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狗狗们的天赋

Dogs Have a 'Special Genius'

Dogs actually have a genius.
狗狗实际上具有一种天赋
They have a special genius
它们有一种特殊的天赋
to understand humans to cooperate
可以理解人类
and communicate with us in a way that really no other species can.
与我们交流合作 这是其他生物所不具有的
录制于2018年阿斯本思想节
布莱恩·海尔《天才犬》
If you look at dogs and their success as a species,
如果你知道狗是怎样作为一个物种成功的
it’s kind of a remarkable story.
这绝对是个精彩的故事
We know dogs began being domesticated 14 to 25,000 years ago.
我们都知道 狗在1万4千年到2万5千年前被驯化
They evolved from wolves.
它们从狼进化而来
Sadly, wolves are endangered everywhere they’re found
不幸的是 狼在每处栖息地都濒临灭绝
and dogs are found everywhere where you find humans
但是有人类的地方就会有狗
and they are anything but endangered.
它们绝不会濒危
And it’s all about forming a relationship with us.
这是因为它们和人类之间形成了一种关系
When we make eye contact with them
当我们和狗狗们有眼神
and when we’re physically interacting with them,
和肢体接触时
it is causing a neurophysiological response
这时人类与狗之间会产生神经性反应
that is the exact mirror
就如同
of what happens as parents bond with their newborn infant.
父母与新生儿之间的一样
It leads to bonding and social concern.
这让两者紧密相连并引发社会关注
Well, dogs actually seem to have hijacked that mechanism in us.
好吧 狗狗实际上绑架了我们的情感机制
So they really have a converged
所以它们真的在转变
and become more like humans
变得与人类更相似
than their wolf relatives.
而不是像它们的狼族亲戚
Once we realized that dogs had this genius to cooperate and communicate,
当我们意识到狗有合作和交流的天赋时
I think often we’re really worried about some kind of hierarchy,
我认为我们经常会考虑等级优劣的问题
you know, are dogs smarter than other species,
例如 狗比其他的物种更聪明吗
or is my dog smarter than other breeds or whatever
或者我的狗比其他的狗更聪明吗之类的
That’s just not the case when you actually study dog psychology.
当你真正了解犬类心理学时会发现 事实并非如此
Dogs have different types of intelligence.
狗狗们有不同种类的天赋
Then each of these types of intelligence,
这些不同类型的天赋
they vary independently from one another.
让每一只狗与众不同
So that means if you’re a really great communicator as a dog,
这意味着 如果你是一只善于与人沟通的狗
it doesn’t mean that you have amazing working memory that you rely on.
你所依赖的就不是惊人的记忆力
If you’re a dog that really is incredibly skilled
如果你是一只擅长利用
at using inferential reasoning to solve problems,
推理能力去解决问题的狗
it doesn’t mean that
这不意味着
you’re a dog that necessarily has a lot of empathy relative to other dogs.
你要有其他狗狗一样的共情能力
So these things vary independently
所以天赋截然不同
and that’s then what is the
就像是
those are the ingredients for all the different recipes of personality
构成不同人格的各种要素一样
that then we get to enjoy for all those individual dogs
我们喜欢每一只狗
we each fall in love with.
每个人都爱它们
Some of the things dogs are doing today that even 10 years ago they wouldn’t be doing
狗现在能做十年前做不到的一些事
is there are dogs trained as cadaver dogs
有些狗狗被训练成警犬
to find people who have died
去搜寻尸体
People who are missing.
找寻失踪的人
There are dogs that are being used to sniff out a variety of cancers,
有些狗狗被训练嗅出各种癌症
there’re dogs that are helping children with autism,
有些狗狗帮助患有自闭症的儿童
anything that involves social bonding,
如果你有社交联系方面的需求
the need for companionship and nonjudgmental love
有对友谊和无私的爱的需求
dogs are your ticket.
狗狗是你的选择
I enjoy really studying dogs because
我真的很喜欢研究狗狗因为
not only did they help me understand humans better and,
它们不仅帮助我更好地了解人类
obviously find ways to enrich my own relationship.
而且极大地丰富我的社交圈子
But I think it’s a really powerful way to study
并且我认为从狗狗的视角去研究
and even talk about evolutions through the eyes of dogs.
甚至讨论进化 是一种非常有效的方法

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视频概述

不同的狗狗具有不同的天赋

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Aftermath

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=gB79rh5l0Fc

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