You’ve seen them.
Zipping through the streets.
Blocking the sidewalks.
Dockless electric scooters have appeared virtually overnight in dozens of cities.
So far this year,
millions of rides were taken on little machines just like this.
And their operators have raised billions ininvestments.
So if you haven’t yet,
chances are you’re going to see stuff like this pretty soon.
We see the scooters navigating through pedestrians.
We see them being left anywhere.
And this creates，you know, problems for a number ofpeople.
If people on dockless scooters or bikes keep
using the sidewalks … it’s going to get crowded.
The purpose of the sidewalk has changed considerably over the last 100 years.
When cities first started building sidewalks,
the reason for them was to accommodate pedestrians on the street.
But this was not the only use of sidewalks.
There were a number of other social uses.
A lot of that happens before the automobile.
This street scene is San Francisco in 1906.
Notice the man, holding a baby, just, walkingstraight through traffic.
Nobody seems too concerned.
they are quite relaxed about it
and they also know how to navigate the street.
But,eventually cars got bigger and faster.
Traffic had to separate.
We start seeing with the proliferation of the cars
many many cities start widening their streets.
and of course this happens at the expense
of the sidewalk because a lot of times the
buildings were pretty much set.
You know a sidewalk that might have been probably 15 feet becomes 6 8 feet.
which is pretty unfair for pedestrians.
Because there is a lot more happening on sidewalksthan walking.
There’s the frontage zone
— in cities, a business might put a cafe or signs here.
Then there’s the furniture zone, full of streetlights,
newspaper racks, and benches, stuff like that.
Because sidewalks have frontage and furniture zones,
there’s less space to travel than it might seem.
Some vigilantes have taken the space issue into their own hands
And many cities have used pilot
programs to really get the scooters
under control. These pilots are likely to extend.
After all, cities need alternative modes oftransportation.
First it takes vehicles
off the street Because people who might be using ride hail,
or taxis, or another personal vehicle, mightinstead opt for
this other solution
if a person takes a subway or a bus to a certain station or stop,
and they still live a mile
away from that station,
they have to figure out how to get there
Even in cities with exceptional levels
of public transportation, many residents have to travel a ‘last mile’
If dockless vehicles are deployed in areas
like this, residents could have more options
And not just rely on cars.
Because what many people will do is say
‘ I don’t have a last mile option that
works for me.
I’m just going to drive the whole way.
The cash influx for scooter-share is a really a bet.
Investors hope that e-scooters can capturedemand in underserved transportation deserts,
without adding congestion And the scooters might pull that off.
One survey found robust support for e-scooters as a substitute
for short driving trips, or
as a complement to public transit.
But the scooters won’t work
if their riders have to compete for space with pedestrians
we’re reaching a point in cities across America,
where it’s time to get people out
of their cars and allow people more modes.
小一点的交通工具 比如 自行车 平衡车
Smaller transportation — bikes, segways,
scooters — they only work when cities make
space for them.
Planners can do this by designing ‘complete streets’.
So complete streets is a new
term that entered the lexicon of planning and transportation planning relatively recently.
but basically it is inspired
by earlier streets where you used to have all these different
social uses of the streets and sidewalks
not only streets for cars or even sidewalks for pedestrian.
Complete streets start by reducing the amount of space given to cars.
Then the city can build protecting bus stops, wider sidewalks,
street level plazas, and buffered
Scooters will be a more realistic
last mile option when cities build networks of complete
streets. So, worry not,
dear pedestrians — even if the scooters are here to stay…
Cities are drafting standards for this brave new world of alternative transportation.
With any luck,
the love for scooters just might push cities to invest in safer, more
accomodating streets. Hi,
thank you so much for watching and a big
thanks to the University of California for hitting
the streets to help us make this episode.
If you want to check out this video about the
environmental effects of online shopping. Right here. Again, thank you for watching, and hope to see you soon.