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瑞秋英语 高级发音课程

ENGLISH PRONUNCIATION | ADVANCED STUDENT LESSON | Rachel’s English

今天 我们要来学习美式英语中 一些超级难发音的单词
Today, you’re going to study some really hard to pronounce words in American English
一些含R 和 L的单词
words with R’s and L’s .
我们将找出发音困难的原因
We’ll talk about why these words are tricky,
学习“regularly” 和 “clearly”的发音
go over ‘regularly’ and ‘clearly’.
并练习其他类似的单词发音
and practice lots of similar words together.
[口哨声]
[Whistling]
瑞秋英语 美式英语发音指南
Ricald’s English American English Pronunciation Guide
R或 L单独出现在单词里时 对多数非母语者来说已经算难了
The sounds R and L are difficult for most non-native speakers when they occur in words on their own.
因此当两个音出现在同一个单词里 会很有挑战性
So when they occur in the same word, it can be very challenging.
对于说日语和其他一些语言的学习者
For Japanese speakers and others,
搞混或弄反R和L的发音是很经常的事情
it’s common to mix up or switch the R and L sounds.
所以单词 “class” 可能被发成 “crass”
So the word “class” might be pronounced “crass”.
Rr—rr—crass
Rr– rr– crass.
不经意间 就发出更像R 的音
More of an R sound by accident.
这个视频里 我们将想办法把这些音发得更清楚
In this video, we ‘ll be working on finding more clarity for these sounds.
因此 我们将关注同时含R和L的多音节词
To do this, we’ll be focusing on multi-syllable words that include both R and L sounds.
如果想深入了解这些发音
For in-depth descriptions of these sounds,
你可以去看专门的发音视频
you can visit the specific sound videos,
我会在视频最后 给出其中比较重要的视频链接
I’ll link to some of these important videos at the end of this video.
不过现在 我们要从基本的嘴型开始分别
But let’s start by going over the basic differences
区别 清音/l/ 浊音/l/ 和 /r/音
in the mouth movements for Light L, Dark L and R sounds.
首先 是两种/l/的发音
First, let’s talk about two L sounds.
也就是清音/l/ 和 浊音/l/
Light and Dark.
以 L开头的单词 /l/发清音 如light love
The Light L is used when the L is beginninga word, like: light or love.
或者 当 L在单词中间 并作音节起始 也发清音 如believe 或 delight
Or for an L in the middle of the word whenit starts a syllable like: believe or delight.
发清音/l/时 舌尖应抬起 碰触牙齿后侧的上颚 /l/ /l/
For the Light L, the tongue tip lifts and touches the roof of the mouth just behind the teeth: ull, ull.
我发现 也有英语母语者 是这样发音的 /l/ /l/
I’ve also noticed, some nativespeakers make it like this: ull, ull,
将舌尖抬起 并抵住门牙底部
where the tongue tip is pushing up on the bottom of the top front teeth.
以 L结尾的单词 /l/发浊音 如feel mail
The Dark L is used when the L endsthe word like: feel or mail.
也会出现在单词中间
Also in the middle of the word,
一般跟在元音或双元音后面 如billing taller
if it comes after the vowel or diphthong in the syllablelike: billing, billlling, or taller, tallller.
发浊音/l/ 要将舌根向后靠 微微下压
The Dark L can be made with just the back part of the tongue pulling back and pressing down a little bit.
/l/ /l/ /l/
Uhl. Uhl. Uhl.
你不需要抬起你的舌尖
You don’t need to lift your tongue tip up
来发这个浊音 而且事实上
to make this dark sound and in fact,
多数情况下 母语者不会抬起舌尖去发音
native speakers don’t lift their tongue tip except in a few cases.
当学生抬起舌尖去发浊音/l/时
When students lift the tongue tip in the Dark L,
他们就发不准
it tends to destroy the dark sound
结果听上去会更像清音
and it ends up sounding more like a Light L instead.
当人们关注舌尖时 他们忽略了舌根
When people focus on the tip, they forget the back.
/l/
Uhl.
/l/
Uhl.
至于浊音/l/
And for Dark L,
我们要用舌头的后部发他的音
we want that dark sound made with the back of the tongue.
现在来看/r/
Now for the R sound.
/r/的发音位置与/l/完全不同
The position is completely different.
不是由舌前端或者舌后部发出 而是由舌中部
It’s not made in the front or the back, but the middle.
/l/ /l/
uhl, uhl.
清音/l/
Light L.
/l/ /l/
Uhl,uhl.
浊音/l/
Dark L.
/r/ /r/ /r/
Rrr– rr– R.
舌头的前部抬起 稍稍后靠
The front part of the tongue lifts and pulls back a little bit,
