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耶稣存在过吗

Did Jesus Really Exist? | Illuminate Ep 2

Did Jesus really exist?
耶稣真的存在吗
Philosopher Bertrand Russell once wrote:
哲学家贝特朗·罗素曾写道:
Historically it is quite doubtful whether Christ ever existed at all
历史上 耶稣是否存在过 很令人怀疑
and if He did We do not know anything about Him
如果耶稣真的存在过 我们对他一无所知
now this is a staggering claim especially in light of the fact
尤其是考虑到 世界上有相当多的人认为
that a significant portion of the world’s population claims
耶稣不仅存在 还是指引每个人如何生活的唯一权威
that not only did Jesus exist He is also the only authority on how one should live
这一说法就更加惊人了
so we have to take this issue seriously
因此我们应当严肃对待
did Jesus really exist?
耶稣真的存在吗
let’s set aside the New Testament for a moment
我们先把《新约》放一边
What can we learn about Jesus just by studying history?
仅从历史的角度 我们可以知道有关耶稣的什么呢
As it turns out the ancient Roman historian Tacitus
实际上 古罗马历史学家塔西图
who’s been referred to as the “Ancient World’s Most Distinguished Historian”
被认为是古代最杰出的历史学家
records one of the most significant events in Jesus’s life.
记录了耶稣一生中最重要的一件事
he writes that Jesus was crucified under the Roman governor Pontius Pilate
他写到 耶稣被罗马总督彼拉多钉死在十字架上
at the time history was usually only written about kings and other important people
在当时 历史仅记录国王以及其他重要人物
Jesus’ career to that point was that of a traveling preacher and healer
耶稣只是罗马根本不在乎的偏远地区
in a backwater province that Rome didn’t even care about
的一个巡回传教士 医治者
so the fact that Jesus is even mentioned at all is staggering
历史竟然会提到耶稣 实在是令人惊讶
additionally this is the only historical mention of Pilate
这也是历史上唯一一次提到彼拉多
so the fact that he is linked with the death of Jesus is particularly significant
彼拉多与耶稣的死有关 这一事实特别重要
we also have the account of Flavius Josephus
另外 犹太历史学家弗拉维乌斯约瑟夫斯
a Jewish historian employed by Rome shortly after the time of Jesus.
在耶稣时代之后不久 受雇于罗马
in his works “Judean Antiquities” the following historical facts about Jesus are affirmed
在其著作《犹太古物》中 以下有关耶稣的史实得以证实:
Jesus was a wise man a doer of startling deeds
耶稣是智者 是伟人
He was executed by crucifixion by Pilate
被彼拉多钉死在十字架上
and He had a group of followers that still existed at the time of his writing
耶稣有一群追随者 在这部著作创作时仍然存在
again, the fact that Jesus gets so much airtime is astounding
同样地 在犹太人和罗马人都憎恨基督教的背景下
given that both Jews and Romans hated Christianity
耶稣依然能广泛传播 实在令人震惊
Neither Tacitus nor Josephus had any incentive to record anything about Jesus
无论塔西图还是约瑟夫斯 都没有动机记录耶稣的任何事情
unless it was actually true
除非这是真的
there are tons of other non-christian historical references to Jesus
有很多非基督教的历史资料提到耶稣
including the facts that Jesus was executed by the Jews
包括“耶稣被犹太人处决的事实”
when Jesus was executed, an unusual darkness covered the land
“耶稣被处死时 一种异样的黑暗笼罩着大地”
and that Jesus was crucified on the eve of Passover
“耶稣在逾越节前夕被钉在了十字架上”
so just by studying historical references of Jesus
仅研究有关耶稣的历史资料
we can learn that Jesus was a Jewish teacher
我们了解到 耶稣是一名犹太教师
he performed healings and exorcisms, he was rejected by the Jewish leaders
懂得医治与驱魔 并受到犹太领袖的排斥
he was crucified under Pontius Pilate in the reign of Tiberius
提比略在位时 耶稣被彼拉多钉死在十字架上
his followers who believed he was resurrected grew massively in numbers
相信耶稣复活的追随者与日俱增
and spread out geographically all the way to Rome by AD 64
公元64年 信众扩散至罗马
all kinds of people from the cities and countryside,
到2世纪初 来自城市与农村的各色人等
men and women, slave and free worshipped him as God by the beginning of the second century
不论男女 奴隶或自由人 都尊崇耶稣为神
now earlier we set the New Testament aside for the sake of argument
