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我们能否享受自由|8-bit哲学第一季

Do We Enjoy Being Free? (Final Fantasy + Sartre) - 8-Bit Philosophy

人类能够享受自由吗?
Do humans ENJOY being free?
存在主义者吉恩•保罗•萨特认为 因为没有上帝
Existentialist Jean Paul Sartre claimed that because there is no God,
我们注定是自由的
we are CONDEMNED to be free.
其文章《存在主义就是人道主义》中萨特有一句名言
In his essay “Existentialism is a Humanism”, Sartre famously said that
“存在先于本质”换言之 一个人首先要存在
“Existence precedes Essence.” In other words, one first exists,
而后他才能通过所做的选择创造自己的“本质”
And then one invents one’s “self” through the choices he makes.
但是这种自由是令人畏惧的 会令我们产生被抛弃 绝望感和孤独感
But such freedom can be quite daunting, and leads to feelings of abandonment,
因为不仅没有上帝指引我们 我们全部的自由
despair and forlorness. For not only is there no God to guide us, but our total freedom
也仅指我们能够独自为自己的所做所为负责 萨特说
means each one of us is solely responsible for what he becomes. Sartre says that to alleviate
为减轻这种选择的负担 我们假装欺骗自己好像我们没有选择的自由
this burden of choice, we will attempt to deceive ourselves by acting as if we are not
他又把这种行为称为“自欺”
free, or what he calls “acting in bad faith.”
设想一下 一个女人在考虑是否要为了她的情人而离开丈夫时
Consider a situation in which a woman contemplates leaving her husband for her lover.
她准备好面对批判性选择的后果了吗?
Is she prepared to face the consequences of such a critical choice-
她必须要做选择吗?
a choice that only SHE can make?
除了做选择 她也可以诱导他们对峙
Instead of choosing, she may lure them to a confrontation
其间她会任由这两人为了自己而起争执而希望有一人获胜
during which she will idly allow them to fight over her. The hope is one will prevail
通过放弃她的选择她将定义自己的权利交给了别人
By relinquishing her choice, she leaves it up to somebody else to define who
因此 她的行为可称为自欺
she is, and thus, she acts in Bad Faith.
事实上 每时每刻我们做出的选择都在定义自己
In fact, every second of the day we make choices that define us.
本质在不断变化 这一直都是一个“开放性问题”
The self is constantly changing, always an “open question.”
例如 一个人能从事某种职业比如一名骑士
For example, one may perform a certain job, such as a knight,
但没有人能只扮演一个角色
but one is never identical to one’s role.
想象有个叫奈杰尔的人是魔法师魔术师这个角色很容易定义
Imagine a man named Nigel has the job of being a mage. A mage’s role is easily defined.
他会用魔法战胜那些敌人
One casts black magic to vanquish their enemies.
但是他这么做时做出选择的是奈杰尔还是魔法师呢?
But when he does this, is he making the choice as Nigel, or as a mage?
如果他仅仅把自己等同于法师的角色
If he chooses to merely equate himself with his role of “mage”-
那他的行为将以一种机械且过分热情的方式展开
he will execute his actions in a mechanical, overzealous way.
实际上他并不是自己做出的选择更确切地说
He doesn’t actually choose his actions as his own, rather he merely acts in accordance
他只是按照人们的期望来行事
with how people expect a mage to act.
因此 他是自欺的
Thus, he is in bad faith.
但是难道选择不去做选择不也是一种选择吗?
But is choosing not to choose not also a choice?
然而 我们总试着欺骗自己我们没有自由
However we may try to delude ourselves, there is no escaping our freedom.

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视频概述

享受自由的前提就是做出选择,自由是随心所欲而非为所欲为

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

grandpa

审核员

审核团MG

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=aHrbeBTiO5w

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