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我在视频中用到的绘画工具 – 译学馆
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我在视频中用到的绘画工具

Drawing Supplies I Use in My Videos

(主题音乐)
Theme Music
我是Stan Prokopenko 又到了菠萝绘画的时间
Stan Prokopenko here with another episode of Proko.
从我开始制作这些视频 就经常有人问我
Since I started making these videos the most commonly asked question has been,
“你用的铅笔是什么样的?”
“what kind of pencil do you use? “
我想是时候该做个有关这的视频了
I think it’s time to make a video about it.
我确实用的是特制的铅笔 还有一个独特的削笔方法
I do have a specific pencil and a specific way of sharpening it.
我这样做是因为在瓦茨工作室就是这样训练的
I do this because that’s the way I was trained at the Watts Atelier.
首先 我将展示如何削尖碳笔
I’ll start by showing you how to sharpen a charcoal pencil
然后再说下所有其他在我视频中用到过的工具
and then go over all the other supplies that I use in my videos.
我喜欢用Conte 1710 B作为常用铅笔
I like to use the Conte 1710 B as my go-to pencil.
它的后面顶端有个金环
Its the one with the gold ring on the back tip.
不过 我也喜欢使用primo 59B和沃尔夫的碳素6B……
But, I also like to use the primo 59B and wolff’s carbon 6B..
还有不少其他选择
And there’s a bunch of other options out there.
他们都略有不同 而想知道它们间的区别 最好的方法就是亲自试试
They’re all slightly different, and the best way to see the difference is to just try them out.
它们也并不贵
They’re not very expensive.
Primo还有Wolff的碳笔比起Conte的更有点像起草用的铅笔
The primo and wolff’s carbon feel a bit more like drafting pencils compared to the Conte
所以我会倾向于用它们进行线性绘画
and so I use them more for linear work.
Conte笔触更粗更软 所以更容易着色 画起来也更容易
And the Conte is thicker and softer, so it’s easier to be tonal and more painty with it
我是右撇子 所以我用右手控制刀片 用左手握住铅笔 像这样
I’m right handed, so I control the blade with my right hand and hold the pencil in my left hand, like this.
首先我削去木头 露出大概一英寸的碳芯来
The first thing I’m going to do is expose about an inch of the charcoal removing the wood.
用左手大拇指向前推刀片
Push the razor forward with the left thumb
同时用右手控制刃缘的位置角度
and control the position and angle of the blade with the right hand.
削下薄薄的木片 旋转铅笔
Take off thin pieces of the wood and rotate the pencil.
注意不要削得过深
Make sure not to go to deep.
如果你企图一刀把木头削尽  那很有可能会削坏碳芯
If you try to take off all the wood at the same time, you risk cutting into the charcoal.
继续旋转 直到削掉所有的木皮并从木头到碳芯形成一个平滑的圆锥形
Keep rotating until all the wood is off and there is a smooth taper from the wood to the charcoal.
有时碳芯上仍然会有一层胶水
Sometimes there will be a layer of glue still on the charcoal.
小心翼翼地一点点去除所有的胶水
Chip away at it to remove all the glue.
现在我们来专心来削碳芯 把它削成恰当的形状
Now let’s focus on getting the charcoal to the right shape.
现在 碳芯顶端处还有这样一些锐角
Right now, the charcoal has these sharp corners towards the top.
而我们想要的是一个一直延伸到笔尖的平滑锥度
What we want is a smooth taper to the point.
任何边上的糙缘或是尖角都会影响铅笔的正常使用
If you have any rough edges or sharp corners on the side, the pencil won’t work properly.
我们想要一个平滑锥度 这样我们打阴影的色调才会比较柔和
We want a smooth taper so that we can use the side to shade smooth tones.
我比较喜欢用砂纸把边角磨平
I like to use sandpaper to soften the sides.
这种能在大多美术用品商店买到的用起来就不错而且正好能放到铅笔盒里
One of these that you can get at most art stores works fine and fits in a pencil box.
不过我更喜欢这种家居储物库里的大块头 因为它们可以清理而且能重复使用
I prefer to use these larger blocks from Home Depot because you can clean and reuse them.
中纹砂纸最好用
Medium grit sandpaper works best.
向前和向后来回 侧推 同时不断旋转铅笔
I use a forward and back or side to side motion while constantly rotating the pencil.

