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少做多成功——亨利·大卫·梭罗的哲学

Do Less, Succeed More - The Philosophy of Henry David Thoreau

This video is sponsored by the self-care APP– Fabulous.
此视频由自我保健应用软件——Fabulous赞助
The first100 people to click the link in the description
点击文字中链接的前一百人
will receive 25 off their subscription.
将享受25%的订阅折扣
We want to experience so much in life,
我们非常乐于去体验生活
we can often ignore and neglect the quality of what we actually experience.
但常常会忽略我们实际体验的品质
We are so often drawn to lifestyles
我们常常深陷一种生活方式:
full of busy schedules,
日程安排满满当当
active social lives, frequent travels
有着繁忙的社交生活 频繁的旅行
and elaborate goals and achievements.
精心制定的目标和成就
We end up in lives focused on all of these things,
我们生活的中心变成了这些事情
but very little on ourselves.
却很少关注自己
The busy life is promoted to us by culture
电影 表演 新闻 畅销书 社交媒体等文娱产品
in movies, in shows, the news, best-selling books, on social media and so on.
让这种忙碌的生活方式更加普及
For much of the modern world,
对于现代社会的许多人来说
the ideal of this life is transfused into the blood.
拥有这种生活理想是与生俱来的
But is this way of life even good for you?
但这种生活方式对你有益吗?
Since oftentimes people who live very simple modest quiet lives
那些过着简单 谦虚 安静的生活的人
are viewed as unexceptional unsuccessful losers and so on,
他们时常被视作平庸 失败的屌丝
it can perhaps be hard to see a quiet simple life of relative obscurity
所以面对这种相对默默无闻的安静简单的生活
as something appealing, noteworthy, intentional and difficult.
人们很难认同这种生活是吸引人的 值得注意的 有意义的 困难的
But in truth for at least some portion of us,
但事实上 至少对于我们其中一部分人来说
this sort of life is in fact a redeeming endeavor,
这种生活方式其实也有其可取之处
indicative of immense discipline and wisdom.
它象征着严明的纪律和智慧
“If a man does not keep pace with his companions,
“如果一个人跟不上同伴的步伐
perhaps it is because he hears a different drummer.
可能是因为他听到了不同的鼓点
Let him step to the music he hears,
让他跟着听到的音乐走
however measured or far away.”
无论有多远”
wrote 19th century American transcendentalist writer and philosopher Henry David Thoreau.
十九世纪美国超验主义作家哲学家亨利·大卫·索罗如是写道
Thoreau was a figure who focused much of his life and philosophy
索罗这位人物的生活观和哲学观
on the value of simplicity, self-reliance, authenticity
强调简朴 自立 真实的价值
and separating from the influences and conventions of modern life.
远离现代生活的影响和习俗
He not only wrote about these concepts
他不仅写下这些观念
but he lived them.
并且亲身实践
After avoiding the expected standard career paths
在避开了预期的标准职业道路
and befriending the founding father of the transcendentalist philosophy movement Ralph Waldo Emerson,
跟超验主义哲学运动发起人拉尔夫·瓦尔多·爱默生做朋友之后
for years Thoreau lived by himself in a cabin in the woods
索罗在森林中的木屋独自生活了几年
on a plot of Emerson’s land.
这个森林在爱默生的一块地上
Here he led a simple quiet secluded life,
他在这过着简单安静的隐居生活
focusing only on what he believed he truly needed and valued.
只关注于他认为真正需要的有价值的事
He worked only one day a week reduced his material possessions to a minimum,
他每周只工作一天 将物质需求降到最低
separated from the social and cultural world,
脱离社交文化世界
immersed into nature and focused on his passion of writing.
融入大自然 专注于他的写作热情
During this time he wrote his master work Walden,
在此期间他写下了他的杰作《瓦尔登湖》
in one passage of this book,
这本书的其中一页
he reflects on his time and reasons for living alone in the woods, writing:
他反映了独自在森林生活的时间和理由 他写到
“I went to the woods because I wish to live deliberately
“我到林中去 因为我希望谨慎地生活
to front only the essential facts of life
只面对生活的基本事实
and see if I could not learn what it had to teach,
看看我是否学得到生活要教育我的东西
and not, when I came to die discovered that I had not lived…
