to make the R consonant sound.
它的确是美语里最难发的音之一
This is truly one of the hardest sounds in American English.
在开始说正确的发音之前 我想先指出一些错误的读法
Before I go into how to make it, I want to talk about how not to make it.
在很多语言中 “R”音是通过舌尖去弹口腔上部发出的
In many languages, the R is made by bouncing the front part of the tongue against the roof of the mouth.
(Rachel在示范发音)
Rr– rr–
在美音中 这个音是处在元音中间的T或者D的发音
In American English, this sound is the T or D between vowels.
和美音中的R完全不一样
But it’s quite different from the American R.
(Rachel在示范美音R发音)你不能发出(错误发音)
Rrrr— You can’t hold out rra– rra–
不过你应该学会发美音R
But you should be able to hold out the American R.
它是个浊辅音
This consonant is voiced.
发这个音有两种方法
There are two ways to make this sound.
第一种 舌尖向后上方卷 像这样
In the first way, the front part of the tongue pulls back and up, like this.
舌头会绷得又长又紧
The tongue can be stretched so it’s long and skinny.
或者舌头朝自己卷 这时舌头会变得肥厚
Or it can be pulled into itself so it’s fatter and thicker.
这就是我们想要的
And that’s what we want here.
我们尽量让舌头更宽 更厚 不会那么长
We’re making the tongue fatter and thicker so it’s not as long.
舌根不要动 所有动作都发生在舌头前部中部
The back doesn’t move. This is happening with the front and the middle of the tongue.
卷起舌头中间的部分 向口腔上方靠拢
The middle part of the tongue lifts up towards the roof of the mouth.
你可以用舌头的两边
You can touch the sides of the tongue
去接触口腔顶部的两边
to the sides of the roof of the mouth here
或者接触两边牙齿的内部或者底部
or to the inside or bottom of the side teeth here.
舌尖悬在口腔的中部
The front part of the tongue is hanging in the middle of the mouth
不要碰到任何地方
not touching anything.
因为嘴唇的位置 r音靠前而且集中
This sound is forward and focused because of the position of the lips.
脸颊两侧内凹 使得嘴唇向前嘟起
The corners come in, pushing the lips away from the face.
当R处在音节末尾时 这个位置嘴唇会更加放松
This lip position will be a little more relaxed when the R comes at the end of the syllable.
我们将这种发音方法放在左边
We’ll compare this way on the left,
和右边另一种发音方法做对比
with the other way to make an R on the right.
R音还可以通过轻弹舌尖来发音
The R can also be made by flipping the tongue tip up.
嘴唇张开的方式是一样的
The lips flare the same way.
有些母语人士使用其中一种方式来发音 另一些则使用另一种
Some native speakers make the R one way, and some, the other.
母语人士不管什么嘴巴位置在哪儿 都能准确地发音
Native speakers get the correct sound no matter the mouth position.
不过我发现 在第二种方法中 非母语人士常常会把下颌
But I found that non-native speakers often drop the jaw
张开得过大
too much in this second method.
这样会使得发音比正确发音更空洞
And it makes the sound hollow. RR–
发这个音时下颌没必要张得过大
The jaw doesn’t need to drop very much for this sound. Rr–
当你使用这两种方式发音时 一定要牢记这一点
So keep these in mind as you work on one of these two methods.
这是R的单独发音 而不是它在单词中的发音
Here’s the R sound on its own, not part of a word.
你可以看到嘴唇是张开的
You can see the lips flare.
想象你的嘴唇和牙齿之间有一个小空间
Think of creating a little space on the inside of your lips and your teeth.
要注意 这里下颌张的幅度很小
Notice how little jaw drop there is.
我们不需要过分张开下颌去让舌头向后上方卷
We don’t need to drop the jaw to pull the tongue back and up.
rest这个词
The word ‘rest’.
当R在单词的开头
When the R is at the beginning of a word,
我们将嘴唇嘟成一个收紧的圆
we tend to make the lips a tight circle.
记住 下颌微张 舌头的中部抬起向口腔上部靠拢
Again, little jaw drop as the middle of the tongue lifts to the roof of the mouth.
单词’proud’
The word ‘proud’.
当R位于辅音连缀的开头时
When R is in a beginning consonant cluster,
嘴唇不用嘟得像发词首R时那么紧
the lips may not be as tight as in the beginning R.
单词’mother’ R位于音节末尾
The word ‘mother’, at the end of the syllable,
嘴唇比发词首R时更放松
the lip position for the R is definitely more relaxed than the beginning R.
但嘴唇还是要张开
But the lips still flare.
上图是发词首R (rest) 时嘴唇位置
Here, we compare the lip position of the beginning R in ‘rest’ above,
下图是发词尾R (mother)时嘴唇位置
to the ending R in ‘mother’ below.
发词尾R时嘴唇更放松
The ending R lip position is much more relaxed.
正确的嘴唇位置有助于更好地发R音
Thinking about the lip position will help you make a better R sound.
练习的时候慢一点
As you work on this consonant, practice very slowly.
记住三点
Thinking about all 3 things at once.
下颌张开的幅度 舌头和嘴唇的位置
Very little jaw drop, the tongue position, and the lip position.
要想准确掌握这个音
Remember, you can hold out this sound.
必须勤加练习
So that’s how you want to practice it.
(Rachel示范发音)
Rrrrr–
发音时间持续5到10秒
Hold it out for 5 or 10 seconds.
或者尽可能的长
Hold it out as long as you can.
当发带R音的单词时也是这样
When you practice it in a word, do the same.
(Rachel示范发音)
Rest
(Rachel示范发音)
Proud
(Rachel示范发音)
Mother
发R音
The R sound
(Rachel示范发音)
Rest
(Rachel示范发音)
Proud
(Rachel示范发音)
Mother
跟着我念下面的例子
Example words. Repeat with me.
(Rachel示范发音)
Read. Rr– Read.
(Rachel示范发音)
Great. Rr– Great.
(Rachel示范发音)
Try. Rr– Try.
(Rachel示范发音)
Later. Rr– Later.
(Rachel示范发音)
Right. Rr– Right.
(Rachel示范发音)
Other. Rr– Other.
本视频来源于36集的新系列教程美语发音
This video is one of 36 in a new series, The Sounds of American English.
我们会在YouTube上每月发布两集
Videos in this set will be released here on YouTube twice a month,
2016年和2017年 每月的第一个和第四个星期四
first and third Thursdays, in 2016 and 2017.
你也可以一次性买下全集
But the whole set can be all yours right now.
看这类视频一定要看全集
The real value of these videos is watching them as a set, as a whole,
让你的大脑把它们全吸收从而形成更系统的印象
to give your mind the time to take it all in and get the bigger picture.
大部分你能找到的视频材料只是单独地教某一个音
Most of the materials you’ll find elsewhere just teach the sounds on their own in isolation.
这样学习是错误的
It’s a mistake to learn them this way.
我们学习发音是为了读单词和句子 不是为了单个发音
We learn the sounds to speak words and sentences, not just sounds.
买下本课程 让你的口语更流利吧
Move closer to fluency in spoken English. Buy the video set today!
欢迎访问 rachelsenglish.com/sounds
Visit rachelsenglish.com/sounds
你可以选择购买DVD或数字下载
Available as a DVD or digital download.

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视频概述

这是一个发R音的教学视频,主要讲解了R位于词首和词尾的不同读法

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收集自网络

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G_OQjKLvt0E

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