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发音:辅音 L [l]

English Sounds - L [l] Consonant - How to make the L [l] Consonant

在这个美式英语发音视频中
In this American English pronunciation video,
我们会将学习辅音L的发音
we’re going to learn how to pronounce the L consonant sound.
这个音非常难发
This sound is especially difficult.
实际上 L有两种类型的音 而且它们的发音方式有所不同
There are actually two kinds of Ls and they’re not made the same way.
但你要是在字典里找一个单词的话
But if you look up a word in the dictionary,
你会发现 这两种L在字典中只用同一个国际音标符号来表示
there’s only one International Phonetic Alphabet symbol for both kinds of L.
在这个视频中 你会学到什么时候该发哪一种L的音
In this video, you’ll learn when to make which kind of L.
首先是清晰音L的发音
First, the light L sound.
大多数人一想到L的时候 他们想到的就是这个音
This is what most people think of when they think of an L.
在一个音节中 当L位于元音或者是双元音前面时 L的发音就是清晰音
The L is a Light L when it comes before the vowel or diphthong in a syllable.
比如说 “让我们” “剥落” “释放”
For example, let’s— flake— release—
以英语为母语的人发这个音时有两种不同的方式
There are two different ways native speakers make this sound.
一种方法是 抬起舌头使舌尖抵住上齿龈
One way is to lift the tongue so the tip is touching the roof of the mouth just behind the front teeth.
发这个音时的舌头位置与发T D N音的舌头位置不同
This is not the same as the T, D, and N tongue positions
发这三个音时 舌头抬起使舌前端抵住上腭
where the tongue lifts so the top is touching the roof of the mouth.
而发这个音时是用舌尖
This is the tip.
以英语为母语的人另一种发清晰音L的方式看起来像发TH音
Another way native speakers make this sound looks like the TH
用舌尖抵住前排上齿的底部
with the tongue tip touching the bottom of the top front teeth.
舌头与牙齿比发TH音时靠得更紧
The contact with the teeth is more firm than the TH sound
舌头向上抵住上齿
pushing up on the top teeth.
舌头不像在发TH音时那么放松不用力
The tongue is not as loose or relaxed in the L as it is in the TH.
我们一起近距离看看慢动作发的清晰音L
Let’s look at the Light L up close and in slow motion.
这是发清晰音L的一种方法 舌尖贴近牙齿
Here’s one way to make the L with the tongue tip coming through the teeth
向上抵住前排上齿的下部
to press up on the bottom of the top front teeth.
第二种发清晰音L的方法是
Here’s the second way to make the Light L.
舌尖抵住上齿龈
The tip at the roof of the mouth just behind the teeth.
看看单词“lack”的发音方法
Here’s the word ‘lack’.
舌头贴近牙齿来发出清晰音L
The tongue comes through the teeth to make the light L.
“slow” 这个单词
The word ‘slow’,
其中的清晰音L是通过舌尖抵住上腭而发出来的
the Light L is made with the tongue tip at the roof of the mouth.
L的第二种类型的发音是含糊音L
The second kind of L is the Dark L.
在一个单词或是音节中 当L位于元音或是双元音之后时 发出的音就是含糊音
This is the sound that happens when the L comes after the vowel or diphthong
比如说“real”或者“Google”
in a word or syllable like ‘real’ or ‘Google’.
这个音由两部分组成 但是在大多数情况下很多美国人都会省略掉第二部分
This sound has two parts but many Americans leave out to the second part in most cases.
你也应该这样 这样会使含糊音更容易发出来
You should, too. It makes it easier to pronounce.
含糊音L的第一部分也是最重要的部分就是含糊音
The first and most important part of the Dark L is the dark sound.
这是含糊音L的最大特征
This defines the Dark L.
发这个音时 你不要抬起舌尖
To make this sound, you don’t lift your tongue tip.
相反 你要使舌尖向下抵在前排下齿的后面
Instead, it’s down touching the back of the bottom front teeth.
舌头的后部向喉咙处缩回
The back part of the tongue pulls back towards the throat.
你能看到 下巴向下移动幅度很小并且嘴唇处于放松状态
You can see there isn’t much jaw drop and the lips are relaxed.
L你感受到的振动应该是来自于喉咙而不是脸部 L
Llll— you should feel the vibration in the throat and not the face. Lll—
舌头的后部向下压或者向后缩回
The back part of the tongue presses down or shifts back.
这个是构成含糊音的重要的一部分 ull ull
This is an important part of the sound ull— ull—
大多数美国人在发含糊音L时发到那里就结束了
Most Americans will stop there when making the Dark L.
比如“真的”
Real—
“谷歌”
Google—
“体贴的”
Thoughtful—
除非这些单词后面紧跟着一个以辅音L开头的单词或者是一个与N T或D有相似发音位置的音
Unless they’re linking into a word that begins with an L or a sound with a similar position like N, T, or D.
那样的话 就会继续把含糊音L的第二部分发出来
In that case, go ahead and make the second part of the Dark L.
含糊音L的第二部分是清晰音L
The second part of the Dark L is the Light L.
把你的舌尖抬起抵住上腭或者贴近牙齿
Bring your tongue tip up to the roof of the mouth or through the teeth.
一些以英语为母语的人无论在什么时候都会把含糊音L的两部分的发音完整地发出来
Some native speakers make the full Dark L both parts all the time.
最重要的就是含糊音
What’s important is the dark sound.
一定要用舌头后部发含糊音并且要确保你不会把那部分漏掉