免得到了临死的时候 才发现我根本就没有生活过……
I wanted to live deep and suck out all the marrow of life…”
我希望活得深刻 汲取生命中的所有精华……”
We all want to live a good life and be successful,
我们都想过得好 想要成功
but how often do we stop and evaluate
但我们什么时候才能停下来 评估一下
what a good successful life might be for us?
对我们来说 什么才是美好而成功的生活?
How often do we consider not how it would look from the outside
我们什么时候才不会考虑生活的外在形式
but how it would feel from the inside
而是去感受生活的点滴
the only place it is actually experienced?
只有去生活才能体会到生活的本质
Plainly being successful merely means
显然 成功仅仅意味着
having adequately accomplished a predetermined goal or task,
充分地完成了一个预定的目标或任务
and so arguably, being successful in life
可以说 生活中取得成功
depends solely on having mindfully determined an overarching goal
只在于坚定地实现自己如何去生活的总体目标
for how you want to live and then living adequately that way.
然后以自己理想的生活方式充实地活着
Thus those who live a quiet modest simple life
因此 过着安静谦虚简单的生活的人
are just as successful as someone who lives a busy and culturally significant one,
和过着忙碌且文艺的人一样成功
so long as in both cases, both ways of life are intentionally pursued
只要两种情况下 两种生活方式都是人们的心之所向
both are equally successful when obtained.
那么两种人在过上理想的生活后都是一样成功的
Only in the case in which someone is living unintentionally and without deliberation
只有那些在生活中缺乏目标和思考的人
is one unsuccessful.
才是失败的
Thus even on the highest of thrones,
因此 即使坐在最高的宝座上
the remotest of destinations and the most private of rooms,
在最遥远的地方 身处隐私性最好的房间
we might just as likely find examples of failure
我们也很有可能发现失败的案例
as we might in a small cabin in the woods.
就像我们在林中的小木屋时一样
Of course, some of us might find ourselves in conditions and circumstances we did not choose
当然 有些人也会身不由己地处于某种情景下
that cannot easily be broken free from,
而无法轻易摆脱
conditions that come with financial, mental or health constraints
涉及金融 精神 或健康 责任束缚的情况
and responsibilities that require ways of life that we may not prefer.
这些情况让我们不得不选择某种生活方式
And of course, many of us do prefer busy frantic material lives,
当然 我们中的许多倾向于紧张忙乱的物质生活
but for the number of us for whom this is not the case.
但我们很多人不是这样
If we choose to give up our time to people and things we don’t value
若我们把时间屈让给我们不重视的人和事
that take us from people and things we do,
不能把时间用在我们重视的人和事上
where a different accessible orientation of our life would not require this,
而明明选择另一种生活方式不会让自己身陷囹圄
then perhaps we have ventured the wrong direction,
那么我们可能朝着错误的方向前进
and would benefit from some amount of simplification
如若能做出一些简化
or at the very least a reasonable renovation of our lives.
或至少做出一些合理革新 也大有裨益
Inevitably, we almost give up some portion of our time
不可避免地是 我们必须违背自己的意愿
to people, things and tasks that we do not want to.
将自己的部分时间分给一些人 事 和任务上
But the essential question we must ask ourselves when we can
但当可以时 我们必须问自己一个基本问题
is how much, why and for what.
是要花多少钱 为什么 以及为了什么
We all know that time is the only
我们都知道时间是唯一
commodity that cannot be earned or bought back when it is gone,
丢失了就无法赚得或买回来的必需品
and in a fundamental sense it is the only thing we truly have,
从根本上说 它是我们唯一真正拥有的东西
and yet we often exchange it haphazardly for reasons we don’t think much about.
我们常常因为不曾深思的理由随意交易它
We would never let anyone take our money
我们不会让任何人拿走我们的钱
or our car or any of our stuff,
车或任何物品
but yet we often freely let people and things and experiences
但我们常常让人 事 经历自由地
take our time every day, month, year and decade.
每天 每月 每年 每十年地夺走我们的时间
And here is where we might call upon Thoreau,
