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怎么写反乌托邦小说? – 译学馆
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怎么写反乌托邦小说?

DYSTOPIAS - Terrible Writing Advice

《超烂写作技巧》 第一章:反乌托邦小说
Do you want to write a dystopian novel?
你想不想写本反乌托邦小说?
Great!
好极了!
By following my expert advice
按照我的专业建议来
you too can usher in a gritty dark future of unending human horror and suffering!
你也能为人类开创无尽恐慌和痛苦的黑暗未来
It’s that easy!
就是这么简单!
Let’s get started!
我们开始吧!
So the first thing any dystopia needs is an evil oppressive government.
首先 任何敌托邦都需要有一个邪恶的苛政
Real world dictatorships come about as a result of a lot of different socio-economic factors,
现实世界的专政源于多种不同的社会经济因素
but no one has time for that pesky’research’ thing.
但没人有时间去做这些烦人的研究
So just say that some vague past disaster made everything terrible!
那就说 某个远古时期的灾难让一切变得可怕!
Hate a particular ideology?
憎恨特定的意识形态?
Make a straw-man version of it and blow it way out of proportion!
虚构一个版本 并将它夸大偏离事实!
Genius! I bet no one has thought of that before!
我真是个天才!我打赌之前没人想过这么做!
Need inspiration?
需要灵感?
Why bother reading a history book about real fascist regimes
我们完全能以高中为模型 虚构出反乌托邦社会
when we can just model our dystopian society after high school.
为什么还要读关于真正法西斯政权的历史书呢?
Actually, why even waste time with that ?
说真的 为什么要浪费时间在这上面?
Is building a believable and convincing setting really necessary?
构建一个令人信服的背景有那么重要吗?
Of course not!
当然不是!
That time better spend on setting up a love triangle for the protagonist
构建背景的时间最好用来为主角设定一段三角恋
So now we have an evil government without any logical reason for existing
现阶段 我们的邪恶政府缺乏存在理由
and a setting completely lacking in detail.
故事背景也缺少细节
But we are not done yet.
但我们还没写完呢
Now we need some villains.
现在我们需要一些恶棍
Don’t worry.
别担心!
Villains are easy so long as we don’t waste time characterizing them!
只要不花费时间去塑造人物 恶棍还是很容易编造的
Short on time?
时间不够?
Use a classic evil dystopian overlord.
加入一个典型的反乌托邦式大反派
Remember to make him vague and mysterious
记得把他描绘成一个模糊而又神秘的角色
to avoid actually having to flesh out his character.
避免将这个角色的性格生动化
Be sure to give him a highly trained,
务必要给他安排一支训练有素
but strangely incompetent elite military police force
却又出奇无能的精英宪兵队
that constantly fails to capture a bunch of plucky teenagers.
这支精英宪兵队总是抓不住一群大胆的青年人
Speaking of villains, make sure all of the smart people are evil.
说到恶棍 确保所有的聪明人都是邪恶的
We want to teach future generations the dangers of science, intellectualism, and free thought.
我们要告诫后代 科学 理智主义和自由思想的危险性
We don’t want our dystopian novel to actually be about thinking for yourself after all.
毕竟我们不希望我们写的小说仅考虑到了自己
That would be double plus ungood.
不然那就更糟糕了
Now that we have our villains, we need our protagonist.
既然我们已经有了反派 那也需要主角
We could have our protagonist be an ordinary person
我们可以设定主角为普通人
who choose to rebel against an oppressive system
让他选择反抗
they had previously been complacent in,
一个人们早已习惯的压迫性制度
proving that even average people can change a corrupt world.
这足以证明连普通人也能改变这个腐朽的世界
But that would be stupid! No!
但这套逻辑会显得十分蠢 所以不行
We need our protagonist to be a teenage girl who is a’special snowflake’.
我们的主角须是“独特的雪花族”少女
Don’t actually make her pretty though.
但别把她描绘得太美
Describe her as ‘ordinary’ in appearance
她的外貌只能形容为“普通”
while every attractive male character falls madly in love with her at first sight.
但每个俊俏的男性角色都着魔似的对她一见钟情
Never actually have her work for anything.
不要安排她为任何东西而努力的情节
Make sure she effortlessly succeeds at whatever she tries with only minimal training.
确保她只要稍加训练 就能毫不费力地取得成功
Are there any adults around?
周围有没有大人呢?
If they are, then make sure they are completely useless
如果有 确保这群大人完全起不到作用
or even actively working against the protagonist.
或者直接和主角反着来
If the protagonist has parents,
如果主角有父母
make sure they too are worthless or dead.
也把他们写成没用或者双亡
We can’t have reasonable people resolving our plot after all.
总之 我们不能让理性的人来决定故事情节
Speaking of plot,
提起情节
many would assume that dystopia fiction is a cautionary tale about failed societies
许多人会认为 反乌托邦小说是一个关于失败社会的警示故事
and a grim commentary on the human condition.
是对人类境况的一种严峻批评
But that is completely wrong.
但那是完全不对的
Dystopia is all about love triangles!
反乌托邦文学其实就是在讲述三角恋!
Make sure the protagonist has to choose between not one,
确保主角必须在两个帅哥之间做出选择
but two hunky guys.
而不是只有一个男主角
Oh the drama!
哦 这多有戏剧性啊!
How cruel is fate when one must choose between two awesome things!
一个人必须在两样完美的事情中做出抉择 命运多么残酷啊!
What a harsh world our protagonist must endure.
我们的主角必须忍受怎样一个残酷的世界啊
But hang in there. We are almost done!
但是先打住 我们就快完工了
Although the love triangle will take up most of the plot,
尽管三角恋会占据绝大部分情节
some time must be spent sorting out that whole evil dystopian government thing.
但仍要留出时间来推翻邪恶的反乌托邦政府
Naturally, our protagonist will be the one who leads the charge.
我们的主角自然是带头冲锋的人
Even though the dystopian government has legions of professional soldiers,
尽管反乌托邦政府拥有大批专业的士兵
absolute control over all of its citizens,
拥有对公民的绝对控制权
and a willingness to do anything to achieve victory,
以及为取得胜利而不择手段的决心
they will prove completely ineffective at stopping a single teenager.
但是他们却完全无法阻止一个青少年
Once the dystopia is toppled and its citizens freed,
一旦敌托邦被推翻 公民获得自由
make sure to spend the remaining time detailing the conclusion protagonist’s love life
切记剩余的时间要用在为主角的爱情故事收尾上
and not on the huge power vacuum and rebel infighting
而不是花在描述巨大权力真空和反叛分子内斗上
that would surely occur after the fall of a central political system.
它俩都是中央集权体系陷落后的必然结果
After all, classic dystopia novels are known for their happy endings.
毕竟 典型的反乌托邦小说以其圆满结局而闻名
Now we have everything we need to make an awesome romance…
现在已万事具备 可以写一本精彩的浪漫……
I mean dystopian story.
我是说反乌托邦故事
Good luck!
祝你好运
And may the words ever be in your favor while you create a brave new world……
希望你写小说时能写出精彩的文字
Well……at least until the government decides to burn all the books.
呃……最起码在政府决定烧掉这些书前
But that’s okay,
但烧书也没啥大不了的
you will probably get a movie deal before that.
因为你可能会在政府烧书前拿到电影合约

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