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乳汁的味道会随饮食而变化吗? – 译学馆
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乳汁的味道会随饮食而变化吗?

Does Breast Milk Taste Different Depending On What You Eat? | What The FAQs | NowThis

If a cow eats strawberries, do they make strawberry milk?
如果奶牛吃草莓产的奶就是草莓味吗
This might sound like a dumb question but you’d be surprised to know that
这个问题听起来挺蠢 但让人惊讶的是
a cow’s diet affects the flavor of its milk.
奶牛的饮食真的会影响牛奶的味道
More surprisingly the same comcept true with women who are lactating.
更令人惊讶的是 这个理念也同样适用于哺乳期妇女
Studies show, it only takes one hour to make banana-flavored breast milk
研究表明 母乳变成香蕉味仅需一个小时
two hours for licorice-flavored milk
变成甘草味只需两小时
If you got eight hours to kill , you could make menthol-flavored breast milk.
如果你有8个小时要打发 你可以制作薄荷味母乳
Today we’ll talking to a friend of the show called Karl Kruszelnicki
今天我们将和科学节目的Karl Kruszelnicki讨论一下
about the science of human’s flavor of the breast milk
人类母乳味道的科学
and how it can be beneficial for children.
以及它如何对孩子有益
Can Humans Produce Flavored Breast Milk?
人可以出产风味母乳吗?
You eat a chemical and the chemical
当你食用了一种化学物质
then goes into your mouth, into your gut, into your bloodstream,
它便会从你的口腔 肠道 进入血液循环
into the liver, unchanged,
再进入肝脏 化学物质本身未发生变化
into the bloodstream and then appears in the breast milk.
再进入血液 最后成为母乳的一部分
The History of Breast Milk
母乳的历史
Historically it was thought
历史上 人们认为
that a child’s character was influenced by breast milk
孩子的性格受母乳
and a woman’s experience during pregnancy.
和怀孕期间妇女的经历影响
Rumor has it that in the 1800s,
有传言说19世纪
people were super careful about choosing a wet nurse.
人们在选择乳母时非常谨慎
They thought her personality, intelligence,
他们认为乳母的性格 智力 说话方式
and speech patterns could be could be transferred to the child through the breast milk.
会通过母乳遗传给孩子
Also studies dating back to the 60th have tried to examine the link
60年代还有研究试图探讨
between a child’s mental illness and their mom’s diet.
儿童的精神疾病与母亲的饮食之间的联系
Milk production begins in women during pregnancy when, milk-producing cells
孕妇在怀孕期间泌乳细胞增殖
multiply and the ducts grow.
乳腺导管出现
The process enables the body to extract chemicals from blood and synthesize them.
借此人体能够从血液中提取化学物质并进行合成
The mammary glands then add some water to the mix and
乳腺再向合成混合物中添加一些水
out comes a substance mostly made of salt water, fats,
就产生了这种主要由盐水 脂肪
proteins, and carbohydrates.
蛋白质和碳水化合物构成物质
The substance is capable of sustaining life from zero
这种物质能够支撑婴儿前六个月的生命
to six months while also boosting the child’s immune
同时通过释放抗体
system through the release of antibodies.
增强儿童的免疫力
But when it comes to flavoring that depends on what you eat.
至于它的味道 就取决于你吃什么了
Food chemicals can flow through the body and be directly passed
食品中的化学物质可以流经人体
into the breast milk unchanged.
然后完好无损地进入母乳
So if you’re eating strawberries, it’s possible for you to
因此 如果孕妇正在吃草莓
produce strawberry flavored milk.
就有可能分泌出草莓味的母乳
Those food-flavoring chemicals can also be changed by the
而有些食物的味道也可能
body during the metabolic process creating a totally different flaover.
在身体新陈代谢过程中发生改变 从而产生完全不同的味道
This concept of natural flavoring was first tested in cows but the
最初有人在奶牛身上进行了自然风味的试验
same effect is known to happen in humans.
但现已知在人类身上也会有同样的效果
They discovered, these scientists,
这些科学家发现
that if they fed them a mixture of oats
如果用燕麦和向日葵混合饲料喂奶牛
and sunflower they end up with raspberry milk.
最终生产出的牛奶是覆盆子味的
They didn’t give him any raspberry flavoring
奶牛们没有吃过任何覆盆子味的食物
So what happened was that the oats stimulated the growth of certain bacteria in the gut of the cow
事实上是燕麦刺激了牛肠道中某种细菌的生长
and then these bacteria present there in huge numbers, then decided to
这些大量存在的细菌决定
