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使用手机真的会致癌吗? – 译学馆
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使用手机真的会致癌吗?

Do Cell Phones Really Cause Cancer?

当你在科技界经常听到“癌症”的时候
When you hear the word “cancer”, being thrown on to the technology circles
多半就像现在被经常讨论的例如游戏手柄
as often as not the thing being discussed
RGB(三原色)设置 或者视频缩略图
like game console, RGB set up or video thumbnail now
甚至可能是一个标价过高的苹果产品
or maybe even an overpriced Apple product.
但是 对于科技与实际生活中的癌症有什么联系的讨论似乎
But there is one real discussion about how technology relates to actual cancer
从未走远
that just never seems to go away.
这是来自无线设备的辐射 比如手机 引起的吗?
Does radiation from wireless devices like cellphones cause it?
要回答这个问题 让我们准确地分析一下手机发射出来的到底是什么
To answer let’s unpack exactly what your cellphone gives off
除了位置数据和广告商
other than location data to advertisers.
手机发送 接收电话和数据使用的是叫电磁辐射的东西
To send or receive calls and data, cellphones use what’s called electromagnetic radiation.
跟你的车载音响接收和转化成声音所使用的能量是一样的
The same kind of energy your cars stereo receives and turns it in sound.
跟微波炉加热食物使用的能量是一样的
The same kind of energy microwaves use to heat up your food.
跟X射线机器用来检查你的骨头使用的能量也是一样的
that X-ray machines use to see your bones.
甚至跟太阳或者灯泡发射出来的简单的可见光也是一样的
And even that the sun or a light ball emits as plain old visible light.
当然 “辐射”这个词可能立即让你想到诱发癌症的核安全事故
Of course, that word “radiation” might immediately make you think of a cancer-inducing nuclear accident.
那看起来也是很符合逻辑的
And that seems pretty logical.
想一想 当你要去做一个X光检查的时候
Think about how you have to wear that heavy protective lead jacket
为什么你要穿那件笨重的铅制防护外套?
when you’re going for an X-ray
或者想一想 来自太阳的紫外线是如何烧伤你的 并且让你产生皮肤癌
or how ultraviolet rays from the sun can burn you and give you skin cancer.
这样 我们先等一会
Well, let’s hold on a minute.
尽管一些特定种类的EM辐射(电磁辐射)确实会造成健康危险
Although certain kinds of EM radiation can indeed pose real health hazards,
认识清楚这仅限于高能量种类的辐射是非常重要的
It’s important to know that this is restricted to higher energy varieties,
例如 紫外线辐射 X光和伽马射线
like UV, like X-rays and Gamma-rays.
但你也不必担心最后一种伽马射线
But you won’t have to be worried about that last one,
除非你在未有任何保护措施下的外太空出没逗留
unless you’re hanging out unshielded in outer space
或者你站得很接近核爆炸
or standing too close to a nuclear explosion.
所以呢 如果是这种情况的话 你很有可能处于巨大的危险之中了
So if that’s the case, you probably have far greater concerns.
无论如何 关键的是
Anyway, the point is,
这些种类的辐射扩散的频率比
these kinds of radiation propagate at much higher frequencies
无线电波和可见光还要高
than radio waves or visible light,
这就意味着它们本身携带更高的能量
meaning (that) there are a lot more energetic(energy).
这很糟糕 因为当它们它们接触到你的身体的时候
This is bad, because they are actually energetic enough to damage your DNA’s chemical structure
它们有足够的能量可以摧毁你体内DNA的化学结构了
when they hit your body,
引起会导致癌症的细胞变异
causing mutations that can lead to cancer.
它们撞击控制细胞生长的基因 这甚至可能引发死亡
They hit genes that regulate cell growth and even possibly death.
如果你有过晒伤的经历 那你实际上已经深有体会了
You’ve actually seen this for yourself if you’ve ever gotten a sunburn.
皮肤灼痛和红斑其实就是身体机能
The pain and redness are actually part of your body’s response to DNA damage
对被大量紫外线辐射破坏的DNA做出的一部分反应
caused by too much UV light.
好的消息是 这些由手机 无线路由器和手提电脑发射出来的辐射
But the good news is that the kinds of radiation given off by cellphones, wireless routers and labtops
频率非常低
is far too low frequency
因此 也就是这些具有低能量的辐射会扰乱DNA
and therefore low energy to mess with your DNA.
为检查该问题 已经开展过很多研究
Many studies have been done to examine this issue
这些研究也没有发现 癌症和使用手机
and no definitive link between cancer and the use of cellphones
或者其他寻常的无线装置之间明确的联系
or other common wireless gadgets has ever been found.
这实际上是有道理的
And this actually makes sense.
