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AFFECT还是EFFECT?英语国家的人也会犯的错

EFFECT or AFFECT? 🤔 English Mistakes that Native Speakers Make too!!

大家好 我是《唔 英语!》栏目的主讲人艾玛
Hello, I’m Emma from mmmEnglish!
如果你是新观众 那么欢迎观看我的英语学习频道
If you’re new, welcome to my English-learning channel!
如果你已经看过了
If you’ve been watching
但还没有订阅
for a while and you haven’t subscribed yet,
那么请直接订阅吧
go ahead and do it!
你仅仅需要
All you need to do is
点击这下面的红色的按钮
click the red button down there
来跟上我所有课程的进度
to keep up-to-date with all of my lessons here.
今天的课程呢
This lesson today is one that
是我想要给大家分享的
I wanted to make for you
同时呢也是自己需要上的一堂课!
and that I needed to make for me!
当然还有那些以英语为母语
And many of the other native English speakers
却经常把这些单词弄错的人!
out there, who mess up these words!
那就是――”effect”和”affect”两个单词的区别
The difference between the word’effect’ and’affect’.
一般来讲当我们读这两个单词时
They sound almost exactly the same
他们听起来几乎一样
when they’re spoken naturally.
“effect”和”affect”
Effect and affect.
这两个单词的重读都在第二个音节上
In both words, the stress is on the second syllable
所以这两个单词的第一个非重读音节
so the unstressed syllable at the start of each word,
听起来非常的相似
it sounds pretty similar,
尽管他们是不同的元音字母(指a和e)
even though they’re different vowel letters.
所以当你听这两个单词时
So it’s not easy to hear the difference between them
要辨别出来他们并不容易
when you’re listening.
如果我像这样读出来”affect”和”effect” 你可以听出他们的区别
If I say affect and effect, you can hear the difference.
然而平常的时候 这两个单词并不是像我这样读的
But that’s not how these words are spoken naturally.
而且 这两个单词的含义也非常相似
And the meaning of these words is also very similar.
他们都是在谈某种事物改变另一种事物
They both talk about something changing another thing
然而它们的词性不同
but they are different types of words.
“effect”通常用作名词
Effect is usually a noun
而”affect”通常是一个动词
and affect is usually a verb.
我之所以说“通常”是因为
Now I say usually because there are times
某些情况下”affect”可作名词 而 “effect”也可作动词
when affect is a noun and effect is a verb
然而大多数情况下 你可以看到
but most of the time, you’ll see effect as a noun
“effect”被作为名词使用 而”affect”被作为动词使用
and affect as a verb.
你明白这两个单词是如何让我们傻傻分不清楚了吗?
See how confusing these two little words are for us?
我之所以说“我们” 是因为这两个单词
I say us because these two words
有时候甚至让我也感到迷惑
even confuse me sometimes
我也会犯这种错误
I make this mistake too
并且很多以英语为母语的人也会犯这种错误
and many native English speakers make this mistake
这种例子
Many many of them and much, much more often
远比你想象的多
than you think!
并且也远比他们自己想象的要多
And much more often than they think, as well!
因此这段视频对我们每个人都很重要
So this video is important for all of us.
我可以相当确信地告诉你
I can tell you with a decent amount of confidence
就我所知 至少一半以上的以英语为母语的人
that at least half of the native English speakers
都会不自觉地犯这个错误
that I know sometimes make this mistake
然而在电子邮件中 这种错误是非常普遍的
by accident but it’s really, really common in emails.
所以让我们来认真分析这个问题吧
So let’s go over all of this together now,
先从”affect”这个动词开始
starting with effect, the verb.
这个动词意思是改变某种东西
The verb affect means to change something,
去影响或去冲击某种东西
to influence something or to impact on something.
因此请记住affect中的”a”
So try to remember that the a
代表着”action”
in affect stands for action
所以它应该是个动词
so it needs to be a verb.
(举例):长期飞行会影响(affect)你的血液循环
Long flights can affect your blood circulation.
天气状况会影响足球赛走势
The weather affected the outcome of the football match
她的病会影响她的考试成绩
Her illness will affect her examination results.
在这些例子中 affect被作为动词使用
So in all of these examples, affect is a verb.
而”affect”是”change”和”influence”的同义词
Effect is a synonym of change and influence.
就是一种事物改变或影响另一种事物
So one thing is changing or influencing another thing.
我的积蓄——就是我存下来的钱
My savings – so that’s the money that I save –
我有多少积蓄影响着我去哪里旅行
my savings affect where I travel.
当我积蓄很多时
When I have a lot of savings,
我会出国度假
I go abroad for my holidays.
当我积蓄不太多时
When I don’t have a lot of savings,
我就会在家附近来个短途旅行
I go on short trips near my home,
经常是串串朋友家的门
often to visit friends.
积蓄的数量影响着
The amount of money that I have saved
我去哪里度假
influences where I go for my holidays.
好 现在再看”effect” 这个名词
Okay now effect, the noun.
这个词指的是动作的过程
So this is the experience of the action,
以及改变的结果
the result of the change.