但是舌中部可能会碰到
but the middle part of the tongue might make contact
上颚中部
with the roof of the mouth in the middle.
/r/ /r/
Rrr,rrr.
好啦 我们已经知道
Okay, we’ve taken a look
清音/l/ 浊音/l/ 和 /r/的具体发音方式
at the specific way we make Light L,Dark L, and R.
和你刚刚听到看到的一样
As you’ve heard and seen,
每个音都有非常独特的嘴型
each of these sounds has a very distinct mouth position.
当我们读含R和L 这样较困难的词时
We’ll have to really think about these positions
必须好好琢磨他们
as we work on these tough words with Rs and Ls.
试着在读 R的时候停下来是很好的办法
It’s a great idea to stop on the R,
停在 L上 并持续发音
to stop on the L, hold out the sound,
然后检查自己的嘴型
and check your mouth position.
让我们具体分析两个 同时含R和L音的单词
Let’s analyze two words that both have R and L in detail.
首先是 “regularly”
Let’s do’regularly’.
它的开头是 R 和Bed中的 E 还有G
It starts with R, EH as in Bed, and G.
所以 从舌尖向后向上卷开始 /r/
So tongue tip is pulled back and up to start, rrr,
嘴唇向外 /r/
lips are flared, rrrr — eh — ,
下巴和舌尖向下
then jaw drop, tongue tip goes down.
Re–reg- 舌根抬起念G
Re — reg — back of the tongue lifts for
轻触软腭 reg–
the G, touches the soft palate, reg –,
之后读半元音Y
then we have Y consonant schwa.
Rreyy–gul 读 G的时候
Regyy — For the G,
舌头背部抬起 轻触软腭
the back of the tongue is lifted, touching the soft palate.
读 Y时 将舌头向前延伸
For the Y, you move your tongue forward
沿着嘴巴的顶部
along the roof of the mouth.
Regy–y–gul 之后是非重读元音 所以放下舌头
Regyyy– then bring your tongue down for the schwa.
Regyyi reggyy 现在 有一个L
Regyyi– reggyy– Now, an L.
L出现在单词中间
It’s in the middle of the word.
在音节中L是出现在元音之前还是之后呢?
Does it come before or after the vowel in the syllable?
它出现在元音音节之前
it comes before.
因为L是第三个音节的首字母 所以发清音
It begins the third syllable so it’s a light L,
舌尖抬起
tongue tip up.
/regul/ 再来一次 持续发L与R的音
Regulll– Let’s try that again, just holding our L and R.
/regul/
Rrrr–regu-lll.
后面还有一个R和一个L
We still have one more R and one more L.
从清音L开始发音 然后舌头后卷过渡到R音
From the light L, the tongue pulls right back into the R.
/l/ /r/
Lar– lllarr–
不要发元音
Don’t try to make a vowel in there,
因为R音吸收了元音
the schwa is absorbed by the R.
我们通过拉长L和R的音练习过渡
Let’s practice that transition by holding out L and R.
/l/ /r/
Lllarr— lllarrr– Now,
现在 还有一个L 这个L又在音节开头
we have an L again and it’s the beginning
所以这个 L是清音
of the syllable again so it’s a Light L
舌尖后退并抬起并发清音L /l/
so the tongue tip comes back up for the Light L. Uhll,
/l/
uhll, uhll.
舌头后卷发R音 再抬起舌头发L音
It pulls back for the R and goes right back up.
/llarrllyy/ 不需要过多地动下巴
Llllarrrlllyy— Llllarrrlllyy— You don’t have to move your jaw very much.
动舌头就好了
Just move the tongue.
/larl/
larl, larl, larl.
最后舌尖回来
And finally the tongue tip comes back down
发非重读的E音 ly
for a quick unstressed E, ly,
ly
ly, ly, ly.
[松了一口气] 好的
Woooh, okay.
让我们读这一整个词 拉长R和L的音
Let’s do this whole word, holding out our Rs and our Ls.
Rrrreulllarrrrlly
Rrrregulllarrrrllly.
Regularly
Regularly. Now,
现在 读整个词
let’s do the whole word
放慢速度几次:regularly
in slow motion a few times: regularly,
regularly
regularly, regularly.
感觉如何?
How does it feel?
把单词拆成音节慢慢读
Is it any easier for you to do this
是不是感觉容易了很多?
having slowed it down and broken it down?
没有的话 继续分解
If not, break it up into parts,
保持缓慢的速度 练习每个单独的音
keep going slowly, practice just individual sounds,
之后再返回来读单词 就可以解决这些棘手的发音
then go back and do the word, holding out those tricky sounds.
还有一个很棒的方法是
Another amazing technique that works well
在你清楚发音位置之后
after you’ve really studied the position
只需要简单地复述单词
is just to use pure repetition.
我上学的时候 把它叫做 播放跟读法
In my academy, I call it ‘the play it say it method’ .
把听到的大声念出来
You hear something, you say it out loud.
听一遍 跟读一遍
You hear it again, you say it again
