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亲爱的杰夫·贝索斯:你打算拿那么多钱来做什么呢? – 译学馆
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亲爱的杰夫·贝索斯:你打算拿那么多钱来做什么呢?

Dear Jeff Bezos: What are you going to do with all that money? | Jeffrey Sachs

杰夫·贝佐斯 你在听吗?是我们 这世上99%的普通人
在我们这个时代有一个震惊的事实
One of the astounding facts of our time
财富井喷般越涌越高
is the gusher of wealth going to the very top;
世界上财富的分布
of the wealth distribution in the world.
不可思议的不均衡
It’s mind-boggling.
像杰夫·贝佐斯 财富多到匪夷所思
Mind-boggling to think of Jeff Bezos,
举例来说他的个人净财富
for example, with a net worth personally,
个人净财富…
individual net worth of…
抓好椅子不要被吓到
hold onto your chair
大概多达1630亿美金
How about $163 billion?
那是很大一笔钱
That’s a lot of money.
我自己是亚马逊的用户
I am myself an Amazon user.
我对其开发的产品和良好服务都很满意
I think it’s an awfully good service and product that he’s developed
但是1630亿美金
but $ 163 billion
他的员工勉强可以糊口
in a world where a lot of his workers struggle to get by
在亚马逊的总部西雅图有很多人无家可归
a lot of the people in Seattle where Amazon has headquartered are homeless
他只需要拿出那些财富的一小部分
where there are incredible needs for a tiny fraction of that wealth
就可以让数百万孩子活下来 并接受教育
could keep millions of kids alive and in school.
的确 你要承认 “世界经济风起云涌”
You have to say,“all right, world economy is dynamic”.
但是财富流动确实不太均衡
But it’s not really exactly fair
而且 世界财富还没有公平覆盖到每个人
and it’s not really oriented towards addressing
让每个人拥有基本人权和生存需求
everyone’s basic human rights and needs
财富的顶端发生的故事
What’s happened to the wealth at the top,
让人震惊
it’s amazing.
回到2006年
Back in 2006
那时有700位左右的亿万富翁
there were about 700 billionaires or so
他们拥有的净财富非常可观
that was a lot and they had a net worth
假如再加上他们的股票 债权
if you added up all of their stocks and bonds
还有其他的资产 等等
and other assets of something on,
总共有3万亿美金左右
the order of about $ 3 trillion,
我的天哪
and I would sit there and say oh my god
你能想象到吗?
Can you imagine this?
仅仅过了12年 12年!
And in just a dozen years,a dozen years!
这12年间还发生过一次大型经济危机
Even in a dozen years with a mega financial crisis in between
亿万富翁从700名左右
the billionaires went from about 700 or so
增加到现在的2208
to now 2,208
这些数据依据最新的福布斯亿万富翁榜
on the most recent Forbes magazine list of billionaires,
而他们的净财富 从3万亿左右
and their net worth went from around three trillion
3万亿这已经很震惊了
which was absolutely mind-boggling
增加到9.1万亿美金
to begin with, to $ 9.1 trillion
这还只是2018年初福布斯富翁排行榜上的数据
at the start of 2018 when Forbes published the list
而现在毫无疑问早超过了10万亿
and now almost surely well above it $ 10 trillion
拥有惊人财富的贝佐斯先生就在世界顶级富豪榜中
including this phenomenal wealth of Mr. Bezos the richest person in the world,
当然还有其他人
but many others.
比尔·盖茨
Now Bill Gates
当今知名的慈善家
who is far and away the world’s leading philanthropist
他之前很长一段时间占据着世界首富的位置
because he was long the richest person in the world
他和美琳达·盖茨
and he and Melinda Gates
他们非常的明智 慷慨 智慧 大方
very rightly, generously, wisely, boldly,
他们以很有远见的方式
in a visionary way,
说道“我们将捐出这些钱
said “ We’re going to give this away,
来建立世界上最大的基金会
created the biggest foundation in the world
比尔 美琳达·盖茨基金会”
the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.”
他们每年在疾病防治方面投入数十亿美元
They’ve been putting in several billion dollars a year
