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如何用镜头制造笑点——以《死侍》为例 – 译学馆
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如何用镜头制造笑点——以《死侍》为例

Deadpool: How the Camera can Tell a Joke

“噢 你好啊 你说得太对了”
“Oh, oh, hello. I know, right?”
电影中制造笑点的方式有很多种
There’re many ways to tell a joke in film.
你可以直接讲出笑话
You can say it outright.
因为没有语言 就说不出笑话
Without the words, there is no joke.
你也可以制造视觉笑点 我们来听一段音频 感受一下
Or you could tell it visually. Let me just play back the audio so you can see for yourself.
“杰里米 我是专门拿钱帮人揍人的
“Jeremy, I belong to a group of guys who take a dime to beat a fella down.
而小梅根呢 她没什么钱 但幸运的是
“And little Meghan, she is not made of money but lucky for her.
我也会心软”
“I got a soft spot.”
你觉得好笑吗?当然不了
Did you get the joke? Of course not.
就算你看过这部电影 也很难通过音频理解这个梗
Even if you’ve seen the movie, it’s hard to place a joke.
你也可以用文字讲笑话 让观众自己去读
You can also have it written so the audience can read it.
但是 有没有办法用镜头语言表现一个笑点呢?
But is there a way the camera can actually make the joke?
换句话说 没有特定系列镜头 这个梗就会是不完整的
In other words, the joke wouldn’t be complete without a specific sequence of shots.
答案是 可以
The answer is yes.
事实上 用镜头语言表现笑点的方式有3种
It turns out there’s not just one but three ways the camera can tell a joke.
#1 隐藏信息
Number one: by hiding information.
这是最简单的方法:瓦内莎和韦德在调情
This one is the simplest: Vanessa and Wade Wilson flirt.
“今晚晚些时候怎么样?”
“Later tonight?”
两人火花四射 接下来发生了什么?
And the chemistry sizzling, What next?
下一个镜头就是两人在床上
He cut to them in the bed.
很合理对吧?
Logical, right?
但其实导演蒂姆·米勒是在逗我们玩呢
But director Tim Miller’s just messing with us.
下一个镜头才传递出了完整的信息
In the next shot, we have the complete info.
镜头捉弄了我们
The camera played a trick on us.
如果没有前一个旋转90°的镜头和后面这个镜头 还能制造出这个笑点吗?
Would this shot have worked without the camera turning ninety degrees and the shot that came after?
显然不能
Of course not.
这个笑点依靠的是拍摄方式和剪辑方式而不是演员的表演和对话
The shot and editing made the joke, not the actors and not the dialogue.
#2 让镜头成为信息本身
Number two: the camera can become the information.
这是《死侍1》里我最喜欢的一个笑点
That is one of my favorite jokes in the first movie.
死侍殴打杀死这些打手
Deadpool kills and fights goons.
其中一个打手在溜冰场上爬行
And at one point we have a goon crawling on ice rink,
接着切到死侍的特写 他说:
cut to a closeup of Deadpool, saying:
“你要被磨冰机碾死了”
“You’re about to be killed by a Zamboni.”
这个笑话挺冷的 但精彩还在后头
It’s a weak joke but it’s not over yet.
注意角度 导演用的是长焦镜头 拉紧他们的距离
Notice the camera angle, the director has used a telephoto lens to draw them together.
这就是长焦镜头的效果
That’s what a telephoto lens does.
它能压缩背景
It compresses the background
让人感觉两人的距离很近 但事实并非如此
and makes them appear closer than they really are.
接下来是更多的动作戏 节奏极快
Then there’s more fighting. The pace is frantic.
我们早就忘了刚刚那个笑点
We forget all about the joke,
但最精彩的笑点即将到来
but the real joke is just coming.
镜头切回特写 比之前更近的特写
Cut back again to closeup, even closer now,
这样不会太单调
so there’s some variation,
接着是死侍的特写
and then a closeup of Deadpool.
第三个镜头非常出人意料
And before you know what’s coming,the third shot appears.
第三个镜头揭示了磨冰机和打手的真实距离
The third shot shows the actual distance between the Zamboni and the goon.
现在我们加上这一妙笔 再看一遍
Now let me play it back with the punch line.
“不然你就去死!”
“Or you’re gonna to die!”
“倒数5分钟!”
“In five minutes!”
如果死侍在特写处抖出包袱 笑果就会差很多
If Deadpool had delivered the punch linein the closeup, it wouldn’t be half as funny.
“不然你就去死!倒数五分钟”
“Or you’re gonna die in five minutes!”
#3 用镜头回答问题
Number three: the question and answer shot.
用镜头语言来回答一个问题 总是很有意思
When the camera answers a question,it’s always interesting.
这也是制造笑点的一个极佳方法
And it’s a great way to tell a joke.
“是时候回归领英了”
“It’s time to get back on LinkedIn.”
这是《死侍2》预告片里我最爱的一段
This is my favorite part of Deadpool two tailor.
他们在车上面试小队成员
There’s a recruitment drive happening
面试的镜头穿插在预告片剩余部分
and these shots are peppered between the rest
直到最后一位面试者出现
until the last interviewee shows up.
“有什么值得称道的能力吗?”
“Any power you want to tell us about?”
“我没有超能力 看到广告就来了”
“I don’t have one, um, I just saw the ad.”
“算你一个”
“You’re in.”
问题是:死侍要这家伙到底有什么用?
The question is: why on earth did Deadpool bring this guy?
答案是……
And the answer is……
这是死侍的精华所在
It’s the very essence of Deadpool
所以这个镜头才这么搞笑
which is why the shot works,
用这个镜头作为预告片的结尾真的太棒了
and it is a great ending to the trailer.
如果你对拍摄的角度和构图感兴趣 千万不要错过我接下来的几个视频
If you’re interested in camera angles and framing, then be sure to watch my next few videos.
记得订阅我的频道
And please subscribe now you haven’t already.
订阅后 不要忘记点击右边的铃铛噢
After you subscribe, don’t forget to hit the bell you’ll see on the right
这样就不会错过我的更新了
so that you won’t miss any new videos.
“好黑暗 你真的不是DC宇宙来的吗?”
“So darker. You sure you’re not from DC universe?”

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视频概述

镜头语言也可以成为一个好梗不可或缺的一部分。

听录译者

包子Carlos

翻译译者

赖皮

审核员

审核员SY

视频来源

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ynl6YMUAgC8

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