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情态动词技巧P2:Ability

English Modal Verb TIPS 🔸PART 2🔸 Ability 💪🏼

大家好 我是mmmEnglish的Emma
Hello, I’m Emma from mmmEnglish!
上周 我的课是关于使用情态动词
Last week, my lesson was about using modal verbs
来表达可能性和不确定性
to express possibility and probability.
如果没看上节课
If you haven’t seen it,
看完这节课后一定要补上
make sure you check it out after this lesson.
我会把链接放在视频的最后 所以
I’ll link to it at the end of this video. So,
今天我们会继续讲情态动词
we’ll continue talking about modal verbs today,
但是这次讲的是表达能力的情态动词 现在
but this time modal verbs that express ability. Now,
了解一个情态动词
it’s important to know that one modal verb
可以在英语里表达不同的东西是很重要的 所以
can be used to express different things in English. So,
例如 can这个情态动词
for example, the modal verb’can’
被用来表达可能性 但是在今天的课上
is used to express possibility but in this lesson today,
我会解释它是如何表达能力的
I’ll explain how it expresses ability.
之后 你还会学can还可以被用来
And then later, you’ll learn that’can’ can also be used
请求许可、提出要求
to ask permission, make requests
和提供帮助 所以
and offer help. So,
它是一个很有用的情态动词
it’s a pretty useful modal verb!
要用英语表达能力
To express ability in English,
你需要使用这些动词
you need to use these verbs
can
Can.
can’t
Can’t.
could
Could.
couldn’t
Couldn’t.
以及be able to
And be able to.
现在 “can”和“can‘t”很简单
Now,’can’ and’can’t’ are pretty simple.
他们都是用来表达
They’re both used to express
在现在式时态下的能力
ability in the present tense.
你可以说英语
You can speak English.
我的妈妈可以来接我们
My mum can pick us up.
我可以向兄弟寻求帮助
I can ask my brother for help.
我们也可以用“be able to”
We also use'(be) able to’
来表达一样的意思
to express the same thing.
你可以说英语
You are able to speak English.
我的妈妈可以来接我们
My mum is able to pick us up.
我可以向兄弟寻求帮助
I am able to ask my brother for help.
但需要注意的是“be”动词
But notice that the’be’ verb conjugates
要根据主语发生变化
to the subject
当我们用“be able to”的时候 但是
when we’re using'(be) able to’. But,
当你使用情态动词“can”时
when you’re using the modal verb’can’
主语是什么并不重要
it doesn’t matter what the subject is.
这个情态动词基本不变
The modal verb is always the same.
并且这适用于所有情态动词
And this is true for all modal verbs.
它们只有一个形式 现在
They have just one form. Now,
现在式时态是简单的 但是
the present tense is simple. But,
当我们讲到过去的能力时
when we talk about ability in the past,
我们需要更注意那些原则
we need to pay closer attention to the rules.
因为我们使用“could”来讲一般能力
Because we use’could’ to talk about general ability
和我们用“was/were able to”
and we use’was/were able to’
来讲过去的某种具体的能力
to talk about specific ability in the past.
哈?
Huh?
为了使你表达准确 你需要明白
To express yourself correctly, you need to understand
什么是一般能力 什么是具体能力
What is general ability and what is specific ability?
如果有人有能力一直做某事
If someone had the ability to do something, at all times
在不同的情况下
and in many different situations,
那么 这就是一般能力
then this is a general ability.
她在五岁前就可以阅读
She could read by the time she was five.
她读什么都可以!书、
She could read anything! Books,
报纸、信、任何东西!
newspapers, letters, anything!
这是一般能力
This is a general ability
所以“could”在这里是个正确的选择 现在
so’could’ is the correct choice here. Now,
如果有人有能力在一段时间里做某事
if someone had the ability to do something at a
在特定场景 那么 这是一种具体能力
specific time, in a specific situation, well, this is specific ability.
她可以读《小红帽》
She was able to read Little Red Riding Hood
在班级同学面前
in front of the class.
这是一个特定的场景
This is a specific situation.
所以当你在讲一种具体能力时
So when you’re talking about a specific ability
用“be able to”是个正确的选择 所以
to’be able to’ is the correct choice. So,
在这些例子中
in these examples,
我们使用不同的词来表达过去的能力
we used different words to express ability in the past.
有一点棘手 是吗
It’s a little trickier, isn’t it?
但是幸运的是 否定式也是一样的
But fortunately, the negative form is the same
在过去的一般和具体的情景中
in general and specific situations in the past.
不过是“couldn‘t”
It’s just’couldn’t’.
她在五岁前不能阅读
She couldn’t read by the time she was five.
她不能在班级面前读《小红帽》
She couldn’t read Little Red Riding Hood in front of the class.
注意 如果有人在过去有能力
Note that when someone had the ability in the past,
但是他们没有用它 我们会使用稍微不同的结构
but they didn’t use it, we use a different structure.
我们会用“could have”
We use’could’ with’have’
和过去分词形式
and the past participle form.
我本来可以帮你 但是你没问我
I could have helped you, but you didn’t ask me!
我们本来可以邀请更多的人
We could have invited more people.
这里后面有空位 好吧
There’s spare seats at the back! Okay,
让我们暂停一会儿
let’s just pause for a moment
想想你所学的所有新的用法
and think about all of this new information that you’ve taken in.
我觉得我们可能需要有关表达能力的练习
I think we should probably practise expressing ability
用过去式
in the past tense
在我们进行下一步之前 所以
just for a moment before we move on. So,
你现在所要做的就是选择你认为正确的词
what you need to do is choose the correct word