因为存在争议 先前我们把《新约》放在了一边
but now let’s bring it back to take a look
但现在拿回来再看
the history we just studied corroborates what’s found in The New Testament
前述史实证实了《新约》中的记载
so it’s worth wondering, should The New Testament also be considered historically accurate?
值得思考的是 《新约》是否也应被认作史实呢?
here are three reasons to consider The New Testament as historically accurate
认为《新约》是史实 存在三个理由:
first we have more ancient manuscripts of The New Testament than any other book
首先 《新约》的古代手稿
we would consider accurate canonical history
比其他任一本我们认为是准确 权威的历史书都多
also the amount of time that passed between when The New Testament
还有《新约》初稿的完成
was first written and when the first copies were made
到第一个副本的出现
is a significantly shorter duration than from any other ancient texts
期间所用的时间比任何其他文献都要短很多
here’s why this matters
下面就是这点很重要的原因:
the more copies we have the more confident we can be that we can recreate
因为 拥有副本的数量越多 就越有信心
what the original document said
重现原始文件
the shorter the time interval the less opportunity there is for copying errors
时间间隔越短 抄写错误的机率就越小
for the sake of comparison let’s look at Tacitus again
为了进行比较 再看看塔西图
we only have 20 copies of what he wrote and the earliest copies
塔西图的著作 只有20本副本
were written 1,000 years after his originals
最早的副本在原稿之后1000年完成
in contrast we have over 5,000 New Testament copies
然而 《新约》副本有5000多份
the earliest one dating within 50 years of the original writings
最早的副本完成于原稿50年内
so if we consider sources like Tacitus to be historically accurate
所以 如果认为塔西图记录的是史实
it’s reasonable to consider the New Testament historically accurate as well
就有理由认为《新约》也是史实
secondly the New Testament has repeatedly been proven true. where it mentions historical facts
其次《新约》有关历史事实的记载被多次证实
archaeological discoveries have confirmed many references made in Luke’s writings
考古发现证实了卢克著作中的有关记载
for example he correctly refers to Philippian rulers as Praetors rather than Duumvirs
例如 正确地把菲利浦统治者称为总督 而非杜姆维尔
he correctly places the city of Iconium in Phrygia not in Lycaonia as Cicero states
正确地把伊科纽姆城放在了弗里吉亚 而非西塞罗所说的利考尼亚
and he correctly identifies the Corinthian proconsul that encounters Paul as Gallio
正确地把与保罗相遇的科林斯总督认作加利奥
therefore if the New Testament is true in these historical facts
因此 如果《新约》中这些历史事实是真的
it’s reasonable to think it’s trustworthy in other regards as well
那么 有关其他方面的记载理应值得信赖
such as its mentions of Jesus
比如 有关耶稣的记载
thirdly the New Testament records many incidents that
最后 《新约》记录了
can potentially damage the reputation of early disciples of Jesus
许多可能损害耶稣早期门徒声誉的事件
potentially scandalous or harmful things like Jesus calling Peter Satan
如耶稣称彼得为撒旦的潜在丑闻或其他有害的事情
or the fact that the disciples constantly misunderstood who Jesus was and what He was about
或门徒经常误解耶稣是谁 是关于什么的
there’s no reason for this content to be included
没有理由记录这类内容
unless the authors wanted to record what actually happened
除非作者只是想记录真实发生的事情
back to the root topic Bertrand Russell says there’s no evidence that Jesus existed
回到最初的话题 贝特朗·罗素说没有证据表明耶稣存在
historical and biblical record offer evidence that
历史和《圣经》都提供了证据
well He did
耶稣真的存在
so did Jesus really exist?
那么 耶稣真的存在吗?
if we’re going by researched evidence
假如我们遵照研究过的证据
then it seems pretty clear
答案自然明了

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视频概述

给出了耶稣是否存在的一些历史证明,通过观看,我们可以了解耶稣是否真实存在

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

艳芳

审核员

审核员 V

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2LmPkmbqoM0

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