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艾曼努尔·卢贝兹基:拍富有美感的电影 – 译学馆
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艾曼努尔·卢贝兹基:拍富有美感的电影

Emmanuel Lubezki: Making Beautiful Movies

拍摄电影时 常常会有这样一个冲突
When shooting films has always been a struggle between during what’s effective for the story
该更注重推动故事情节还是画面的美感
and making an image that looks good.
对于艾曼努尔·卢贝兹基来说这并不算是一个难题
For Emmanuel Lubezki, this is hardly a challenge.
有些人称艾曼努尔为奇沃
Lubezki or Chivo as he’s done to some people
他在34年的电影摄影生涯中 形成了自己的艺术风格
has an art style which has earned him three consecutive Academy Awards
连续三年斩获了奥斯卡奖
over his 34 years of filmmaking.
他曾和一些圈内的顶级导演合作过
He’s worked with some of the best directors in the business,
其中包括阿方·索卡隆
including Alfonso Caron,
卡兰·亚历杭德罗·G·伊纳里图
Alejandro G Inarritu
和泰伦斯·马利克
and Terrence Malick.
那些他创造出来的绝美画面
The incredibly beautiful images that he creates
是如此符合故事的叙述方式
are very fitting of the story that’s being told.
我想我们可以用一个词来概括奇沃的画面
I think one of the words that we can use to sum up Chivo’s images,
那就是“奇迹般地真实”
are that of “being incredibly real”.
他所运用的自然光线 使得皮肤色调如此真实
The natural lighting that’s used creates very real skin tones.
原原本本地捕捉现场的光照
Capturing the lighting as it is on location
能够使得画面精准地呈现他们所处的环境
allows for pictures that accurately represent their environment.
奇沃利用白天的时间
Chivo utilizes the time of the day
或是增强皮肤的色调 或是美化柔和的光线
for either the harsh skin tones or flattering soft lights,
利用反射光和明亮的环境
making use of reflectors and bright environments,
比如雪或沙漠 制造均衡的光线
such as snow or desert for even lighting.
为了捕捉这些更小的细节 阴影和高光
To capture these smaller details and shadows and highlights,
艾曼努尔•卢贝兹基使用了一系列摄像机来捕捉高动态范围
Emmanuel Lubezki uses a range of cameras to capture a high dynamic range.
赛璐珞影片就是这样处理的一种方式
Celluloid film is the way to do this.
但奇沃有暗弱光环境战术
But Chivo has set for low light situations.
他更喜欢使用像Arielle Xam这样的相机
He prefers to use cameras like the Arielle Xam,
捕捉类似的动态范围来进行拍摄 并保留精彩的色彩细节
capturing a similar dynamic range to film and upholding great color detail.
这是奇沃摄像作品的一个要素
This is a factor in Chivo’s camera work
这是他很多镜头想要表现的精华所在
that’s been quintessential in a lot of shots he likes to get.
一个在我平常看的大多数电影里都没有见过的东西
One being something I don’t usually see in a lot of cinema,
就是低角度仰拍
and that’s the low angle looking up.
“你能看到 通过一场观影之旅
“You can look that they are also gonna get all these emotions
“他们也会产生电影中的情感 经历那一切
“by going through the journey of watching the movie and experience that…
“经历是客观的
“Experiencing a movie objectively
“却通过镜头 有了主观体验”
“but also subjectively through the eyes of glass.”
我发现这在现代电影摄影中是一种惯用手法
I find this is a common technique in modern cinematography,
很多的低角度仰拍给我们提供了一个独特的视角
often shooting a low angle allows for unique perspective.
但奇沃所做的却又有些不同
But what Chivo does is something different.
他给我们的视角 就像是正常人的视角 极度真实
It’s a perspective to us as human beings that’s extremely real.
当我们环顾四周时我们的视角不会受到三脚架或移动摄影车的束缚
When we look around, our perspectives isn’t constricted with a tripod or dolly.
目光可以上下左右的移动
Eye goes up, down or left or right,
我们可以四处流畅地观赏巧妙地将相机利用在各处
but we can smoothly move around, making the camera versatile,
是捕捉人物视角的关键
which seems very important to capture the perspective of the characters
艾曼努尔试图表现这种风格
Emmanuel is trying to represent.
在艾曼努尔的作品中 我发现了一个重复出现的风格
A reoccurring theme that I’ve found in Emmanual’s work
