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网络上最常被问到的护肤问题 – 译学馆
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网络上最常被问到的护肤问题

Doctors Answer Commonly Googled Questions About Skin Care

我的第1 2 3 4 5 6 7条建议
The number 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7
都是要用好的防晒霜
is to use good sunscreen.
网络上最常见的护肤问题
我是迪娜·斯特朗医生
I’m Dr. Dina Strachan.
我的主攻方向是头皮疾病 痤疮
I specialize in hair and scalp disorders, acne,
以及有色人种皮肤疾病
and skin of color.
我是林赛德·波登医生
My name is Lindsey Bordone.
我的主攻方向是过敏皮试以及脱发
I specialize in patch testing for allergies of the skin and also hair loss.
我是赛瑞博·罗达医生
I’m Saurabh Lodha.
我主要负责常见的皮肤疾病
Mostly, I do bread and butter dermatology,
比如说医学美容 儿童皮肤病
So cosmetics to pediatrics,
痤疮 牛皮藓 以及湿疹
acne, psoriasis, eczema.
我会在今天的节目中回答一些
Today, I’m going to be answering some
网络上最常见的护肤问题
of the most googled questions about skin care.
让我们开始吧
Let’s do it.
[背景音乐]
[ambient music]
面膜真的有用吗?
其实没什么用
They’re actually not.
所有只在你脸上短暂停留
Anything that you apply for a short amount of time
就被洗掉的护肤品
and then take off
其实并不能给皮肤带来根本性的改变
doesn’t alter your skin all that much.
很多时候面膜只是给皮肤暂时性地补了水
Many times a face mask just hydrates your skin temporarily.
如果你是痘痘肌 面膜甚至会让皮肤恶化
If you have acne-prone skin, they can cause a lot of problems.
爽肤水真的有用吗?
爽肤水会给你一种用后皮肤紧致了的错觉
It will give the illusion of toning your skin
这只是因为在水分蒸发后 皮肤会感觉更紧绷一些
because it dries it, and that makes it feel more tight.
有些爽肤水里含有水杨酸 甘醇酸 或者其他成分
They might contain salicylic acid, or glycolic acid, or other things,
但我们的皮肤在大多数情况下其实都不需要它们
but generally they’re not needed.
活性炭能够帮助皮肤排毒吗?
不能 [笑] 我也希望它有这个效果
No [laughing], I wish it did.
大家经常问我这个问题
I get this question all the time.
活性炭其实一般是用来治疗吸毒过量的病人的
It’s actually used when someone has a drug overdose,
把活性炭敷在脸上真的没有任何作用
but putting it on your skin really won’t do anything.
精华都有什么作用呢?
精华含有一些抗老化成分 或祛痘成分
Serums carry the anti-aging product, or the acne product,
这取决于你的精华里都有什么
so it all depends on what’s in your serum.
有些精华是偏油基底的
Serums tend to be more oil-based.
在用这类精华的时候需要小心
You have to be careful though,
它们有可能会堵塞毛孔和致痘
because it can also clog your pores and cause acne.
用黄瓜敷眼膜有什么作用呢?
敷上去非常舒服
Feels great.
给眼睛贴黄瓜片只是给眼睛降降温
Putting cucumbers on your eyes just cools your eyes.
很多时候大家也会用
A lot of times people will use tea
在冰箱里冻过的茶包
bags that have been in the refrigerator.
它们可以给眼睛做冰敷
They can help as a cool compress on your eyes.
韩国护肤品效果要更好吗?
很多护肤品都属于同一家公司
A lot of the skin care products are owned by the same company.
韩国护肤品其实和市场上的其他美国产品没有什么区别
The Korean skin care lines are the same things that are offered
它们只是被品牌用不同方式包装了
in the US, it’s just under different branding.
光疗祛痘是安全的吗?
是 但也不是
Yes and no.
这取决于是哪种光疗 以及是由谁来操作的
It depends on the type of light therapy, and who’s administering it.
想做光疗的话 一定要找有行医执照的皮肤科医生
You want to definitely go to a board certified dermatologist.
纯天然的护肤品效果会更好吗?
这是一个我感触很深的问题
This is actually near and dear to my heart
我平时会做很多过敏皮试
because I do a lot of patch testing for allergies.
很多纯天然护肤品
A lot of the all natural skin care lines
都含有很多植物成分
have a lot of botanicals.
尽管它们含有植物成分
Does that mean that they have something plant based in it,
但是不是有和其他护肤品一样的防腐剂呢
but it still may have the same preservatives?
你需要明确自己的需求
You have to really think about what you’re specifically concerned about.
什么时候应该开始护肤呢?
在21岁左右吧
Maybe after the age of 21.
你需要开始考虑使用防晒霜来延缓皮肤老化
Think about good sunscreens for aging.
就算在21岁之前 你也应该坚持使用防晒产品