这个就是我们省视索罗
Emerson and other great thinkers alike
爱默生以及其他类似的伟大思考者
to realize the value of our deliberateness
实现的深思熟虑的价值
and focus on our time, our perception
并关注我们的时间 认知
and the internal experience of our lives,
生活的内在经验
and not on things other people’s opinions
而不是关注其他人的观点
and that which we cannot control outside of ourselves.
以及我们无法控制的事
“In short,” Thoreau wrote, “I am convinced both by faith and experience
“总之” 索罗说 “我相信信仰和经验
that to maintain one’s self on this earth is not a hardship but a pastime,
这些使人活在世上不是一件难事 而是一种消遣
if we will live simply and wisely…”
如果我们简单而智慧地生活……”
Perhaps we don’t always need to take that new job with those greater responsibilities,
也许我们并不总是需要承担责任更大的新工作
accept that invitation to that concert or that party,
接受音乐会或聚会的邀请
go to that place we’ve seen everyone go,
去到我们看到每个人都去过的地方
keep as many relationships with as many people as we can,
和尽可能多的人保持尽可能多的人际关系
try to keep up with everyone we know and see online,
尝试和我们在网络上认识和看到的人齐头并进
or buy that new version of that new thing.
或购买新东西的新版本
Perhaps rather for some of us,
也许对一些人来说
we would be better served by focusing on
以下做法能为他们带来更多好处:
how to draw down the items on the to-do list,
专注于如何将各待办事项列在日程表上
the events on the calendar,
专注于日历上的待办事项
the people we engage with
和自己打交道的人
and instead, keep a relatively concise schedule
并且 写一份相对简洁的日程表
with just a few important things and a few important people.
上面只写一些重要的事和人
In truth, an exciting life is
事实上 令人兴奋的生活是
a life in which we are excited to be alive,
我们能充满激情地去生活
not necessarily one in which we are always frantically doing things.
而非总是紧张忙乱地完成任务
There is nothing impressive about living a life you do not like,
在有其他选择的情况下 过着自己不喜欢的生活
if you do not have to.
没有什么了不起
And there is great virtue and heroism
而仅仅是在生活中保持理智和善良
in simply staying sane, kind,
和亲密的人度过有意义的时光
spending meaningful time with a few close loved ones
在工作和生活中保持自我
and maintaining authenticity in one’s work and life.
也是一种伟大的美德和英雄主义
Of course, none of this is to make light of
当然 这并不是意味着我们能轻描淡写
the difficulty of doing such a thing and living such a way.
这样做 这样生活的难度
Swimming against the current of social conventions
社会习俗对你个人和文化层面的期待
of personal and cultural expectations of what you’re currently doing
就如同潮水一般
is like trying to get back to the shoreline,
与这一潮流背道而驰 就像是试图回到海岸线
while the force of the ocean’s current pulls you further and further out to sea,
然而洋流的力量会把你拉到越来越远的海里
and moreover, the ambiguity of what we actually want
另外 对于我们真正想要的东西
and what is actually good for us is always present.
以及什么对我们才有益的 我们的回答永远是模棱两可的
The temptation of the alleviation of responsibility
随波随流 按照别人的方式生活
by just letting the current take us and living how others live,
以他人定义成功和激情的方式定义这两个概念
defining success and excitement how others define it,
通过以上两种方式来逃避责任诱惑着我们
spurs in every post on social media
这种诱惑在社交媒体上的每条帖子里都有体现
and intimates in every encounter in which we are asked.
每一次与他人打交道 并被问及自己的职业时
What do you do?
也有所彰显
But in the words of Thoreau,
但以索罗的话来说
“Rather than love, than money, than fame, give me truth.”
“给我真理 而不是爱情 金钱 名誉”
To find truths and values,
为了找出真相和价值
Thoreau look to nature, independence and a life of simplicity.
梭罗向往自然 独立 和简朴的生活
But arguably, where we look is perhaps
但可论证的是 我们看向的地方可能
far less important than why we look where we do.
远不如我们看向那个地方的原因重要
It is in Thoreau’s deliberateness that we should draw inspiration from
我们应该从索罗的深思熟虑中汲取灵感
not necessarily his lifestyle.
并不是他的生活方式
