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电子游戏真的让你变得更加暴力吗? – 译学馆
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电子游戏真的让你变得更加暴力吗?

Do Video Games Make You Violent?

This episode is sponsored by BetterHelp.
本视频由BetterHelp赞助播出
Stay tuned for more information at the end.
请继续观看 视频末尾有更多相关信息
Politicians often blame video games
政客们常常把我们现实世界的
for some of the violence in our world.
一些暴力问题归咎于电子游戏
And while it is true that the top five most popular
的确 目前最火的五款游戏
video games right now are all shooter games.
都是射击类游戏
Do the guns on screen really
屏幕里的枪真的
translate into aggression in the real life?
会让我们在现实中更具有攻击性吗?
Can video games make you violent?
电子游戏会让你更加暴力吗?
One of the main arguments people make against video games is
人们反对电子游戏的主要原因之一
that they prime kids to be violent.
是它们会诱导孩子产生暴力倾向
Priming is a nonconscious form of memory,
这种启动效应往往是潜意识行为
where one stimulus influences the response
是一种刺激会影响
to a subsequent stimulus.
对后一刺激的反应
For example, if I said the word “yellow”,
例如 如果我说”黄色”这个词
then asked you to name a fruit,
让你想一种水果
you would most likely say “banana”.
你很可能会说“香蕉”
This led to a study in which researchers
针对这一点人们进行了研究
had participants play one of two games.
研究者让受测试者从两个游戏中任选一个玩
One game were they were in a car avoiding collisions.
一个是赛车游戏 游戏中要避免车子间的碰撞
Another where they were just a mouse avoiding a cat.
另一个则是老鼠躲猫的游戏
Following the game, the researchers, based on priming,
游戏结束之后 研究者根据启动效应
hypothesized the players would be faster at
假定游戏玩家在现实世界中
categorizing objects associated with the game they played,
会更快速地对与所玩游戏相关的物品
more quickly in the real world.
作出分类
So the players looked at pictures of things like a bus or a dog,
所以在玩家看到如公共汽车或狗之类的图片
and were asked to quickly label them
并按要求快速给图片
either as a vehicle or an animal.
标注上交通工具或动物时
Those who played the car game
玩过汽车游戏的人
were no faster at categorizing vehicles,
对交通工具的分类并没有比
and those who played the cat game
玩过猫鼠游戏的人更快
were no faster at categorizing animals.
对动物的分类也并没有更快
In fact, those who played each game
实际上 玩了各自游戏的人
had a slower reaction time to the related category,
对于相关物品分类的速度更慢了
meaning negative priming might actually be occurring.
也就是说 实际上他们身上发生了负启动效应
Oh, sciences are always just messing with us so much.
哎 科学总是让我们摸不着头脑
But unlike the 8-bit games of our past,
与以前的8比特低画质游戏不同
today’s game designers are capable of producing incredible graphics.
如今的游戏设计者能够绘制精湛的游戏图形
Therefore, another criticism is the more realistic a game,
因此另一个问题是 游戏越逼真
the more likely it will activate aggressive behavior.
越有可能刺激攻击性行为的产生
To study this concept,
为验证这一观点
one study had participants play one of two combat games.
一项研究让参与者从两款战斗游戏中任选其一
One where the characters were modeled using ragdoll physics.
一款游戏角色使用了布娃娃系统
Movements modeled off of the human skeleton,
根据人体骨架进行动作设计
which means they had very physically realistic death behaviors.
这样可以表现出很逼真的死亡行为
The other game used deaths that were extremely unrealistic.
而另一款游戏的死亡行为极不逼真
Afterwards, aggression was assessed
之后 研究者通过词汇联想测试
via a word association test.
对受试者的攻击倾向进行评估
And the game with the more realistic deaths showed
发现玩死亡行为更逼真的游戏
no increase in aggression.
并没有增加受试者的攻击性
Of the available research,
在已有的其他研究中
most find no link between video games and violence.
大都没有发现电子游戏和暴力之间的联系
A meta-analysis of studies showing a positive link
在对所有研究的元分析之后发现
between games and aggression
所有那些显示电子游戏和攻击行为
found they often used ineffective lab tests of aggression,
有密切联系的实验方法并不科学有效
for example, measuring brain waves and heartbeats,
比如测量脑电波和心率
which doesn’t necessarily translate to actual criminal behavior.
这些方法未必代表受试者在现实中会有犯罪行为
And in the past, when a correlation has been found,
过去的研究者即便发现二者之间有联系
it’s been weak.
也都证据不足
Criminologists who study mass homicides refer to
犯罪学家们在对大量杀人犯进行调查研究后
the link between violent games and crime as a myth.
也认为暴力类游戏引发犯罪行为的说法不足为信
In fact, in 2011, the US Supreme Court ruled that
事实上 在2011年美国最高法庭就声明过
research did not find clear connection between
研究并未发现
violent videogames and aggressive behavior.
电子游戏和攻击行为有明确关系
Unfortunately, we all know how often after a crime,
但遗憾的是 每次有犯罪发生
video games and violent media
电子游戏和涉暴的媒体
get brought into the conversation.
都会被推上风口浪尖
But the truth is this might actually be distracting from
事实上这样也许会使人们
the more significant causes of violence.
忽视寻找更加重要的犯罪原因
Thank you so much to BetterHelp for sponsoring this video,
非常感谢BetterHelp网站对该视频的赞助支持
as someone who has had therapy
在过去三年中
benefited my life over the last three years.
BetterHelp网站让我的人生受益匪浅
BetterHelp is an accessible low-cost way
该网站上的治疗师都具有执业资格
to access a licensed therapist.
能为你提供便捷经济的诊疗服务
Something that we all can benefit from.
我们都可以在上面获得帮助
So you have to be 18 years or older to use a service
不过只有年满18岁
which gives you access to licensed therapists
才能享受该网站提供的诊疗服务
through chat, text, your phone and online video.
可通过聊天 留言 电话或视频与医师进行沟通
You can even start now by using the link below
点击屏幕下方链接 在24小时内
and connecting with a licensed therapist within under 24 hours.
即可得到执业医师的回复
It’s important to know that this is not a crisis line,
要知道 这并不是危机热线
but a way to schedule video and phone chats with licensed therapists
而是你每周仅仅只花35-65美元 按照预约时间
for a low cost of $35 to $65 a week.
就能与执业医生进行电话视频连线的通道
BetterHelp makes therapy which can be intimidating and expensive,
BetterHelp能让那些原本可怕又昂贵的疗法
feel secure, convenient and affordable.
变得放心 便捷又实惠
Head to betterhelp.com/ASAP to check it out.
具体详情请前往betterhelp.com/ASAP网址
Thank you so much for watching,
感谢您的观看
and we will see you next week for a new science video. Peace.
下周我们将推出新一期的科学视频 愿世界和平

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视频概述

电子游戏并非导致犯罪的始作俑者。看完这个视频,妈妈再也不用担心我玩游戏了!

听录译者

jm

翻译译者

Cinderella

审核员

审核员YZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-ixUGwk6IC8

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