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为什么有些歌曲会在脑海里一直循环 – 译学馆
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为什么有些歌曲会在脑海里一直循环

Earworms: Why Do Songs Get Stuck in Your Head? | What The FAQs | NowThis

厌烦了像《Baby Shark》和《Work Work Work Work Work》这样的歌曲
一直在你的脑海萦绕吗?
♪ Baby shark, doo doo do doo do doo ♪
#宝宝鲨鱼 嘟 嘟 嘟 嘟 嘟 嘟#
♪ Baby shark, doo doo do doo do doo ♪
#宝宝鲨鱼 嘟 嘟 嘟 嘟 嘟 嘟#
Well, you’re not alone.
不止你一个人有此感觉
超过九成的成年人声称他们曾出现过这种现象 至少每周一次
But how do songs get stuck in our heads in the first place?
但一开始这些歌曲是如何进入我们的脑海呢?
We’re talking to music psychologists to give us more insight,
请听音乐心理学家给我们带来更多灵感
and hopefully, they can offer some tips on
希望他们可以给出一些
关于如何停止这种音乐在脑内循环的建议
第四集 为什么歌曲在我的脑海里挥之不去?
当我们听音乐的时候 不仅仅是大脑的听觉中枢在活跃着
大脑里有各种情况发生
比如行动中心 注意力中心 记忆力中心 情感中心都保持活跃
耳虫的历史
耳虫的历史
Officially known as involuntary musical imagery or stuck song syndrome,
耳虫 学名为无意识音乐成像或单曲循环综合症
当音乐片段在你听歌之后
long after you’ve heard the song.
在脑海久久萦绕时 耳虫就产生了
They’re generally 15 to 20 seconds long,
它们普遍长度为15到20秒
and when you catch one, it can stay in your head for
当你遇到耳虫 它会在你的脑海中停留30分钟或更长时间
When we listen to music, it goes from our ears to our auditory cortex.
当我们听音乐时 它从我们的耳朵传到听觉皮层
It then travels to all four major lobes of the brain
然后在大脑的4个主要脑叶漫游
invoking many reactions throughout the body.
唤起全身的许多反应
Your brain experiences positive psychological effects
当大脑再次接收到已知的事物
when reintroduced to something it already knows
比如熟悉的节拍 旋律 或合唱时
like a familiar beat, melody, or chorus.
它会产生积极的心理反应
So some research suggests
因此一些研究显示
that songs may get stuck due to repetitive lyrics
歌曲可能会因为重复的歌词
which activate the brain’s reward system.
激活了大脑的奖励系统而印入脑海
♪ Work, work, work, work, work, work ♪
#工作 工作 工作 工作 工作 工作#
♪ You see me be work, work, work,
#你看见我在工作 工作 工作#
work, work, work ♪
#工作 工作 工作#
Researchers at Goldsmiths University have also linked
金史密斯学院的研究者们也
the frequency of earworms with
将耳虫出现的频率
与我们大脑的大小和形状联系在一起
So chances are if songs get stuck in your head a lot,
所以如果歌曲在你脑中循环往复
it means that your brain has more thickness
可能意味着你的大脑
in the areas responsible for auditory perception and voluntary musical imagery.
负责听觉感知和自主音乐成像的区域 厚度更高
To understand more about earworms,
为了更多地了解耳虫
music psychologist Kelly Jakubowski surveyed more than 3,000 people
音乐心理学家Kelly Jakubowski调查了三千多人
to find out which songs most frequently got stuck in their head.
来找出哪些歌曲最常在脑中萦绕
Jakubowski compiled a list of 100 tunes
Jakubowski整理了一个含100首曲子的清单
and compared their melodic features to some of the most popular songs in modern history.
将其旋律特征与现代历史上一些最受欢迎的歌曲对比
The top three most frequently named earworms in the study
研究中 排名耳虫神曲前三名的
were Bad Romance by Lady Gaga,
是Lady Gaga的《坏浪漫》
Can’t Get You Out of My Head by Kylie Minogue,
凯莉·米洛的《无法让你离开我的脑海》
and Don’t Stop Believin’ by Journey.
和Journey的《不要停止相信》
They tended to be upbeat songs
它们多为欢快的歌曲
节奏很快的歌曲
The melodies were generally fairly generic
这些旋律就音频轨迹而言
in terms of the pitch contour,
通常是很普遍的
tend to have this sort of rising and then falling contour
倾向于这种上升然后下降的轨迹
like you would get in nursery rhyme songs
就像你在童谣歌曲
or things like Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star.
或是《小星星》这类歌曲中听到的那样
We also found
我们也发现
despite the fact that the overall melodies were fairly generic
