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DIY清洁小妙招 – 译学馆
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DIY清洁小妙招

DIY Cleaning Hacks (Chemistry Life Hacks Vol. 6)

You run out of your go-to cleaner,
你的清洁剂用完了
the store is a little too far away,
超市有点远
but you just can’t let that mess sit.
但又不想对脏乱坐视不管
All the more reason to get yourself acquainted with
那你就需要了解一下
these masterful DIY chemistry cleaning hacks
这些能让你的房子整洁明亮的
to help keep your house looking sparkly,
大师级DIY化学清洁技巧
with all the evidence you need to back it up.
以及它们背后的科学原理
1. Win for Windows
清理窗户
This time around you realized
当你意识到
you ran out of that blue stuff and
清洁剂用完了
those windows aren’t going to shine themselves
而那些窗户不会自己变干净时
Here’s the trick, take your empty bottle of glass cleaner
有个诀窍 拿出装玻璃清洁剂的空瓶
and add 2 cups of water, ½ a cup of vinegar,
加两杯水 半杯醋
and ¼ cup of 70% concentrate rubbing alcohol.
和1/4杯70%的浓缩外用酒精
Put the lid back on the sprayer
将喷雾器盖上盖子
and have at those windows.
再用它清洁这些窗户
Vinegar is a fantastic cleaner.
醋是种很棒的清洁剂
It’s mostly water and acetic acid.
主要成分是水和乙酸
The acetic acid is the the secret behind its cleaning capacity.
乙酸是使其具有清理能力的秘密武器
Acetic acid sits at 2.4 on the pH scale, VERY acidic.
PH值为2.4 酸性很强
Because of the acidity,
因为呈酸性
vinegar can eat away at mineral deposits
醋能腐蚀窗户上
that have found their way onto your windows
由空气中水分和灰尘
from moisture and dust in the air.
带来的矿物质沉积
But adding that rubbing alcohol to your mix
当与外用酒精混合时
makes a big difference.
效果会更显著
Alcohol dissolves greasy dirt, like fingerprints, really well.
酒精可以很好地溶解油污 比如指纹
So the vinegar chomps up the grit
醋可以腐蚀沙砾
while the alcohol sops up the grease,
酒精能溶解油脂
leaving your windows nice and clear.
让你的窗户干净明亮
2. Red & White
红酒&白酒
It’s party time and the red wine has hit you
派对时间到 被红酒灌醉
as hard as it’s about to hit the white carpet you’re standing on.
和红酒洒到白地毯上一样糟糕
Spilling red wine seems like a doomsday party foul,
倾洒的红酒就像在末日派对上出丑一样可怕
but don’t panic, there’s some chemistry for that.
但是 不要慌 化学可以帮助你
First thing to remember
首先要记住
when dealing with red wine stains is to act fast.
红酒污渍要尽快处理
Run and grab a bottle of
赶紧去拿一瓶
the nearest high proof, clear liquor.
高纯度白酒
Vodka, gin, or white rum will work.
伏特加 杜松子酒 白朗姆都可以
No, don’t drink it.
不 不是要喝它
Take the liquor and keep applying it to the stain,
将酒倒在污渍上
while soaking it up with a rag or paper towel until it’s all gone.
再用抹布或纸巾把酒全部吸干
Red wine is red because of several pigments
红酒呈现红色
such as anthocyanins, which are alcohol soluble.
是因为含有多种醇溶性色素 如花青素
So when you pour on a higher concentration of alcohol,
所以当你倒入更高浓度的酒时
the colors dissolve into that,
颜色会溶解在酒里
rather than drying up in the carpet.
而不是干在地毯上
As you continue to apply more alcohol,
当你倒更多的酒时
the red color dilutes and can be soaked up
红色被稀释
with all the excess alcohol in the rag.
并随多余酒液被抹布吸收
Finish it off with some nice plain water,
最后 用纯净水清洗地毯
then grab yourself some water to stave off that hangover.
再喝点水来缓解宿醉吧
3. Spit On it?
吐口水?
So here’s a tip that may seem a little counterintuitive when it comes to cleaning.
当提及清洁时 有个看似违背常理的小技巧
If you’ve got a little bit of a hardened food stain
如果料理台或硬地板上
on a countertop or hard floor,
有干硬的食物残渣
you can use your own spit to help get the stuff up.
你可以用自己的口水去除它们
Inside your saliva is an enzyme called amylase
在你的唾液中有一种淀粉酶
that’s used as one of the first steps of digestion in your body.
它作用于人体消化系统的开始部分
Amylase speeds up the process of breaking down starches
淀粉酶加快了将淀粉分解为
into easier to deal with, simpler sugars.
更容易处理的单糖的过程
You may have noticed when you eat certain starchy foods
你可能注意过 当吃某些淀粉类食物
like potatoes or crackers,
例如土豆和饼干
they have a slightly sweet taste when you chew them.
咀嚼时会有一种淡淡的甜味
This is amylase in action
这就是淀粉酶在起作用
and this same principle can be used to
此原理也可用于分解食物残留
break down food spills into easier to rinse parts.
使其更易被冲洗干净
So for all the life hackers out there
对迫不及待想看到更多的化学黑客们
who can’t help but want more, here’s a whole bunch of other videos
这儿还有很多其他小视频
from the chemistry life hacks series.
同样来自化学生活小技巧系列
There some great stuff in here, so don’t miss any of it.
里面有很多小妙招 不要错过哦
and also if you have any life hacks of you own
如果你也有自己的生活小技巧
make sure to post them down in the comments
请分享在下方的评论中
and we’ll try to include in the future life hack videos.
我们会在以后的生活小技巧视频中介绍它们
Stay tuned folks, there’s more coming your way
点击订阅按钮 关注我们
and make sure you don’t miss it by hitting that subscribe button.
确保你不会错过接下来的更多精彩视频

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视频概述

了解常见污渍的DIY清洁妙招和其中的化学原理。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

啼血杜鹃

审核员

审核员XY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rM86Y810fTA

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