start eating these sunflower seeds and they could turn
消化掉这些葵花籽
they converted the sunflower seeds into an
它们可以将葵花籽转化为一种油
oil called – I’m looking it – gamma-dodec-cis-6-enolactone, in our term.
这种油叫gamma-dodec-cis-6-enolactone
And that chemical tastes
这种化学物质的味道
so much like raspberries that it’s
非常像覆盆子
there not just in the milk of the cows
当牛被宰杀 它不仅会存在于牛奶中
but in the meat if the cows get slaughtered.
还会存留在牛肉里
Wonder what’s the purpose of all of this flavoring?
想知道研究这些味道的目的是什么吗?
Well researchers say it could influence your child’s behaviour
研究人员说 这可能会影响您孩子的行为
Studies showed that when lactating women eat foods like garlic
研究表明 妇女在哺乳期食用大蒜等食物时
it causes babies to latch on and feed for longer.
它会使婴儿产生依赖 可以吃得更久
As adults, our food choices
作为成年人 我们对食物的选择
are based partly on genetics and on our environment,
部分取决于遗传因素和环境
so a variety of breast milk flavors
因此母乳口味多样
can prime children’s taste buds, making them more
可以启动孩子的味蕾
likely to eat a wider variety of foods.
使他们更有可能吃更多样的食物
A 1999 study showed that infants were more prone to like carrot flavored cereal
一项1999年的研究表明 如果妈妈在母乳喂养阶段喝了很多胡萝卜汁
if their mom drank a lot of carrot juice while breastfeeding.
那么婴儿可能会喜欢胡萝卜味的米糊
So there’s a decent chance if a kid doesn’t like broccoli, kale, or zucchini,
因此 如果孩子不喜欢西兰花 羽衣甘蓝或西葫芦
it’s because you don’t like them either.
这很有可能是因为您也不喜欢它们
In case you’re wondering about alcohol,
如果您好奇酒精的效果
let’s just say it can change the taste of your breast milk,
只能说它可以改变母乳的味道
but it won’t get your child buzzed unless you drink extreme amounts.
除非你喝太多了 否则并不会灌醉你的宝宝
It will show up in breast milk
酒精会出现在母乳里
but not enough to make the baby drunk
但不足以使婴儿醉酒
because if you do the numbers
因为如果您算一下
assuming that you’re getting drunk at around .05
假设醉酒程度为05时
where your judgment in driving your car
您驾驶汽车的判断力
begins to fall off,
会开始下降
the volume of alcohol that the mother would have to drink would be so much
按计算结果 母亲要喝很多酒
so that she’d be well and truly unconscious before she even got to.01,
甚至还没达到01 就已醉得不省人事了
because it’s firstly goes into the bloodstream
因为酒精首先进入血液
and then from the bloodstream it has to go into the breast milk.
然后从血液再进入母乳
and the amount that the baby would be getting very small
所以宝宝得到的酒精就非常少
People do say that
虽然有人说
the baby tends to sleep a little bit more,
如果母亲喝了酒的话
if the mother has had a little bit of alcohol,
宝宝会睡得多一些
but once again I’m putting that
但是我再说一次
in the anecdote rather than data file.
这只是传闻 并没有数据证明
Now you know I couldn’t leave you without a fun fact, right?
你知道我临走还要说点有趣的事是吧
It’s worth noting that babies aren’t the only ones who drink breast milk
值得注意的是 不只是婴儿才喝母乳哦
Breast milk is rich in nutrients and antibodies.
母乳因富含营养成分和抗体
So it’s finding a new home with bodybuilders and athletes
而倍受健身人士和运动员的青睐
as an alternative to steroids.
用以替代类固醇激素
Breast milk is not sold in Wal-Mart
母乳不会在沃尔玛出售
but it’s easily accessible on the world wide web,
但我们在互联网上可以很容易买到
where mum sells excess milk for as little as $0.99 an ounce
在网上妈妈会以每盎司0.99美元的低价出售多余的母乳
So with all that said, we have learned that
综上所述 我们已经了解到
a mom’s diet is pivotal to the flavoring of breast milk.
妈妈的饮食对母乳的味道至关重要
It could take as little as one hour for breast milk to be flavored
有时让母乳变得有味道仅需一个小时
and flavoring can last up to 8 hours
而这种味道可持续8小时
When breastfeeding,
医生建议
doctors recommend you eat plenty of protein, calcium, and iron.
母亲在哺乳期应多摄入蛋白质 钙和铁
But don’t forget those veggies
但是不要忘记吃蔬菜
as it could be a major influence on
因为这可能会对您的孩子
whether or not your child likes them too.
是否也喜欢蔬菜产生重大影响

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乳汁可不可以有草莓味,香蕉味甚至是薄荷味呢?来一探究竟吧

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