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压力会导致粉刺吗? – 译学馆
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压力会导致粉刺吗?

Does stress cause pimples? - Claudia Aguirre

她离就在不远处
She’s only a few feet away.
他越靠近她就越发紧张
The closer he gets, the more nervous he becomes,
鼻子上刚长出来的痘痘慢慢大的要盖住了脸
the budding zit on his nose growing bigger and bigger until it practically eclipses his face.
不远处的她看到他这副模样 咯咯咯地笑了出来
She looks at him hovering nearby, sees the massive zit, and giggles.
他感到有点受伤
He slumps away, feeling sick.
青少年和成年人身上都会产生压力造成的紊乱
Stress can sure make a mess, and it happens to both teens and adults.
但这是怎么发生的呢?
But how does it happen?
让我们回到贾斯汀长痘痘之前 甚至是对那个女孩有好感之前
Let’s rewind to before the zit, to before Justin even sees his crush.
贾斯汀上学迟到了 当步入教室的那一刻他听到老师说”课堂测试”
Already late for school, Justin got to class just in time to hear the teacher say ‘pop quiz.’
他昨晚没做作业 此刻他觉得自己像那些参加二战牺牲的
He hadn’t done his homework the night before, and felt more unprepared
士兵一样没做好准备 他应该昨天做好作业的
than the ambushed World War II soldiers he was supposed to write about.
他感到一阵恐慌 紧张到手心都出汗了
A sudden rush of panic swept over his body, leaving him with sweaty palms,
脑子一片混沌 心跳开始加速
a foggy mind and a racing heart.
他跌跌撞撞茫然地走出教室 并进入了空前的焦虑 感到更加的紧张
He stumbled out of class in a daze, and ran straight into his all-time crush, spiking up his stress.
压力是一种应对潜在危险的生理反应
Stress is a general biological response to a potential danger.
在史前石器时代 压力能促使你为你的生命搏斗
In primitive caveman terms, stress can make you fight for your life,
促使你为你了活命奔跑 就比如 当你面对一只饥肠辘辘的剑齿虎时
or run for your life, if, for example, you’re confronted by a hungry saber-tooth tiger.
一种叫做应激激素的特殊化学物质会遍布你全身
Special chemicals called stress hormones run through your body,
这种激素会提供更多的氧气和能量来帮助你逃走
giving you more oxygen and power to run away from danger
亦或是勇敢面对 为生命而战
or to face it and fight for your life,
因此 有个术语叫做 “搏斗或逃走”
hence the term ‘fight or flight.’
但当你选择逃走的时候 你面对着一个困境
But when you don’t fight, or take flight, you face the plight.
当我们考试的时候或是交通堵塞的时候或是深思污染问题的时候
When we’re taking final exams, sitting in traffic or pondering pollution,
我们会把压力藏在心底
we internalize stress.
这一切都从大脑开始
It all begins in the brain.
控制释放荷尔蒙的下丘脑
The hypothalamus, the master controller of your hormones,
释放一种叫做促肾上腺激素释放激素的物质
releases something called corticotropin-releasing hormone.
这会刺激脑垂体腺体
This triggers the pituitary gland,
一种在大脑底部像豌豆大小的腺体
a pea-sized gland found at the base of the brain,
释放促肾上腺激素
to release adrenocorticotropic hormone
然后刺激位于肾脏上方的肾上腺体
which then stimulates the adrenal gland sitting on top of the kidneys
释放皮质醇 一种主要的应激激素
to release cortisol, the major stress hormone.
这些化学物质可以帮助你跑得更快
These natural chemicals are a great help when you need to run away quickly,
或者拥有过人的勇气
or do superhuman feats of courage,
但如果你只是坐着 这些应激激素被储存在体内且影响着全身健康
but when you’re simply sitting, these stress hormones collect in the body and affect your overall health.
应激激素会增加身体发炎的可能性
Stress hormones increase inflammation in the body,
抑制免疫系统
suppress the immune system,
这会让你更容易受到引起粉刺的细菌感染
which makes you more susceptible to infection by acne-causing bacteria,
甚至会加重皮肤出油
and can even increase oil production in the skin.
这就是产生痘痘的起因
And this is the perfect storm for forming a pimple.
皮质醇是一种在皮肤细胞中产生的应激激素
Cortisol is a major stress hormone involved in making skin cells
一种叫做皮脂腺的特殊腺体产生大量皮脂
churn out oily lipids from special glands called sebaceous glands.
但当这些皮脂过多的时候
But when there’s too much of these oily lipids,
就会堵塞毛孔 使之红肿发炎
called sebum, they can plug up the swollen, inflamed pores
诱捕引起粉刺的细菌进入其中(?)
and trap the pesky, acne-causing bacteria inside,
细菌在里面分裂生长(?)
where they set up house and thrive.
添加少许神经系统会释放的炎症性神经肽
Add a dash of inflammatory neuropeptides released by the nervous system when you’re —
当你对粉刺感到不安和生气的时候
well, nervous — and angry zits follow.
更糟的是 贾斯汀是个男孩 这就意味着他会比女孩有更多的睾丸激素
To make matters worse, Justin is a boy, meaning he’s got more testosterone than girls.
睾酮是另一种会使皮肤出油的荷尔蒙
Testosterone is another hormone that increases oil production in the skin.
所以 他是油性皮肤加上因为压力产生的油脂和炎症
So, his already oily skin, together with a boost in oil and inflammation from stress,
为滋生细菌提供了良好的条件
is the perfect environment for bacteria
粉刺不断长大长大 直到变成一个大痘痘
to swell, swell, swell up into a major zit.
那么 贾斯汀可以做些什么来避免长痘痘呢?
So what could’ve Justin done to avoid the big pimple?
压力是不可避免的
Stressful situations are unavoidable.
但我们可以改变我们对事物的反应因此 我们可以做到不是那么的紧张 有压力
But we can try to change our responses so that we’re not so stressed in the end.
他自信地向她靠近 她可能不会注意到他的痘痘 或者他根本就没有
And had he been confident in approaching her,she might not have noticed the pimple, or he might not have had one.

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