Before then, you should still be using sunscreen
来预防皮肤癌
to prevent skin cancer.
使用护肤品绝对没有“太早”这么一说
It’s never too early to start a skin care routine
你的护肤步骤其实可以非常简单
and your routine can be very, very simple.
多久应该洗一次脸?
每天最好至少洗一次脸
It’s best to wash your face once a day, at least.
至少在晚上
At the end of the day,
来清洁一天下来脸上的灰尘污垢
just to get the dirt and grime off.
多久应该去一次角质呢?
如果你喜欢的话 温和的去角质是可以的
I’d say gentle exfoliation is fine if you like that,
但最好不要每天都去角质
but I wouldn’t aim to make it part of your daily routine.
毕竟 你也不想因为过度去角质
You have to remember, you don’t want to over exfoliate
而使皮肤变干 甚至受损吧
because that will dry your skin and actually damage your skin.
干性皮肤应该怎样护肤?
最好能用更温和的洁面皂或洗面奶
You want to use a more mild soap or a cleanser,
比如说丝塔芙的洗面奶就非常合适
something like Cetaphil cleanser is very good.
它不是皂基的
It doesn’t have any detergents in it.
敏感性肌肤应该如何护肤?
敏感皮肤人群应该用很温和的洗面奶
People with sensitive skin should use a very gentle cleanser,
然后在洗脸后马上进行保湿
and then apply a moisturizer shortly after.
最好坚持使用
You want to stick to products that are
没有那么多香料 色素 和染料的产品
not heavy in fragrance, or pigments, dyes.
最好使用婴儿产品
You often want to stick with things that are meant for babies.
油性肌肤应该如何护肤?
油性肌肤可以使用清洁力度更强一些的产品
For oily skin, you can use things that are a little bit more aggressive,
比如说含有过氧化苯甲酰的产品
like a benzoyl peroxide wash or
或者是水杨酸洗面奶 来清洁面部油脂
a salicylic acid wash to help get the oil off.
最好使用清爽型的保湿产品 使用乳液而不是面霜
Use a very thin type moisturizer, so lotions rather than creams.
痘痘肌应该如何护肤?
大多数痘痘肌人群犯的错误是
Most people, the mistake that they make with acne prone skin
他们总是在洗脸
is they wash their skin all the time.
痘痘肌怎么保养皮肤
How you should treat your skin will depend
取决于有没有在接收治疗
on whether or not you’re under treatment.
有没有在用药
If you’re using medications or not.
去咨询皮肤科医生吧 他们会告诉你的
Go see your dermatologist, they’ll figure it out.
肌肤状况
痘痘是什么导致的?
如果你的父母有严重囊性痤疮的话
If your parents had bad cystic acne,
你患上它的可能性会更大
you’re going to be more prone to it.
痘痘有可能是毛囊堵塞导致的
It’s a combination of the hair follicles essentially being constipated.
皮肤上的细菌种类存在问题也可能引发痘痘
There may be, you know, some issue with the types of bacteria that live on the skin.
现在有那么多治疗方法
There’s so many solutions,
我们有太多可以提供给病人的治疗手段了
so many things that we can give to patients now.
没有人应该再为痘痘苦恼
No one should be suffering with acne.
什么是囊性痤疮?
囊性痤疮之所以会爆发
Cystic acne is basically
主要是因为那些在皮肤深处的痘痘
when you have acne lesions that are deep in the skin.
无法被清理干净
They can’t drain and it ruptures.
如何解决痘痘导致的皮肤发红
最经济的疗法是用鼻炎喷雾
The poor man’s solution is taking Afrin nasal spray,
把喷雾喷在手上
you can squirt it in your hands and you
然后拍在脸颊上
can pat it on your cheeks, and it
这样对收缩脸上的血管有一点效果
constricts the blood vessels a little bit.
但这不是一个长期的解决办法 也不能常用
It’s not a good long term solution and you don’t want to do it frequently,
因为你的皮肤会慢慢产生耐药性
cuz your skin will get used to it
一旦停用 泛红就会重新出来
and then you’ll get rebound redness when you’re not using it.
什么是黑头?
黑头的出现是因为 当毛孔堵塞时
A blackhead is when one of those pores gets blocked
你还在不断分泌油脂
and then your oil gland is pumping.
不断地分泌
It’s pumping, it’s pumping.
油脂接触到空气
It’s exposed to the air.
就会被氧化 变黑
It gets oxidized, turns black,
这就形成了黑头
and that’s a blackhead.
有可以缩小毛孔的方法吗?
其实没有什么方法可以真正缩小毛孔
You can’t really change the size of them,
但我们可以改变毛孔的外观
but you can change the appearance of them.
保持面部清洁
You can do that by keeping them clear,
来保障毛孔通畅
keeping your face clean.
市面上有一些填补毛孔的妆前乳
