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想画一幅能长期保存的画作要用到什么工具 – 译学馆
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想画一幅能长期保存的画作要用到什么工具

Drawing Supplies I Use for Longer Drawings

In my last supplies video
在上一个绘画工具视频中
I went over supplies that I use in my videos.
我回顾了我在视频中使用的绘画工具
Now let’s go over the ones I use for longer drawings,
现在我们来看看我用来画那些能长时间保存的画作的工具
that are meant to be hung at a gallery or someone’s home.
这些画是要挂在画廊或某人家里的
我用来画能长时间保存的画作的绘画工具
I commonly use charcoal on newsprint paper
我画素描和向你们做展示时
when sketching and demonstrating.
通常用炭笔和新闻纸
Newsprint is very cheap
新闻纸很便宜
and an enjoyable surface to draw on
而且用来画画非常享受
because of how cleanly it takes the charcoal.
因为它能清晰地显示炭笔的痕迹
However newsprint is not archival.
但新闻纸不能用来收藏
It will yellow and wrinkle over time.
随着时间的推移 它会变黄起皱
So, if you’re doing a longer drawing that you want to preserve,
所以 如果你想画一幅用来收藏的大作
it’s not a good option.
它不是个好的选择
So, let’s go over some archival options.
那么 我们来看看一些用来画收藏品的工具吧
Graphite
石墨笔
So, the first option I’m gonna go over is using graphite pencils,
那么 我要讲的第一种工具是石墨铅笔
instead of charcoal.
而不是炭笔
Graphite pencils are great!
石墨铅笔很棒!
They get you almost a full range of values,
它能画出几乎全范围的灰度
you can get a bunch of them with varying degrees of hardness,
你能买到一堆硬度不同的石墨铅笔
they allow for very precise detail drawing,
能用来绘制非常精确的细节
and they don’t smudge much..
也不会被擦糊太多
Most of us have been using graphite pencils since first grade.
我们大部分人从一年级开始就用石墨铅笔了
It’s your everyday #2 pencil.
就是你每天用的2号铅笔
So, we’re comfortable using it.
所以我们用起来它会很顺手
Graphite works best when using only the tip of a finely sharpened pencil.
笔尖被细磨过的石墨笔最好用
Since you’re always using the tip,
只要你一直用笔尖作画
the drawing ends up being very detailed.
就可以画得很细致
The medium wants to be very precise,
画作要细致
but it also takes a much longer time to shade.
但画阴影需要更长的时间
Though you can just use any old #2 pencil to do a drawing,
尽管你可以用随便一支旧2号铅笔画画
I recommend getting some professional grade tools.
但我建议你买一些更专业的工具
When I made the switch
当我换了更专业的工具之后
I noticed a significant improvement in my line quality and precision.
我注意到我画线条的质量和精度有了显著的提高
My favorites are the Staedtler brand.
我最喜欢的品牌是施德楼
Individual wooden pencils are good,
单根的木制铅笔很好
but I like the mechanical even more.
但我更喜欢自动铅笔
I like that it’s slightly heavier
自动铅笔稍微重一些
and the sharpener that you get for it gets the tip very sharp,
而且用配套的卷笔刀能把笔尖削得非常锋利
and mechanical pencils stay the same length no matter how many times you sharpen them,
无论你削多少次它也不会变短
so you don’t have to deal with tiny little pencils.
你不用想办法处理那些很短的铅笔头
With wooden pencils
如果用木质铅笔
you have to rely on access to an electric sharpener wherever you go
你就得随身携带一个电动卷笔刀
or carry one of those crappy portable ones.
或者带那些蹩脚的便携式卷笔刀
The sharpener for the staedtler mechanical pencil is portable
施德楼牌自动铅笔的卷笔刀是便携式的
AND it works beautifully.
而且做得很漂亮
The whole pencil setup will cost you a bit,
整套工具会花你一点钱
but it’s worth it.
但物有所值
Let’s go through each item.
让我们看一下这套工具
You’ll need a Staedtler Mars Technico Lead Holder.
