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关于时间的语法

English Phrases for TIME

这一期的美式英语发音视频
In this American English pronunciation video,
我是在意大利翁布里亚的一个农场录的
I am filming from Umbria, on a farm, here
我想和你们分享我
in Italy and I’m going to talk a little bit
在意大利的经历
about my experience in Italy and also we’re
还有谈谈美国人在谈及时间的时候会用到的一些短语
going to talk about phrases that Americans use when talking about time.
我们将学习跟下面这些动词有关的短语:打发(时间)、浪费(时间)
We’ll go over phrases that use these verbs :
、花(时间)、节约(时间)、
kill, waste, spend, save, bank,
存(时间)、耗费(时间)、给(时间)和争取(时间)首先
take, give, and buy. First,
我让你们看看我在哪儿
let me show you where I am.
这里景色太美了 不能不分享出来
It’s too beautiful not to show.
微风轻轻地吹着
The breeze is blowing.
整个农场都很安静 每个人都在午休
The farm is quiet. Everyone’s on their siesta.
但是我决定干点活儿
I have decided to do a little bit
跟你们分享一个视频
of work and share with you a video that I’m going
谈谈我对于在意大利旅行这段时间
to make here with some reflections on my time
的一些思考 以及把意大利文化
in Italy and also doing a contrast with some,
跟美国文化做一些对比 即我们对于时间这个概念的说法和用法
something cultural about America, the way we use and talk about time.
在我和大卫为这次旅行做准备
As David and I were getting ready to go
的过程中 我们听了一些播客
on this trip, we listened to some podcasts, we
看了很多视频 旅游视频
watched a lot of videos, travel videos,
还有一些在这个地方拍摄的电影
some movies that were filmed here.
我们很兴奋能从中了解到一些意大利
We were so excited to get to know a little bit
的文化以及它和美国文化
about culture in Italy and how it’s different
的不同之处 我们听的其中
from American culture and one of the podcasts
一个播客是一段采访
that we listened to was an interview that
这段采访是为在意大利生活的
someone was doing for an American who has
美国人而做的 采访中她指出在美国
moved to Italy and she was pointing out that
我们有各种的跟时间
in America, we have all of these different phrases
有关的短语和各种动词
that we use, all of these different
这是意大利所没有的
verbs that we use with time that they don’t use in Italy.
在意大利 人们对于时间
In Italy, there seems to be more
似乎有一种相比美国更加轻松的感受在美国
of a relaxed feeling around time than there is in the US
时间是非常重要的
where being on time is very important and
我们不想浪费时间
we don’t want to waste time.
那是很糟糕的
That would be terrible.
时间是一种商品
Time is a commodity.
所以这让我
So it, it made me
对两国之间的文化差异做了很多思考
think a lot about just the cultural difference is
后来我觉得这真的很有意思 就是人们谈到时间
there and then I was thinking it’s so interesting the words people use,
时所用到的词
the verbs people use
尤其是动词 浪费(时间)
when talking about time. Waste.
我们有“浪费时间”这样的短语
So we have the phrase ‘ waste time
因为我们觉得时间是有可能被浪费掉的
’ which means we think it is possible to waste time.
并不是所有的时间都是平等的
Not all time is equal.
我们还有这样的说法:
We have the phrase:
打发时间 存时间还有花时间
to kill time, to bank time, to spend time.
他们听起来像一些跟钱有关的短语
These really sounds like money kind of terms,don’t they?
不是吗?所以我觉得这很有趣
So I found this interesting and I was
我也很兴奋能来到意大利去尝试体会
very excited to come here to Italy to sort of absorb
不去想这些短语里的时间概念
what does it mean to not think about time
会是什么感觉 因为我一个绝对
in these terms because I am definitely guilty
有浪费时间的想法的人
of thinking about wasting time.
所以在进一步深入这个话题前
So before I go any further,
我想说
I want to say that I have
我准备了一个由我和大卫一起录制的播客
prepared a podcast that David and I are going to record and actually,
事实上
we think we’re going
我们打算录个三期 内容是跟我们在意大利
to record three that have to do with our time
的旅行有关 播客的重点主要是三个
in Italy and they’re gon na focus on three things.
其中一期视频主要是关于作为一个
One of them is going to be just what has it been
非母语使用者的感受是什么
like to not be a native speaker, what
我们从这样的经历中学到了什么以及
have we learned from that experience,
当你在美国时 作为一个非母语使用者
and what might you learn as a non-native speaker
你有可能学到什么
of English when you’re in America.