目前 手机网络和无线网络使用的最高频率的电波
The highest frequency waves currently used by cellphone networks and Wifi
分别是在1900兆赫和60吉赫
are around 1900MHZ to 60GHZ respectively.
相反 最低的紫外线能量就有着高达3千万左右吉赫的频率
By contrast, the lowest energy forms of UV light have a frequency around 30 million GHZ.
所以 “耳癌”只不过是你厌烦了你奶奶经常唠叨的
So ear cancer is the excuse you give gran(granny) when you don’t wanna hear about any more stories about
过时的东西总是比现在要好的一个借口
backward things were better.
你最好希望她永远也看不到这个视频
You better hope she never watches this video.
公平点来说 她还是有机会改变她的观点的
Though to be fair, there is a good chance she won’t change her opinion anyways.
尽管已经有大量的研究表明 还是有很多父母担心手机会构成真正的危险
Inspite of the numerous studies, many folks are still concerned that cellphones pose a real danger.
有些人甚至极端到迁居
Some have even gone so far as to relocate to areas
到一些比较少无线电波的地方去
that have fewer radio waves flying through the air.
这样的一个地方就包括位于维吉尼亚/西维吉尼亚边界的
One such area is the Unite States national radio quiet zone
美国国家无线电安静区
near the Virginia/West Virginia border
这些地方被政府限制使用无线电通信
where the government has restricted radio traffic
这样便于他们开展科学和军事活动
so it can carry out scientific and military operations more easily.
但实际上 智能手机会把你推向死亡地狱的事真是毫无道理
But in reality, there is really no reason your smartphone should have you literally heading for the hells,
除非你对你表兄弟叫你去打保龄球的电话感到厌烦
unless you’re just really tired of getting calls from your cousin to go bowling.
TunnelBear虚拟网络可以让你穿越20个不同的国家
TunnelBear VPN let you tunnel to 20 different countries,
让你在互联网上浏览 使用在线服务成为可能
allowing you to browse the Internet and use online services
就像你真的在各个不同的国家那样
as if you are in a different country.
在IOS 安卓 电脑和Mac系统上能简便使用的软件也可以有谷歌浏览器扩展插件
A easy-to-use apps(app) for IOS, Andriod, PC and Mac can also have a chrome extention.
在软件上选择一个国家 打开TunnelBear
Just choose the country in the app, turn TunnelBear on
当你的Bear进行连接的时候 一路畅通到另一条管道上还有你的新的地理位置
And watch as your Bear tunnels your interconnection, all the way over to the other pipe and your new location.
当你打开TunnelBear 的时候 会发生两件事:
When you turn TunnelBear on, two things happen:
连接会通过AES 256bit进行加密传输
Your connection gets encrypted with AES 256-bit encryption.
你的公共IP地址也会被改变
And your public IP address gets switched.
所以你就像是真的出现在那个不同的国家那样
So you show up as if you are in that different country.
他们也有等级非常高的隐私政策 并且不会记录用户活动
They also have a top-rated privacy policy and do not log user activity.
你也可以试一下500兆免费数据流量的Tunnbear虚拟网络 这还不要信用卡呢
You can try out TunnelBear VPN with 500 megabits of free data and no credit card required.
如果你选择一年的无限制数据 通过使用tunnelbear或者Linus 你就可以省下10%的钱了
If you choose to get a year of unlimited data, you can save 10% by going to tunnelbear.com/Linus.
好的朋友们 如果你喜欢这个视频 那就点个赞吧 如果你不喜欢这个视频 就点不喜欢吧
Alright guys, if you like this video,like it or if you dislike this video, dislike it.
对于在TechQuickie应该出现的内容 如果你有任何的建议 评论在下方 我就可以知道了
Let me know in comments down below, if you have any suggestions for things we should cover on TechQuickie.
也去看一下superfun频道 因为那也是超级有趣
Also check out channel Superfun, because it’s super fun.
在你走之前 敲一下订阅按钮旁边的那个小铃铛
And before you leave, hit the little bell next to the subscribe button.
如果你想看我们未来所有的视频 你就可以得到提前的通知了
And get notified for all of our future videos if you want to see them all.
你要是订阅了的话 下次我们就可以再见面了 如果没有的话
I’ll see you next time if you do that. If not, then,
那就只有可能在未来的某个时候了
I’ll see you sometime in the future.

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视频概述

手机辐射会致癌吗?如果你有疑问那就来看这个视频吧,他会为你全方位解答

听录译者

鱼汤娘子啊有毒

翻译译者

Vincent

审核员

审核团C

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=R0FC1twOXws

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