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发音:辅音 G [g]和K [k]

English Sounds - G [g] and K [k] Consonants - How to make the G [g] and K [k] Consonants

在这个美式英语发音视频中我们将一起学习如何发
In this American English pronunciation video, we’re going to learn how to pronounce the
辅音G[g]和K[k]
G and K consonant sounds.
这两个音放在一起学是因为两者发音时嘴型相同
These two sounds are paired together because take the same mouth position.
K[k] — 不出声 是指只有空气从嘴里通过
Kk– is unvoiced, meaning only air passes through the mouth
G[g] — 发声 是指需要通过声带发出声音
and Gg– is voiced, meaning you make a sound with the vocal cords. Gg–
这两个辅音都是爆破音
These consonants are Stop Consonants which
就是他们每个音都有两部分
means there are two parts to each sound.
首先让气流停留一下 然后再放开
First, a stop in the airflow and second, a release.
我们将气流停在这个位置 闭合声带
We stop the flow of air here, closing out vocal cords
当舌后位已达到抵触软颚的部位
while the back part of the tongue reaches up to touch the soft palate.
我将试着慢慢读下在单词‘back’中K的发音
I’m going to slow down the K sound in the word ‘back’.
看看是否你能在气流放开之前听到停顿
See if you can hear the stop of air before the release.
Back–back
Back– back.
这里你能看到舌位
Here, you can see the tongue position.
舌后位抬高抵触到闭合的软颚
The back of the tongue reaches up to touch the soft palate which is closed.
舌尖保持向前 轻轻抵触着前门牙牙底
The tip of the tongue can remain forward, lightly touching the back of the bottom front teeth.
颌轻微向下移动 唇张开
The jaw drops a little bit and the lips are open.
Kk–Gg–唇型不影响发音
Kk– Gg– The lip position doesn’t matter for these sounds.
所以嘴唇已经开始摆出其后临近词的唇型 就像”great”这个词
So the lips might start forming the next sound like in the word ‘great’.
这里 当我们说G Gg–gg–great时 唇型已经开始摆成发字母R的位置
Here, the lips can start taking the position for the R, as we make the G. Gg– gg– great.
让我们近距离看一下这些词发音的慢动作
Let’s look at these sounds up close and in slow motion.
颌下移并且舌背抬高抵触软颚
The jaw drops and the back of the tongue lifts to touch the soft palate,
然后舌放开(气流)
then the tongue releases.
有时 为了使句子更通顺 词与词之间连接更紧密
Sometimes, to make a sentence smoother, the words more linked together,
当后面跟着的词也是辅音的时候
native speakers will skip the release of a Stop Consonant
美国人说话时会略过爆破音
when the next word begins with a consonant.
例如 词组“back to work”
For example, the phrase ‘back to work’.
Back to–back to–我没有发k的音
Back to– back to– I’m not saying back to– kk–
K音没有全部放开来读
with the full release of the K.
我将气流保持一会儿从而产生摩擦
I’m holding the air for a fraction of a second
与喉部 停顿后直接发出辅音T
with my throat making that stop, then I go right into the release of the T consonant.
Back to–back to–back to work.
Back to– back to– back to work.
在back词里面k不发音 两个词轻松过渡
Without the release of the K in ‘back’, the two words flow together more easily,
读起来更顺畅
making it smoother.
请注意 在work这个词中k则发音
Notice I do make a light release of the K in the word ‘work’.
你能听出来吗?
Can you hear it?
Back to work
Back to work.
让我们近距离来看下这些词发音的慢动作
Let’s look at some words up close and in slow motion.
这个词“keep”
The word ‘keep’.
因为这个舌位向后抬高并且不需要颌部太多的移动
Because the tongue lifts at the back, and does not require much jaw drop,
所以很难在这个词中听出发音
it’s hard to see this sound in this word.
这个词“green”
The word ‘green’.
舌撅成圆型发G音因为它需要撅成接近后面词R的发音形状
The lips round for the G because they need to round for the next sound, R.
舌型不影响G的发音
The lip position doesn’t change the G sound.
当它在词尾出现时比较容易看到舌后位的移动
It’s a little easier to see the back of the tongue move when it’s at the end of the word
就像这个词“egg”
like this word ‘egg’.
这个词舌后位提高然后发声
The tongue lifts in the back then releases.
辅音G和K
The G and K consonants.
Keep
Keep.
Green
Green.
Egg
Egg.
举例来说
Example words.
跟我读
Repeat with me.
Go
Go.
Gg–go
Gg– go.
再来一次
Again.
Gg–再来一次
Gg– again.
Big
Big.
Gg–big
Gg– big.
Cry
Cry.
Kk–cry
Kk– cry.
Key
Key.
Kk–key
Kk– key.
Black
Black.
Kk–black
Kk– black.
这个视频是最新36期教程美式英语发音的一期
This video is one of 36 in a new series, The Sounds of American English.
这套视频将每月在YouTube播放两次
Videos in this set will be released here on YouTube twice a month,
2016和2017年的每周第一个和第三个星期四播放
first and third Thursdays, in 2016 and 2017.
但你们也能立马得到全套视频
But the whole set can be all yours right now.
这套视频的真正价值也体现在当你们能连续性观看全套视频时
The real value of these videos is watching them as a set, as a whole,
给你时间去吸取所有的知识并且形成一整套体系
to give your mind the time to take it all in and get the bigger picture.
大部分的其它资料你会发现都是单独教每一个发音
Most of the materials you’ll find elsewhere just teach the sounds on their own in isolation.
这是一种错误的学习方式
It’s a mistake to learn them this way.
我们学习发音是为了说词语 说句子 而不是只为了发音
We learn the sounds to speak words and sentences, not just sounds.
为了更接近口语化发音
Move closer to fluency in spoken English.
今天就买下全套视频吧!
Buy the video set today!
访问这个网址
Visit rachelsenglish.com/sounds
可获得一个DVD光盘和网络下载资料
Available as a DVD or digital download.

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视频概述

本视频为辅音 G [g]和K [k]课程讲解

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

ID436706

审核员

赖皮

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=O_NisgL1dvY

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