Make it with the back of the tongue and make sure you never leave that part out.
ull ull
Ull— ulll—
复习一遍 含糊音L一共有两部分
Again, the Dark L has two parts.
第一部分也是最重要的部分 舌头向后缩回或者舌头后部向下压
The first and most important part, the tongue pulls back or presses down in the back.
第二部分 也是经常忽略掉的部分
The second part, which is often left out,
选择清晰音L的任意一种发音方式就可以
either option for the Light L.
这幅图中展示的是舌尖抵住上腭的发音方式
Here, the option with the tongue tip at the roof of the mouth is pictured.
我们一起近距离看看放慢动作时发的含糊音L
Let’s look at the Dark L up close and in slow motion.
比如“feel” 这个词
The word ‘feel’.
为了发EE中的元音 舌尖在舌前部成拱形
The tongue tip arches in the front for the EE vowel.
看舌头在后面放低时的样子
Watch as the tongue lowers in the back.
现在 舌头已经放低并且在后面缩回一些
Now, the tongue is lowered, pulling back a little bit in the back.
因为嘴唇挡着所以很难看到 但是舌尖还在前面
It’s hard to see because of the lips but the tip of the tongue is still forward.
注意一下 嘴唇是放松的
Notice that the lips are relaxed.
再比如说 “recall” 这个单词 它的含糊音部分是当下巴合起时从舌头后部发出来的
The word ‘recall’. The dark part is made with the back of the tongue as the jaw closes.
这次含糊音L确实是以第二部分也就是清晰音L结束的
This time the Dark L does end with the second part the Light L.
舌尖迅速贴近牙齿
The tongue tip quickly comes through the teeth.
嘴唇放松
Lips are relaxed.
在发含糊音L时 嘴唇保持放松状态很重要
The relaxation of the lips is important in the Dark L.
很非英语国家的人想要圆唇发音或者张开嘴发音 那样会把音带到靠前的位置发出 音也就发生改变
Many non-native speakers want to round or flare the lips which brings the sound forward and changes it.
但是含糊音是在后面的这个位置发出来的
But the dark sound is made back here.
让嘴唇放松 从而使音可以在口腔后部的位置发出
Leave the lips relaxed so the sound can be made in the back of the mouth.
当你在字典中看一个单词的国际音标的书写方式时
When you look at the International Phonetic Alphabet transcription for a word in a dictionary,
不管是清晰音L还是含糊音L 你都只会看见用一个符号来表示
you’ll just see one symbol whether it’s a Light L or a Dark L.
这取决于你知道当L位于一个音节的末尾时
It’s up to you to know when to make a Dark L,
什么时候该发含糊音L
when the L comes at the end of a syllable.
要记住的是 我们现在说的是发音而不是字母
Remember we’re talking about sounds and not letters.
以“谷歌”这个单词为例 你看到字母E是在字母L后面的
In the example, ‘Google’, you see the letter E after the L.
E是一个元音字母 但是当你看这个单词的音标书写时
E is a vowel but when you look at the phonetic transcription of the word,
最后一个音是L音
the last sound is the L.
因此 “谷歌”这个单词中的这个L就是一个含糊音
So the L in ‘Google’ is a Dark L.
ull ull “谷歌”
ull— ull— Google—
要是你能在说话时使用一个发得很好的含糊音L 这就会让你的发音听起来更地道
If you integrate a good Dark L into your speech, it will help you sound more American.
清晰音L
The Light L.
比如“缺乏”
Lack—
“慢的”
Slow—
含糊音L
The Dark L.
比如“感觉”
Feel—
“回忆”
Recall—
以下是几个示例单词 和我一起读
Example words. Repeat with me.
“爱” ull “爱”
Love. ull— Love.
“哈喽” ull “哈喽”
Hello. ull— Hello.
“公寓” ull “公寓”
Flat. ull— Flat.
“感觉” ull “感觉”
Feel. ull— Feel.
“桌子” ull “桌子”
Table. ull— Table.
“人民” ull “人民”
People. ull— People.
本视频是一个名为《美式英语发音》 的新系列视频中36个中的一个
This video is one of 36 in a new series, The Sounds of American English.
这一系列的视频会于2016年和2017年在YouTube上发布 每月两次 分别在第一个和第三个星期四
Videos in this set will be released here on YouTube twice a month, first and third Thursdays, in 2016 and 2017.
但是 现在你就可以拥有一整套视频
But the whole set can be all yours right now.
把它们当成一套 一个整体去看
The real value of these videos is watching them as a set, as a whole,
给大脑充分的时间去吸收它们并且在脑海中构建一幅更完整的图像
to give your mind the time to take it all in and get the bigger picture.
你在其它地方找到的大多数的材料只会孤立地教你几个单独的发音
Most of the materials you’ll find elsewhere just teach the sounds on their own in isolation.
这样去学发音是不对的
It’s a mistake to learn them this way.
我们学习发音是为了能读单词和句子 而并不只是发出声音而已
We learn the sounds to speak words and sentences, not just sounds.
使我们的口语更加流利
Move closer to fluency in spoken English.
马上购买这套视频吧
Buy the video set today!
欢迎访问我的网站 rachelsenglish.com/sounds
Visit rachelsenglish.com/ sounds
DVD或者下载数字资源都可以使用
Available as a DVD or digital download.

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视频概述

本视频全面而系统地介绍了辅音音素L的发音方式,对我们学习L的发音有很大帮助。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

Moana

审核员

vicky

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FP0jHNoFqWo

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