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日本毛豆|日本的超级小吃探险 – 译学馆
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日本毛豆|日本的超级小吃探险

Edamame Farm | Japanese Superfood Snack Adventure ★ ONLY in JAPAN

日本毛豆/世界上最健康的小吃
Edamame / The World’s Healthiest Snack
创剧人与制片人 John Daub
Created & Produced by John Daub
日本制造
ONLY in JAPAN
日本毛豆
Edamame
日本毛豆是未成熟的大豆
They’re immature soy beans
通常用煮或蒸的方式烹饪
usually boiled or steamed
有一点咸味
a little salt
我很爱吃
and I love them.
你可以随时随地吃到低温保存的日本毛豆
You can eat edamame frozen anytime
但在七月末到九月初
but between the end of June and the beginning of September
它们刚刚成熟 十分新鲜
they’re harvest fresh
而且几乎日本超市里都有售卖
and available at all the Japanese supermarkets
到目前为止它是我最爱的夏日小吃
and it’s by far my favourite summer snack
但日本毛豆究竟是什么?
But what exactly are edamame?
它们产自哪里又
Where do they come from and
如何生长?
how are the grown?
它的日文名字可以为你提供线索
The name in Japanese gives you a clue
EDA意为“茎”或“分枝”
EDA means stem or branch
MAME 意为“豆”
MAME means bean
为了得到完整的答案我来到
To get the complete story I came to
临近东京的千叶市下辖的野田县
Chiba prefecture near Tokyo to a city called Noda.
这附近出产最好的日本毛豆
The best edamame are found nearby and
千叶距离东京很近
Chiba is very close to Tokyo,
并以高产出名
known for great produce.
野田县区内主要是农场和
The middle of the prefecture is mostly farms
美丽的乡村屋舍
and beautiful flat countryside.
在野田县中心是Yumeaguri Noda(店名)
In the center of Noda is Yumeaguri Noda,
一个农产品生产作坊
a produce coop –
这里售卖镇上一些最好的日本毛豆!
and they sell some of the best edamame in town!
小店开着 客人们正在抓紧抢购
The store just opened and customers are quick to snap up
早晨收获的新鲜毛豆
the morning’s fresh harvested edamame.
400日元或4美元左右就可以得到300克刚摘下来的新鲜毛豆
400 yen or about $4 get you 300 grams of right-off-the-stem edamame.
Yumeaguri有好几种不同种类的毛豆——
Yumeaguri has several varieties of of Edamame –
没错!这有很多品种!
that’s right! There are dozens of cultivars!
这也有毛豆制品 例如豆腐
There are edamame products too like Edamame toufu.
看到这些豆子了吗?
See those edamame beans?
毛豆苏打?
Edamame soda?
没错 这还是绿色的 味道甜而微咸 还能看到少许毛豆
Yup – it’s green, sweet and slightly salty with a hint of edamame.
国民小吃的商标上也趁机利用
National snack brands also cash in on
夏季毛豆的热度
the summer edamame craze!
Yumeaguri的执行理事是关根先生
Executive director of Yumeaguri Noda is Sekine-san
一个很好的人 他答应带我去看农场
who was nice enough to show me his farm
让我深入了解毛豆是怎么被制造出来的
to get a better understanding on how edamame are made
还有它们为何如此美味
and what makes them so darn good.
我们推着手推车去他里面的农场
We grabbed a wheel barrel and headed to his field out back.
四月 他开始在田地中手工播种毛豆的种子
Starting in April, he hand plants the edamame seeds
一周内它们开始发芽
in the field where they start sprouting within a week.
现在是两周后 还没有豆芽长出来
Here they are after 2 weeks. No soy bean buds yet.
关根先生和我在寻找没熟的豆子
Sekine-san and I were after the immature soy beans
沿着这条路
which were down this way.
夏天 他们一家人每天都会采摘新鲜的毛豆
His family harvests them fresh daily in the summer
从6月到8月 此时气候适宜
from June to August when the weather is best
正是应季
and they’re in season.
他有一块相当大的田地
He’s got a fair-sized field,
全部的手工种植意味着每天都要花费很长的时间
all hand planted which means a lot of long days here.
日本毛豆或许是日本第一的零食
Edamame is probably Japan’s no.1 snack
尤其在夏天
especially in the summer
无论你是在居酒屋 屋顶花园还是在家里
when it’s enjoyed with copious amounts of beer at izakaya,
配合着大杯的啤酒 毛豆都是绝佳零食
rooftop gardens or in homes all over the country.
毛豆是未成熟的豆子 所以你需要早一点收获
Edamame are immature beans so you have to harvest them early.
还早
Not yet.
(现在)豆荚的厚度在4-5毫米左右
The thickness of the pod is still 4-5mm.
收获时,豆荚的厚度应该是
At harvest time. the thickness of the pod will be
10-12毫米左右
10-12 millimeters
所以它们还没到收获的时候
So they’re not ready yet.
那么——下周呢?
