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宇宙有目标吗 – 译学馆
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宇宙有目标吗

Does the Universe Have a Purpose? feat. Neil deGrasse Tyson

宇宙有目标吗
Does the Universe Have a Purpose?
我不确定
I’m not sure.
任何对这个问题作出更明确的回答的人
Anyone who expresses a more definitive response to the question
都是声称获得了知识
is claiming access to knowledge
而不是基于经验基础
not based on empirical foundations.
这种非常持久的思维方式
This remarkably persistent way of thinking,
在大多数宗教和哲学分支中都很常见
common to most religions and some branches of philosophy,
但在过去的努力中却失败了
has failed badly in past efforts to understand,
因此预测了宇宙的运行
and thereby predict the operations
以及我们在其中的位置
of the universe and our place within it.
声称宇宙有目标
To assert that the universe has a purpose
这意味着要有期望的结果
implies a desired outcome.
但谁愿意去做呢
But who would do the desiring?
期望的结果又是什么呢
And what would a desired outcome be?
碳基生命是必然的吗
That carbon-based life is inevitable?
有知觉的灵长类动物是生命神经系统的顶峰吗
Or that sentient primates are life’s neurological pinnacle?
当然 人类并没有在知道宇宙历史的
Of course humans were not around to ask these questions
99.9999%的情况下问这些问题
for 99.9999% of cosmic history.
所以如果宇宙的目标只是创造人类
So if the purpose of the universe was to create humans
那么宇宙是多么低效
then the cosmos was embarrassingly inefficient about it.
如果宇宙的另一个目标
And if a further purpose of the universe
是为生命创造可孕育的摇篮
was to create a fertile cradle for life,
那么我们的宇宙环境就会以一种奇怪的方式展现
then our cosmic environment has got an odd way of showing it.
地球上的生命已存在了超过35亿年
Life on Earth, during more than 3.5 billion years of existence,
这期间一直饱受着
has been persistently assaulted
自然灾害 死亡和破坏的袭击
by natural sources of mayhem, death, and destruction.
火山 气候变化 地震 海啸 风暴
Ecological devastation exacted by volcanoes, climate change, earthquakes, tsunamis, storms,
尤其是杀手小行星所造成的生态破坏
and especially killer asteroids have left extinct
已经使99.9%的物种灭绝
99.9% of all species that have ever lived here.
那人类自己的生命呢
How about human life itself?
如果你是教徒
If you are religious,
你可能会宣称生命的目的是为上帝服务
you might declare that the purpose of life is to serve God.
但如果你是1000亿细菌中的一种
But if you’re one of the 100 billion bacteria
生活在一厘米的小肠内
living and working in a single centimeter of your lower intestine,
你可能会说人类生命的目的是为你提供一个
you might instead say that the purpose of human life is to provide
黑暗的 但田园诗般的 无氧的粪便栖息地
you with a dark, but idyllic, anaerobic habitat of fecal matter.
所以在没有人类的狂妄自大时
So in the absence of human hubris,
宇宙看起来更加任性随意
the universe looks more and more random.
每当会捍卫我们最大利益的事件
Whenever events that are purported to occur in our best interest
与会快速消灭我们的事件数目一样多时
are as numerous as other eventsthat would just as soon kill us,
要表明我们的意图就变得异常困难
then pinent is hard
甚至是不可能的事情
if not impossible, to assert.
因此 虽然我不能断言宇宙是否有目标
So while I cannot claim to know for sure
但反对的理由很充分
whether or not the universe has a purpose,
任何人都可以看到宇宙的存在
the case against it is strong, and visible to anyone
而不是他们所希望的那样
who sees the universe as it is as they wish it to be.
我是尼尔·德格拉斯·泰森
I’m Neil deGrasse Tyson.
坦普顿基金会请求我回答这个问题:
I was asked by The Templeton Foundationto respond to a question:
宇宙有目标吗?
Does the Universe Have a Purpose?
上周视频:《什么是触摸》
Last week’s video:What is Touch?

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宇宙有目标吗?它的目标是创造人类,还是另有其他?

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=7pL5vzIMAhs

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