你需要一支施德楼Mars Technico自动铅笔
Now this doesn’t hold your regular 0.5 and 0.7 mm lead.
但这不能加你平时用的0.5和0.7 mm笔芯
Oh no, you’re working with the big boys now.
哦 对 你现在要用大家伙了
This guy holds 2mm lead!
这支能加2mm的铅笔芯!
I get the hb, 2b and 4b packs.
我有HB 2B和4B盒装铅笔芯
I use the hb for the initial layin and light halftone shading,
我用HB画初稿和浅色的半色调阴影
the 2b for darker halftones and some shadows,
2B画较暗的半调和一些阴影
and the 4b for the darker shadows.
4B画更深的阴影
You’re gonna need a sharpener,
你需要一个卷笔刀
they call it a “lead pointer”.
他们称它为“铅芯研磨器”
Pull out about 1.5 cm of the lead,
拉出大约1.5 cm的铅芯
put it in the hole and spin!
把它插进孔里然后旋转!
Just be careful not to get too wild with the sharpener
只是要小心 不要太用力
because you can break the tip.
不然你可能会弄断笔尖
For the paper,
至于纸
I like to use the Strathmore 400 or 500 Series Bristol Board.
我喜欢用丝蒂摩牌400或500系列的布里斯托纸板
I prefer the smoothest surface possible,
我喜欢光滑的纸面
so I look for the words ‘smooth’, ‘plate’ or ‘hot press’.
所以我找的关键词是“光滑” “平滑”或“热压”
They all basically mean ‘smooth’.
它们基本上都表示“光滑”
To erase, I like a kneaded eraser,
至于橡皮 我喜欢用可塑橡皮
or as the british call them, “rubbers”.
像英国人说的 “rubbers”
I like them because I can shape them
我喜欢它们 因为我可以改变它们的形状
to erase large areas, or small details.
来大面积擦除或擦掉小的细节
They also don’t poop crumbs all over the paper
它们也不会像其他橡皮一样
like some others do.
弄得纸上全是橡皮屑
And when they get dirty,
而且如果它们脏了
just knead them to clean them up.
揉一揉就干净了
Optionally you can add a layer of charcoal powder under the graphite pencil.
你也可以选择在石墨铅笔下加一层碳粉
Though I do use it for most of my longer drawings,
虽然我大部分要长期保存的画上都用了这个方法
like this one,
像这样
you could manage without it, like this..
你也可以不用它 像这样
The powder is applied with a brush,
碳粉用刷子涂开
which I’ll show in the shading video.
我会在画阴影的视频中演示
This allows you create very soft gradations
你能画出很柔和的渐变
which are hard to do with the pencil.
这是用铅笔很难做到的
And it allows you to quickly cover large areas of dark
你能很快的覆盖大面积的暗部
which is tedious to do with the pencil.
而用铅笔来处理是很繁琐的
When you use the powder you blend a lot of your shapes together
用碳粉的时候 你可以混合许多形状
which can reveal some lost edges.
可以显露很多虚化的边线
And lost edges look totally awesome in a drawing…
虚化的边线在绘画中看起来非常棒
I use this same approach in my upcoming video on shading.
我会在将要发布的教阴影的视频里用同样的方法
Look out for that.
到时候仔细看
You’ll also see me using a scrap paper
你还能看到我用一张废纸
or bridge to rest my hand on.
或桥来垫我的手
If you’re like me, by the time you’re done with the drawing,
如果你跟我一样 画完画之后
the bottom of your hand is completely covered in charcoal.
手下沾满了碳粉
Use this to rest your hand on to keep your hand AND your drawing clean.
用这个垫着你的手 保持手和画面的干净
And once you’re done with the drawing,
一旦你画完了
you can spray with fixative to prevent any smudging.
你可以喷上固定剂防止你的画弄脏
If you used powder,
如果你用碳粉
I highly recommend you fix it.
我强烈建议你固定它
After you spray the drawing,
喷完固定剂后
you can draw on top of it,
你可以在上面继续画画
but you can’t erase what you sprayed.
但你不能擦掉固定过的部分
One thing many people dislike about graphite is the shine.
许多人不喜欢石墨的光泽感
When you go dark with graphite
当你用石墨笔涂得很深时