So – next week?
嗯 或许下下周可以
Well, maybe the week after that.
你或许会想
So you’re probably wondering ー
为什么毛豆如此美味?
What makes edamame so great?
这有一些依据
Here are some facts.
毛豆是大豆吗?并不是!
Are Edamame Soy Beans? No!
大豆是成熟的 毛豆是未成熟的较软的大豆 所以它们名字不同
Soy Beans are mature while Edamame are the immature soft version of them, thus the different name.
仍在豆荚中的叫毛豆
It’s called Edamame when still in the pod
不在豆荚内的才是大豆
and Mukimame when serves just as a bean.
毛豆不是黄色的也不皱缩
Avoid Edamame that is yellowish or shrunken.
豆荚应该是丰满的结实的
The pod should look plump and firm.
毛豆通常是在盐水中煮或者蒸着吃
Edamame are usually boiled in salted water or steamed.
虽然我偏爱没盐的
I prefer them unsalted though.
是什么让毛豆成为完美零食?
What makes them the perfect snack?
毛豆含有高含量的纤维 钙 氨基酸 大量的矿物质和维生素
They’re high in fiber, calcium, amino acids, and a ton of minerals and vitamins.
糖和脂肪含量少 而且它几乎不含胆固醇
Low is sugar and fat and almost no cholesterol.
在东京周围 毛豆在四月播种 六月收获但是不同地区季节可能有点不同
Around Tokyo, Edamame are planted in April and harvested in June but different areas have different seasons.
毛豆最好在三天内食用
Edamame must be eaten within 3 days
刚刚采摘的是新鲜的 所以最好的当然是当地的
when harvested fresh so the best are always local.
在冷冻条件下它们可以保存一年
They can last up to a year when frozen.
大多数人把它当作开胃菜
Most people eat them as an appetizer
它相对于薯条和薯片来说更健康
Much healthier than french fries & potato chips!
日语单词”Edamame”在2003年加入牛津英语词典
The Japanese word Edamame entered the Oxford English Dictionary in 2003.
别吃豆荚!很恶心
Don’t eat the pod! That’s just gross.
吃里面的毛豆
Eat the beans inside.
它们是长在树上还是在地里?
Do they grow on a tree or in the ground?
现在让我们和关根先生一起摘一些毛豆吧
Let’s harvest some edamame with Sekine-san right now.
采摘毛豆不是很难
It’s not really that hard to harvest
他只是从地里拽出来而已!
Sekine-san just pulls them from the ground!
整个植株大约80-100厘米高
The plants are about 80-100 centimeters high.
什么时候才可以拽出来呢?
When is edamame ready to be pulled?
关根先生解释说
Sekine-san explains.
这是毛豆豆荚
This edamame pod
这么丰满的豆荚意味着很好可以采摘了
this plumpness means good and ready
茎的生长状况
the condition of the stem
叶子的颜色
the colour of the leaves
都表明
these are signs that
可以马上采摘了
it’s ready to be harvested right away.
我有点好奇为什么它们尝起来这么生
I was a little curious about how they taste raw like this.
我的意思是 我们在沙拉里吃的基本都是生的
I mean, we eat almost all vegetables raw in salads.
但沙拉里的毛豆味道都还不错 不是吗?
It can’t be bad, right?
豆荚很难开
The pods are hard to open
未烹饪的豆子很硬
The beans are hard too when uncooked.
嗯……哈哈!
Hmmm … haha!
怎么样?
How is it?
尝起来和煮过的一点都不一样 对吗?
It tastes different than the taste boiled, right?
嗯 它尝起来就像没熟的蔬菜
Well, it just tastes like a raw vegetable
煮的话很快几分钟就熟啦
Just boil it really quick for a few minutes
把它放进沸水中——非常热的水
Put it in boiling water – really hot
然后放到冰水中冷却
then cool it down in ice water
这样尝起来更好
it will bring out the taste better
太对了!这样更好吃!
That’s right! It’ll get tastier!
那么——你是怎么吃毛豆的呢?
So ー how do you eat edamame?
这有一种
Here’s one.
我已经用这种方法吃了好多年
I’ve been eating it the same way for years –
像一个仓鼠一样
like a hamster
盐在外面
The salt is on the outside and
我喜欢把它吸干 像打字机一样 一颗一颗把豆子吸出来
I like sucking it dry, typewritter the things out.
很奇怪吗?
Was that odd?
额 是有一点奇怪但没问题
Yeah, a little strange but no problem.
我就是这么吃的
That’s how I eat it.
这有一个关于在日本女士是怎么吃毛豆的演示
Here’s a demo on how some ladies eat Edamame in Japan.
哇 你吃的方法真是与众不同
Oh, you’re eating it differently!
对 女士们就是那么吃的
Yeah, that’s how women often eat it
一次一个豆子
one bean at a time
把豆子取出再吃
Take a bean out and eat.
那就是女士们的方式
That’s the ladies way.
