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英语发音课程:-TION后缀

English Pronunciation Lesson | -TION suffix

大家好 我是mmm英语的艾玛
Hello I’m Emma from mmmEnglish!
今天我要给你们带来一节发音课
I’ve got a pronunciation lesson for you today,
你会觉得非常有帮助的
one that I think you’ll find incredibly useful.
我将给你们一些建议
I’m going to give you some tips
这会帮助到你们发几千个单词的音
that will help you to pronounce thousands of English words.
以tion为结尾的单词
Words that end in -tion.
现在 我相信你们已经想到了一些
Now I bet that you’re already thinking of some examples
以tion为结尾的单词 是吗
of English words that end in -tion, aren’t you?
有很多!
There are so many!
这部分是单词的后缀
This part of the word is a suffix,
一种常见的英语单词后缀
a common ending in an English word.
现在英文中的单词像这样的结尾
Now words that end like this in English
通常来说都是一个名词
are almost always a noun.
而且这个音节的发音
And the pronunciation of this syllable
通常是非重读的
is always unstressed.
通常都是个非重读音节
It’s always an unstressed syllable
也就是说它念得很快 对
which means it’s really quick. Yeah,
tion就是这么发音
-tion is pronounced
如果写出来的话应该听起来
If it was written like it’s supposed to sound
像这个音 shun
it would be like this..
嗯 按照发音是ʃən 这些是音标
Well phonetically it’s ʃ ə n These are the phonetic symbols,
音标
the sounds,
不是字母
not the letters.
ʃ-一个轻辅音
ʃ – an unvoiced consonant sound.
ə-一个元音音标 非重度音节的元音
ə – the unstressed vowel sound, the schwa.
和n-浊辅音
And n – a voiced consonant sound.
将这些音节放在一起
Now bring all of those sounds together and you get
就是tion
-tion.
读的很快很快
It’s really, really fast.
事实上通常非重读音节的元音
In fact, often the schwa sound
是会被辅音浊化的
is absorbed into the consonant sounds.
因为它是非重读的 所以我们几乎听不到发音
Because it’s unstressed, we hardly hear it at all.
因此如果你在字典里看到音标是这样写的
So if you see it in a dictionary written like this,
那意味着这个音标是
it means that the sound is absorbed
被它周围的辅音浊化的
into the consonant sounds around it.
现在这些单词会额外出现
Now these words are a special bonus for
在西班牙语 葡萄牙语 意大利语 法语
Spanish and Portuguese, Italian and French
德语和荷兰语中
and German and Dutch native speakers
因为它是这些
because there are patterns between
国家的单词和英文单词间的一种模式
words in your language and words in English
这意味着你会立即知道
which means you instantly know the meaning
几千个英文单词的意思
of thousands of English words.
在这节课你学到的发音规则
The pronunciation rules that you learn in this lesson
将会帮助你正确地用英文发这些单词的音
will help you to correctly pronounce all of these words in English.
好了 让我们用
Okay let’s build up
一些额外的音节来练习练习
with some extra syllables to practise using this suffix
长单词的后缀 好吗?
within some bigger words. Okay?
和我一起大声地练习
Practise out loud with me.
谨慎
Caution.
传统
Tradition.
沮丧
Frustration.
交谈
Conversation.
现在有一些
Now there are a couple of exceptions
这个发音规则的例外
to this pronunciation rule.
就一些 不要担心
Just a couple, so don’t worry!
当辅音音标s
When the consonant sound
在tion的前面
is the sound right before the -tion,
那这个发音就变成了/tʃən/
the pronunciation becomes /tʃən/ instead of
而不是/ʃən/
instead of Question.
问题
Question,
精疲力竭
Exhaustion.
消化
Digestion.
英语中出现的一种很奇妙的模式是
One of the wonderful patterns that exists in English
你可以在许多动词后
is that you can attach -tion
加tion
to the end of many verbs
变成一个名词
to create a noun.
这个名词是来描述动词的动作
It creates the noun that is the action of the verb.
来看看有多少这样的名词
I mean take a look at how many there are,
这里还只是一部分
and these are just a few!
之前我提到过
In an earlier lesson, I talked about
英语口语中单词重音的重要性
the importance of word stress in spoken English.
找到正确的单词重音会帮助你
Using the correct word stress will help you
说英语的时候发音更加自然
to sound much more natural when you speak English.
就像我说的 tion后缀一般是不重读的
Like I said, the -tion suffix is always unstressed.
所以你应该重读哪个音节呢
So which syllable should you stress?
事实上很简单 就是tion前面的音节
It’s actually simple, it’s the syllable before -tion.
这个重读模式在英语发音中是一贯的
The stress pattern is consistent throughout English pronunciation.
tion前面的音节是重读音节
The syllable before -tion is the stressed syllable.
行动
Action.
谨慎
Caution.
传统
Tradition.
沮丧
Frustration.
连接
Connection.
捐赠
Donation.
重复
Repetition.
灵感
Inspiration.
建设
Construction.
发明
Invention.
感染
Infection.
描述
Description.
收藏
Collection.
中断
Interruption.
人口
Population.
庆祝
Celebration.
创新
Innovation.
转换
Transformation.
在所有音节中都是一致的
It’s consistent across all syllables.
当然tion也不一定全是后缀
-tion doesn’t have to be the final suffix either,
后面可以跟al或者ally 传统的
it can followed by -al or -ally. Traditional.
传统地
Traditionally.
国际的
International.
国际地
Internationally.
但是重音模式到现在为止都是一样的
But the stress pattern is exactly the same – even now!
重读音节是tion前面的
The stress syllable is the one before -tion
国际地
International.
传统地
Traditionally.
好的 这就是今天的课程
Well that’s it for this lesson!
希望这个发音建议
I hope that this little pronunciation tip
让你知道怎么去简单地练习
showed you just how easy it is to start practising
所有这些单词的正确发音
the correct pronunciation of all of these words.
记住英语中有几千个这样的单词
Remember that there are thousands of them in English.
你可以订阅和查看
Make sure you subscribe and check out
我这里的一些其他发音课
some of my other pronunciation lessons right here.
谢谢今天的观看 我们下周见
Thanks for watching today and I’ll see you next week.
再见
Bye for now!

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视频概述

介绍英文中以tion为结尾的单词的发音规律,帮助你说英语更加自然、地道。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xpvpJ8EtXOA

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