She’s only a few feet away.
The closer he gets, the more nervous he becomes,
the budding zit on his nose growing bigger and bigger until it practically eclipses his face.
She looks at him hovering nearby, sees the massive zit, and giggles.
He slumps away, feeling sick.
Stress can sure make a mess, and it happens to both teens and adults.
But how does it happen?
Let’s rewind to before the zit, to before Justin even sees his crush.
Already late for school, Justin got to class just in time to hear the teacher say ‘pop quiz.’
He hadn’t done his homework the night before, and felt more unprepared
than the ambushed World War II soldiers he was supposed to write about.
A sudden rush of panic swept over his body, leaving him with sweaty palms,
a foggy mind and a racing heart.
他跌跌撞撞茫然地走出教室 并进入了空前的焦虑 感到更加的紧张
He stumbled out of class in a daze, and ran straight into his all-time crush, spiking up his stress.
Stress is a general biological response to a potential danger.
In primitive caveman terms, stress can make you fight for your life,
促使你为你了活命奔跑 就比如 当你面对一只饥肠辘辘的剑齿虎时
or run for your life, if, for example, you’re confronted by a hungry saber-tooth tiger.
Special chemicals called stress hormones run through your body,
giving you more oxygen and power to run away from danger
or to face it and fight for your life,
因此 有个术语叫做 “搏斗或逃走”
hence the term ‘fight or flight.’
But when you don’t fight, or take flight, you face the plight.
When we’re taking final exams, sitting in traffic or pondering pollution,
we internalize stress.
It all begins in the brain.
The hypothalamus, the master controller of your hormones,
releases something called corticotropin-releasing hormone.
This triggers the pituitary gland,
a pea-sized gland found at the base of the brain,
to release adrenocorticotropic hormone
which then stimulates the adrenal gland sitting on top of the kidneys
to release cortisol, the major stress hormone.
These natural chemicals are a great help when you need to run away quickly,
or do superhuman feats of courage,
but when you’re simply sitting, these stress hormones collect in the body and affect your overall health.
Stress hormones increase inflammation in the body,
suppress the immune system,
which makes you more susceptible to infection by acne-causing bacteria,
and can even increase oil production in the skin.
And this is the perfect storm for forming a pimple.
Cortisol is a major stress hormone involved in making skin cells
churn out oily lipids from special glands called sebaceous glands.
But when there’s too much of these oily lipids,
called sebum, they can plug up the swollen, inflamed pores
and trap the pesky, acne-causing bacteria inside,
where they set up house and thrive.
Add a dash of inflammatory neuropeptides released by the nervous system when you’re —
well, nervous — and angry zits follow.
更糟的是 贾斯汀是个男孩 这就意味着他会比女孩有更多的睾丸激素
To make matters worse, Justin is a boy, meaning he’s got more testosterone than girls.
Testosterone is another hormone that increases oil production in the skin.
So, his already oily skin, together with a boost in oil and inflammation from stress,
is the perfect environment for bacteria
to swell, swell, swell up into a major zit.
So what could’ve Justin done to avoid the big pimple?
Stressful situations are unavoidable.
但我们可以改变我们对事物的反应因此 我们可以做到不是那么的紧张 有压力
But we can try to change our responses so that we’re not so stressed in the end.
他自信地向她靠近 她可能不会注意到他的痘痘 或者他根本就没有
And had he been confident in approaching her,she might not have noticed the pimple, or he might not have had one.