并取得了不起的成绩
to fighting disease and doing a fantastic job.
除了这些
But consider this,
在2010年
in 2010
比尔·盖茨召集其他亿万富翁加入基金会
Bill Gates called on other billionaires join in
并作出了名为“裸捐誓言”的承诺
and make a pledge, called A Giving Pledge,
在有生之年至少捐出一半以上的个人财富
to give away at least half of your wealth during your lifetime.
比尔·盖茨践行了誓言
And Bill Gates took that pledge himself.
那时他的净财富500亿左右
At that point his net worth was about $50 billion.
从那以后他每年捐出约40亿美金
He’s been giving away roughly $ 4 billion a year since then,
你可能会认为
and you might think
他的慷慨会使他的净资产有所下降
his net worth has gone down a bit given that generosity,
但他的财富现在却是930亿美金
but his net worth now is $ 93 billion.
所以说 财富是源源不绝的
So the wealth is such a gusher
即使捐出数十亿
that you could give billions away
财富还是会不断增长 增长 再增长
and it just keeps growing and growing and growing
这种增长是大多数普通人无法想象的
beyond anything that most of us mortals can even imagine.
作为一个曾在世界各地工作过的经济学家
What I know as an economist that has worked all over the world
这包括世界上最贫穷的地方
and including in the poorest places in the world
我深知 救助那些生活成本极低地区的孩子
little bits can save lives and make futures
拯救生命 创造未来 用不上很多钱
for the children of this world at unbelievably low costs,
这让我想到 如果我们有10万亿美元
and it just gets me that we have $ 10 trillion here
那些孩子
and we have kids
那些没吃饱饭的孩子 生命垂危的孩子 辍学的孩子
who are hungry,dying and out of school over here,
我们就不能给予他们帮助吗?
and can’t we make the connection?
答案是 我们必须要这样做
And the answer is we have to.
所以我想要实现这些目的 至少需要10万亿
So my thought is at a minimum ten trillion
嘿!投入至少1%
Come on!And put in at least one percent.
那只是你财富的一小部分
That’s such a tiny amount
因为你的财富增长部分比这多得多
because your wealth grows at much more than that
每年至少捐出你财富的1%
put in one percent of your net worth per year, minimum,
去帮助孩子们
to help the kids.
10万亿的1%是1千亿
One percent of ten trillion is $100 billion.
如果你拿出纸笔 或者打开Excel表格
And if you take out your paper and pencil or your Excel spreadsheet
就能算出每年1千亿 只要2208位富翁拿出财富的1%
you can show that for $ 100 billion a year, one percent of the net worth of just 2,208 individuals,
就能供每个孩子读到高中阶段
you could get every kid in school all the way through upper-secondary education
并且可以保障
and you could establish universal health coverage
世界上那些低收入国家人们的基础健康需求
for everybody in every low-income country in the world.
对于那2208位富翁相当划算
That’s a pretty good gig for 2,208 people,
他们已经在考虑当中
but they’ve got to get on with it.
我想他们拥有足够多的游艇
I think they have enough yachts,
足够多的住宅 什么都很富足
enough mansions, enough of everything
现在到这些财富派上用场的时候了
and it’s really time for that wealth to be deployed
为我们这代那些亟待救助的孩子给予帮助
for the purposes of our generation of children who utterly and desperately need it.
我建议他们自愿捐助
And I say do it voluntarily,
如果不捐助的话
or if you don’t do it voluntarily

Fine
我们将向他们征税 SDG征收
we’ll put on a levy and SDG levy
即可持续发展目标的1%财富征收方案
a Sustainable Development Goals levy of of one percent your net worth
我们要落实这一征税方案
because we’re going to get this job done,
我们要让每个孩子得到医疗保障
we’re going to get every child healthcare,
让每个孩子能够上学
we’re going to get every child into school.

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