There is pore minimizing primer out there.
如果希望让毛孔看起来小一些
If you want to look like you have smaller pores,
可以使用这些产品 但是它们是没有长期效果的
use the primer, but it doesn’t have any long lasting effect.
最好的挤痘痘方法是什么?
作为一名有行医执照的皮肤科医生
As a board certified dermatologist,
我的建议是让你的皮肤科医生来清理痘痘
I would say to let your dermatologist drain it,
但如果你的痘痘
but if you have a pimple
在家快要冒白头了
that’s coming to a head at home,
痘痘在洗澡的时候已经完全成熟了
a hot shower, it comes to a head,
这个时候轻轻碰一下它 就会破掉
and just by gently touching it, it will come out.
如何预防皱纹?
防晒 然后不要吸烟
Stay out of the sun and don’t smoke.
我的第1 2 3 4 5 6 7条建议
The number 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 on the list
都是坚持用好的防晒霜
is to use good sunscreen.
一般来说 好的防晒霜都含有锌
Generally, the best sunscreens have zinc.
雀斑和痣有什么区别?
这其实是我们用词上的一种区分方式
This is actually semantics in some way.
晒斑的专业术语叫lentigo
A sun spot is what we call a lentigo.
痣的专业术语叫nevi
Moles are what we call nevi.
痣可能是后天形成的 也可能是天生的
Nevi can be acquired or you’re just born with them.
晒斑是阳光照射导致的
Sun spots you acquire with sun exposure.
雀斑在我们的专业术语中叫ephelides
Freckles are what we call ephelides. Freckles,
一般来说 雀斑的形成也是由于光照
you kind of get more with sun exposure,
就像晒斑一样
just like you do with sun spots.
它们本质上是一样的
They’re essentially the same thing.
多久应该看一次皮肤科医生?
这个问题的答案取决于你的病史
The answer to that will depend on your personal health history.
如果你曾经得过皮肤癌
If you have a personal history of skin cancer,
就应该经常去医院进行皮肤检查
then you should see a dermatologist more often.
一般来说 对于大多数人群
Generally speaking, for the whole population,
一年一次就可以了
just once a year.
尽管你可能还年轻 也应该定期去看皮肤科
Even if you’re young, you should be seeing a dermatologist,
至少可以从皮肤科医生那里学到你该怎么护理皮肤
at least get an education about what you should be doing.
[欢快的音乐]
[upbeat music]
健身的时候可以带妆吗?
我的建议是 除了口红和睫毛膏
I would recommend, other than lipstick or maybe mascara,
其他的妆在健身前都最好卸掉
that you take your makeup off before you work out.
睡觉的时候可以不卸妆吗?
完全不建议
It’s not preferable, for sure.
不卸妆可能会导致皮肤发炎 也可能加剧皮肤老化
It can cause inflammation, and it may actually age your skin.
卸妆产品会对皮肤造成伤害吗?
如果用的是刺激性很强的
If you’re using things that are very harsh,
使用会导致皮肤泛红或瘙痒的卸妆产品
that cause redness or irritation for your skin just to remove your makeup,
这对皮肤肯定是不好的 尤其是对眼周肌肤来说
that’s not good, especially around your eyelids.
我不喜欢防水化妆品
I don’t like waterproof makeups.
它们非常刺激 而且也很难被卸干净
They’re very harsh and tough to remove.
若使用防水化妆品时感觉皮肤没有异样
If you have no problems with that in terms of your skin and using those things,
完全可以放心使用这些产品 卸妆时手法轻柔一点就好
feel free to do those things, just be careful with removing them.
怀孕期间可以使用化妆品吗?
一般来说 怀孕期间化妆是没有问题的
Generally speaking, it’s fine to wear makeup
如果你在妊娠期 但是你对化妆品中的一些成分不放心
if you’re pregnant, but if you’re concerned particular ingredients,
最好和你的妇科医生确认你用的所有产品都是安全的
Make sure whatever you’re doing is okay by your OB.
为什么皮肤对我们来说很重要?
皮肤有比我们想象中更重要的作用
The skin does a lot more than we think.
护理皮肤并不仅仅是为了虚荣
It’s not just for vanity.
皮肤保护着我们
It’s what protects us.
也是健康的风向标
It’s a sign of your overall health.
照顾好一直守护着你的皮肤
Take care of what takes care of you,
保护好我们身体的第一道防线
and protect what protects you.
[抒情音乐]
[mellow music]

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视频概述

三位专业皮肤科医生为观众们解答了网络上最常被问到的护肤相关问题

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

IL

审核员

审核员_BA

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=YXjF6vcYUpE

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