就是短片中出现的 透过树林拍摄的天空
is a short type of The Sky Through Trees.
他只是通过将镜头平稳地移动 并且逐渐靠近
He transitions from the objective to the subjective
就能实现从客观到主观的转变
simply by moving his camera smoothly and getting closer.
这部短片大多是通过完全不同的镜头的切换
The short type is done more commonly by cutting to a completely different shot,
和焦距和镜头角度的调整来完成的
changing the focal length and angle of the camera.
他使我们投入到人物的视角中
He puts us into the perspective of the characters
让我们见证他们到底经历了什么
to let us see what exactly what they’re experiencing.
在同一个镜头下 他又把我们重新带回故事叙述者的角度
And then in the same shot, he brings us back into the narrative that’s being told.
他通常会选择广角镜头
His lens type of choice is typically that of wide-angle lens.
作为广角镜头的35毫米镜头
Using a 35 millimeter for close-ups
很少用于电影中特写镜头的拍摄
aren’t that common in cinema since it is known as a wide-angle lens.
但似乎奇沃的设备资源
But it seems like Chivo’s arsenal of equipment is based on
建立在他尽可能捕捉更多信息的独特风格之上
his unique style of capturing as much as possible.
这使得他可以同时和在情境中的演员搭建联系
It allows him to have a relationship with the actors in their environment simultaneously.
他明白角色依存的世界是十分重要的
He understands that the world that this character lives in is very important
角色生活的那个世界 能让我们更了解角色
and the world that the character inhabits tells us a lot about them,
运用长镜头而不是剪切镜头 能够使电影的节奏依赖于演员的表演
using long takes instead of cuts to keep the pace of the film dependent on the performance of the actors,
不会用剪辑阻碍动作的流畅
and not the confining edits that keep the action from going smoothly
并且运用摄像稳定器来切换视角
as well as using a Steadicam to move from point of view
来让我们集中于角色和场景
to focusing on the character and the scene.
很少有电影像艾曼努尔拍摄的那样
There are very few films that I’ve seen that immerse me into a story
让我沉浸于故事其中的
quite like the ones that Emmanuel has shot.
他能创造出在这个行业里独一无二的东西
He’s able to create something wholly unique in an industry that’s going to find itself
不知不觉就形成了一套具体的有关电影摄制的基本规则
into a specific set of rules regarding some of the basics of filmmaking.
我总是被他的作品所惊艳
I’m always floored by his work
我很高兴在未来很长的日子里 还有他能给我创造出精彩的电影
and I’m glad we have him to make some spectacular films for a very long time to come.
感谢大家的观看 但在你们退出之前
Well guys thank you for watching, but before you go,
我想让你们知道过去几周我一直在做的事情
I wanted to update you on what I’ve been doing over the last couple of weeks.
最近我并没有积极地更新频道
I haven’t been very active on my channel
因为最近我的大二学年快结束了
because I’ve been finishing up my second year of university.
所以我要做一些论文评估 总之都一直在忙于学业
So I’ve had a few essays evaluations and generally been very busy with work.
但是我要激动地向你们宣布一件大事
But the big thing I’m excited to tell you guys about
那就是 我正在为我自己制作的纪录片做前期工作
is that I’m in pre-production for a documentary I’m making.
这是使我兴奋许久 将要在接下来几个月着手去做的事
It’s something I’ve been very excited to do over the next couple of months,
如果你想知道更多你可以在下面简介里点击第一个链接
and if you’d like to know more, then you can go to the first link in the description below
或者点击屏幕右边的链接
or click on the link that’s on the screen right now.
另外 我叫詹姆斯·海斯非常感谢你的收看
Other than that, my name is James Hayes and thank you so much for watching.

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译制信息
视频概述

通过对艾曼努尔·卢贝兹基的作品赏析 告诉我们如何拍出富有美感的电影 低角度仰拍、暗弱光环境战术

听录译者

Philovist

翻译译者

任意萌

审核员

审核员 YF

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f0qfY_CMa2Y

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