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理性能否使生命有意义?(克尔凯郭尔)|8-bit哲学第一...

Does Rationality Give Life Meaning? (Kierkegaard) - 8-Bit Philosophy

理性能否使生命有意义呢?
Does rationality make life meaningful?
几千年来 理性都被看作是真理的标志
For thousands of years, rationality has been considered the hallmark of truth.
通过它 现代给我们带来了疾驰的汽车 速食 先进的医学
For through it, the modern age has given us fast cars, instant food, advanced medicine,
即时通信 和史诗般的巨型机器人 好吧 也许还没有
immediate communication, and epic giant robots. Okay, maybe not that one yet.
但是 理性的成就仍使我们生活的方方面面变得更容易了
But still, the achievements of reason have made most all things in our lives dramatically easier.
但是对信仰基督教的存在主义者索伦·克尔凯郭尔来说 生活并不容易
But to Christian existentialist Soren Kierkegaard, life shouldn’t be easy.
可能还会变得更加艰难
It should be made more difficult.
当时人们在生活的所有领域都崇拜黑格尔的理性主义
Whereas his Hegelian contemporaries worshipped rationality in all areas of life,
克尔凯郭尔认为理性只具有有限的价值
Kierkegaard contended that reason was only of limited value.
理性确实让生活变得更加便利 但它并没有给我们真正想要的东西
Sure, reason makes life more convenient, but it doesn’t give us what
即过有意义的生活 实现人生价值
we really want: to live meaningful lives.
对克尔凯郭尔来说 那些完全靠理智行事的人其实是
And to Kierkegaard, those who live solely by the dictates of reason are under
在幻想他们正过着有意义的生活 因为没有什么事物能够界定
the illusion that they are living meaningful lives. For nothing can define the meaning
我生活的意义 理性也没这个权利
in my life FOR me. Not even reason.
真理不能经社会 科学或权威之手调节 而必须由我自己亲自面朝真理 追求真理
Truth cannot be mediated by society, science, or authority. I must orient MYSELF towards these things.
在他的《<哲学片断>最后的非学术性附言》这一有着冗长书名的著作里
In his verbosely titled book Concluding Scientific Postscript to the Philosophical
他相当简洁地说道:“真理具有主观性” 但是这是什么意思呢?
Fragments, he rather concisely said that: “truth is subjectivity.” But what does that mean?
假设你处于一个困境里 你在挽救一个老人还是一个公主之间
Let’s say you’re in a situation in which you deliberate between saving an old
权衡不定 现在 你和我们大多数人一样为了选择合适的行动
man or a princess. Now, you, like most of us, may appeal to reason in order to land
或许会诉诸理性 理性可能是你作出这个决定的合适指南
on an appropriate course of action. Reason may be a proper guide in making this decision,
但最终做选择的不是理性 而是你
but ultimately reason is not doing the choosing. YOU are doing the choosing.
为了实现真理 克尔凯郭尔认为我们在做出选择时
To achieve truth, according to Kierkegaard, we musn’t mediate our choices
不能经由理性和其他任何事物 而是充满信心的做出大胆抉择
through reason, or anything else, but instead, make a passionate leap of faith towards a decision.
根据自己的内求性和主体性做出选择
Choose from inwardness, from subjectivity.
如果像克尔凯郭尔一样 你选择了通过宗教信仰过有意义的生活
And if like Kierkegaard, you choose to live a meaningful life through religious devotion,
那么你就不能按理性去这么做 因为理性无法提供
you cannot do so by the dictates of rationality, for reason cannot provide
一个对上帝存在和性质问题的满意回答 所以当面对
a satisfactory answer to the question of God’s existence and nature. So when faced with such
这种客观上不确定的事物时 你就必须主观地做出选择
things that are OBJECTIVELY uncertain, one must choose subjectively.
不论多么困难 克尔凯郭尔都要求我们不要根据
No matter how hard it may be, Kierkegaard challenges us not to make choices
纯粹理性的动机做出选择 而是做出发自内心的选择 矢志不渝
from purely rational motives, but instead to choose from within. Choose passionately.
坚信不疑
Make the leap of faith.

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视频概述

理性是生命的准则吗?听听存在主义者克尔凯郭尔的观点吧

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收集自网络

翻译译者

jameschan

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审核团MG

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=bJemN7zGhF0

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