在这之后的一期会是关于我们到了一个
The next podcast will be on what does it felt
不同的地方的感受是怎么样的
like as a person to be somewhere different,
文化上的差异
cultural differences, what’s it
作为一个外来者 一个外地人
like as our personalities being an outsider or someone
我们的心境是怎么样的
who’s not from here,
然后是第三期 我们两个的意大利语都很糟糕
and then the third one is we both have terrible Italian skills and
所以我们在口语交流上比较吃力
so we have sort of struggled with speaking and one
而我们主要是担心如何保持礼貌
of our main concerns is being polite.
所以这次在意大利做的第三期播客
So the third podcast, that’s going to come
将是关于当你想用英语提要求的时候
out of this time in Italy, is how to be polite
如何保持礼貌
in English when you’re asking for something.
所以第一期的播客将在明天播出
So the first podcast comes out tomorrow and
二三期也会在未来播出
then the next ones will come out in the future.
你们一定要听哦
Make sure you check these out.
它们将会非常有用
They’re going to be so useful.
www.rachelsenglish.com/ podcast(播客的网址) 你也可以在iTunes Store或者Stitcher上
www.rachelsenglish.com/ podcast You can also search for my podcast in the
搜索我的播客
iTunes Store or also Stitcher.
但是现在让我们回到这个视频上
But now, let’s come back to
谈谈原来的话题
this video and talk about this topic.
也就是我们在谈到时间的时候可能会用到的短语
Phrases that we might use when we’re talkingabout time.
学习单词是很重要的也是很有趣的
Studying vocabulary is very important and
但是学习整个短语
interesting but also studying whole phrases
也会对你的口语交流能力有很大的帮助
that we use will really aid in your conversationalability.
所以这期视频 我们将学习一些当我们
So in this video, we’re going to go over phrases
在用美式英语谈及时间的时候
that we use when we’re talking about time
会用到的短语
in American English.
打发时间
Kill time.
我们用这个短语来表示当我们在等一件事的时候
We use this term to mean find something to do
找另一件事情来做的行为比如说
while we wait for something else.
我跟朋友约好了一起中饭
For example, let’s say I’m meeting a friend
但是我早到了半个小时
for lunch but I arrive 30 minutes early.
这半个小时里我要做什么呢
What will I do for those 30 minutes?
我也许会逛一下附近的商店来打发时间
I might kill time looking in some shops inthe area.
对于我儿子
With my son,
我也许会说:“让我们在他睡前带他去游乐场打发一下时间吧 “
I might say ‘ We’re going to the playground to kill time before his nap. ’
这个词组是中性的 它不完全是褒义或是贬义的 但是“浪费时间”
This phrase is neutral it’s not really positive or negative but ‘ wasting time ’ now,
是贬义的
that is negative.
我们不想浪费时间
We do not like to waste time.
如果我们在浪费时间
If we’re wasting time,
那意味着我们在做根本毫无意义的事例如
we’re doing something that in the end, doesn’t matter.
如果没有人会读的话
For example, I don’t want to waste time working
我不想浪费时间写这篇报道
on this report if no one’s going to read it.
或者一个家长也许会对一个孩子说:
Or a parent might say to a kid
“别浪费时间了 去做作业 ”
‘ Stop wasting time and do your homework. ’
我们也可能会指责别人浪费我们自己的时间
We might also accuse someone else of wastingour time.
我的客户对她的需求一直在改变主意
My client keeps changing her mind on what she wants,
这完全是在浪费我的时间
it’s a complete waste of my time.
花时间
Spend time.
这表示时间是很珍贵的
The idea here is
所以我们把它花在有意义的事情上
that time is precious so what we do if it matters:
这周末我想花时间陪陪我的儿子
I want to spend time with my son this weekend.
我不想花时间打扫房子
I don’t want to spend time cleaning the house.
我更愿意出门享受阳光
I’d rather be outside enjoying the sunshine.
他花了很多时间锻炼身体
He spends a lot of time exercising.
注意“spend”和“time”这两个单词 我把他们连读了
Notice with the word ‘spend’ and ‘time’,when I say them together: spend time,
花时间我差不多把D的发音给省去了
I tend to drop the D.
这是因为D的音在夹两个辅音之间
This is because it comes between two consonants.
然后我把N的音和T的音连了起来
And I linked the N into the T. Spend time.