不要太在意口型
and you don’t think too much about position,
即使不太像
you definitely don’t correct yourself
也不用纠正自己
if you hear it’s not right,
只需要再放一遍 跟一遍 始终前进
you just play it again and say it again, always moving forward.
随着反复的听和重复 神奇的事情会发生
As you listen and repeat over and over, something amazing happens.
你开始成为一个出色模仿者
You start to become an amazing imitator.
你的口型会有很微妙的变化
And your mouth makes subtle adjustments
使你的发音更地道
that makes you sound more native.
我看到许多的学生都是这样
I’ve seen this happen over and over with students.
我就看着他们播放
I’ll watch them use play it,
接着跟读 我并不告诉他们哪些需要注意
say it and I don’t even tell them what to fix.
他们在不断的重复中就自己琢磨出来了
They figure it out by repetition
最后 他们听起来很棒
and in the end, they sound amazing.
现在和我一起试一试
Try this with me now.
每一个词我会念十次
I’m going to say the word ten times in a row.
每读一遍后 我都会停顿
Each time, I’ll take a break
给你足够时间跟读
that’s just long enough for you to repeat.
不要想你该做什么
You’re not focusing on what to do here,
要关注你听到了什么
you’re focusing on what you hear
并且准确地复述 好吗
and repeating it back exactly. Okay,
让我们开始
here we go.
大声重复
Repeat out loud.
Regularly
Regularly.
Regularly
Regularly.
Regularly
Regularly.
Regularly
Regularly.
Regularly
Regularly.
Regularly
Regularly.
Regularly
Regularly.
Regularly
Regularly.
Regularly
Regularly.
Regularly
Regularly.
[松了一口气] 你做到了!
Whooh. You did it!
如果你愿意
If you want,
可以把这部分视频再播放一遍
go back and play this part of the video again
再听十次
to get ten more times of hearing it
并准确模仿
and repeating it back exactly like you hear it.
虽然我听不到 但我打赌
I couldn’t hear you but I bet
十次之后 你的发音肯定非常棒
after the tenth time, you are sounding pretty good.
你能想象吗 如果你每天练习
Can you imagine if you did this everyday
你觉得有困难的单词 连续一到两周
with your most challenging words for one or two weeks?
它们将不再困扰你了
Those wouldn’t be your mostchallenging words anymore.
你也该列新的单词清单了
You’d have to come up with a new list.
最后一个单词是 clearly
And finally, the word “clearly”.
两个L都是清音 因为他们在元音及音节之前
Both Ls are light Ls because they come before the vowel and the syllable.
所以读K时 要抬起舌头后部
So make the K by lifting the back
kkk
of the tongue, kkk,
然后放松舌头的同时 抬起舌尖 kl
then as you release it, lift your tongue tip. Kl,
kl klllii
kl, klllii—
接着舌尖向下 发元音E kli
then the tongue tip comes down for the EE vowel, kli, kli.
然后是我们的R
And now, our R.
舌尖向后上方卷 Earr
Tongue tip pulls back and up. Earr,
earr
earr.
Clear 现在
Clear. Now,
现在 让我们拉长L和R的音
let’s hold out the L and the R.
Cllearrrr 现在
Clllearrrr. Now,
剩下的就是加上结尾ly的发音
all we have to do is add the LY ending.
舌尖再次抬起来 发出L的音
Tongue tip comes up again for the light L.
Llllly
Llllly.
然后舌尖下拉 发出元音EE
And pulls down for the EE vowel.
Ccllleearrrrllllyy
Ccllleearrrrllllyy.
Clearly
Clearly.
Clearly
Clearly.
我们再做一次 拉长所有的R 和 L的发音
We’ll do it again, holding out all Rs and Ls.
Ccllleearrrrllllyy
Ccllleearrrrllllyy.
现在 慢慢得多试几次
And now, slowly, a few times.
Clearly
Clearly.
注意重音语调的变化
Notice the shape of stress.
这是一个重读的单词
This is a stressed word
所以音调要先升后降
so we want the voice to go up and then curve back down.
当我们慢下来 就能更清晰地捕捉这种变化
And we can hear that even more clearly when we do the word in slow motion.
Ccllleearrrrllllyy
Ccllleearrrrllllyy.
Clearly
Clearly.
Clearly
Clearly.
播放音频 然后跟读 十次一组
Play it, say it, ten times in a row.
准备好了吗
Ready?
Clearly
Clearly.
Clearly
Clearly.
Clearly
Clearly.
Clearly
Clearly.
Clearly
Clearly.
Clearly
Clearly.
Clearly
Clearly.
Clearly
Clearly.
Clearly
Clearly.
Clearly
Clearly. Now,
现在 我们来看看
we’re going to look
让许多学生觉得难搞定的
at many words with Rs and Ls
同时包含R和L的单词 rarely 和 culturally
that students find really tricky like: rarely and culturally.