it starts to become reflective.
它会反光
If this glossiness bothers you,
如果这种光泽让你很困扰
then consider using charcoal pencils.
你可以考虑用炭笔
Charcoal Pencils
炭笔
So, a lot of the materials for my charcoal drawings
我画炭笔画时用的很多材料
are the same as graphite.
跟我画石墨画时是一样的
We still have the kneaded eraser, powder, brushes, scrap paper or bridge, and the spray.
我们还是会用可塑橡皮 碳粉 刷子 废纸 桥和固定剂
The only two differences are the pencils
唯二的区别在于笔
(obviously, they’re charcoal instead of graphite)
很明显用的炭笔而不是石墨笔
and the paper.
和纸
You could use the same paper for both,
你可以用相同的纸
but these are just my preferences.
我说的只是我的偏好
The pencil I use is a Conte 1710 HB, B or 2B.
我用的笔是康缇1710 HB B或2B
I like to use the hb or b for layins and shading the light halftones,
我喜欢用HB或B画背景和亮半调
and the 2b for shading the shadows.
2B用来塑造阴影
If you’re wondering how to sharpen it like that,
如果你想知道怎么像这样削铅笔
check out this video.
看看这个视频
I’ve been looking for a paper that takes a charcoal pencil cleanly
我一直在寻找一种能用炭笔画画的纸
without much texture breaking up the strokes,
不会有太多纹理破坏笔触
especially when using the side of the pencil to get soft gradations of tone.
特别是能用炭笔侧面来画出柔和的渐变调时
Most of them just don’t do it for me.
大多数纸都不能做到
“Arches 88 silk screen paper” is the best I’ve found.
阿诗88丝印纸是我能找到的最好的纸
It has very little texture, it’s soft,
它的纹理很细 很柔软
and doesn’t fall apart much when erasing.
擦了很多次也不会弄坏纸
If you’re used to drawing on newsprint
如果你习惯在新闻纸上画画
this is a good archival alternative
这是个很好的收藏级替代品
Where do you get this stuff?
哪里能买到这些东西呢?
In the description I have the full list of all these supplies
我把这些工具的清单和链接放在说明里
with links to where you could buy them online.
你可以在网上购买它们
Depending on where you live,
这取决于你住在哪里
you might be able to find this stuff at your local art store.
你可能在当地的艺术商店里能找到它们
But, i don’t know.
但我不太清楚
You guys are watching this video all around the world,
你们在世界各地看这个视频
so I have no idea about the availability of these stuff where you live.
我不知道在你们住的地方能去哪里买
You could at least buy them online
你们至少能在网上买到
and hopefully the shipping isn’t too expensive.
希望运费不太贵
Ok, that about wraps it up!
好了 差不多结束了
To see an example of how I use these supplies,
想看我怎么用这些工具的话
watch my next video.
就关注我的下一个视频吧
Make sure to check out Proko.com/store
一定要登录Proko.Proko.com/store
for all the online video courses I have available,
查看我发布的所有在线视频教程
like Portrait Drawing and Figure Drawing,
比如 肖像画和人物素描
and a lot more no the way.
还有很多视频正在制作中
If you like this video,
如果你喜欢这个视频的话
share the wealth, tell your friends.
就跟你的朋友共享财富吧
Post it on your favorite social network.
在你最喜欢的社交网络上发布出来
Click this button here to subscribe to the Proko newsletter
如果你想收到更新提示
if you want to be updated about new videos.
点击这个按钮关注Proko简讯
Byebye.
再见

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视频概述

想长期保存画作该选择什么样的纸、笔呢? 如果要长期保存画作就不能用新闻纸, 碳粉能轻易画出柔和的阴影过渡, 自动铅芯该怎么削,炭笔该怎么削, 这里有许多妙招,一起来看看吧!

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https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FoyaGaFajSU

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