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蜣螂和它们的大粪球!

Dung Beetles and Their Big Balls of Poop!

Hi, everyone! Jessi here.
大家好!我是Jessi
I hope you,hey, Squeaks! What’s going on?
我希望你 嗨 Squeaks!发生了什么?
[Squeaks squeaks, sounding excited] Whoa, no way, you saw what?
[Squeaks吱吱叫 听起来很激动] 哇 不可能吧 你看到了什么?
That’s amazing!
太神奇了!
Squeaks was just saying that he saw a really strange insect today.
Squeaks刚才说今天他看到了一只很奇怪的昆虫
He said that was a black beetle that was pushing a big ball of dirt.
他说有一只黑色甲虫在推着一个大泥球
[Squeaks squeaks] Oh, do I know what it is?
[Squeaks吱吱叫] 我知道它是什么吗?
Well, I think I do,and you’re never going to believe it.
我想是的 你可能不敢相信
The insect you saw was called a dung beetle.
你看到的昆虫被叫做蜣螂
Dung beetles are… well, they’re a kind of beetle!
蜣螂是…… 好吧 它们是一种甲虫!
Like other insects,
跟其他昆虫一样
beetles have six legs and two pairs of wings.
甲虫都有6条腿和2对翅膀
But their wings are kind of strange.
但它们的翅膀有点奇怪
One pair is hard and sturdy,
其中一对又硬又坚固
and it covers the back part of their bodies like a shield.
像盾牌一样覆盖着身体的背部
Then, underneath them is a second pair of wings
在它们下面是第二对翅膀
that the beetles flap to fly around.
用来扇动着四处飞翔
Beetles are one of the biggest groups of animals.
甲虫是最大的动物群体之一
There are more than 350,000 kinds of beetle around the world!
世界上有35万多种甲虫!
[Squeaks squeaks excitedly] That’s right, Squeaks,that’s a huge number!
[Squeaks兴奋地尖叫] 没错 Squeaks 那是一个巨大的数字!
Now beetles are general cool,
甲虫一般都很酷
but dung beetles are especially cool.
而蜣螂尤其酷
They’re a specific kind of beetle,
它们是一种独特的甲虫
and they live all over the world on every continent except Antarctica.
除了南极洲 它们生活在每块大陆上
And most of them are pretty small,
大多数的蜣螂体型都很小
not more than a few centimeters long.
不超过几厘米长
Dung beetles come in all kinds of colors,
有各种各样的颜色
from black to shiny green.
从黑色到亮绿色
And they have body parts that you can use
你可以根据一些身体部位
to tell them apart from some other beetles!
来区分它们和其它甲虫!
Like, they have horns on the front of their heads.
比如 它们的头前面有角
Dung beetles use these horns to fight each other
蜣螂用它们的角来战斗
for things like food or to fight over a mate,
争夺食物或者配偶
which is someone they want to have babies with.
就是它们想要一起生孩子的伴侣
Dung beetles also have strong wings,
蜣螂也有强健的翅膀
which they use to fly around looking for,well, again, food!
用来四处飞行寻找食物!
And finally, dung beetles have really strong legs.
并且蜣螂有非常强壮的腿
In fact, they’re some of the strongest animals in the world for their size!
就体型而言 它们是世界上最强壮的动物之一!
[Squeaks squeaks] I know, Squeaks!
[Squeaks吱吱叫] 我知道 Squeaks!
I haven’t forgotten about that ball you saw your dung beetle pushing around.
我可没忘记你看见蜣螂推来推去的球
Do you have any ideas about what that was?
你知道那是什么吗?
I’ll give you a hint: It wasn’t dirt.
我给你一个提示:那些不是灰尘
[Squeaks guesses.]
[Squeaks想了想]
Hm, mud is a good guess.
泥巴是一个很好的猜测
But mud is just wet dirt and soil.
但是泥巴只是湿掉的灰尘和土
I’ll give you one more hint:
我再给你一个提示:
Think about why dung beetles might be called dung beetles.
想一下为什么蜣螂也会被叫做粪金龟
[Squeaks gets it!] Exactly!
[Squeaks知道了] 正是如此!
That ball you saw the beetle pushing was made of dung.
你看到甲虫推的球是用粪便做成的
And dung is just another word for poop!
而粪便只是屎的另一种说法!
When a dung beetle is flying around looking for food,
当一只蜣螂四处飞行寻找食物时
it usually isn’t looking for seeds or fruit,
它通常不是在寻找种子或者水果
which are foods lots of other animals eat.
这些其他大多数动物吃的食物
Instead, it’s looking for poop from bigger animals, like cows!
事实上 它正在寻找像奶牛这样的大型动物的粪便
