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毒蛇和毒蛇的区别 – 译学馆
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毒蛇和毒蛇的区别

DEMYSTIFIED: What’s the difference between venomous and poisonous?

OK, pop quiz.
好了 突击小测验
Which of these snakes is the most poisonous?
这些蛇哪一种最毒?
The King Cobra, the Black Mamba, the Banded Krait,
眼镜王蛇 黑曼巴 金环蛇
or the Garter snake?
或者束带蛇?
Before you answer, let’s think about that question.
在你回答之前 让我们想想这个问题
Which snake is the most poisonous?
哪一种蛇最毒?
Is that the same thing as asking which snake is the most venomous?
这是否和问“哪条蛇毒性最强”相同?
I’m pretty sure poison and venom are different, right?
我十分肯定防御性毒和进攻性毒是不同的 对吗?
We hear about poisonous snakes and poisonous spiders all the time.
我们总是会听到人们说毒蛇和毒蜘蛛
But usually what people mean is venomous.
但是他们通常想表达的是”进攻性的毒”
Venomous animals inject toxins into their victims,
进攻性的有毒动物将毒素注射进它们的猎物
while poisonous animals are toxic when they’re eaten.
而防御性的有毒动物 只在被吃的时候才有毒
So which snake is the most poisonous?
所以 哪种蛇是防御性毒性最强的蛇?
Not the Cobra or the Mamba or the Krait?
不是眼镜王蛇 黑曼巴蛇或金环蛇
They’re all deadly, but they’re all venomous.
它们全都能致命 但它们全是进攻性的有毒
The only poisonous snake here is the normally harmless Garter snake.
这里唯一有防御性毒的蛇是通常无害的束带蛇
If something’s dangerous because of a toxic bite or sting, well,
如果某动物的危险性源于中毒性咬伤或刺伤
that’s what scientists call venomous.
那么 这就是科学家所说的进攻性有毒
The snake with the world’s deadliest venom is the Inland Taipan,
有着世界上毒液最致命的蛇是内陆太攀蛇
also called
它也被称为
the Western Taipan, or the fierce snake.
西太攀蛇或凶猛太攀蛇
Fierce is right
凶猛是对的
because this snake’s fangs can deliver a deadly combination of
因为这种蛇的毒牙能分泌致命的
neurotoxins, procoagulant and myotoxins
复合神经毒素 促凝血物质和肌肉毒素
that can quickly kill a human who doesn’t receive medical treatment.
能迅速杀死一个没有接受到药物治疗的人
And it’s not just snakes and spiders that have venom.
不仅仅只有蛇和蜘蛛有毒液
Venomous animals include stingrays, scorpion fish, gila monsters, bees, scorpions,
攻击性有毒动物包括黄貂鱼 蝎子鱼 毒蜥 蜜蜂 蝎子
and jellyfish among others.
和个别水母
There are even cute, furry animals that happen to be venomous.
甚至可爱的毛茸茸的动物也会有毒
The male platypus has fang-like spurs on its ankles that inject a painful venom.
雄性鸭嘴兽的脚踝处有像毒牙一样的骨刺 能注入令人疼痛的毒液
Poisonous animals are a little different.
防御性有毒动物有一些不同
A poisonous animal doesn’t make you sick by biting you.
一个防御性有毒动物咬你并不会使你生病
It makes you sick when you bite it.
当你咬它时你才会生病
Poisonous animals have toxins in their skin or other tissues
防御性有毒动物的皮肤或其他组织中存有毒素
that attack a predator’s body when touched or ingested.
当被触摸或吞食时 会攻击捕食者的身体
These toxins may not be injected
这些毒素可能不能
into you the way that venoms are,
像攻击性毒液一样被注入你体内
but they can still be deadly.
但它们依旧致命
Poisonous animals include most amphibians, such as frogs, toads,
防御性有毒动物包括大多数两栖动物 例如青蛙 蟾蜍
newts, and salamanders.
蝾螈 和火蜥蜴
Those newts and salamanders, by the way,
这些蝾螈和火蜥蜴 顺便说一下
happen to be the reason that the Garter
它们恰好是束带蛇
snake won our little competition earlier.
赢了我们刚才那场比赛的原因
Garter snakes eat these poisonous amphibians,
束带蛇吃这些有毒的两栖动物
and their toxins build up in the Garter snake’s body. Hey,
同时它们的毒素在束带蛇体内堆积
waste not, want not, right?
不浪费则不匮乏 对吗?
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【音乐播放】

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视频概述

本视频为我们详细介绍了攻击性有毒动物和防御性有毒动物的不同。

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收集自网络

翻译译者

Air

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审核员BZ

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=63_ffeseKZE

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