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苏格兰爱丁堡:皇家大道 – 译学馆
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苏格兰爱丁堡:皇家大道

Edinburgh, Scotland: Royal Mile

爱丁堡老城的中心街道–皇家英里大道–始于爱丁堡城堡
Old Edinburgh’s main drag — nicknamed The Royal Mile — leads from the castle
沿着下坡穿过整个旧城到达宫殿(应该是指的圣十字宫)
downhill through the Old Town to the palace.
这个肆意涂抹色彩的地方便是旅游之城爱丁堡
This colorful jumble is the tourists’ Edinburgh:
错综复杂的历史建筑
a dense tangle of historic buildings,
传播有趣传统文化的博物馆
fun museums and cultural cliches on sale.
爱丁堡曾是17、18世纪的一个奇迹
Edinburgh was a wonder in the 17th and 18th centuries. It was famed
以其高耸的建筑闻名于世–据说世界第一高–
for its skyscrapers — they say the first anywhere —
但是也肮脏落后
but also for its filth.
这里曾经是欧洲最拥挤的城市 最可怜的还是爱丁堡人用不起蜡烛
It was once the most congested city in Europe. Its most wretched couldn’t even
他们生活在黑暗中 据说他们认人不是靠视觉
afford candles. They lived in darkness. It’s said they knew each other not by how they looked,
而是靠嗅觉
but by how they smelled.
因为在中世纪这里就有了远远超过10层的高楼大厦
Medieval skyscrapers towered ten stories and higher.
小道和主街空间十分有限,建筑物都又窄又高
Frontage and High Street was so limited that the buildings were narrow and tall
之间紧挨着,只留下很小的空间,形成了“闭合”的小巷道
crammed shoulder to shoulder with little courtyards called ‘closes’ branching off.
这些小巷道形成了连接各个街道的隧道
These closes were connected to the main drag by skinny lanes or even tunnels.
400年前
Four hundred years ago
爱丁堡也被称为”老烟城”
Edinburgh was nicknamed ‘Auld Reekie.’
整个城市有着冒黑烟的烟囱 缭绕着排放的烟气
The entire city was a black-stained mess of chimneys and reeked of smoke.
皇家英里大道止于有着五百年历史的荷里路德宫
The Royal Mile ends at the gates of Holyrood Palace — for five hundred years
这座宫殿是爱丁堡皇家住宅
the official royal residence here in Edinburgh.
几个世纪以来 爱丁堡是被伦敦所统治的
For several centuries, Scotland was ruled from London.
自从1707年以来爱丁堡旧从未设有
Parliament hadn’t met here since
议会
1707.
最近 苏格兰投票决定设置议会
Recently, the Scots voted to bring their parliament home
伦敦对此也没提出异议
and London didn’t object.
2000年 爱丁堡成为了
In the year 2000, Edinburgh resumed its position
苏格兰议会地点
as home of Scotland’s parliament.
苏格兰议会大楼在2004年建成
Scotland’s strikingly modern parliament building opened in 2004.
由加泰罗尼亚的建筑师安立克.米拉耶斯所设计
The Catalan architect, Enric Miralles, mixed old windows, wild angles and organic
野性而富有棱角,搭配古老样式的窗户。组合成一个复杂而惊人的主题
themes into a startling complex that would, as he envisioned,
正如他所设想的成为了一个石破惊天的杰作
surge from out of the rock and into the city.

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