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狄奥提玛之梯:从情欲到道德 – 译学馆
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狄奥提玛之梯:从情欲到道德

Diotima’s Ladder: From Lust to Morality

狄奥提玛之梯
Diotima’s Ladder
在柏拉图的《飨宴篇》中
In Plato’s dialogue the Symposium,
苏格拉底曾回忆狄奥提玛的教诲
Socrates recalls Diotima’s teaching
即 对美人躯体的欲望
that the desire for the one beautiful man’s body
仅为其第一阶
is just the first round in a ladder,
这逐渐导致形成了对美的形态的欣赏
that leads up to the appreciation of the form of beauty.
因此这仅仅是一种
So it’s merely a means
去往更高境界欣赏抽象美的方法
to the higher end of appreciating the abstract idea.
这便是狄奥提玛的教导
This is Diotima’s teaching,
欲学习美
to learn about beauty,
最初便应辨识你情欲爱人的体态之美
first recognize the physical beauty of your desired lover.
其次 如若你很理智
Then, if you’re rational,
你所欣赏的不仅仅是爱人个体的美
you look appreciate not just the individual loved one’s beauty,
亦需是他人之体态美
but also the physical beauty of others too.
这只有在发现
It would be absorbed only
相似躯体中单独个体独特的美后被领悟
to see beauty in the one individual since bodies are so similar.
由此 下一阶梯便是
From this, the next step up the ladder
去领略生命外表美感之外的美
is to see beauty of lives beyond appearances.
即智慧和知识中的美
The beauty in wisdom and knowledge,
伟大思想的美
the beauty of beautiful minds,
即便它们潜藏于躯体之内
even if they have to dwell in body,
并非十分美丽
which aren’t particularly beautiful.
最终一步阶梯便是去辨认美自身的形态
The last step is to come to recognize the form of beauty itself.
抽象纯粹而普遍的美的概念
The abstract pure general notion of beauty.
这种形态的美同样伴随着
This form of beauty also carries with it,
人性之善中的道德品质
moral quality of goodness.
因此 若你追随青春美丽躯体而踏上第一阶
So if you take the first step by following for the body of a beautiful youth,
狄奥提玛认为
Diotima thinks you can progress
你由此能发展到更理性地欣赏普遍之美
from this to a more cerebral appreciation of universal beauty.
情欲于梯低挽留
Lust is on the bottom round with the ladder,
美德在顶端守候
and morality at the top.
你是否准备迈向尽头?
If you prepare to make this end?
音乐
[Music]

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视频概述

爱介于无知和智慧之间,美与丑之间,情欲是推开美的大门的钥匙,但我们却不能被这门的美丽而驻足,更美好的事物,一直在尽头守候

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视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cYC74mJ-4po

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