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I型II型糖尿病的原理动画演示

Diabetes Type 1 and Type 2, Animation.

糖尿病是指一组以高的血液葡萄糖
Diabetes refers to a group of conditions characterized
为特征的病症
by a high level of blood glucose, commonly
一般来说是与血糖有关的
referred to as blood sugar.
血液中太多的糖分会造成严重的后果
Too much sugarin the blood can cause serious, sometimes
有时甚至会威胁生命
life-threatening health problems.
有两种慢性糖尿病状况:
There are two types of chronic diabetic conditions:
Ⅰ型糖尿病和Ⅱ型糖尿病
type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
孕妇可能会患上一种暂时性的糖尿病被称为妊娠性糖尿病
Pregnant women may acquire a transient form of the
通常会在孩子降临后消失
disease called “gestational diabetes”which usually resolves after the birth of baby.
前驱糖尿病是指血糖含量在一个临界值
Pre-diabetes is when the blood sugarlevel is at the borderline: higher than normal,
高于正常值但是低于糖尿病患者的血糖值
but lower than in diabetics.
前驱糖尿病可能会也可能不会发展为糖尿病
Prediabetes mayor may not progress to diabetes.
在食物消化过程中糖类被分解
During food digestion, carbohydrates – or carb –
分解为葡萄糖
break down into glucose which is carried
而被血液带去不同器官
by the bloodstream to various organs of thebody.
胰岛素是被胰腺的胰岛B细胞产生的激素
Insulin is a hormone produced by beta
并且胰岛素对于葡萄糖被靶细胞吸收是必需的
cells of the pancreas and is necessary for glucose intake by target cells.
健康的人们 胰腺的胰岛B细胞产生胰岛素
In healthy people, beta cells of the pancreas produce insulin;
胰岛素与靶细胞上的受体结合
insulin binds to its receptor
并诱导葡萄糖的摄取
on target cells and induces glucose intake.
在Ⅰ型糖尿病中 胰腺的胰岛B细胞
In type 1 diabetes, beta cells of the pancreas
在免疫系统中被错误地损伤
are destroyed by the immune system by mistake.
这个发生的原因还不清楚
The reason why this happens is unclear, but
但是基因因素被认为是一个很重要的原因
genetic factors are believed to play a majorrole.
胰岛素的产量被减少
Insulin production is reduced; less
很少的胰岛素与靶细胞的受体结合
insulin binds to its receptor on target cells;
很少的葡萄糖被细胞吸收
less glucose is taken into the cells, more
更多的葡萄糖留在了血液中
glucose stays in the blood.
Ⅰ型糖尿病是早发性
Type 1 is characterizedby early onset, symptoms commonly start suddenly
一般在20岁左右会突然发病
and before the age of 20.
Ⅰ型糖尿病通常可以通过胰岛素注射来控制
Type 1 diabetesis normally managed with insulin injection.
Ⅰ型糖尿病是胰岛素依赖性的
Type 1 diabetics are therefore “insulindependent”.
在Ⅱ型糖尿病中
In type 2 diabetes,
胰腺产生足够的胰岛素
the pancreas produces enough insulin but something goes wrong either
但是在与受体结合或者胰岛素靶细胞内的信号物质出现了问题
with receptor binding or insulin signalinginside the target cells.
这些细胞对胰岛素没有响应
The cells are not
因此不能吸收葡萄糖
responsive to insulin and therefore can not import glucose;
葡萄糖留在血液中
glucose stays in the blood.
换句话说 Ⅱ型糖尿病是胰岛素抵抗
In other words, type 2 diabetics are “insulinresistant”.
再次声明 基因因素
Here again, genetic factors
更容易患上Ⅱ型糖尿病
predispose susceptibility to the disease,
但是生活方式也被认为
but it is believed that lifestyle plays a
是一个很重要的一个原因
very important role in type 2. Typically,
尤其肥胖的不运动的生活方式 不健康的饮食
obesity, inactive lifestyle, and unhealthy
对于患Ⅱ型糖尿病也有很高的风险
diet are associated with higher risk of type2 diabetes.
Ⅱ型糖尿病的特征是成人发病
Type 2 is characterized by adult onset;
症状通常是慢慢出现
symptoms usually appear gradually and start after the age of 30.
一般在30岁左右才会发病
Type 2 diabetes
Ⅱ型糖尿病患者占到了所有糖尿病患者的80%到90%
accounts for about 80 to 90% of all diabetics.
控制侧重于减肥和
Management focuses on weight loss and includes
低糖饮食
a low-carb diet.

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视频概述

带大家了解一下Ⅰ型Ⅱ型糖尿病的特征,以及控制方式。

听录译者

收集自网络

翻译译者

春风十里不如你

审核员

审核员 RN

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XfyGv-xwjlI

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