尽管整体旋律相当普遍是事实
that earworm songs did tend to
但耳虫歌曲确实倾向于
have some sort of interval structure
具有某种间隔性的构造
that maybe set them apart from your sort of average, generic pop songs.
该构造可能将其与普通的 一般的流行歌曲区分开来
So it’s kind of this combination of assorted quite generic scaffold
因此它是各种一般结构的组合体
but then some sort of little extra bit
但也有一些额外的东西
to add interest that’s a bit unexpected.
来增加一点出乎意料的趣味
趣味事实
It’s FUNFACT time.
到“趣味事实”时间了
Earworms can be triggered by hearing a few notes as you might expect.
耳虫可以因听到几个你可能期待的音符而出现
But it can also be triggered by seeing something related to the song.
但也可以通过看到与歌曲相关的事物而产生
So if you see a man walking down the street
如果你看到一个人身穿红色皮夹克
wearing a red leather jacket.
沿着街道行走
♪ Cause this is ♪
#因为这是#
It’s possible that Thriller might pop into your head.
歌曲《Thriller》的旋律有可能浮现于你的脑海
According to researchers,
据研究者们调查
two out of three people say that when they get earworms,
三分之二的人说 出现耳虫现象
是种积极的体验 他们喜欢这种感觉
but if you’re in the minority and can’t stand them,
但是 如果你属于少数派 无法忍受耳虫
there’s definitely ways to get around it.
肯定有办法避而远之
Experts say you can go on a music diet,
专家建议你可以尝试音乐套餐
or if a song is stuck in your head,
即如果有一首歌在你脑中循环
You can just
你可以索性把它听完
因为你可能不知道全部的歌词
而那是歌曲回到你脑海的原因之一
聆听整首歌曲给你某种完成感
和结束感
You can also
你也可以
试着唱《天佑女王》
According to Jakubowski’s survey,
据Jakubowski调查
people said it was one of the most popular methods to kill an earworm.
人们说这是最流行的去除耳虫的方法之一
♪ God save the Queen ♪
#天佑女王#
Still got that song stuck in your head?
那首歌仍在你的脑中萦绕吗?
Oddly enough, you might be able to
说来也奇怪 你或许能够
把曲调和一片口香糖一起嚼掉
When you mentally rehearse either verbal material or musical material,
当你在内心预演语言或音乐材料时
you need your sort of articulatory system
你需要你的发音系统
which includes your sort of tongue and mouth muscles,
包括你的舌部和口腔肌肉参与
and so
所以
如果依照他在研究中提议的那样
as he asked them in the study
大嚼口香糖
Whatever chewing gum vigorously means.
无论大嚼口香糖意味着什么
Then they were actually less likely
事实上他们都不太可能
to get the song appearing in their mind as an earworm.
让这首出现在脑海的歌成为耳虫
but I think this could kind of backfire
但我认为如果你咀嚼得不够用力
If you are not chewing vigorously enough
可能会事与愿违
so if you are chewing to the beat of the music
因此 如果你正配合着音乐节奏咀嚼的话
it might actually you know kind of
实际上某种程度可能
会适得其反
So if a song gets stuck in your head,
所以如果有一首歌在你脑海萦绕
now you know it’s probably because of the thickness of your brain,
现在你知道很可能是由你大脑的厚度
repetitive lyrics, or the composition of the melody.
重复的歌词 或者是旋律的构成引起
But if none of these solutions work for you,
但是如果上述措施对你统统无效
then I hope the tune you catch is a fun one.
那么 我希望你捕捉到的曲调是个有趣的
Hey guys, thanks for watching this week’s episode of What the Facts
嗨 大家好 感谢收看本周的《真相揭秘》
Hope you enjoy.
希望你们喜欢
If you did, make sure you hit the Like button and subscribe to our channel.
如果喜欢 一定要点赞并订阅我们的频道
Got a weird science question?
有奇怪的科学问题?
Shoot your shot and drop a comment below
请放马过来 在下方留言
and who knows we might cover it
没准儿我们会探讨它呢
Be sure to catch more of this season every Tuesday.
欢迎在每周二收看更多本季节目

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视频概述

你是否曾有过这样的经历:被神曲洗脑,旋律在脑海挥之不去?你不是一个人在战斗!为什么?怎么破?戳此视频,听音乐心理学家解读“耳虫”现象及原因,教你破除神曲洗脑。

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B19--FidhIY

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