使这个句子完整 好的
to complete the sentence. Okay,
选正确的词吧
choose the correct word.
今天早上我的邻居在楼梯上滑倒 我
When my neighbour slipped down the stairs this morning, I…
事情帮助他 所以
something help her. So,
想想这个场景
think about this situation.
它是一般
Is it general,
还是具体呢?
or is it specific?
这是一个过去的具体的场景 对吗?
This is a specific situation in the past, isn’t it?
我们知道时间和发生的事情
We know when and exactly what was happening.
所以 “我可以帮他”是正确答案
So,’I was able to help her’ is the correct choice.
她()说
She (something) speak
一点日语 当他年轻点时
a little Japanese when she was younger.
它是一般?还是
Is it general? Or,
具体呢?
is it specific?
它是一般
It’s general.
所以 “could”是正确答案
So,’could’ is the right choice.
她可以说话
She could speak.
我的兄弟()
My brother (something)
昨晚没有启动汽车 那么
not start the car last night. Well,
这是一个否定句 是吗
this is a negative sentence, isn’t it?
我们可以知道“not” 所以一定是“couldn’t”
We can see’not’ so, it must be’couldn’t’.
我的兄弟昨晚不能启动汽车
My brother couldn’t start the car last night.
或者 他昨晚不能启动车
Or he could not start the car last night.
他()
He (something)
送她回家 但是他太累了 现在
offered to drop her home, but he was too tired. Now,
注意这里主动词的形式
notice the form of the main verb here,
这是一条线索因为它不仅仅是不定式
that’s a clue because it’s not in the bare infinitive form. So,
它一定是“could have”
it must be’could have’.
他本来可以送她回家
He could have offered to drop her home,
今天接了老版的一天的电话!最后
My boss’ phone was switched of all day today! Finally,
我快要做完了 然后我
I got through at around and I
跟她说
speak to her.
这是一个很具体的场景 是吗?
This is quite a specific situation, isn’t it?
所以 “was able to”是正确答案
So,’was able to’ is the right answer.
好的 现在是最后一步了
Okay the last step now.
我们需要在将来谈论能力 是吧?
We need to talk ability in the future, don’t we?
我们仍然需要注意这些原则
We still need to pay attention to those rules
关于一般能力和具体能力
about general ability and specific ability.
而且它有点儿更棘手
And it’s a little trickier
因为这些原则完全与
because the rules are completely the opposite
过去时是相反的
to the past tense.
谢谢英语
Thanks English.
所以在将来 我们用“will”
So in the future, we use’will’
和“won‘t be able”来
and’won’t be able’ to
讨论一般能力
to talk about general abilities.
所以我们用“will”作为将来时
So we’re using’will’ as the future tense
和在“will”后加上所有情态动词
and following’will’, as with all modal verbs
作为每次最基本的不定式的形式
is the bare infinitive form every time.
我们不用在这里不需要变化“will”后面的动词
We don’t conjugate the verb following’will’ here.
它是“will be”或者“won‘t be”
It’s’will be’ or’won’t be’.
如果你在六点前到了
If you arrive before 6 o’ clock,
你可以看到日出
you’ll be able to see the sunset.
女性成为成员后可以练习她们英语的口语能力
Women who become members will be able to practise their English speaking skills.
我们用“can”和“can’t”来讨论将来具体的能力
We use’can’ and’can’t’ to talk about specific abilities in the future.
我明天可以照顾你的小孩
I can look after your kids tomorrow night.
但是我不能从学校收集这些
But I can’t collect them from school
因为我不能在五点前完成工作
because I don’t finish work until 5 o’clock.
所以这些是具体情景
So these are specific situations.
好的 有一些问题来练习
Okay a couple of questions to practise with
我们刚刚所学的
just before we finish.
我()帮你做功课
I (something) help you with your homework
下午
this afternoon.
这是一个具体的场景 在具体的时间
That’s a specific situation, at a specific time.
所以在将来 我们用“can”
So in the future we you use’can’.
如果你完成了这门课 你
If you complete this course, you
()申请新的工作
(something) apply for a new job.
所以这是很一般的 真的
So this is quite general, really.
所以“will be able to”是正确答案 那么
So’will be able to’ is the correct choice. Well,
就是这样!
that’s it!
但是谁会想到原来表达能力
But who would have thought that talking about
在英语里这么棘手
ability in English could be so tricky.
我希望这节课能够使你稍微清楚些
I hope this lesson made it a little clearer for you
以及我真的推荐你们写下一些
and I really recommend that you write down a few
自己的句子在纸上
of your own sentences on paper
或者在对这个视频的评论里 那么
or in the comments under this video. Then,
回到这节课的一开始
go back to the start of this lesson
再看一遍 去核对你的答案
and watch it again to check your answers
去确保你的答案和今天所学一致
and to make sure that the information sinks in.
记住练习运用你今天所学的内容
Remember to practise using what you’ve learnt today.
不要只是看这些课程
Don’t just watch these lessons,
而是将我教你们的学以致用
use the English that I teach you.
现在如果你还想继续练习
Now if you want to keep practising,
那么在上面订阅这门课
then check out this lesson up here.
哦还有那节情态动词课
Oh and the modal verbs lesson
关于可能性和不确定性的
that talks about probability and possibility
也在这里
is right here.
所以感谢你们看这个视频 下周再见
So thanks for watching and I’ll see you again next week
新的一节课
for a new lesson.
拜拜
Bye for now!

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视频概述

关于情态动词表达能力的用法

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sRzllYe2LpM

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