温暖的天气会让我心情变好
Warm weather always has a positive effect on my mood
这个团体感受到了金融危机的影响
The community felt the effects of the financial crisis.
你注意到你改变饮食习惯后的效果了吗?
Have you noticed any effects since you changed your diet?
在以上的例子里 “effect”是一个名词
In all of these examples, effect is a noun
你可以从句子结构上
and you can see that it’s a noun from the structure
看出它是个名词
in these sentences.
“effect”是”result”或者”consequence”的同义词
Effect is a synonym of result or consequence.
如果某些事物影响了你
If something affects you,
你会感受到这种改变的影响
you will feel the effect of the change.
好 比较一下这两句话
Okay, compare these two sentences.
风暴影响着当地社区
The storm affected the local community.
这个动作发生在社区里
The action happened to the community.
社区受到了热带风暴的影响
The community saw the effects of the tropical storm.
受到了风暴所带来的的结果
The community saw the result of the storm.
然而通常来说 英语这门语言不是
But as usual, the English language would not make it
那么好掌握的 不是吗?
so simple for you, would it?
你要知道”effect”有时也用作动词
Be aware that effect is also sometimes used as a verb
尤其是一些固定搭配中
particularly in fixed expressions such as
比如”to effect change”
to effect change.
在这个词组中 effect实际上是一个动词
So in this expression, effect is actually a verb
它的含义是制造某些事物
and it means to produce something
或者是造成某种后果
or to cause something.
政府需要做出改变
The government needs to effect change or else
否则 当地人会对他们领导者失去信心
the community will lose confidence in them to lead.
这里”effect”用作动词是不寻常、不普遍的
Now it’s unusual or less common for effect to be a verb
然而这确实是可能的 是存在的
but it’s possible, it does happen,
尤其是在像上面的固定用法中
particularly in fixed expressions like this.
但也不要过于纠缠这个问题 好吗?
But try not to get too stuck on this, okay?
这两个单词对我们所有人来说都很难完全掌握
These words can be hard to tame for all of us. So,
所以 请记住在大多数情况下 “affect”是一个动词
remember that most of the time, affect is a verb
“a”代表动作
– a for action.
“effect”是一个名词
And effect is a noun
在大多数情况下
most of the time.
尽管这两个单词难以掌握
Although these words are tricky to master,
但我希望我分享给你们的小窍门
I hope that I’ve given you a couple of helpful tips
能在你写作时提高你的语法
to improve your grammar when you’re writing,
不管你是把英语作为第二语言的人
whether you’re learning English as a second language
还是以英语为母语的人
or if you’re a native English speaker
但需要提升语法的童鞋
who needs to brush up on some of that grammar.
人们容易感到自我满足
It’s easy to get complacent.
在结束前 我有一些问题想问你们
Before we finish, I’ve got a few questions
你可以借它们来练习
that you can practise with.
我希望你在每个句子中 选择应该使用”effect”还是”affect”
I want you to choose whether effect or affect is the correct word in these sentences
那么现在开始
starting here.
药物的部分效果
Some of the effects/affects of this medication
是失眠和头痛
are sleep loss and headaches.
应该选”effect”还是”affect”呢?是”effect”
Is it effect or affect? Effect.
选”effect”
The effects.
这段文字告诉我们这儿必须填一个名词
The article tells us that it must be a noun.
新规则会对我们产生影响吗?
Will the new rules effect/affect us too?
“affect”还是”effect”呢?
Affect or effect?
应该是”affect”
Affect.
句子的结构告诉我们
The structure of the sentence tells us
这儿必须是一个动词
that it must be a verb.
我希望天气不会影响你今天的计划
I hope the weather doesn’t effect/affect your plans today.
你不是要去沙滩吗?
Aren’t you going to the beach?
是 affect 句子结构再次告诉我们
Affect. Again the structure of the sentence
我们需要用一个动词
is telling us that we need a verb.
如果我们明天罢工游行 不工作的话 会造成更大的影响
We’ll create a greater effect/affect if we call a strike and don’t go to work tomorrow.
“affect”还是”effect”?
Affect or effect?
是”effect”
It’s effect.
更大的影响
A greater effect.
这段文字告诉我们它必须是一个名词
So the article tells us that it must be a noun.
你学会了吗?
How did you go?
确认一下你已经订阅了
Make sure that you subscribe to
“mmm英语频道”来每周获取最新的英语课程
the mmmEnglish Channel for new English lessons every week.
就在这儿下面
Just down there.
并且在这儿坚持观看和学习
And keep watching, keep learning right here
我的其他英语课程
with some of my other English lessons.
感谢观看 下周我们再见面
Thanks for watching and I’ll see you next week for sure.
再见!
Bye for now!

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视频概述

艾玛教你辨别affect和effect

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

蝶恋花

审核员

审核员 HZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qp54ZV5RqPU

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