BEEP
才开始用这种方式削铅笔时
when you first start sharpening the pencil this way.
你可能会弄坏一堆
You’ll probably break a bunch of them.
没关系
That’s ok.
别受影响
Don’t let it get to you.
深呼吸一次 再试一回
Take a deep breath and try again.
渐渐的 就没那么难了
It becomes much easier over time.
事实上甚至可以打磨得相当快
You can actually get quite fast at it.
好的 让我们再试一次
Ok, Let’s try that again.
还有 切记!擦掉多余的碳末
And DONT FORGET! wipe off the excess powder.
有回我去帮一个学生  结果他们给了我一支沾着多余的碳末的铅笔 我简直想把它折 哔
When I come by to help one of my students and they give me a pencil with excess powder on it, I BREAK BEEP
嗯好吧 其实我没那样做 但不要忘记把细屑擦干净!
no I don’t actually do that… but don’t forget to wipe!
否则纸上到处都是 你就没法擦掉它了……
It get’s all over the paper and then you can’t erase it…
所以你就削好铅笔了
So there you have it.
现在我们再来看看所有其他的用品
Now let’s take a look at all the other supplies.
首先说纸
First, the paper.
我做研究时一般用光滑的新闻用纸 很便宜而且打起阴影来十分柔和
I use smooth newsprint when I do studies because it’s cheap and allows you to shade very smooth tones.
重要的是你买“光滑”的 而不是粗糙的
It’s important that you buy the ‘smooth’ newsprint and not the rough.
粗糙没什么不好 只是在光滑的纸能把细节画得更精致
Nothing wrong with the rough, it’s just that the smooth gets better details.
粗面纸有一些纹理可能会破坏细节
The rough has some texture that breaks up the details a bit.
开始绘图前 先确保是你有一厚叠报纸垫在下面
Before you start the drawing, make sure you’re drawing on a thick stack of newsprint.
这样打阴影时 它们可以起到一定的缓冲作用 让画面看起来柔和一些
This provides some cushion and get’s smoother tones when you’re shading.
如果你直接就放在在画板上画  板的纹理将开始显现
If you’re getting towards the back of the pad, some of the texture from the cardboard will begin to show through.
所以 把画过的纸垫在下面 要确保你是在最上层的一张纸上画的
So, constantly rotate the paper and make sure you’re working on the top sheet.
我想指出的是 新闻纸不是档案纸
I do want to point out that newsprint is NOT archival.
新闻纸会被时间流逝 热量 光照 潮湿 氧化作用影响
It will wrinkle and yellow over time if exposed to heat, light, moisture, and oxygen… which
几乎一切都会让它变皱发黄
is pretty much everything..
所以 我也仅在学校的练习中 以及当我研究和拍摄这些教程时使用它
So, I use it only for practice in school, when I do studies and film these tutorials.
当我想画一个可以长期保存的木炭画我通常会使用
When I want to do a charcoal drawing that lasts, I use watercolor paper
那些质地柔软的水彩纸
and I’ll usually choose the ones that are soft and cushiony.
或者我会用石墨铅笔和卡纸
Or I’ll use Bristol paper with graphite pencils.
我总喜欢尝试没用过的纸型 建议你也可以这样
I’m always trying out new paper and I encourage you to do the same.
至于橡皮擦 我比较喜欢可塑橡皮 因为我能随意改变它的形状
To erase, I like a kneaded eraser because I can shape it
来控制擦除面积的大小——大范围还是小细节 细节
to erase large areas, or small details.
而且擦的时候不会有碎屑 只需要揉一下就能看起来干净了
It also doesn’t fall apart while you’re erasing and you can knead it to clean it up a bit.
你需要随便一个画板:一个木板或是泡沫板 还有夹子来固定纸张
You’ll need either a clipboard, a piece of wood, or foam board with clips to hold your paper.
先把画板放膝盖上 再靠在桌子或是椅背上
Put the pad towards your knees, and lean it against a table or the back of a chair.
像拿笔刷一样握着铅笔 坐直了 以肩为轴移动 然后就可以开始画了
Hold the pencil like a paint brush, sit up straight, move from the shoulder, and you’re ready to begin.
别忘了查看我的肖像画基础DVD教程  其中包括了我Youtube频道上的十六节微课
Make sure to check out my Portrait drawing fundamentals DVD which includes 16 mini lessons from my YouTube channel
以及两次我完整的肖像画绘制教学视频
and 2 real time demonstration of how I draw a portrait from start to finish
每个大约一个半小时
at about an hour and half each.
详情请浏览 proko.com/dvd1.
Check it out at proko.com/dvd1.
嗨 如果你喜欢这视频 你的朋友说不定也会哦
Hey If you like this video, your friends might too
那就麻烦帮我把这视频分享到你最爱用的社交网站上吧
Please help me out and share this video on your favorite social network
还有 别忘了订阅proko官网的时讯
And don’t forget to subscribe to the newsletter on Proko.com

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视频概述

详略得当地介绍了Proko在绘画中所使用到的常用工具,不错的绘画工具介绍视频。

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凛安

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萨默之光

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D_W9sZ8S7RM

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