关根先生示范他是怎么吃的 这些豆子
Sekine-san demonstrates how he eats it.These beans.
只要推一下这
Just push it a little here
就很容易出来
it comes out easily
他就像吹口琴一样放在嘴边然后把豆子推进嘴里
He just holds it up like a harmonica and pops it in his mouth.
试一试吧!
Give it a try!
把毛豆擦上盐然后放进沸水中
Rub it in salt and then put it in boiling water
大约4分钟
for 4 minutes
等好了的时候 快速放入冰水中
when finished, quickly put it in ice water
这样这个明亮的绿色就出来了
and this bright green colour will show
这是吃到美味毛豆的秘诀
that’s the secret to eating delicious edamame
我想知道不同品种的毛豆它们是如何生长的
I wanted to know about the different varieties of Edamame and how they’re grown.
这有很多品种 像茶豆 青豆
There are many types like cha-mame, aomame
但是这种是在这一片长得最多的
but the one that is most grown in this region
就是青豆这个品种
is the Aomame variety
关于青豆 我们生产的这种叫Aji-Fuka
Of the Aomame, we produce this one called Aji-Fuka
Aji-Fuka是我们现在主要的农作物
Aji-Fuka is our main edamame crop now
之后 我们必须根据天气情况来收割
After that we have to harvest ones depending on the weather
毛豆的种类
The types of Edamame
有很多种子公司 所以
there are also so many seed companies so
仅JA介绍给我们的种子量
simply the number of seeds that
就有50多个品种
JA introduces to us is over 50 kinds
在这些品种里 每个农民都会自己选择
Within those types, each farmer will choose
适合自己土地的品种
what’s suitable for their field
无论是为了美味或者为了产量
whether for taste or for the amount of harvest
他们都会知道要种哪一种
so they will choose what to harvest
基于自己的需求来挑
based on their needs
正常情况下 2月或3月天气很冷
Naturally in February or March when it is cold,
毛豆生长的不是很好
edamame doesn’t grow well.
农民会使用塑料温室或者大棚
Farmers use plastic green houses or row covers
给毛豆保温 这样可以长得更快
to keep them warm making edamame grow faster
全国各地的农场
Farms all over the country
从北海道到九州
From Hokkaido to Kyushu
有很多种毛豆的农民
there exists so many edamame farmers
遍布不同的地区
in different regions
但在这——野田县 这里气候十分的温暖
but here in Noda, it’s fairly warm
所以在这 你可以二月就开始播种
so here, you can plant the seeds in February
但是像山形县那样的地方(在东北)
but places like Yamagata (in Tohoku)
因DaDa茶豆而闻名
famous for Da-da Chamame
群马县因天狗豆而闻名
Gunma for Tengu Mame – or in Niigata
新泻因他们在雪刚刚融化的时候播种而闻名
they plant after the snow has melted
就是说5月开始播种
which means planting is in May
在七月中旬到八月之间收获
and harvested in mid July to August
植物在被吃之前都是有生命的
Vegetables are living things until eaten
所以直到(吃的时候)
so until then
都可以保持质量
you can preserve the quality and
和口感
taste of the beans
与分离豆荚相比这种方法更好
by doing it this way compared to separated pods
由于豆子的营养
since the nutrients of the beans
还在茎中
are still on the stem
打包同样很重要
The packaging is important too
这是透明的所以顾客可以
It’s see-through so customers can
看到这是新鲜的
see that it’s fresh
他们在手工剪除并且留下茎
They’re hand clipped and left on the stem
来保证新鲜而且维生素不会丢失
to preserve freshness and those vitamin
他一天都在忙这件事
He’s been at it all day
最后的成品
The final product
供给当地商店或
ready for the local store or
冷冻运到东京
refrigerated delivery to Tokyo
野田标志很重要因为
The Noda seal is important because
这个城市是毛豆的故乡!
This city is THE HOME OF EDAMAME!
这就是毛豆的生长方式
So that’s how Edamame are grown!
我之前认为它们在地下生长就像
I thought they’d be grown underground like
一颗花生或者长在树上的
a peanut – or up in a tree
但是它们只是像其他豆子那样生长
but they’re just like any other bean
这就是新鲜毛豆的样子
So that’s what a fresh edamame looks like
所以如果你夏天来到日本
So if you come to Japan especially in the summer
一定要尝尝毛豆
Definitely try some edamame
如果你来到野田就能够吃到当地新鲜的毛豆
If you’re in the area come to Noda and have them fresh from the ground!
下一次我会到滋贺县
Next time I travel to Shiga prefecture
去尝尝当地的美味
to try a local delicacy
它是舶来品而且……很特别!
it’s exotic and well — unique!
这是一种发酵一年的寿司
it’s 1 year old fermented FUNAZUSHI
因为非常酸而名声在外
with a reputation of being super sour
并且发出像奶酪的恶臭
and stinking like cheese
味道能有多糟?
How bad can it be?
我们马上就要知道了!
We’re about to find out!
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If you liked it, hit that subscribe button
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