When a dung beetle is exploring,
当一只蜣螂正在探索时
it might come across a big pile of poop from a cow.
它可能会遇到一大堆牛的粪便
And when it finds one,
当它找到一个时
it will take some of that poop,
会取走一些粪便
form it into a nice round ball,
做成一个漂亮的圆球
and then roll it away!
然后把它滚走!
[Squeaks squeaks] Oh, great question, Squeaks.
[Squeaks吱吱叫] 好问题 Squeaks
Because you’re right:
因为你说得对:
Touching poop isn’t something we should do,
触摸粪便不是我们应该做的
because it has all sorts of germs that could get us sick.
因为它含有各种可能让我们生病的细菌
So what are dung beetles doing with cow poop?
那蜣螂用牛粪做什么呢?
Well, lots of things!
可以做很多事情!
Once they have a dung ball,
一旦它们有了一个粪球
they’ll roll it over to the tunnels where they live.
就会把粪球滚到它们居住的洞穴里
And once they’re there,
一旦到达洞穴之后
they might bury the ball to save it for later,
它们可能把粪球埋起来留着以后用
or a female dung beetle might lay her eggs in the ball,
或者雌性蜣螂可能在粪球里产卵
kind of like how birds lay their eggs in nests made of sticks and grass.
就像鸟儿在树枝和草做成的巢里产卵一样
But the biggest thing dung beetles do is eat that poop!
但是蜣螂做的最重要的事情是吃这些粪便!
They suck the liquids out of the dung ball,
它们从粪球中吸取液体
and that’s their biggest source of food.
这是它们最大的食物来源
[Squeaks is grossed out.]
[Squeaks感到恶心]
I see your points,Squeaks!
我明白你的意思 Squeaks!
Eating poop isn’t something we should do.
吃粪便不是我们应该做的事
It’s not good for humans or robot rats!
那对人类和机器鼠都是不好的!
But dung beetles have been doing this for millions of years,
但是蜣螂已经这样做几百万年了
so they don’t get sick from it.
所以它们不会因此生病
In fact, they get all sorts of good nutrients from the poop!
事实上 它们从粪便中获取各种营养素!
Nutrients are things like vitamins and minerals that help living things grow.
营养素是帮助生物生长的维生素和矿物质
If you’ve ever heard about Vitamin C in oranges or calcium in milk,
如果你听说过橘子中的维生素C或牛奶中的钙
those are nutrients.
那些都是营养素
Your body uses those things to help build bones and muscles,
你的身体用这些东西帮助骨骼和肌肉生长
and to keep your whole body healthy.
并保持你整个身体的健康
And animals like cows and dung beetles need nutrients, too.
像牛和蜣螂这些动物也需要营养素
Animals like cows get their nutrients from eating plants, like grass.
如牛这样的动物从吃植物(如草)中获得营养素
But sometimes, their bodies aren’t able to get all the nutrients out of their meals.
但有时它们无法从食物中吸收所有的营养
So some of those good vitamins and minerals
所以一些有益的维生素和矿物质
travel straight through their bodies and end up in their poop instead!
直接通过它们的身体并最终进入粪便!
And that’s when dung beetles show up.
而这时 蜣螂出现了
By eating poop,
通过吃粪便
they get all the nutrients the bigger animals missed out on.
它们能获得大型动物错过的营养素
And that keeps them healthy!
并保持健康!
They actually depend on the cows to poop so they can get their food.
它们的确依赖于牛排便来获取食物
This is also why female dung beetles lay their eggs in poop!
这也是为什么雌性蜣螂在粪便里产卵!
When the eggs hatch, little larvae crawl out of them.
当卵孵化时 小幼虫会爬出来
They crawl right onto the poop,
它们会爬到粪便上
so they have a meal waiting for them as soon as they’re born!
所以它们一出生就有一顿饭在等着它们!
Wow… thanks for asking, Squeaks!
哇……谢谢你的提问 Squeaks!
I’m so glad we got to talk about dung beetles today!
我很高兴今天我们谈论了蜣螂!
If you want to keep learning
如果你想继续学习
and having fun with Squeaks and me,
并和我们一起开心
Hit the subscribe button
点击订阅按钮
and we’ll see you next time here at The Fort!
我们下期在The Fort见!

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视频概述

和Squeaks一起开心的了解蜣螂

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FHQ-US1BWvk

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