花时间我喜欢花时间练习弹钢琴
I love to spend time practicing the piano.
节约时间
Save time.
我们用这个短语来描述我们可以比预期更快完成一件事的情况
We use this when we’re able to do something faster than we thought.
我今天可以不去杂货店买东西 所以这会节约很多时间
I can skip grocery shopping today so thatwill save time.
如果你用我们的软件 你将会在安排会议上节约很多时间
If you use our software, you’ll save timescheduling the meetings.
节约时间一直都被认为是褒义的
Saving time is always seen as a positive.
储蓄时间
Bank time.
这说的是你存东西的行为
This is something you do when you’re
它经常跟具体的时间数目组合起来用
saving and it’s usually used with a set amount of
比如你工作上的假期时间
time like your vacation time at work.
我要存一些时间起来
I’m going to bank time
这样我就会有一个很长的假期了
so I can take a long vacation over the holidays.
这意味着你在假期以前要休息的很少
That means you’re not going to take much time
从而能有一个
off until then so you can take a really long
很棒的长假
and nice vacation.
耗费时间
Take time.
这个短语可以用于表示做某件事是一种牺牲
This can be used to show that something isa sacrifice,
或者做某件事需要一些努力
or it’s for something that requires some effort.
这不一定是贬义的
It’s not necessarily a negative.
可以用于你真心喜欢的事比如说:
It can be something you really enjoy.
虽然照料我的花园很耗时 但是我很乐意
For example: tending my garden does take time but I do love it.
做一期YouTube视频很耗时 因为有那么多的规划和编辑的工作要做
Making a good YouTube video takes time with all the planning and editing.
修理我的汽车太耗时了
Fixing my car will take too much time
我决定把它交给机械师来处理
I’m going to take it to the mechanic instead.
“给某事一些时间”
If you ‘ give something time ’
意味着你必须耐心地对待某事
that means you have to be patient with something.
它可能不要求做努力 或者要求你把正在从事的工作停一停比如说:
It may require no effort or taking a break from working on something.
我一直在
For example: I ’ ve been trying
努力为我的书想一个话题
so hard to come up with a topic for my book.
现在我决定静观其变
Now I’m just going to give it
看看灵感会不会自己找上门
some time and see if a great idea comes to me.
但是给时间也可以表示在继续当前
But giving time can also mean being patient
的工作的前提下保持耐心
while you continue to work on something.
我又开始上钢琴课了
I just started taking piano lessons again.
我需要耐心地练习来慢慢在演奏中找到自信耐心点
I have to give it time to feel confident in playing.
你的老板会发现你有多努力工作的
Give it time, your boss will notice how hardyou’re working.
争取时间
Buy time.
这意味着你在推迟某事
This means you’re delaying something.
比如说你被要求做一个汇报 但是投影仪坏了
Let’s say you’re supposed to give a presentation but the projector isn’t working,
观众都已经到场了
everyone’s already there.
你也许能通过给大家发点心吃
You may ‘ buy time ’ by serving snacks
来为修投影仪争取时间
while you try to figure out the projector.
他们想拿到我的论文的初稿 但是我还没写好
They want the first draft of my paper but it’s not ready yet.
我决定告诉他们我生病
I’m going to try to buy some time
了来争取一些时间
by telling them I’m sick. Kill,
打发(时间) 浪费(时间) 花(时间) 节约(时间) 存(时间) 耗费(时间) 给(时间) 争取(时间)
waste, spend, save, bank, take, give, buy.
这里有哪些短语能在你的母语中找到直接的对应吗?
Do any of these translate directly into yourlanguage? Okay,
好的 朋友们
guys that’s it.
就是这样我希望你能学到一些有用的短语
I hope you’ve learned some useful phrases
从而当你跟美国人聊到时间的时候
that you may want to use when you’re talking
也许能派上用场 另外也许这个视频能阐明一些
to Americans about time and also maybe this has shed a little light.
这个短语分享给你
There’s an idiom for you.
对…进行解释
To shed light on.
也许这个视频能阐明一些美国
Maybe this video has shed a little light
文化以及我们跟时间的关系好的
on American culture and how we relate to time.
朋友们
Alright guys, that’s it.
就是这样在美丽的翁布里亚乡间
And so from the beautiful Umbria countryside,
本期视频就到这里 非常感谢你们使用瑞秋英语!
that’s it and thanks so much for using Rachel’s English!

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wd2CHuR56Uc

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