我会每个单词念十次
I’ll do each word ten times.
使用跟读模仿法
It’s the play it, say it method.
跟着我重复
Repeat out out with me.
不要停下来去改正错误
Don’t stop to correct mistakes.
不要过多考虑你在做什么
Don’t think too much about what you’re doing.
将精力集中于准确复述你听到的内容
Let your body make adjustments
让你的嘴巴自己做调整
by focusing only on repeating back just exactly what you hear.
这个方法很管用
This method is amazing.
让我们开始吧 Culturally
Let’s start. Culturally.
十次
Ten times.
Culturally
Culturally.
Culturally
Culturally.
Culturally
Culturally.
Culturally
Culturally.
Culturally
Culturally.
Culturally
Culturally.
Culturally
Culturally.
Culturally
Culturally.
Culturally
Culturally.
Culturally Temporarily
Culturally. Temporarily.
一共十次
Ten times.
Temporarily
Temporarily.
Temporarily
Temporarily.
Temporarily
Temporarily.
Temporarily
Temporarily.
Temporarily
Temporarily.
Temporarily
Temporarily.
Temporarily
Temporarily.
Temporarily
Temporarily.
Temporarily
Temporarily.
Temporarily
Temporarily.
只有你大声重复 这个方法才会管用
This only works if you’re repeating out loud so
所以如果你在观看本视频
if you’re watching this video by now,
我希望你继续大声地重复 Popularly
I hope you’re still repeating out loud. Popularly.
共十次
Ten times.
Popularly
Popularly.
Popularly
Popularly.
Popularly
Popularly.
Popularly
Popularly.
Popularly
Popularly.
Popularly
Popularly.
Popularly
Popularly.
Popularly
Popularly.
Popularly
Popularly.
Popularly Orderly
Popularly. Orderly.
十次
Ten times.
Orderly
Orderly.
Orderly
Orderly.
Orderly
Orderly.
Orderly
Orderly.
Orderly
Orderly.
Orderly
Orderly.
Orderly
Orderly.
Orderly
Orderly.
Orderly
Orderly.
Orderly
Orderly. Now,
现在 nearly
nearly.
Nearly
Nearly.
Nearly
Nearly.
Nearly
Nearly.
Nearly
Nearly.
Nearly
Nearly.
Nearly
Nearly.
Nearly
Nearly.
Nearly
Nearly.
Nearly
Nearly.
Nearly Rarely
Nearly. Rarely,
十次
ten times.
Rarely
Rarely.
Rarely
Rarely.
Rarely
Rarely.
Rarely
Rarely.
Rarely
Rarely.
Rarely
Rarely.
Rarely
Rarely.
Rarely
Rarely.
Rarely
Rarely.
Rarely
Rarely.
其实还有许多你可以练习的单词
There are a lot more words you can practice with.
我建议你去 Forvo.com 看看 在那里
I’m going to suggest that you go to Forvo.com,
找个喜欢的母语者的音频
find a native speaker that you like
使用本视频的方法
and use the play it, say it method yourself.
点击播放 然后大声跟读
You play it on the audio file and you say it out loud.
播放 跟读 不停重复
Play it, say it, back and forth over and over.
让我们一起再练习一个单词 rural
We’ll do one more word together. Rural.
一共十次 大声点 跟我一起念
Ten times, out loud, say it with me.
Rural
Rural.
Rural
Rural.
Rural
Rural.
Rural
Rural.
Rural
Rural.
Rural
Rural.
Rural
Rural.
Rural
Rural.
Rural
Rural.
Rural
Rural.
在本期视频中你已经学会了
You’ve learned in this video how to break down
如何分解困难的单词和发音 并整合他们
difficult words and sounds and put all words back together. Now,
我们可以通过
you can take long
长期的模仿使它们听起来更自然
intimidating words and make them sound really natural
你需要的只是一点点练习
with just a little bit of practice.
现在可以去看我给你的视频链接
Let’s link now to those videos I told you about.
有区分R和L发音的视频
I have videos that contrast R and L,
适合分不清二者的你
a great place to start if these two confuse you.
还有单独介绍R和L发音的视频
Then I have a video on L and a video on R.
这些视频展示了准确的发音口型 并有配图
These go over the exact position of these sounds with illustrations.
记得去看哦
Be sure to check them out.
本期内容就是这些啦 非常感谢您观看瑞秋英语
That’s it and thanks so much for using Rachel’s English.

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译制信息
视频概述

瑞秋教你英文单词中L 和 R的正确发音

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

EDEN

审核员

审核员 AF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TjwZPtjtGJg

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