杰夫·贝佐斯 你在听吗？是我们 这世上99%的普通人
One of the astounding facts of our time
is the gusher of wealth going to the very top;
of the wealth distribution in the world.
Mind-boggling to think of Jeff Bezos,
for example, with a net worth personally,
individual net worth of…
hold onto your chair
How about $163 billion?
That’s a lot of money.
I am myself an Amazon user.
I think it’s an awfully good service and product that he’s developed
but $ 163 billion
in a world where a lot of his workers struggle to get by
a lot of the people in Seattle where Amazon has headquartered are homeless
where there are incredible needs for a tiny fraction of that wealth
could keep millions of kids alive and in school.
的确 你要承认 “世界经济风起云涌”
You have to say,“all right, world economy is dynamic”.
But it’s not really exactly fair
and it’s not really oriented towards addressing
everyone’s basic human rights and needs
What’s happened to the wealth at the top,
Back in 2006
there were about 700 billionaires or so
that was a lot and they had a net worth
if you added up all of their stocks and bonds
and other assets of something on,
the order of about $ 3 trillion,
and I would sit there and say oh my god
Can you imagine this?
And in just a dozen years,a dozen years!
Even in a dozen years with a mega financial crisis in between
the billionaires went from about 700 or so
to now 2,208
on the most recent Forbes magazine list of billionaires,
and their net worth went from around three trillion
which was absolutely mind-boggling
to begin with, to $ 9.1 trillion
at the start of 2018 when Forbes published the list
and now almost surely well above it $ 10 trillion
including this phenomenal wealth of Mr. Bezos the richest person in the world,
but many others.
Now Bill Gates
who is far and away the world’s leading philanthropist
because he was long the richest person in the world
and he and Melinda Gates
他们非常的明智 慷慨 智慧 大方
very rightly, generously, wisely, boldly,
in a visionary way,
said “ We’re going to give this away,
created the biggest foundation in the world
the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.”
They’ve been putting in several billion dollars a year
to fighting disease and doing a fantastic job.
But consider this,
Bill Gates called on other billionaires join in
and make a pledge, called A Giving Pledge,
to give away at least half of your wealth during your lifetime.
And Bill Gates took that pledge himself.
At that point his net worth was about $50 billion.
He’s been giving away roughly $ 4 billion a year since then,
and you might think
his net worth has gone down a bit given that generosity,
but his net worth now is $ 93 billion.
So the wealth is such a gusher
that you could give billions away
财富还是会不断增长 增长 再增长
and it just keeps growing and growing and growing
beyond anything that most of us mortals can even imagine.
What I know as an economist that has worked all over the world
and including in the poorest places in the world
little bits can save lives and make futures
拯救生命 创造未来 用不上很多钱
for the children of this world at unbelievably low costs,
and it just gets me that we have $ 10 trillion here
and we have kids
那些没吃饱饭的孩子 生命垂危的孩子 辍学的孩子
who are hungry,dying and out of school over here,
and can’t we make the connection?
And the answer is we have to.
So my thought is at a minimum ten trillion
Come on!And put in at least one percent.
That’s such a tiny amount
because your wealth grows at much more than that
put in one percent of your net worth per year, minimum,
to help the kids.
One percent of ten trillion is $100 billion.
And if you take out your paper and pencil or your Excel spreadsheet
you can show that for $ 100 billion a year, one percent of the net worth of just 2,208 individuals,
you could get every kid in school all the way through upper-secondary education
and you could establish universal health coverage
for everybody in every low-income country in the world.
That’s a pretty good gig for 2,208 people,
but they’ve got to get on with it.
I think they have enough yachts,
enough mansions, enough of everything
and it’s really time for that wealth to be deployed
for the purposes of our generation of children who utterly and desperately need it.
And I say do it voluntarily,
or if you don’t do it voluntarily
we’ll put on a levy and SDG levy
a Sustainable Development Goals levy of of one percent your net worth
because we’re going to get this job done,
we’re going to get every child healthcare,
we’re going to get every child into school.
杰夫·贝佐斯 你在听吗？是我们 这世上99%的普通人