A successful life is not one filled with important meetings,
成功的生活不是充满了重要会议
active social lives, high wealth or fame,
活跃的社交生活 家财万贯或名扬四海
but nor is it one reduced to its most basic form,
也并非一无所有 以最原始 基础的方式去生活
filled primarily with free time and leisure.
让生活被闲暇时间和享乐休闲填满
A successful life is simply a conscious one,
成功的生活就是有意识的去生活
one made of authenticity, self-reliance
保持自我 自立
and continual adaptation toward who we are and how we want to live.
并且不断地修正我们是谁 应该如何生活的答案
In the end, the only shame of being unsuccessful in life
最后 人生中遭遇失败唯一羞耻的事
is being unsuccessful in living how you want to the best you can.
是没能尽所能过你想要的生活
This video was sponsored by Fabulous,
此视频由Fabulous赞助
an essential part of simplifying and leading an intentional life
简化和过上有意义的生活的重要组成部分
is defining the basic things that we find important,
是定义我们觉得重要的基础事物
and then constructing habits and routines around those things,
接着围绕这些事建立习惯和惯例
so they stick.
所以它们是不变的
Somewhat ironically though, sometimes it’s the simple most important things
尽管有些讽刺 但有时就是最重要的
that can be the hardest to do this for
也是最难做到的是
eating and sleeping well,exercising or meditating,
吃饱睡好 锻炼或冥想
staying hydrated, focused and calm,
保持水分 专注而平静
all are about as basic and important as you can get,
所有这些都是最基本和最重要的
but yet a great many of us struggle doing these things.
然而我们中很多努力做这些事
And understandably so,
可以理解的是
the modern world often demands more of us than there is to give,
现代世界通常向我们索取比给予更多的东西
the self-care APP Fabulous is like a digital coach
自我保健应用软件Fabulous像是一个数字教练
that helps make the process of developing and sticking to an intentional life
帮助让发展和坚持有意义的生活的过程
easier and more rewarding.
更容易 回报更多
By using science-backed principles and a range of functions and features,
利用有科学依据的原理 以及一系列的功能和特征
Fabulous helps you break down long-term goals into small tasks,
Fabulous帮你把长期目标拆分成多个小任务
that build into consistent daily routines.
构建持续的日常惯例
You can pick from more than a hundred habits or create your own,
你可以从一百多个习惯中挑选或者创建你自己的
and then use Fabulous’s notifications, tracking function and other features
然后利用Fabulous的通告 追踪功能 和其他特征
to take a more self-guided approach,
采取更偏向自我指导的方法
or immerse in the Fabulous’s dedicated programs, behavioral change programs and journeys
或是沉浸在Fabulous专门的程序 行为改变计划和旅程
for additional help in discovering and forming
以求额外帮助来发现和形成
the best habits and methods suited to your long-term goals.
适合你的长期计划的最好习惯和方法
Whether you’re struggling with stress and would benefit from a habit of meditation or daily walks,
无论你在与压力斗争还是受益于冥想或日常散步的习惯
want to sleep or eat better
想要睡得更好 吃得更好
or simply want to be more focused and consistent on your work,
或只是想更专注和坚持你的工作
Fabulous provides a personalized and rewarding experience
Fabulous提供一种个性化的有回报的经历
that can help turn just about any goal
可以帮助将任何目标转变
into a part of your regular daily routine.
成为你日常惯例的一部分
Start building your ideal daily routine today
现在开始构建理想的日常惯例
by clicking the link in the description below,
点击下方文字中的链接
the first 100 people to use the link will get 25 percent off their subscription.
前一百名使用此链接的人将获得25%的订阅折扣
And of course, as always, thank you so much for watching in general,
当然 一如既往地感谢大家的收看
and see you next video.
下期视频见

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视频概述

关于成功的背后有怎样的哲学?怎样才能收获成功呢?来看看哲学家亨利·大卫·梭罗谈成功!

听录译者

Winnie

翻译译者

瑞瑞Rita

审核员

审核员LG

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9bHM-mhgQyk

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